Showing 1-30 of 813 results for "56749"
Ning-Kui Niu et al.
Drug design, development and therapy, 9, 1555-1584 (2015-03-21)
Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common malignant bone tumor occurring mostly in children and adolescents between 10 and 20 years of age with poor response to current therapeutics. Alisertib (ALS, MLN8237) is a selective Aurora kinase A inhibitor that displays...
Juliana Fattori et al.
Molecular endocrinology (Baltimore, Md.), 29(2), 258-273 (2014-12-30)
Transcriptional regulation controlled by thyroid hormone receptor (TR) drives events such as development, differentiation, and metabolism. TRs may act either as homodimers or as heterodimers with retinoid X receptor (RXR). Thyroid hormone T3 preferentially binds TR-RXR heterodimers, which activate transcription...
Yen-Lin Huang et al.
Nature communications, 6, 8141-8141 (2015-08-26)
Rapid shifts in microbial composition frequently occur during intestinal inflammation, but the mechanisms underlying such changes remain elusive. Here we demonstrate that an increased caecal sialidase activity is critical in conferring a growth advantage for some bacteria including Escherichia coli...
Alan M Sandercock et al.
Molecular cancer, 14, 147-147 (2015-08-01)
Monolayer cultures of immortalised cell lines are a popular screening tool for novel anti-cancer therapeutics, but these methods can be a poor surrogate for disease states, and there is a need for drug screening platforms which are more predictive of...
Rui Tian et al.
Applied biochemistry and biotechnology, 176(5), 1482-1497 (2015-05-10)
A gene coding for lipase (Tm1350) from the hyperthermophilic bacterium Thermotoga maritima MSB8 was cloned and overexpressed by Escherichia coli. The enzyme can degrade substrates with both short and long acyl chain lengths. The apparent Km and Vmax values for...
Bonnie R Valgaeren et al.
Toxins, 7(7), 2586-2597 (2015-07-18)
Enterotoxaemia is a disease with a high associated mortality rate, affecting beef and veal calves worldwide, caused by C. perfringens alpha toxin and perfringolysin. A longitudinal study was conducted to determine the dynamics of antibodies against these toxins in 528...
Weiliang Dong et al.
Bioresource technology, 186, 114-121 (2015-03-31)
Fenoxaprop-P-ethyl (FE) is widely used as a post-emergence aryloxyphenoxy propionate (AOPP) herbicide in agriculture. An efficient FE-degrading strain DL-2 was isolated from the enrichment culture and identified as Acinetobacter sp. and the metabolite fenoxaprop acid (FA) was identified by HPLC/MS...
Ali Tebbi et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 290(22), 14077-14090 (2015-04-17)
Ribonucleotide reductase (RnR) is a key enzyme synthesizing deoxyribonucleotides for DNA replication and repair. In mammals, the R1 catalytic subunit forms an active complex with either one of the two small subunits R2 and p53R2. Expression of R2 is S...
Sandra Blanchet et al.
Nucleic acids research, 43(6), 3298-3308 (2015-03-05)
In eukaryotes, translation termination is performed by eRF1, which recognizes stop codons via its N-terminal domain. Many previous studies based on point mutagenesis, cross-linking experiments or eRF1 chimeras have investigated the mechanism by which the stop signal is decoded by...
Tuan Hoang et al.
Bioscience reports, 35(4) (2015-07-17)
Mitochondrial inner membrane uncoupling proteins (UCPs) facilitate transmembrane (TM) proton flux and consequently reduce the membrane potential and ATP production. It has been proposed that the three neuronal human UCPs (UCP2, UCP4 and UCP5) in the central nervous system (CNS)...
Marcel Prax et al.
Journal of microbiological methods, 118, 176-181 (2015-10-13)
Sodium polyanethol sulfonate (SPS) is an anionic detergent with a broad range of activities and applications. While studying the excretion of cytoplasmic proteins in Staphylococcus aureus SPS was used as cell lysis inhibitor. When investigating the protein pattern of culture...
Lisi Xie et al.
Plant physiology and biochemistry : PPB, 93, 18-28 (2015-03-31)
The UV-B inducible ARIADNE12 (ARI12) gene of Arabidopsis thaliana is a member of the RING-between-RING (RBR) family of E3 ubiquitin ligases for which a novel ubiquitination mechanism was identified in mammalian homologs. This RING-HECT hybrid mechanism needs a conserved cysteine...
Sonja Werwitzke et al.
Thrombosis and haemostasis, 114(6), 1127-1135 (2015-08-08)
Development of inhibitory antibodies against factor VIII (FVIII) is a severe complication of replacement therapy in haemophilia A. Patients with inhibitors are treated with high FVIII doses in the context of immune tolerance therapy (ITT). Data from haemophilia A mouse...
Frédéric Samazan et al.
Microbial cell factories, 14, 104-104 (2015-07-17)
Lactococcus lactis, a lactic acid bacterium traditionally used to ferment milk and manufacture cheeses, is also, in the biotechnology field, an interesting host to produce proteins of medical interest, as it is "Generally Recognized As Safe". Furthermore, as L. lactis...
A K Mackenzie et al.
Applied and environmental microbiology, 81(1), 187-195 (2014-10-19)
Recent metagenomic analyses have identified uncultured bacteria that are abundant in the rumen of herbivores and that possess putative biomass-converting enzyme systems. Here we investigate the saccharolytic capabilities of a polysaccharide utilization locus (PUL) that has been reconstructed from an...
Maria A Trachsel et al.
The journal of physical chemistry. B, 119(25), 7778-7790 (2015-05-29)
NH···π hydrogen bonds occur frequently between the amino acid side groups in proteins and peptides. Data-mining studies of protein crystals find that ∼80% of the T-shaped histidine···aromatic contacts are CH···π, and only ∼20% are NH···π interactions. We investigated the infrared...
Ji-Yeon Lee et al.
Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry, 78(10), 1656-1661 (2014-07-23)
A gene encoding glutamate decarboxylase A (GadA) from Lactobacillus brevis BH2 was expressed in a His-tagged form in Escherichia coli cells, and recombinant protein exists as a homodimer consisting of identical subunits of 53 kDa. GadA was absolutely dependent on...
Ranjana Pal et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 290(37), 22520-22531 (2015-07-30)
CUX1 and CUX2 proteins are characterized by the presence of three highly similar regions called Cut repeats 1, 2, and 3. Although CUX1 is ubiquitously expressed, CUX2 plays an important role in the specification of neuronal cells and continues to...
Pietro Ridone et al.
European biophysics journal : EBJ, 44(7), 567-576 (2015-04-07)
The bacterial mechanosensitive channels MscS and MscL are gated by an increase in membrane tension when the bacterium experiences hypoosmotic shock. It has been well established that membrane lipids modulate the mechanosensitivity and gating behavior of these channels. The focus...
Juthamath Komvongsa et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1850(7), 1405-1414 (2015-04-12)
Rice Os9BGlu31 is a transglucosidase that can transfer glucose to phenolic acids, flavonoids, and phytohormones. Os9BGlu31 displays a broad specificity with phenolic 1-O-β-D-glucose esters acting as better glucose donors than glucosides, whereas the free phenolic acids of these esters are...
Jordan B Jastrab et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112(14), E1763-E1772 (2015-04-02)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis encodes a proteasome that is highly similar to eukaryotic proteasomes and is required to cause lethal infections in animals. The only pathway known to target proteins for proteasomal degradation in bacteria is pupylation, which is functionally analogous to...
Xu-Ying Wang et al.
Small (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany), 11(43), 5826-5832 (2015-10-01)
S-layer proteins create a cell-surface layer architecture in both bacteria and archaea. Because S-layer proteins self-assemble into a native-like S-layer crystalline structure in vitro, they are attractive building blocks in nanotechnology. Here, the potential use of the S-layer protein EA1...
Dafni K Paspaliari et al.
The FEBS journal, 282(5), 921-936 (2015-01-08)
Chitinases and chitin-active lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases (LPMOs) are most commonly associated with chitin metabolism, but are also reported as virulence factors in pathogenic bacteria. Listeria monocytogenes, a well-known virulent bacterium, possesses two chitinases (ChiA and ChiB) and a multi-modular lytic...
Emily Golden et al.
Analytical biochemistry, 485, 102-108 (2015-06-16)
Cholesterol oxidase (CO) is a FAD (flavin adenine dinucleotide) containing enzyme that catalyzes the oxidization and isomerization of cholesterol. Studies directed toward elucidating the catalytic mechanism of CO will provide an important general understanding of Flavin-assisted redox catalysis. Hydrogen atoms...
Sandeep K Ravala et al.
The FEBS journal, 282(8), 1419-1431 (2015-02-11)
Phosphorylation of the activation loop in the catalytic domain of the RD family of bacterial eukaryotic-type Ser/Thr protein kinases (STPK) induces their conformational transition from an inactive to active state. However, mechanistic insights into the phosphorylation-mediated transition of these STPKs...
Wenfei Song et al.
Virology, 471-473, 49-53 (2014-12-03)
Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infects host cells through binding the receptor binding domain (RBD) on its spike glycoprotein to human receptor dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (hDPP4). Here, we report identification of critical residues on hDPP4 for RBD binding and...
Charbel Eid et al.
Analytical chemistry, 87(13), 6736-6743 (2015-05-30)
We present an on-chip electrophoretic assay for rapid protein detection with a SOMAmer (Slow Off-Rate Modified Aptamer) reagent. We used isotachophoresis (ITP) coupled with an ionic spacer to both react and separate SOMAmer-protein complex from free SOMAmer reagent. ITP accelerates...
Paulo Henrique Exterchoter Weiss et al.
Experimental parasitology, 153, 98-104 (2015-03-31)
Nucleoside triphosphate diphospho-hydrolases (NTPDases) catalyze the hydrolysis of several nucleosides tri and diphosphate playing major roles in eukaryotes including purinergic signaling, inflammation, hemostasis, purine salvage and host-pathogen interactions. These enzymes have been recently described in parasites where several evidences indicated...
Francesca Vinchi et al.
Gastroenterology, 146(5), 1325-1338 (2014-02-04)
The liver has one of the highest rates of heme synthesis of any organ. More than 50% of the heme synthesized in the liver is used for synthesis of P450 enzymes, which metabolize exogenous and endogenous compounds that include natural...
Istvan Szundi et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 290(27), 16573-16584 (2015-05-15)
The photocycle kinetics of Platymonas subcordiformis channelrhodopsin-2 (PsChR2), among the most highly efficient light-gated cation channels and the most blue-shifted channelrhodopsin, was studied by time-resolved absorption spectroscopy in the 340-650-nm range and in the 100-ns to 3-s time window. Global...

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