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P J Robbins et al.
Journal of toxicology and environmental health, 18(4), 503-525 (1986-01-01)
A review of the biodistribution and toxicity of the insect repellent N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide (DEET) is presented. Workers using repellent containing this compound may be exposed to greater than 442 g in 6 mo. In human studies, variable penetration into the skin...
Topical application of DEET for schistosomiasis.
Kalyanasundaram Ramaswamy et al.
Trends in parasitology, 19(12), 551-555 (2003-12-03)
Chanda Vongsombath et al.
Journal of medical entomology, 49(6), 1398-1404 (2012-12-29)
Essential oils of Hyptis suaveolens (Lamiaceae), Croton roxburghii (Euphorbiaceae), and Litsea cubeba (Lauraceae) were tested in the field near Vientiane city, Lao PDR, on humans for repellent activity against mosquitoes. Landing mosquitoes were collected and later identified. The most abundant...
Mohan Manikkam et al.
Reproductive toxicology (Elmsford, N.Y.), 34(4), 708-719 (2012-09-15)
Environmental compounds are known to promote epigenetic transgenerational inheritance of disease. The current study was designed to determine if a "pesticide mixture" (pesticide permethrin and insect repellent N,N-diethyl-meta-toluamide, DEET) promotes epigenetic transgenerational inheritance of disease and associated DNA methylation epimutations...
Repelling insects with safe and effective alternatives to DEET.
Howard A Epstein
Skinmed, 10(1), 36-39 (2012-02-14)
Gloria Isabel Jaramillo Ramirez et al.
PloS one, 7(11), e48698-e48698 (2012-11-16)
The primary defence against mosquitoes and other disease vectors is often the application of a repellent. Despite their common use, the mechanism(s) underlying the activity of repellents is not fully understood, with even the mode of action of DEET having...
Eliningaya J Kweka et al.
Parasites & vectors, 5, 189-189 (2012-09-07)
The reduction of malaria parasite transmission by preventing human-vector contact is critical in lowering disease transmission and its outcomes. This underscores the need for effective and long lasting arthropod/insect repellents. Despite the reduction in malaria transmission and outcomes in Tanzania...
Jennifer I Karr et al.
Journal of controlled release : official journal of the Controlled Release Society, 160(3), 502-508 (2012-05-02)
N,N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide (DEET) is popular insect repellent which is considered safe and effective, yet is subject to considerable skin absorption. Skin absorption decreases effective repellency since less DEET is available for evaporation. We have investigated the extent to which DEET skin...
D C Dorman
The Veterinary clinics of North America. Small animal practice, 20(2), 387-391 (1990-03-01)
Poisonings resulting from DEET are rarely encountered in companion animals. In human patients, DEET toxicosis has been associated with the development of a toxic encephalopathy characterized by tremors, seizures, behavioral changes, and abnormal movements. Generally, DEET toxicosis in companion animals...
Nina M Stanczyk et al.
PloS one, 8(2), e54438-e54438 (2013-02-26)
DEET (N,N-Diethyl-m-toluamide) is one of the most widely used mosquito repellents. Although DEET has been shown to be extremely effective, recent studies have revealed that certain individual insects are unaffected by its presence. A genetic basis for this has been...
J A Weeks et al.
Integrated environmental assessment and management, 8(1), 120-134 (2011-10-19)
N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide (DEET) is a key active ingredient in many insect repellents available commercially throughout the world. Owing to its popularity among consumers for nearly 30 years, considerable work conducted in the past has demonstrated-and continues to demonstrate-that human exposure to...
Jenny E Zenobio et al.
Environmental toxicology and chemistry, 33(4), 910-919 (2014-01-01)
Pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) have been detected widely in aquatic ecosystems, but little is known about their mechanisms of toxicity. We exposed adult fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) for 48 h to triclocarban (1.4 µg/L), N,N-diethyl-meta-toluamide (DEET; 0.6 µg/L), or...
Oxana A Belova et al.
Ticks and tick-borne diseases, 3(4), 240-246 (2012-08-23)
There is some evidence that tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) prevalence in ticks, removed from humans, is higher than that in field-collected ticks from the same area. There are two possible explanations: (i) Infected ticks are more active and aggressive and...
Daniel R Swale et al.
PloS one, 9(8), e103713-e103713 (2014-08-08)
Recent studies suggest that N, N-diethyl-meta-toluamide (DEET) is an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor and that this action may result in neurotoxicity and pose a risk to humans from its use as an insect repellent. We investigated the mode of action of DEET...
Ali Abdel-Rahman et al.
Journal of toxicology and environmental health. Part A, 67(4), 331-356 (2004-01-10)
Malathion (O,O-dimethyl-S-[1,2-carbethoxyethyl]phosphorodithionate), DEET (N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide), and permethrin [(+/-)-cis/trans-3-(2,2-dichloroethenyl)-2,2-dimethylcyclopropane carboxylic acid (3-phenoxyphenyl) methyl ester] are commonly used pesticides. To determine the effects of the dermal application of these chemicals, alone or in combination, the sensorimotor behavior, central cholinergic system, and histopathological alterations...
Novel exposure biomarkers of N, N-diethyl-m-toluamide (DEET): Data from the 2007?2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
Calafat.MA, et al.
Environment International, 92, 398-404 (2016)
Reaction mechanism and kinetics of DEET visible light assisted photocatalytic ozonation with WO 3 catalyst
Mena E, et al.
Applied Catalysis. B, Environmental, 202, 460-472 (2017)
Stephen P Frances
Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association, 29(3), 289-292 (2013-11-10)
Field efficacy trials comparing 2 formulations of deet against mosquitoes in Redcliffe, Queensland, Australia were conducted in February 2009. A formulation containing 35% deet in a gel (Australian Defence Force deet) provided > 95% protection for 3 h, while a...
[Recommendations for the use of insect repellents by pregnant women and children].
S Leuckx
Journal de pharmacie de Belgique, (2)(2), 12-16 (2013-06-27)
Pinky Kain et al.
Nature, 502(7472), 507-512 (2013-10-04)
There are major impediments to finding improved DEET alternatives because the receptors causing olfactory repellency are unknown, and new chemicals require exorbitant costs to determine safety for human use. Here we identify DEET-sensitive neurons in a pit-like structure in the...
J F Carroll et al.
Journal of medical entomology, 51(3), 629-637 (2014-06-06)
Behavioral bioassays remain a standard tool in the discovery, development, and registration of arthropod repellents. Tick repellent bioassays are generally uncomplicated, but their results can be affected by basic variables (e.g., dimensions of testing materials, substrate, timing, temperature) of the...
Sylvain Merel et al.
Chemosphere, 127, 238-245 (2015-03-10)
N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide (DEET), the active component of many insect repellents, is among the most frequently detected compounds in aqueous environments with concentrations reported in the ng L(-1) to μg L(-1) range. However, DEET is often detected in blanks and reported concentrations...
Daryl J Fediuk et al.
International journal of toxicology, 31(5), 467-476 (2012-10-16)
Insect repellent N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide (DEET) and sunscreen oxybenzone have shown a synergistic percutaneous enhancement when applied concurrently. Both compounds are extensively metabolized in vivo into a series of potentially toxic metabolites: 2 metabolites of DEET, N,N-diethyl-m-hydroxymethylbenzamide (DHMB) and N-ethyl-m-toluamide (ET), and...
Trine Eggen et al.
Environmental science and pollution research international, 20(7), 4520-4531 (2012-12-20)
Emerging contaminants in wastewater and sewage sludge spread on agricultural soil can be transferred to the human food web directly by uptake into food crops or indirectly following uptake into forage crops. This study determined uptake and translocation of the...
Stefan Trapp et al.
Environmental science and pollution research international, 20(6), 4018-4029 (2012-12-06)
The uptake of the organophosphates tris(2-chloroethyl) phosphate (TCEP), tris(1-chloro-2-propyl) phosphate (TCPP), tributyl phosphate (TBP), the insect repellant N,N-diethyl toluamide (DEET), and the plasticizer n-butyl benzenesulfonamide (NBBS) into plants was studied in greenhouse experiments and simulated with a dynamic physiological plant...
Hany K M Dweck et al.
Current biology : CB, 30(1), 17-30 (2019-12-17)
Taste systems detect a vast diversity of toxins, which are perceived as bitter. When a species adapts to a new environment, its taste system must adapt to detect new death threats. We deleted each of six commonly expressed bitter gustatory receptors (Grs)...
Karel Van Roey et al.
PLoS neglected tropical diseases, 8(12), e3326-e3326 (2014-12-19)
Scaling up of insecticide treated nets has contributed to a substantial malaria decline. However, some malaria vectors, and most arbovirus vectors, bite outdoors and in the early evening. Therefore, topically applied insect repellents may provide crucial additional protection against mosquito-borne...
Thaís Nogueira Barradas et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 454(2), 633-640 (2013-06-05)
N,N-diethyl-meta-toluamide (DEET) is a widely used insect repellent due to its high efficacy. In this work, micellar systems based on poly(ethylene oxide)-poly(propylene oxide)-poly(ethylene oxide) triblock copolymer were developed and studied for the purpose of controlling the release and cutaneous permeation...
Aqel W Abu-Qare et al.
Journal of toxicology and environmental health. Part B, Critical reviews, 6(1), 41-53 (2003-02-18)
Permethrin and DEET are concurrently used for pests control inside homes, in public places, and in military shelters. Combined exposure to these compounds produced greater biochemical, behavioral, and metabolic alterations in animals compared to each individual compound. Concurrent application of...
Whitney A Qualls et al.
Journal of medical entomology, 49(2), 418-423 (2012-04-13)
Aedes aegypti (L.) (Diptera: Culicidae) female mosquitoes infected systemically with Sindbis virus (SINV) took longer than uninfected mosquitoes to locate and fully engorge on blood. On days 7 and 14 postexposure, blood feeding took 1.3 and 1.5 times longer in...