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Shu Cai et al.
Bioresource technology, 130, 536-542 (2013-01-22)
Piperazine is widely used as an intermediate in the manufacture of insecticides, rubber chemicals, corrosion inhibitors, and urethane. In this study, a highly effective piperazine-degrading bacteria strain, TOH, was isolated from the acclimated activated sludge of a pharmaceutical plant. This
Chek Meng Poh et al.
Infection and immunity, 82(11), 4854-4864 (2014-08-27)
CD8(+) T cells play a pathogenic role in the development of murine experimental cerebral malaria (ECM) induced by Plasmodium berghei ANKA (PbA) infection in C57BL/6 mice. Only a limited number of CD8(+) epitopes have been described. Here, we report the
Hidekazu Takahashi et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 287(45), 38158-38167 (2012-09-21)
Metabolic responses of unicellular organisms are mostly acute, transient, and cell-autonomous. Regulation of nutrient uptake in yeast is one such rapid response. High quality nitrogen sources such as NH(4)(+) inhibit uptake of poor nitrogen sources, such as amino acids. Both
Nathan C Rockwell et al.
Biochemistry, 54(16), 2581-2600 (2015-04-07)
Cyanobacteriochromes (CBCRs) are cyanobacterial photoreceptors distantly related to phytochromes. Both CBCRs and phytochromes use photoisomerization of a linear tetrapyrrole (bilin) chromophore to photoconvert between two states with distinct spectral and biochemical properties, the dark state and the photoproduct. The isolated
Aharon Oren et al.
FEMS microbiology letters, 362(6) (2015-02-16)
We explored the use of Raman spectroscopy to simultaneously monitor the presence of different biomarkers (carotenoids, elemental sulfur) within single cells of the purple sulfur photosynthetic bacteria Allochromatium vinosum and A. warmingii. Raman microspectrometry using excitation at 532 nm allowed
Ji-Yun Ko et al.
Stem cells and development, 23(15), 1788-1797 (2014-03-22)
The purpose of this study was to examine the in vitro and in vivo osteogenic potential of human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) against that of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMMSCs). Embryoid bodies (EBs), which were formed from
Maciej Jarosz et al.
Analytica chimica acta, 851, 72-77 (2014-12-03)
Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) techniques have been used to characterize the speciation of a Ru(III) anticancer drug, indazolium trans-[tetrachloridobis(1H-indazole) ruthenate(III)], upon its binding to transferrin and the impact of cellular reducing components on drug-transferrin adducts. Using time-of-flight ESI-MS, the
Lydia E Wroblewski et al.
Gastroenterology, 136(1), 236-246 (2008-11-11)
Helicobacter pylori-induced gastritis predisposes to the development of gastric cancer. Increased epithelial tight junction permeability and alterations in apical-junctional complexes are also associated with an increased risk of carcinogenesis. Phosphorylation of myosin regulatory light chain (MLC) by MLC kinase (MLCK)
Felix A Dingler et al.
European journal of immunology, 44(7), 1925-1935 (2014-04-29)
Excision of uracil introduced into the immunoglobulin loci by AID is central to antibody diversification. While predominantly carried out by the UNG uracil-DNA glycosylase as reflected by deficiency in immunoglobulin class switching in Ung(-/-) mice, the deficiency is incomplete, as
Edward P Chen et al.
Carcinogenesis, 35(8), 1788-1797 (2014-03-05)
Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression is associated with poor prognosis across a range of human cancers, including breast cancer. The contribution of tumor cell-derived COX-2 to tumorigenesis has been examined in numerous studies; however, the role of stromal-derived COX-2 is ill-defined. Here
Divyendu Singh et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 289(40), 27614-27624 (2014-08-06)
LL-37 is a peptide secreted by human epithelial cells that can lyse bacteria, suppress signaling by Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), and enhance signaling to double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) by TLR3. How LL-37 interacts with dsRNA to affect signal transduction by TLR3
Kyeong Eop Kang et al.
Carbohydrate polymers, 92(2), 1321-1326 (2013-02-13)
This study investigated the effects of NH(4)Cl and MgCl(2) on pretreatment and xylan hydrolysis of miscanthus straw for biofuels production. It was observed that increasing the pretreatment temperature decreased the remaining solid, increased the enzymatic digestibility, and increased the xylan
Can Luo et al.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 193(3), 1080-1089 (2014-06-27)
Ammonia levels are often elevated in patients with cirrhosis or tumors. Patients with these diseases are immunocompromised. In this study, we investigated the effects of ammonia on a member of the immune cell family, the dendritic cells (DCs). Our results
Anna Alekseeva et al.
Carbohydrate research, 400, 33-43 (2014-12-03)
There is a growing interest on glycol-split low-molecular weight heparins (gs-LMWHs), obtained by periodate oxidation of LMWHs, optionally followed by borohydride reduction, as potential anticancer and anti-inflammatory drugs. However, their structural characterization is still a challenging task, mainly because of
Xiaoqiang Cui et al.
The Science of the total environment, 539, 566-575 (2015-09-20)
The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between Cd(2+)/NH4(+) sorption and physicochemical properties of biochars produced from different wetland plants. Biochars from six species of wetland plants (i.e., Canna indica, Pennisetum purpureum Schum, Thalia dealbata, Zizania caduciflora
Harry A Noyes et al.
BMC genomics, 16, 642-642 (2015-08-28)
Almost all genome sequencing projects neglect the fact that diploid organisms contain two genome copies and consequently what is published is a composite of the two. This means that the relationship between alternate alleles at two or more linked loci
Jiannan Sun et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1379, 112-117 (2015-01-13)
This study achieved resolution improvement for iodine speciation in the presence of an ion-pairing reagent by a pressure-driven capillary electrophoresis (CE) system. Addition of 0.01mM tetrabutyl ammonium hydroxide (TBAH) as the ion-pairing reagent into the electrophoretic buffer resulted in the
S Astals et al.
Water research, 81, 208-215 (2015-06-13)
Despite the importance of quantifying inhibitory capacity of compounds in anaerobic digestion, there is currently no well-defined method to assess it. Experimental methods in literature are frequently time-consuming and resource intensive. As a result, detailed inhibition testing rarely forms part
Dan Ke et al.
Scandinavian cardiovascular journal : SCJ, 49(1), 64-71 (2015-01-13)
Myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) is associated with activation of the innate immune system and the resultant inflammatory response. Myocardial ischemic preconditioning (IPC) is the most powerful endogenous protective mechanism against myocardial IRI, probably via the role of anti-inflammation. Regulatory T
[Ammonium chloride and the calcium chloride loading test for the diagnosis of renal tubular acidosis].
S Takahashi et al.
Nihon rinsho. Japanese journal of clinical medicine, 43(9), 1836-1842 (1985-09-01)
Luc Bruyndonckx et al.
The Journal of pediatrics, 165(2), 300-305 (2014-05-21)
To examine the degree of microvascular endothelial dysfunction in relation to classical cardiovascular risk factors, arterial stiffness, and numbers of circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and endothelial microparticles (EMPs), in obese and normal-weight children. Cross-sectional study with 57 obese (15.2±1.4
Olga Scherer et al.
Biochemical pharmacology, 91(4), 490-500 (2014-08-12)
The macrolide archazolid inhibits vacuolar-type H(+)-ATPase (V-ATPase), a proton-translocating enzyme involved in protein transport and pH regulation of cell organelles, and potently suppresses cancer cell growth at low nanomolar concentrations. In view of the growing link between inflammation and cancer
Sandra Burghoff et al.
BMC cancer, 14, 898-898 (2014-12-04)
Recent studies have suggested that adenosine generated by ecto-5'-nucleotidase (CD73) in the tumor microenvironment plays a major role in promoting tumor growth by suppressing the immune response and stimulating angiogenesis via A2A and A2B receptors. However, adenosine has also been
Zhichao Liu et al.
PLoS computational biology, 7(12), e1002310-e1002310 (2011-12-24)
Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is a significant concern in drug development due to the poor concordance between preclinical and clinical findings of liver toxicity. We hypothesized that the DILI types (hepatotoxic side effects) seen in the clinic can be translated
Antonio Michelucci et al.
Internal and emergency medicine, 10(3), 329-335 (2014-11-13)
The aim of the study was to evaluate the association between circulating (CPCs) and endothelial (EPCs) progenitor cells and left ventricular (LV) remodeling in chronic heart failure (HF). 85 HF patients, ranging 29-89 years, 83.5% males, 45.9% ischemic, NYHA functional
Yuwei Yao et al.
eLife, 4 (2015-03-05)
Huntington's disease (HD) represents an important model for neurodegenerative disorders and proteinopathies. It is mainly caused by cytotoxicity of the mutant huntingtin protein (Htt) with an expanded polyQ stretch. While Htt is ubiquitously expressed, HD is characterized by selective neurodegeneration
Filip Mundt et al.
BioMed research international, 2014, 419853-419853 (2014-08-26)
The distinction between malignant and benign pleural effusions is a diagnostic challenge today and measuring soluble biomarkers could add to the diagnostic accuracy. Syndecan-1 is a proteoglycan involved in various cellular functions and is cleaved from the cell surface in
Junzheng Du et al.
Journal of virology, 88(21), 12656-12668 (2014-08-22)
Bluetongue virus (BTV), a member of the Orbivirus genus in the Reoviridae family, is a double-capsid insect-borne virus enclosing a genome of 10 double-stranded RNA segments. Like those of other members of the family, BTV virions are nonenveloped particles containing
Barbara Nozière et al.
Physical chemistry chemical physics : PCCP, 12(15), 3864-3872 (2010-04-02)
In natural environments such as atmospheric aerosols, organic compounds coexist with inorganic salts but, until recently, were not thought to interact chemically. We have recently shown that inorganic ammonium ions, NH(4)(+), act as catalysts for acetal formation from glyoxal, a
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