Showing 1-30 of 48 results for "500976"
A Luminescent 3d-4f-4d MOF Nanoprobe as a Diagnosis Platform for Human Occupational Exposure to Vinyl Chloride Carcinogen
Hao J-N, et al.
Inorganic Chemistry (2017)
Hermann M Bolt
Critical reviews in toxicology, 35(4), 307-323 (2005-07-02)
The carcinogenicity of vinyl chloride in humans was recognized in 1974 based on observations of hepatic angiosarcomas in highly exposed workers. A multiplicity of endpoints has been demonstrated. The primary target organ, the liver, displays differential susceptibilities of hepatocytes and...
Yu-Ting Wei et al.
Journal of hazardous materials, 211-212, 373-380 (2011-11-29)
Nanoscale zero-valent iron (NZVI) stabilized with dispersants is a promising technology for the remediation of contaminated groundwater. In this study, we demonstrated the use of biodegradable surfactant stabilized NZVI slurry for successful treatment of vinyl chloride (VC) and 1,2-dichloroethane (1,2-DCA)...
S H Esmaeili Faraj et al.
Journal of environmental science and health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous substances & environmental engineering, 47(14), 2263-2269 (2012-09-01)
A biofiltration process was used for degradation of vinyl chloride as a hazardous material in the air stream. Three biotrickling filters in series-parallel allowing uniform feed and moisture distribution all over the bed were used. Granular activated carbon mixed with...
Jun Yan et al.
Applied and environmental microbiology, 78(18), 6630-6636 (2012-07-10)
Dehalococcoides mccartyi strains conserve energy from reductive dechlorination reactions catalyzed by corrinoid-dependent reductive dehalogenase enzyme systems. Dehalococcoides lacks the ability for de novo corrinoid synthesis, and pure cultures require the addition of cyanocobalamin (vitamin B(12)) for growth. In contrast, Geobacter...
Kelly Hamonts et al.
Water research, 46(6), 1873-1888 (2012-01-28)
Chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons (CAHs) often discharge into rivers as contaminated groundwater baseflow. Biotransformation, sorption and dilution of CAHs in the impacted river sediments have been reported to reduce discharge, but the effect of temporal variations in environmental conditions on the...
L Di Lorenzo et al.
La Medicina del lavoro, 103(6), 459-465 (2013-02-15)
Experimental data and large occupational cohort studies in polyvinyl chloride (PVC) manufacturing plants have shown that vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) at high environmental concentrations, such as those measured in western chemical companies at least until the mid-1970's can cause liver...
Alison S Waller et al.
Applied and environmental microbiology, 78(4), 1178-1186 (2011-12-20)
Chlorinated solvents are among the most prevalent groundwater contaminants in the industrialized world. Biodegradation with Dehalococcoides-containing mixed cultures is an effective remediation technology. To elucidate transcribed genes in a Dehalococcoides-containing mixed culture, a shotgun metagenome microarray was created and used...
Catalysis: The accelerator.
Mark Peplow
Nature, 495(7440), S10-S11 (2013-03-15)
Esra Mutlu et al.
Chemical research in toxicology, 25(2), 391-399 (2012-01-04)
Vinyl chloride (VC) is an industrial chemical that is known to be carcinogenic to animals and humans. VC primarily induces hepatic angiosarcomas following high exposures (≥50 ppm). VC is also found in Superfund sites at ppb concentrations as a result...
V S Rukavishnikov et al.
Gigiena i sanitariia, (6)(6), 61-63 (2012-01-19)
The paper provides the results of experimental studies of the impact of vinyl chloride or sublimate intoxication in male albino rats on the functional state of the nervous system of their offspring. Retarded sensorimotor development was revealed in the neonatal...
Yu-lan Qiu et al.
Journal of occupational and environmental medicine, 53(12), 1442-1446 (2011-11-15)
To evaluate the expressions of p53, p21, and CCND1 in the peripheral blood lymphocytes of vinyl chloride monomer (VCM)-exposed workers and potential relationships with their exposures, polymorphisms, and chromosomal aberrations. The study was performed on 77 occupationally VCM-exposed workers and...
Tetsuaki Fujihara et al.
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 134(22), 9106-9109 (2012-05-23)
Nickel-catalyzed carboxylation of aryl and vinyl chlorides employing carbon dioxide has been developed. The reactions proceeded under a CO(2) pressure of 1 atm at room temperature in the presence of nickel catalysts and Mn powder as a reducing agent. Various...
Christ De Rooij et al.
Environmental monitoring and assessment, 97(1-3), 57-67 (2004-09-21)
This risk assessment on vinyl chloride was carried out specifically for the marine environment, according to the methodology laid down in the European Union (EU) risk assessment Regulation (1488/94) and the Technical Guidance Documents for New and Existing Substances (TGD...
Richard Albertini et al.
Regulatory toxicology and pharmacology : RTP, 37(1), 105-132 (2003-03-29)
The estimation and characterization of a cancer risk is grounded in the observation of tumors in humans and/or experimental animals. Increasingly, however, other kinds of data (non-tumor data) are finding application in cancer risk assessment. Metabolism and kinetics, adduct formation...
Iridium-catalyzed chemoselective and enantioselective hydrogenation of (1-chloro-1-alkenyl) boronic esters.
Ivana Gazić Smilović et al.
Angewandte Chemie (International ed. in English), 51(4), 1014-1018 (2011-12-20)
Intrusion of chlorinated hydrocarbons and their degradation products from contaminated soil. Measurement of indoor air quality and biomonitoring by analysis of end-exhaled air
Scheepers JTP, et al.
The Science of the Total Environment, 653, 223-230 (2019)
J K McLaughlin et al.
Journal of epidemiology and biostatistics, 4(4), 253-275 (2000-04-14)
We have attempted to critically review and summarise the collective epidemiologic evidence concerning the association of occupational vinyl-chloride exposure with human health outcomes, including cancer, liver cirrhosis, cardiovascular disease, nonmalignant respiratory disease and acroosteolysis. Based on data from individual reports...
C Bosetti et al.
European journal of cancer prevention : the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP), 12(5), 427-430 (2003-09-27)
Occupational exposure to vinyl chloride (VC) is causally related to liver angiosarcoma, whereas there is inconsistent epidemiologic evidence for other neoplasms. Two pooled analyses of worker cohorts from 56 plants in North America and Europe provide the most comprehensive and...
Jie Jiao et al.
Journal of occupational health, 54(4), 263-270 (2012-06-08)
The aim of this study was to estimate a benchmark dose (BMD) for chromosome damage induced by vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) in VCM-exposed workers in central China and validate the published results in Shanghai. VCM-exposed workers who had been exposed...
Neng-Chyan Huang et al.
BMC gastroenterology, 11, 142-142 (2011-12-28)
Hepatic angiosarcoma (HAS) is a rare type of liver cancer that is often fatal, and arsenic and vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) are two major causal agents. Whereas Taiwan is an endemic area of liver cancer, epidemiologic data on HAS are...
Israel Fernández et al.
The Journal of organic chemistry, 78(17), 8574-8584 (2013-08-07)
The intrinsic electronic factors that determine reactivity in prototypical identity nucleophilic vinylic substitution reactions, X(-) + ViX → XVi + X(-) (Vi = vinyl), have been studied by performing quantum chemical calculations (OPBE/6-311++G(d,p)). Of the two limiting reaction types envisaged--the...
[Vinyl chloride and chemical industry in the United States and in Europe: proofs of illegal conspiracy of companies].
G Markowitz et al.
Epidemiologia e prevenzione, 25(4-5), 191-203 (2002-01-16)
J A Swenberg et al.
IARC scientific publications, (150)(150), 29-43 (2000-01-08)
Vinyl chloride is a known human and animal carcinogen that induces angiosarcomas of the liver. We review here studies on the formation and repair of DNA adducts associated with vinyl chloride and vinyl fluoride in exposed and control rodents and...
J Kielhorn et al.
Environmental health perspectives, 108(7), 579-588 (2000-07-25)
Vinyl chloride (VC) is both a known carcinogen and a regulated chemical, and its production capacity has almost doubled over the last 20 years, currently 27 million tons/year worldwide. According to recent reports it is still a cause for concern....
Peter F Infante et al.
International journal of occupational and environmental health, 15(1), 36-42 (2009-03-10)
Two cases of angiosarcoma of the liver (ASL) are, to the best of our knowledge, the first literature reports of such cases identified among hairdressers and barbers who used hair sprays containing vinyl chloride (VC) as a propellant. The cases...
Elisa Frullanti et al.
Digestive and liver disease : official journal of the Italian Society of Gastroenterology and the Italian Association for the Study of the Liver, 44(9), 775-779 (2012-03-24)
It has been proposed that vinyl chloride exposure is associated with increased risk of death from cirrhosis, although epidemiologic evidence is limited. We analyzed the risk of death from cirrhosis by occupational vinyl chloride exposure by conducting a meta-analysis on...
Marek Tobiszewski et al.
Environmental science and pollution research international, 19(6), 1994-2006 (2012-02-02)
Chlorinated ethanes and ethenes are among the most frequently detected organic pollutants of water. Their physicochemical properties are such that they can contaminate aquifers for decades. In favourable conditions, they can undergo degradation. In anaerobic conditions, chlorinated solvents can undergo...
J Phillip Kaiser et al.
International journal of toxicology, 31(6), 551-563 (2012-12-01)
Liver disease is a major health issue characterized by several pathological changes, with steatosis (fatty liver) representing a common initial step in its pathogenesis. Steatosis is of critical importance because prevention of fatty liver can obviate downstream pathologies of liver...
G M Bodienkova et al.
Meditsina truda i promyshlennaia ekologiia, (3)(3), 21-27 (2013-06-22)
This paper considers the features of disorders of immunity in chronic exposure to vinyl chloride at work and in experimental animals. It is shown that one of the earliest and most sensitive indicators of the formation of the resistance of...

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