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Chuang Xu et al.
Monoclonal antibodies in immunodiagnosis and immunotherapy, 34(5), 341-345 (2015-10-23)
When abrin-a was combined with several polyclonal antibodies (PAb), the detection limit could be increased. In this way, a monoclonal antibody (capture) and polyclonal antibody (detection) sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and a colloidal gold-PAb conjugate-based immunochromatographic assay for detection
Chek Meng Poh et al.
Infection and immunity, 82(11), 4854-4864 (2014-08-27)
CD8(+) T cells play a pathogenic role in the development of murine experimental cerebral malaria (ECM) induced by Plasmodium berghei ANKA (PbA) infection in C57BL/6 mice. Only a limited number of CD8(+) epitopes have been described. Here, we report the
Cristian Turato et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 17701-17701 (2015-12-05)
SerpinB3 has been recently described as an early marker of liver carcinogenesis, but the potential mechanistic role of this serpin in tumor development is still poorly understood. Overexpression of Myc often correlates with more aggressive tumour forms, supporting its involvement
Marie Hagbom et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 11431-11431 (2015-06-24)
By the use of a modified ionizer device we describe effective prevention of airborne transmitted influenza A (strain Panama 99) virus infection between animals and inactivation of virus (>97%). Active ionizer prevented 100% (4/4) of guinea pigs from infection. Moreover
Yang Lei et al.
Journal of controlled release : official journal of the Controlled Release Society, 196, 79-86 (2014-10-07)
Elastin-specific medial arterial calcification (MAC) is an arterial disease commonly referred as Monckeberg's sclerosis. It causes significant arterial stiffness, and as yet, no clinical therapy exists to prevent or reverse it. We developed albumin nanoparticles (NPs) loaded with disodium ethylene
Paul Haase-Aschoff et al.
Bioresource technology, 130, 231-238 (2013-01-12)
Little is known on basidiomycete sources of feruloyl esterases (FAEs), although many wood-rotting representatives of these fungi typically grow on feruloyl-rich substrates. A major reason is that the almost ubiquitous presence of laccases interferes with the detection of FAE activity.
Uwe Reusch et al.
mAbs, 7(3), 584-604 (2015-04-16)
To harness the potent tumor-killing capacity of T cells for the treatment of CD19(+) malignancies, we constructed AFM11, a humanized tetravalent bispecific CD19/CD3 tandem diabody (TandAb) consisting solely of Fv domains. The molecule exhibits good manufacturability and stability properties. AFM11
Laurie Bruzzese et al.
Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985), 119(2), 140-147 (2015-05-23)
The nucleoside adenosine acts on the nervous and cardiovascular systems via the A2A receptor (A2AR). In response to oxygen level in tissues, adenosine plasma concentration is regulated in particular via its synthesis by CD73 and via its degradation by adenosine
H. Chen, et al.,
Macromolecules, 43, 3613-3623 (2010)
Vera Rötzer et al.
Cellular and molecular life sciences : CMLS, 72(24), 4885-4897 (2015-06-28)
Desmosomes provide strong intercellular cohesion essential for the integrity of cells and tissues exposed to continuous mechanical stress. For desmosome assembly, constitutively synthesized desmosomal cadherins translocate to the cell-cell border, cluster and mature in the presence of Ca(2+) to stable
Gang Deng et al.
Molecular medicine reports, 12(3), 4427-4433 (2015-06-18)
The aim of the present study was to examine the anticarcinogenic effects of emodin on the Notch signaling pathway and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the PC3 androgen-independent prostate cancer cell line in vitro. The cell viability was assessed
Sorcha Cassidy et al.
European journal of immunology, 45(2), 492-500 (2014-11-02)
Natural killer cells are controlled by peptide selective inhibitory receptors for MHC class I, including the killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs). Despite having similar ligands, KIR2DL2 and KIR2DL3 confer different levels of protection to infectious disease. To investigate how changes
Nicole Willems et al.
Arthritis research & therapy, 17, 214-214 (2015-08-21)
Chronic low back pain due to intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration is associated with increased levels of inflammatory mediators. Current medical treatment consists of oral anti-inflammatory drugs to alleviate pain. In this study, the efficacy and safety of a novel thermoreversible
Kangmin Chon et al.
Bioresource technology, 190, 499-507 (2015-03-24)
This study investigated the removal efficiency and mechanisms of water contaminants (mainly N-nitrosamines) during municipal wastewater reclamation by a membrane bioreactor (MBR) and nanofiltration (NF) hybrid system. The removal of bulk water contaminants was governed by the microbial activities in
Charlotte M de Winde et al.
Histochemistry and cell biology, 144(2), 133-146 (2015-05-09)
Multispectral imaging is a novel microscopy technique that combines imaging with spectroscopy to obtain both quantitative expression data and tissue distribution of different cellular markers. Tetraspanins CD37 and CD53 are four-transmembrane proteins involved in cellular and humoral immune responses. However
Hyung Ho Yoon et al.
Journal of Korean medical science, 29(11), 1555-1561 (2014-11-20)
A double toxin-double lesion strategy is well-known to generate a rat model of striatonigral degeneration (SND) such as multiple system atrophy-parkinsonian type. However, with this model it is difficult to distinguish SND from Parkinson's disease (PD). In this study, we
Haibo Chen et al.
Apoptosis : an international journal on programmed cell death, 19(12), 1712-1726 (2014-10-25)
Ultrasound combined with endogenous protoporphyrin IX derived from 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA-SDT) is known to induce apoptosis in multiple cancer cells and macrophages. Persistent retention of macrophages in the plaque has been implicated in the pathophysiology and progression of atherosclerosis. Here
Helen Yanran Wang et al.
Journal of cell science, 128(21), 3888-3897 (2015-09-12)
Gap junctions formed of connexin 36 (Cx36, also known as Gjd2) show tremendous functional plasticity on several time scales. Changes in connexin phosphorylation modify coupling in minutes through an order of magnitude, but recent studies also imply involvement of connexin
Allan F Wiechmann et al.
PloS one, 9(11), e113810-e113810 (2014-11-21)
The corneal epithelium provides a protective barrier against pathogen entrance and abrasive forces, largely due to the intercellular junctional complexes between neighboring cells. After a prescribed duration at the corneal surface, tight junctions between squamous surface cells must be disrupted
Mitesh Patel et al.
Brain research, 1468, 1-10 (2012-06-12)
Riboflavin is an important water soluble vitamin (B2) required for metabolic reactions, normal cellular growth, differentiation and function. Mammalian brain cells cannot synthesize riboflavin and must import from systemic circulation. However, the uptake mechanism, cellular translocation and intracellular trafficking of
Irma Pujol-Autonell et al.
PloS one, 10(6), e0127057-e0127057 (2015-06-04)
The development of new therapies to induce self-tolerance has been an important medical health challenge in type 1 diabetes. An ideal immunotherapy should inhibit the autoimmune attack, avoid systemic side effects and allow β-cell regeneration. Based on the immunomodulatory effects
Gabriela Morachis-Valdez et al.
Environmental science and pollution research international, 22(12), 9159-9172 (2015-01-15)
Madín Reservoir (MR) is located on the Río Tlalnepantla in Mexico. Previous studies seeking to identify pollutants at this site evidence that MR water contains a considerable metal load as well as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) at concentrations above those
S Rudnick-Glick et al.
Journal of nanobiotechnology, 13, 80-80 (2015-11-19)
Bisphosphonate (BP) compounds are widely used in the treatment of bone disorders. This group of drugs with a high affinity to Ca(+2) ions is rapidly attracted to bone mineral, especially in areas of high resorption. We have engineered unique biodegradable
Elena Brezina et al.
Environmental science & technology, 49(17), 10449-10456 (2015-08-25)
Carbamazepine (CBZ) is a worldwide used antiepileptic drug, which is metabolized to a large extent in the human body to several metabolites, including 10,11-dihydroxy-10,11-dihydrocarbamazepine (DiOHCBZ), 2-hydroxycarbamazepine (2OHCBZ), and 3-hydroxycarbamazepine (3OHCBZ). 2OHCBZ and 3OHCBZ were previously detected in raw and treated
Emir Cabrera et al.
Bioresource technology, 194, 1-6 (2015-07-15)
This study explores acid and alkaline pretreatments in order to enhance soybean straw biodegradability. The effects of sulfuric acid and sodium hydroxide for different pretreatment times at 30°C and 121°C on biomass dissolution and the subsequent enzymatic hydrolysis were investigated.
Marie-José Blouin et al.
Breast cancer research and treatment, 149(3), 577-585 (2015-01-24)
Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) is an important carrier protein for insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) in the circulation. IGFBP-3 antagonizes the growth-promoting and anti-apoptotic activities of IGFs in experimental systems, but in certain contexts can increase IGF bioactivity, probably
Isamu Aiba et al.
The Journal of physiology, 590(22), 5877-5893 (2012-08-22)
Spreading depolarizations (SDs) are slowly propagating waves of near-complete neuronal and glial depolarization. SDs have been recorded in patients with brain injury, and the incidence of SD significantly correlates with outcome severity. Although it is well accepted that the ionic
Guan-yuan Chen et al.
Analytica chimica acta, 864, 21-29 (2015-03-04)
Normalizing the total urine concentration is important for minimizing bias in urinary metabolomics analysis comparisons. In this study, we report a matrix-induced ion suppression (MIIS)-based method to normalize concentration using flow injection analysis coupled with electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (FIA-ESI-MS).
Ilaria Fiorentino et al.
Experimental cell research, 330(2), 240-247 (2014-09-24)
Nanoparticle (NPs) delivery systems in vivo promises to overcome many obstacles associated with the administration of drugs, vaccines, plasmid DNA and RNA materials, making the study of their cellular uptake a central issue in nanomedicine. The uptake of NPs may
Robert Maratta et al.
The Journal of comparative neurology, 523(11), 1701-1716 (2015-03-03)
Serotonergic (5-HT) and noradrenergic (NA) input to spinal motoneurons is essential for generating plateau potentials and self-sustained discharges. Extensor motoneurons are densely innervated by 5-HT and NA synapses and have robust plateau potentials and self-sustained discharges. Conversely, plateau potentials and
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