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Jung Hyeob Roh et al.
Infection and immunity, 83(1), 389-395 (2014-11-12)
Expression of ace (adhesin to collagen of Enterococcus faecalis), encoding a virulence factor in endocarditis and urinary tract infection models, has been shown to increase under certain conditions, such as in the presence of serum, bile salts, urine, and collagen...
Jean Paul Dzoyem et al.
Journal of ethnopharmacology, 156, 1-8 (2014-08-26)
Culinary herbs and spices are widely used ethnomedically across Africa. They are traditionally employed in the treatment of several ailments including inflammation disorders, pain alleviation and infectious diseases. Pharmacological studies are necessary to provide a scientific basis to substantiate their...
Nele Ilmberger et al.
PloS one, 9(9), e106707-e106707 (2014-09-11)
A phylogenetic and metagenomic study of elephant feces samples (derived from a three-weeks-old and a six-years-old Asian elephant) was conducted in order to describe the microbiota inhabiting this large land-living animal. The microbial diversity was examined via 16S rRNA gene...
Shewit Kalayou et al.
Cell biology and toxicology, 30(6), 361-376 (2014-11-25)
The mycotoxin alternariol (AOH) is an important contaminant of fruits and cereal products. The current study sought to address the effect of a non-toxic AOH concentration on the proteome of the steroidogenic H295R cell model. Quantitative proteomics based on stable...
Fuchao Xu et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1401, 33-41 (2015-05-23)
A multi-residue analytical method was developed for the determination of a range of flame retardants (FRs), including polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), emerging halogenated FRs (EFRs) and organophosphate FRs (PFRs), in food matrices. An ultrasonication and vacuum assisted extraction (UVAE), followed...
Jozef Šesták et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1350, 68-71 (2014-05-28)
Performing gradient liquid chromatography at constant pressure instead of constant flow rate has serious potential for shortening the analysis time and increasing the productivity of HPLC instruments that use gradient methods. However, in the constant pressure mode the decreasing column...
Benito F García et al.
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 20(11), 20079-20106 (2015-11-13)
The citrus by-products released from citrus processing plants may contain high levels of potentially bioactive compounds such as flavonoids, which are a widely distributed group of polyphenolic compounds with health-related properties based on their antioxidant activity. In the study reported...
Alexander B Tesler et al.
Nature communications, 6, 8649-8649 (2015-10-21)
Formation of unwanted deposits on steels during their interaction with liquids is an inherent problem that often leads to corrosion, biofouling and results in reduction in durability and function. Here we report a new route to form anti-fouling steel surfaces...
Hui-Jeong Jang et al.
Biotechnology and bioengineering, 112(8), 1604-1612 (2015-03-03)
Retinoids can be produced from E. coli when introduced with the β-carotene biosynthesis pathway and the BCMO gene. E. coli has no inherent metabolic pathways related to retinoids, therefore only retinal should be produced from the cleavage of β-carotene by...
Tsz Kin Ng et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 7828-7828 (2015-01-17)
Cigarette smoking contributes to the development of destructive periodontal diseases and delays its healing process. Our previous study demonstrated that nicotine, a major constituent in the cigarette smoke, inhibits the regenerative potentials of human periodontal ligament-derived stem cells (PDLSC) through...
R A Lazar et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1394, 148-153 (2015-04-05)
Micro-capillary film (MCF) membranes are effective platforms for bioseparations and viable alternatives to established packed bed and membrane substrates at the analytical and preparative chromatography scales. Single hollow fibre (HF) MCF membranes with varied microstructures were produced in order to...
Subburayan Karthikeyan et al.
Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & pharmacotherapie, 70, 274-282 (2015-03-18)
Previously, we reported that the prepared resveratrol (RSV) loaded gelatin nanoparticles (GNPs) possessed enhanced anticancer effect than free RSV in non-small cell lung carcinoma cells and Swiss albino mice. The present study aims to explore the relevant mechanism of cell...
Alessandra Sabia et al.
Applied microbiology and biotechnology, 99(24), 10597-10609 (2015-08-25)
Neochloris oleoabundans (Chlorophyta) is widely considered one of the most promising microalgae for biotechnological applications. However, the large-scale production of microalgae requires large amounts of water. In this perspective, the possibility of using exhausted growth media for the re-cultivation of...
Guido Gambara et al.
Journal of cellular and molecular medicine, 19(2), 327-339 (2014-12-03)
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are a family of highly conserved transmembrane proteins expressed in epithelial and immune cells that recognize pathogen associated molecular patterns. Besides their role in immune response against infections, numerous studies have shown an important role of different...
Yang Zhang et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 960, 52-58 (2014-05-03)
A novel TiO2/diatomite composite (TD) was prepared and then characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR). The results of SEM showed that after modification, the porous surface of diatomite was covered with TiO2. Both diatomite and...
Dirk Stegehake et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 290(29), 18090-18101 (2015-06-03)
Degradation of ornithine decarboxylase, the rate-limiting enzyme of polyamine biosynthesis, is promoted by the protein antizyme. Expression of antizyme is positively regulated by rising polyamine concentrations that induce a +1 translational frameshift required for production of the full-length protein. Antizyme...
Oliver Wahl et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 114, 254-264 (2015-06-21)
The modern bisphosphonate drug ibandronate sodium, a challenging candidate for impurity profiling, was analyzed using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) combined with corona charged aerosol detection (CAD). Separation was achieved on a mixed mode column combining hydrophobic C18 and strong...
Caiji Gao et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112(6), 1886-1891 (2015-01-28)
Protein turnover can be achieved via the lysosome/vacuole and the autophagic degradation pathways. Evidence has accumulated revealing that efficient autophagic degradation requires functional endosomal sorting complex required for transport (ESCRT) machinery. However, the interplay between the ESCRT machinery and the...
Ledicia Rey-Salgueiro et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 990, 158-163 (2015-04-16)
Biochemical response stressors results in an increase of adrenocortical activity. Before knowing the corticosteroid levels in saliva in a stressful situation, baselines salivary levels should be established. A method for simultaneous determination of five corticosteroids was developed, validated and applied...
Sulfonated graphene oxide supported Pd bifunctional catalyst for one-pot synthesis of methyl isobutyl ketone from acetone with high conversion and selectivity.
Liu M, et al.
J. Mol. Catal. A: Chem., 408, 85-90 (2015)
Tiina J Kauppila et al.
Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry, 26(6), 1036-1045 (2015-04-02)
Seventy-seven EPA priority environmental pollutants were analyzed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) equipped with an optimized atmospheric pressure photoionization (APPI) and an atmospheric pressure laser ionization (APLI) interface with and without dopants. The analyzed compounds included e.g., polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons...
Rima Ait-Belkacem et al.
mAbs, 6(6), 1385-1393 (2014-12-09)
Bevacizumab induces normalization of abnormal blood vessels, making them less leaky. By binding to vascular endothelial growth factor, it indirectly attacks the vascular tumor mass. The optimal delivery of targeted therapies including monoclonal antibodies or anti-angiogenesis drugs to the target...
Shawna A Shirley et al.
Current gene therapy, 15(1), 32-43 (2014-11-22)
Effective delivery still remains a major hurdle in the development of gene based therapies. While technological advances have occurred that have improved delivery in general, there is still a need for controlled delivery in order to achieve therapeutic effects. Gene...
Tomáš Taubner et al.
International journal of biological macromolecules, 72, 11-18 (2014-08-12)
Carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) was selected as substrate for amidation based on previous results described for monocarboxy cellulose (MCC) with the aim to prepare highly substituted products. In comparison with MCC containing uronic carboxyl groups at C-6 position, O-carboxymethyl groups in CMC...
Margret I Moré et al.
Advances in therapy, 31(12), 1247-1262 (2014-11-22)
We report previously unpublished, early pilot studies performed with a brain-health food supplement containing a proprietary blend of 100 mg phosphatidylserine (PS) and 80 mg phosphatidic acid (PA) produced from soy lecithin. Serum analysis after single PS+PA ingestion was performed in healthy...
Chongjiao Li et al.
Nuclear medicine communications, 36(5), 452-460 (2015-01-16)
The aim of this study was to explore the targeting ability and metabolic characteristics of the technetium-99m-labeled single-domain antibody (⁹⁹mTc-sdAb) EG2 targeting epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) through an in-vitro and in-vivo study. The sdAb EG2 was radiolabeled with Tc...
J R Bales et al.
Clinical chemistry, 30(3), 426-432 (1984-03-01)
Numerous low-Mr metabolites--including creatinine, citrate, hippurate, glucose, ketone bodies, and various amino acids--have been identified in 400- and 500-MHz proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) spectra of intact human urine. The presence of many of these was related to the...
Benedetta Carlotti et al.
Chemphyschem : a European journal of chemical physics and physical chemistry, 16(7), 1440-1450 (2015-03-03)
Three (donor-π-acceptor)(+) systems with a methyl pyridinium or quinolinium as the electron-deficient group, a dimethyl amino as the electron-donor group, and an ethylene or butadiene group as the spacer have been investigated in a joint spectroscopic and TD-DFT computational study....
Na Fan et al.
Journal of orthopaedic research : official publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society, 31(10), 1627-1632 (2013-07-03)
Ceramic-on-ceramic hip joints have been reported to squeak, a phenomenon that may occur in compromised lubrication conditions. One factor related to the incidence of in vivo squeaking is the stem design. However, it has not yet been possible to relate...
J Mandl et al.
Chemico-biological interactions, 96(2), 87-101 (1995-05-19)
Starvation causes several changes in the various processes of biotransformation. The focus of this review is on biotransformation of various aromatic and other compounds whose metabolism is catalyzed in phase I by isozymes belonging to the CYP2E1 gene subfamily, while...
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