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Artesunate v. quinine for severe malaria.
P Naidoo et al.
South African medical journal = Suid-Afrikaanse tydskrif vir geneeskunde, 103(5), 274-274 (2013-08-24)
Marina Gottardo et al.
ChemSusChem, 8(21), 3712-3717 (2015-09-19)
Cyclohexanone, a model compound chosen to conveniently represent small oxygenates present in the aqueous phase of biomass hydrothermal upgrading streams, was hydrogenated in the presence of electrodeposited iron(0) using aqueous formic or sulfuric acid as a hydrogen donor. Under these
Saqlain Haider et al.
European journal of medicinal chemistry, 81, 204-217 (2014-05-20)
A library of novel bis-heterocycles containing 2-mercaptobenzoxazole based 1,2,3-triazoles has been synthesized using click chemistry approach. The compound 4 exhibited the most potent in vivo anti-inflammatory activity with 66.66% and 61.11% inhibition in comparison to celecoxib which showed 72.22% and 65.55%
Alexander Paulheim et al.
Physical chemistry chemical physics : PCCP, 15(14), 4906-4913 (2013-02-26)
We performed fluorescence (FL) and fluorescence excitation (FLE) spectroscopy on the model molecule perylene-3,4,9,10-tetracarboxyl acid dianhydride (PTCDA) for very low coverages (below 1% of a monolayer) on thin (100) oriented KCl films. Two different states of PTCDA molecules can be
Wong Pooi See et al.
Analytical sciences : the international journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry, 31(10), 997-1003 (2015-10-16)
A new approach for the development of a highly sensitive aluminium(III) ion sensor via the preconcentration of aluminium(III) ion with a self-assembled monolayer on a gold nanoparticles modified screen-printed carbon electrode and current mediation by potassium ferricyanide redox behavior during
Luxi Z Swisher et al.
Nanomedicine : nanotechnology, biology, and medicine, 11(7), 1695-1704 (2015-05-12)
The proteolytic activity of cathepsin B in complex breast cell lysates has been measured with alternating current voltammetry (ACV) using ferrocene (Fc)-labeled-tetrapeptides immobilized on nanoelectrode arrays (NEAs) fabricated with vertically aligned carbon nanofibers (VACNFs). Four types of breast cells have
Deniz Ekinci et al.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry, 19(2), 744-748 (2011-01-08)
Carbonic anhydrase (CA; EC was purified from the gill of the teleost fish Dicentrarchus labrax (European seabass). The purification procedure consisted of a single step affinity chromatography on Sepharose 4B-tyrosine-sulfanilamide. The enzyme was purified 84.9-fold with a yield of
Michelle Hui-Hsin Lee et al.
PloS one, 9(6), e99947-e99947 (2014-06-14)
Perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT)-derived factors have been proposed to play an important role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Caveolin-1 (Cav-1), occupying the calcium/calmodulin binding site of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) and then inhibiting nitric oxide (NO) production, is also involved
Anna Sankiewicz et al.
Analytical biochemistry, 469, 4-11 (2014-10-15)
We have developed a new method for highly selective determination of the ubiquitin carboxyl-terminal hydrolase L1 (UCH-L1) concentration using a surface plasmon resonance imaging (SPRI) technique and two different biosensors. UCH-L1 was captured from a solution by immobilized specific rabbit
Hanne Sørup Tastesen et al.
Amino acids, 46(7), 1659-1671 (2014-03-25)
High-protein diets induce alterations in metabolism that may prevent diet-induced obesity. However, little is known as to whether different protein sources consumed at normal levels may affect diet-induced obesity and associated co-morbidities. We fed obesity-prone male C57BL/6J mice high-fat, high-sucrose
Hasan Salman Siddiqi et al.
Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology, 64(2), 151-163 (2014-04-01)
This study was aimed to offer a possible pharmacological basis regarding the remedial utilization of Wrightia tinctoria in hypertension and dyslipidemia in certain South Asian traditional systems of medicine, using in vivo and in vitro assays. The aqueous methanolic extract
Jaclyn I Wamsteeker Cusulin et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 34(18), 6177-6181 (2014-05-03)
Alterations in synaptic endocannabinoid signaling are a widespread neurobiological consequence of many in vivo experiences, including stress. Here, we report that stressor salience is critical for bidirectionally modifying presynaptic CB-1 receptor (CB1R) function at hypothalamic GABA synapses controlling the neuroendocrine
Ranjita Misra et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 475(1-2), 372-384 (2014-09-03)
Over expression of drug efflux transporters such as P-glycoprotein (P-gp) cumulatively leading to multidrug resistance (MDR) embodies a major hindrance for successful cancer therapy. A paradigm nanomedicinal approach involving an anticancer drug and modulators of drug resistance within one multifunctional
Yarden Katz et al.
eLife, 3, e03915-e03915 (2014-11-08)
The conserved Musashi (Msi) family of RNA binding proteins are expressed in stem/progenitor and cancer cells, but generally absent from differentiated cells, consistent with a role in cell state regulation. We found that Msi genes are rarely mutated but frequently
A V Kononov et al.
Rossiiskii fiziologicheskii zhurnal imeni I.M. Sechenova, 99(1), 63-72 (2013-05-11)
Metabotropic serotonin receptors of 5HT1-type in brain neurons participate in regulation of such human emotional states as aggression, fear and dependence on alcohol. Activated presynaptic 5-HT1B receptors suppress the Ca2+ influx through the potential-dependent calcium channels in certain neurons. The
Priscila de Souza et al.
Canadian journal of physiology and pharmacology, 92(10), 887-891 (2014-10-02)
Smoothelin-B (SMTL-B) and calponin-1 are important regulators of vascular contraction. SMTL-B contains a calponin-homology domain and is structurally similar to cardiac troponin T. As calponin-1 and troponin T are proteolyzed by intracellular matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 in oxidative stress injury, we
Yuchen Pan et al.
Analytical chemistry, 86(20), 10357-10364 (2014-09-19)
We describe a platform for high-throughput electrophoretic mobility shift assays (EMSAs) for identification and characterization of molecular binding reactions. A photopatterned free-standing polyacrylamide gel array comprised of 8 mm-scale polyacrylamide gel strips acts as a chassis for 96 concurrent EMSAs.
Sumeet K Reddy et al.
Critical care and resuscitation : journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine, 16(4), 274-279 (2014-12-02)
0.9% saline is the most commonly used intravenous (IV) fluid in the world. However, recent data raise the possibility that, compared with buffered crystalloid fluids such as Plasma-Lyte 148, the administration of 0.9% saline to intensive care unit patients might
Damião Pergentino de Sousa et al.
Natural product communications, 10(11), 1893-1896 (2016-01-12)
Aromatic plants produce volatile substances with high therapeutic potential. In view of the need for new respiratory and cardiovascular system pharmacological agents, the present study reports on the spasmolytic activity of two enantiomers of carvone and limonene, constituents of essential
S Guerrero et al.
The Analyst, 140(22), 7527-7533 (2015-08-11)
The first electrochemical immunosensor for the determination of peptide YY is reported in this paper. A novel electrochemical platform, prepared by the electrochemical grafting of the diazonium salt of 4-aminobenzoic acid onto a reduced graphene oxide-modified glassy carbon electrode, was
Athar N Malik et al.
Nature neuroscience, 17(10), 1330-1339 (2014-09-10)
Experience-dependent gene transcription is required for nervous system development and function. However, the DNA regulatory elements that control this program of gene expression are not well defined. Here we characterize the enhancers that function across the genome to mediate activity-dependent
Sung-Ho Paek et al.
The Analyst, 139(15), 3781-3789 (2014-06-10)
A label-free immunosensing method based on the conformational change of calcium-binding protein (CBP) depending on analyte concentration was explored for semi-continuous analysis of free Ca(2+). Glucose-galactose-binding protein as a CBP and produced as a recombinant protein by Escherichia coli was
Janani Swaminathan et al.
Journal of liposome research, 24(4), 297-303 (2014-04-09)
The intent of this work was to assess the impact of lyophilization on the encapsulation of salmon calcitonin (sCT) into liposomes. Four different liposomal formulations were investigated, i.e. DPPC:Chol:DSPE-PEG(2000) (75:20:5 and 65:30:5) and DPPC:Chol (80:20 and 66.7:33.3). Lipid films were
Geoffrey E Bray et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 33(19), 8202-8215 (2013-05-10)
Activation of the nerve growth factor (NGF) receptor trkA and tissue acidosis are critically linked to inflammation-associated nociceptor sensitization. This study explored how increased acidity is linked to sensory neuron sensitization to NGF. Adult Wistar rat primary sensory neurons grown
Hye Yeong Lee et al.
Tissue engineering. Part A, 21(13-14), 2044-2052 (2015-04-11)
Stem cells are a promising source of tissue engineering due to their differentiation potential. Today, direct transplantation of stem cells for cell therapy is commonly performed. However, in cases of nerve injury, direct transplantation of cells could lead to secondary
Sandeep Deshmukh et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1388, 1-8 (2015-03-01)
Accurate quantitation of compounds in samples of biological origin is often hampered by matrix interferences one of which occurs in GC-MS analysis from the presence of highly abundant phosphate. Consequently, high concentrations of phosphate need to be removed before sample
Anette Pietrzak-Nguyen et al.
Biomacromolecules, 15(7), 2378-2388 (2014-06-06)
A broad spectrum of infectious liver diseases emphasizes the need of microparticles for targeted delivery of immunomodulatory substances to the liver. Microcapsules (MCs) are particularly attractive for innovative drug and vaccine formulations, enabling the combination of antigen, drugs, and adjuvants.
Guang-Qian Xiao et al.
Human pathology, 46(11), 1607-1615 (2015-08-25)
There are currently no effective prognostic biomarkers for lung cancer. Promyelocytic leukemia zinc finger (PLZF), a transcriptional repressor, has a role in cell cycle progression and tumorigenicity in various cancers. The expression and value of PLZF in lung carcinoma, particularly
Célia Martins et al.
Chemico-biological interactions, 218, 1-9 (2014-05-06)
Myristicin, an allylbenzene, is a major active component of various spices, such as nutmeg and cinnamon, plants from the Umbelliferae family or in some essential oils, such as oils of clove or marjoram. Human exposure to myristicin is low but
Javed Iqbal et al.
Toxicology mechanisms and methods, 24(8), 544-551 (2014-07-26)
Advancement in the field of analytical food-chemistry has explored various experimental techniques for aflatoxins (AFs) quantification. The present study was aimed to compare four different techniques; thin-layer chromatography (TLC), high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and enzyme-linked
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