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Paula Florian et al.
Biochemistry and cell biology = Biochimie et biologie cellulaire, 90(3), 449-455 (2012-03-03)
Different cell types have been reported to internalize lactoferrin (Lf) by specific or nonspecific receptors. Our studies focused on the endocytic pathway of human Lf in macrophage-like THP-1 cells. Lactoferrin was found to be internalized by THP-1 cells differentiated with...
Younis A Salmean et al.
Journal of renal nutrition : the official journal of the Council on Renal Nutrition of the National Kidney Foundation, 25(3), 316-320 (2014-12-03)
To determine the effects of supplemental fiber on plasma p-cresol, stool frequency, and quality of life (QoL) in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. In a 12-week single-blind study, participants were provided with control muffins and supplements (5.5 g sucrose/day) for 2 weeks...
Matthias Onghena et al.
Food additives & contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, analysis, control, exposure & risk assessment, 31(12), 2090-2102 (2014-11-20)
In 2011, the European Union prohibited the production of polycarbonate (PC) baby bottles due to the toxic effects of the PC monomer bisphenol-A. Therefore, baby bottles made of alternative materials, e.g. polypropylene (PP) or polyethersulphone (PES), are currently marketed. The...
Huimei Huang et al.
Journal of ethnopharmacology, 161, 175-185 (2014-09-10)
Shexiang Baoxin Pill (SBP) is a well-known composite formula of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), widely used to treat cardiovascular diseases such as angina pectoris and myocardial infarction. Bufadienolides are major active compounds of Venenum Bufonis, which is one of the...
Hannelore Rücker et al.
Organic & biomolecular chemistry, 13(10), 3040-3047 (2015-01-27)
Inflammatory signaling pathways orchestrate the cellular response to infection and injury. These pathways are known to be modulated by compounds that alkylate cysteinyl thiols. One class of phytochemicals with strong thiol alkylating activity is the chalcones. In this study we...
John Suberu et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 117, 522-531 (2015-10-18)
An improved liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) protocol for rapid analysis of co-metabolites of A. annua in raw extracts was developed and extensively characterized. The new method was used to analyse metabolic profiles of 13 varieties of A. annua from...
Matthew Fankhauser et al.
Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research, 20(21), 5547-5557 (2014-04-29)
It has been recognized for almost a decade that concentrations of signaling androgens sufficient to activate the androgen receptor are present in castration-resistant prostate cancer tissue. The source of these androgens is highly controversial, with three competing models proposed. We...
Kalaiselvi Senthil et al.
PloS one, 10(4), e0123360-e0123360 (2015-04-16)
Free radical scavenging activity (FRSA), total phenolic content (TPC), and total flavonoid content (TFC) of in vitro cultured and field grown Withania somnifera (Ashwagandha) roots were investigated. Withanolides analysis and comprehensive metabolic profiling between 100% methanol extracts of in vitro...
Matthäus Mlynek et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1284, 112-117 (2013-03-08)
The behaviour of PMMA standards in mixtures composed of two binary critical eluents was investigated. It was found that combinations of two critical eluents do not result in a molar mass independent elution (critical conditions). When mixing two binary critical...
Stuart J Khan et al.
Chirality, 26(11), 739-746 (2014-12-17)
Ibuprofen and naproxen are commonly used members of a class of pharmaceuticals known as 2-arylpropionic acids (2-APAs). Both are chiral chemicals and can exist as either of two (R)- and (S)-enantiomers. Enantioselective analyses of effluents from municipal wastewater treatment plants...
Rosa María González Paredes et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1359, 52-59 (2014-08-13)
A method based on the coupling of in situ extraction and derivatization of chlorophenols (CPs) (2-chlorophenol, 4-chloro-3-methylphenol, 2,4-dichlorophenol, and 2,4,6-trichlorophenol) from soils, accomplishing their preconcentration by means of automated microextraction by packed sorbent (MEPS), is proposed. After extraction and acylation...
Xavier Matabosch et al.
Rapid communications in mass spectrometry : RCM, 28(16), 1829-1839 (2015-01-07)
Glucocorticosteroids are prohibited in sports when used by systemic administrations (e.g. intramuscular, IM), whereas they are allowed using other ways of administration. Strategies to discriminate between administrations routes have to be developed by doping control laboratories. For this reason, the...
Man-Jeong Paik et al.
Sleep & breathing = Schlaf & Atmung, 18(3), 517-523 (2014-01-10)
The apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) is closely related with the severity of daytime sleepiness, but excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) is not presented on all patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). It is unclear why daytime sleepiness is not always present in...
Nuria Ortuño et al.
The Science of the total environment, 499, 27-35 (2014-09-01)
The constant increase in the production of electronic devices implies the need for an appropriate management of a growing number of waste electrical and electronic equipment. Thermal treatments represent an interesting alternative to recycle this kind of waste, but particular...
Nrupa Borkar et al.
European journal of pharmaceutics and biopharmaceutics : official journal of Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Pharmazeutische Verfahrenstechnik e.V, 89, 216-223 (2014-12-17)
Apomorphine, a subcutaneously administered drug for Parkinson's disease with short half-life requires frequent administration leading to patient non-compliance. This study aimed at synthesising and purifying lipophilic diesters of apomorphine, and investigating their in vitro degradation in biorelevant media before and...
Frady G Adly et al.
Chirality, 26(11), 764-774 (2014-07-22)
A new series of dirhodium(II) tetracarboxylate was derived from N-1,2-naphthaloyl-(S)-amino acid ligands. In terms of enantioselectivity, Rh2 (S-1,2-NTTL)4 () derived from N-1,2-naphthaloyl-(S)-tert-leucine, was the best-performing catalyst among the new series in the enantioselective synthesis of cyclopropylphosphonate derivatives (up to >99%...
S Goldberg et al.
Journal of dental research, 73(6), 1168-1172 (1994-06-01)
Whereas previous studies have shown correlations between volatile sulphur compounds (VSC) and bad breath levels, it is probable that other compounds found in the oral cavity may contribute to oral malodor. In the present investigation, the possibility that diamines (cadaverine...
Thi Van Anh Ha et al.
Food chemistry, 178, 115-121 (2015-02-24)
Lycopene nanoemulsions were prepared to protect the antioxidant activity and improve the bioaccessibility of lycopene-enriched tomato extract (containing 6% of lycopene) by an emulsification-evaporation method. Lycopene nanoemulsions, with droplet sizes between 100 and 200 nm, exhibited higher anti-radical efficiency and...
Xingwang Zhang et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 103(6), 1711-1719 (2014-04-05)
Oral delivery of anticancer drugs remains challenging because of limited water-solubility and/or poor permeability. Here, we aimed to enhance the oral bioavailability of tripterine (TRI, a plant-derived anticancer compound) using lipid nanospheres (LNs) and to determine the mechanisms of oral...
Gustavo D Mendes et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 969, 19-28 (2014-08-26)
A rapid, sensitive and specific method for quantifying propylthiouracil in human plasma using methylthiouracil as the internal standard (IS) is described. The analyte and the IS were extracted from plasma by liquid-liquid extraction using an organic solvent (ethyl acetate). The...
S Umair et al.
Experimental parasitology, 131(1), 101-106 (2012-03-31)
Catabolism of lysine through the pipecolate, saccharopine and cadaverine pathways has been investigated in L3 and adult Haemonchus contortus and Teladorsagia circumcincta. Both enzymes of the saccharopine pathway (lysine ketoglutarate reductase (LKR) and saccharopine dehydrogenase (SDH)) were active in L3...
Benito F García et al.
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 20(11), 20079-20106 (2015-11-13)
The citrus by-products released from citrus processing plants may contain high levels of potentially bioactive compounds such as flavonoids, which are a widely distributed group of polyphenolic compounds with health-related properties based on their antioxidant activity. In the study reported...
Ismail Soner Koltas et al.
Parasitology research, 113(7), 2503-2508 (2014-05-02)
Direct wet mount examination and concentration are the most commonly used methods for detecting intestinal parasites from fecal samples. Concentration methods are used when there are fewer protozoan cyst, coccidian oocyst, microsporidial spore, helminth egg, and larvae in the fecal...
Ludwig Hoellein et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 98, 434-445 (2014-07-13)
Regular quality control and post-marketing surveillance of pharmaceuticals has been a critical challenge for countries of the developing world ever since. Counterfeit and substandard medicines are widely distributed and the real extent of their prevalence still remains unknown. Compendial protocols...
Dilek Battal et al.
Therapeutic drug monitoring, 37(6), 805-811 (2015-05-21)
Mescaline, the primary psychoactive chemical in peyote cactus, has been consumed for thousands of years in ancient religious ceremonies. The US military wanted to determine if mescaline intake was a problem for personnel readiness. Twenty thousand seventeen urine specimens negative...
Somnuk Bunsupa et al.
The Plant cell, 24(3), 1202-1216 (2012-03-15)
Lysine decarboxylase (LDC) catalyzes the first-step in the biosynthetic pathway of quinolizidine alkaloids (QAs), which form a distinct, large family of plant alkaloids. A cDNA of lysine/ornithine decarboxylase (L/ODC) was isolated by differential transcript screening in QA-producing and nonproducing cultivars...
Laishram Shantikumar Singh et al.
BMC microbiology, 14, 278-278 (2014-11-20)
Actinomycetes have provided a wealth of bioactive secondary metabolites with interesting activities such as antimicrobial, antiviral and anticancer. The study aims at isolation, characterization and the antimicrobial potentiality of Streptomyces sannanensis SU118 obtained from Phoomdi, a unique habitat of Loktak...
Reeder M Robinson et al.
Archives of biochemistry and biophysics, 550-551, 58-66 (2014-04-29)
The mechanism of Mycobacterium smegmatis G (MbsG), a flavin-dependent l-lysine monooxygenase, was investigated under steady-state and rapid reaction conditions using primary and solvent kinetic isotope effects, substrate analogs, pH and solvent viscosity effects as mechanistic probes. The results suggest that...
Dae J Park et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 962, 147-152 (2014-06-14)
New tandem mass spectrometric method coupled with liquid chromatography (LC-MS/MS) has been developed to determine the total concentration of camptothecin derivatives (irinotecan and SN-38) regardless of inter-conversion phenomenon between carboxylate and lactone forms. At first, all sample solutions were acidified...
Min Jeong Kim et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 19(5) (2018-05-12)
Over the past decade, a variety of lactic acid bacteria have been commercially available to and steadily used by consumers. However, recent studies have shown that some lactic acid bacteria produce toxic substances and display properties of virulence. To establish...
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