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34850

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Samia Yazid et al.
Journal of autoimmunity, 58, 1-11 (2015-01-27)
Annexin-A1 (Anx-A1) is an endogenous anti-inflammatory molecule and while described as a repressor of innate immune responses, the role of Anx-A1 in adaptive immunity, and in particular in T helper (Th) cell responses, remains controversial. We have used a T-cell...
Maria Celeiro et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1344, 1-14 (2014-04-29)
An effective, simple and low cost sample preparation method based on matrix solid-phase dispersion (MSPD) followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) or gas chromatography-triple quadrupole-mass spectrometry (GC-MS/MS) has been developed for the rapid simultaneous determination of 38 cosmetic ingredients, 25...
Tomoya Katakai et al.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 193(2), 617-626 (2014-06-18)
T cells exhibit high-speed migration within the paracortical T zone of lymph nodes (LNs) as they scan cognate Ags displayed by dendritic cells in the tissue microenvironment supported by the network of stromal cells. Although intranodal T cell migration is...
Milena M Madry et al.
Bioanalysis, 6(23), 3183-3196 (2014-12-23)
Toenails were assessed as an alternative matrix to hair for retrospective monitoring of cocaine consumption of recreational and dependent users. Results/methodology: Toenail clippings, scrapings and hair samples from recreational and dependent cocaine users were analyzed for cocaine and metabolites. Dependent...
Petr Tůma et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 821(1), 53-59 (2005-05-19)
Capillary electrophoretic (CE) method was developed for the determination of urinary 3-methylhistidine (3MH) and 1-methylhistidine (1MH) indicating the extent of degradation of skeletal muscle proteins and thereby the state of human health. 3MH, 1MH and histidine can be separated in...
María Llorián-Salvador et al.
The Prostate, 75(1), 70-83 (2014-09-30)
Pain due to bone metastases of prostatic origin is a relevant clinical issue. We study here the nociceptive responses obtained in mice receiving the intratibial inoculation of RM1 prostate cancer cells. 10(2) -10(5) RM1 cells were inoculated to C57BL/6 mice...
Keitaro Yokoyama et al.
Nephrology, dialysis, transplantation : official publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association, 17(6), 1032-1036 (2002-05-29)
Pteridine metabolism is impaired in the uraemic state. This may affect cardiovascular function and contribute to malnutrition. We wished to clarify further the impact of impaired pteridine metabolism. Using the HPLC method, the plasma concentrations of endogenous pteridines were determined...
Gizem Çakir et al.
Archiv der Pharmazie, 348(1), 10-22 (2014-12-03)
In continuation of our efforts to develop new derivatives as hepatitis C virus (HCV) NS5B inhibitors, we synthesized novel 5-arylidene-4-thiazolidinones. The novel compounds 29-42, together with their synthetic precursors 22-28, were tested for HCV NS5B inhibitory activity; 12 of these...
Saskia Kley et al.
American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology, 296(4), R936-R943 (2009-02-06)
Obesity is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes in cats. The risk of developing diabetes is severalfold greater for male cats than for females, even after having been neutered early in life. The purpose of this study was to...
Nhung T T Dang et al.
European journal of pharmaceutics and biopharmaceutics : official journal of Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Pharmazeutische Verfahrenstechnik e.V, 88(2), 406-414 (2014-06-03)
Polycaprolactone (PCL) matrices were simultaneously loaded with the antiviral agents, tenofovir (TFV) and nevirapine (NVP), in combination to provide synergistic activity in the prevention of HIV transmission through the vaginal route. TFV and NVP were incorporated in PCL matrices at...
Tanira M Bastos et al.
Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 58(10), 6044-6055 (2014-08-06)
cis-[RuCl(NO2)(dppb)(5,5'-mebipy)] (complex 1), cis-[Ru(NO2)2(dppb)(5,5'-mebipy)] (complex 2), ct-[RuCl(NO)(dppb)(5,5'-mebipy)](PF6)2 (complex 3), and cc-[RuCl(NO)(dppb)(5,5'-mebipy)](PF6)2 (complex 4), where 5,5'-mebipy is 5,5'-dimethyl-2,2'-bipyridine and dppb is 1,4-bis(diphenylphosphino)butane, were synthesized and characterized. The structure of complex 2 was determined by X-ray crystallography. These complexes exhibited a higher...
Georgia Fousteri et al.
Clinical immunology (Orlando, Fla.), 156(2), 98-108 (2014-12-17)
Ptpn22 is one of the most potent autoimmunity predisposing genes and strongly associates with type 1 diabetes (T1D). Previous studies showed that non-obese diabetic mice with reduced expression levels of Ptpn22 are protected from T1D due to increased number of...
William C W Chen et al.
Stem cells (Dayton, Ohio), 33(2), 557-573 (2014-10-23)
Perivascular mesenchymal precursor cells (i.e., pericytes) reside in skeletal muscle where they contribute to myofiber regeneration; however, the existence of similar microvessel-associated regenerative precursor cells in cardiac muscle has not yet been documented. We tested whether microvascular pericytes within human...
James Townsend et al.
ACS nano, 8(7), 6970-6978 (2014-06-21)
We report the fabrication of flexible chains of ferromagnetic Ni nanoparticles that possess the ability to adapt other than the typically observed rigid (nearly) straight configurations in the absence of an external magnetic field. The dynamic mobility of the ferromagnetic...
Supradip Saha et al.
Food chemistry, 177, 369-375 (2015-02-11)
Accelerated solvent extraction (ASE) is applied for the extraction of carotenoids from orange carrot and the extraction parameters were optimized. Two carotenoids, lutein and β-carotene, are selected as the validation process. Hildebrand solubility parameters and dielectric constant of solvents were...
Iain R White et al.
Journal of breath research, 7(1), 017112-017112 (2013-03-01)
The prospects for exploiting proton transfer reaction-time of flight-mass spectrometry (PTR-ToF-MS) in medical diagnostics are illustrated through a series of case studies. Measurements of acetone levels in the breath of 68 healthy people are presented along with a longitudinal study...
Xiaoxia Yang et al.
Environmental science and pollution research international, 22(9), 6696-6712 (2014-11-26)
The concentrations, distribution, possible sources, and cancer risks of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in total suspended particles (TSPs) and surface soils collected from the same sampling spots were compared in Kunming, China. The total PAH concentrations were 9.35-75.01 ng/m(3) and...
Lin Sha et al.
Clinical and experimental medicine, 15(1), 55-64 (2014-08-02)
The function of the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) during hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) progression is well established. However, the regulatory mechanisms modulating this phenomenon remain unclear. Homeobox B9 (HOXB9) has been proposed as an oncogene in many cancer developments, but its function...
Hiba Al-Hamidi et al.
Pharmaceutical development and technology, 20(1), 74-83 (2014-01-08)
The solid dispersion technique is one of the most effective methods for improving the dissolution rate of poorly water-soluble drugs; however this is reliant on a suitable carrier and solvent being selected. The work presented explores amino sugars (d-glucosamine HCl...
Dian Zhang et al.
Nutrition and cancer, 67(1), 177-190 (2014-11-21)
Nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) is an important molecule in mediating inflammatory colitis, which can lead to colorectal cancer (CRC). The aim of this study was to evaluate the chemopreventive efficacy of apple polysaccharide extract (AP) in inhibiting NF-κB-mediated inflammation pathways...
L Mijangos et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1389, 8-18 (2015-03-10)
The present study is focused on the development of an analytical method based on focused ultrasonic solid-liquid extraction (FUSLE) followed by dispersive solid-phase extraction (dSPE) clean-up and liquid chromatography-triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) optimised for the simultaneous analysis of...
Rebecca L Dalton et al.
The Science of the total environment, 515-516, 70-82 (2015-02-24)
Agrochemicals, including fertilizers and herbicides, are significant contributors of non-point source pollution to surface waters and have the potential to negatively affect periphyton. We characterized periphyton communities using pigment markers to assess the effects of nutrient enrichment and the herbicide...
Jaime Guevara-Aguirre et al.
Diabetes technology & therapeutics, 9(4), 372-376 (2007-08-21)
The aim of this study was to compare the glucose pharmacodynamics after oral spray insulin (Oral-lyn , Generex Biotechnology, Toronto, ON, Canada) and subcutaneous (sc) injection of regular insulin in 10 subjects with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Basal therapy...
Tino Jaschinski et al.
Rapid communications in mass spectrometry : RCM, 28(13), 1521-1529 (2014-05-28)
Laser desorption ionization for mass spectrometric measurements (LDI MS) is supported by nanostructured materials. This technique helps to overcome known limitations of matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) and especially avoids interfering signals caused by matrix components. LDI can be supported by...
Chihiro Shimizuhira et al.
The Journal of investigative dermatology, 134(11), 2709-2718 (2014-04-24)
Contact hypersensitivity (CHS) has been widely used to study cutaneous immune responses, as a prototype of delayed-type hypersensitivity. Although natural killer T (NKT) cells have been assumed to have an important role in CHS, their role is controversial. Here, we...
Xiaoling Zang et al.
Journal of proteome research, 13(7), 3444-3454 (2014-06-13)
Prostate cancer (PCa) is the second leading cause of cancer-related mortality in men. The prevalent diagnosis method is based on the serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening test, which suffers from low specificity, overdiagnosis, and overtreatment. In this work, untargeted metabolomic...
Neelesh Kumar Mehra et al.
Molecular pharmaceutics, 12(2), 630-643 (2014-12-18)
Our main aim in the present investigation was to assess and compare the in vitro and in vivo cancer targeting propensity of doxorubicin (DOX) loaded folic acid (FA) and estrone (ES) anchored PEGylated multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) employing tumor bearing...
Zahra Merchant et al.
European journal of pharmaceutics and biopharmaceutics : official journal of Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Pharmazeutische Verfahrenstechnik e.V, 88(3), 816-829 (2014-10-12)
The potential of amphiphilic chitosan formed by grafting octanoyl chains on the chitosan backbone for pulmonary delivery of levofloxacin has been studied. The success of polymer synthesis was confirmed using FT-IR and NMR, whilst antimicrobial activity was assessed against Pseudomonas...
Piers R Boshier et al.
The Journal of surgical research, 193(2), 704-712 (2014-10-06)
Esophagectomy and gastrectomy are associated with profound metabolic changes and significant postoperative morbidity. The aim of this prospective clinical study was to determine whether breath analysis can offer novel insight into the surgical metabolic response and identify biomarkers of postoperative...
Pamela V Lear et al.
Endocrinology, 156(3), 975-986 (2014-12-30)
Intracellular calcium-permeable channels have been implicated in thermogenic function of murine brown and brite/beige adipocytes, respectively transient receptor potential melastin-8 and transient receptor potential vanilloid-4. Because the endo-lysosomal two-pore channels (TPCs) have also been ascribed with metabolic functionality, we studied...
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