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Shizuka Saito-Shida et al.
Journal of environmental science and health. Part. B, Pesticides, food contaminants, and agricultural wastes, 50(11), 760-776 (2015-09-12)
An efficient and reliable GC-MS/MS method for the multiresidue determination of pesticides in tea was developed by modifying the Japanese official multiresidue method. Sample preparation was carefully optimized for the efficient removal of coextracted matrix components. The optimal sample preparation
Thomas W Phillips et al.
Lab on a chip, 15(14), 2960-2967 (2015-06-10)
We report the use of a porous polytetrafluoroethylene capillary for the inline separation of liquid-liquid segmented flows, based on the selective wetting and permeation of the porous capillary walls by one of the liquids. Insertion of a narrow flow restriction
Hiroyuki Kimura et al.
Journal of labelled compounds & radiopharmaceuticals, 57(12), 680-686 (2014-10-09)
Microwave technology has been successfully applied to enhance the effectiveness of radiolabeling reactions. The use of a microwave as a source of heat energy can allow chemical reactions to proceed over much shorter reaction times and in higher yields than
Juan Zheng et al.
Nanoscale, 7(27), 11720-11726 (2015-06-24)
Development of facile and effective methods for fabrication of high-performance solid phase microextraction (SPME) fibres remains a great challenge. Herein, a new class of ordered mesoporous polymers (OMPs) in situ coated on a stainless steel wire were successfully developed and
Harilaos Damianakos et al.
Journal of AOAC International, 97(5), 1244-1249 (2015-04-24)
Four Greek endemic Boraginaceae plants, Onosma erecta Sibth. & Sm., Onosma kaheirei Teppner, Onosma leptantha Heldr., and Cynoglossum columnae L. (aerial parts), were screened for their content of pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs). TLC with the Mattocks-Molyneux visualization reagent was used as
Davide Espa et al.
Dalton transactions (Cambridge, England : 2003), 42(34), 12429-12439 (2013-07-19)
Mixing [M(Et2dazdt)2](BF4)2 [M = Ni(II), Pd(II), Pt(II); Et2dazdt = N,N'-diethyl-perhydrodiazepine-2,3-dithione] with (Bu4N)2[M(mnt)2] (mnt = maleonitrile-2,3-dithiolate) in CH3CN produces the known mixed ligand dithiolene complex [Ni(Et2dazdt)(mnt)] in the nickel case and ion-pair salts [M(Et2dazdt)2][M(mnt)2] in the palladium (1) and platinum (2)
Adrian Mellage et al.
Environmental science & technology, 49(12), 7161-7169 (2015-05-27)
The microbially mediated reactions, that are responsible for field-scale natural attenuation of organic pollutants, are governed by the concurrent presence of a degrading microbial community, suitable energy and carbon sources, electron acceptors, as well as nutrients. The temporal lack of
Zareen S Khan et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1418, 228-232 (2015-10-04)
Public exposure to pesticide residues through the main/side-stream smoke of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) is an international concern. This article reports optimization and validation of large-scale multiresidue analysis methods involving low pressure and traditional gas chromatography tandem mass spectrometry in
Vikramjit Sarkar et al.
Carbohydrate research, 406, 65-70 (2015-02-15)
A linear strategy has been developed for the synthesis of the tetrasaccharide repeating unit of the O-polysaccharide from Azospirillum brasilense SR80. Stepwise glycosylation of the rationally protected thioglycoside donors activated by NIS in the presence of La(OTf)3 furnished the target
Yannan Yang et al.
Small (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany), 11(23), 2743-2749 (2015-02-06)
Large pore (4.6-7.6 nm) and well-dispersed benzene bridged mesoporous organosilica nanoparticles with uniform particle size of ≈50 nm are prepared via a biphasic approach. They can be directly used as nanocarriers without surface modification for the intracellular delivery of therapeutic
Qiao Zhao et al.
Phytochemistry, 112, 170-178 (2014-08-12)
Pinoresinol reductase (PrR) catalyzes the conversion of the lignan (-)-pinoresinol to (-)-lariciresinol in Arabidopsis thaliana, where it is encoded by two genes, PrR1 and PrR2, that appear to act redundantly. PrR1 is highly expressed in lignified inflorescence stem tissue, whereas
Chang Li et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 63(44), 9850-9854 (2015-10-20)
The capacities of six antioxidants to inhibit the formation of 3-monochloropropane-1,2 diol (3-MCPD) esters were examined in this study. Inhibitory capacities of the antioxidants were investigated both in chemical models containing the precursors (tripalmitoyl glycerol, 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycerol, monopalmitoyl glycerol, and sodium
Angela L Zachman et al.
Biomaterials, 35(36), 9635-9648 (2014-08-27)
Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is characterized by vessel occlusion and ischemia in the limbs. Treatment for PAD with surgical interventions has been showing limited success. Moreover, recent clinical trials with treatment of angiogenic growth factors proved ineffective as increased angiogenesis
Timothy C Boire et al.
Acta biomaterialia, 24, 53-63 (2015-06-15)
Thermo-responsive shape memory polymers (SMPs) can be programmed to fit into small-bore incisions and recover their functional shape upon deployment in the body. This property is of significant interest for developing the next generation of minimally-invasive medical devices. To be
Perrine Hoet et al.
Critical reviews in toxicology, 38(2), 127-170 (2008-02-09)
Noise is the most common preventable cause of irreversible sensorineural hearing loss. During recent years, the results of experimental and human investigations have raised the level of concern about the potential ototoxicity of chemical agents and their interaction with noise.
Brian M Ross
BMC research notes, 1, 41-41 (2008-08-20)
Selected ion flow tube mass spectrometry (SIFT-MS) allows the real time quantification of trace gases in air. Due to its tolerance of high humidity levels the technique is particularly suited to the chemical analysis of breath. The detection limit of
Yuning Chen et al.
Chemphyschem : a European journal of chemical physics and physical chemistry, 16(3), 595-600 (2014-12-17)
A magnetically recoverable and efficient demulsifier is shown to demulsify surfactant-stable water-in-oil emulsions rapidly. Ferroferric oxide (Fe3 O4 ) particles are firstly coated by amorphous silicon dioxide (SiO2 ), and further functionalized with a commercial dodecyltrimethoxysilane solution (KH-1231). Owing to
Maili Lehto et al.
PloS one, 9(12), e114490-e114490 (2014-12-05)
In vitro toxicological studies together with atomistic molecular dynamics simulations show that occupational co-exposure with C60 fullerene may strengthen the health effects of organic industrial chemicals. The chemicals studied are acetophenone, benzaldehyde, benzyl alcohol, m-cresol, and toluene which can be
Daniel A Spudeit et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1363, 89-95 (2014-08-30)
This work reports a comparison of HPLC separations of enantiomers with chiral stationary phases (CSPs) prepared by chemically bonding cyclofructan-6, functionalized with isopropyl carbamate groups on fully and superficially porous particles (SPPs). The chromatographic performance of the superficially porous CSP
Madeshwaran Sekkarapatti Ramasamy et al.
Journal of colloid and interface science, 455, 63-70 (2015-06-10)
The synthesis of self-doped conducting polypyrrole-grafted graphene sheets (GS-PPy) for non-volatile memory applications is reported. First, the alkyne-modified graphene sheets (GS-alkyne) were covalently functionalized with a water-soluble polymer containing numerous anionic SO3(-) dopants by a copper-catalyzed click reaction. Then, polypyrrole
Luka A Wright et al.
Dalton transactions (Cambridge, England : 2003), 44(13), 6040-6051 (2015-02-28)
The syntheses of two families of sterically tuneable O,N,N pro-ligands are reported, namely the 2-(phenyl-2'-ol)-6-imine-pyridines, 2-(C6H4-2'-OH),6-(CMe=NAr)C5H3N [Ar = 4-i-PrC6H4 (HL1(a)), 2,6-i-Pr2C6H3 (HL1(b))] and the 2-(phenyl-2'-ol)-6-(amino-prop-2-yl)pyridines, 2-(C6H4-2'-OH),6-(CMe2NHAr)C5H3N [Ar = 4-i-PrC6H4 (HL2(a)), 2,6-i-Pr2C6H3 (HL2(b))], using straightforward synthetic approaches and in reasonable overall
Octavio Jiménez-Garza et al.
Toxicology and applied pharmacology, 286(3), 207-215 (2015-05-13)
CYP2E1 is a versatile phase I drug-metabolizing enzyme responsible for the biotransformation of most volatile organic compounds, including toluene. Human toluene exposure increases CYP2E1 mRNA and modifies its activity in leucocytes; however, epigenetic implications of this interaction have not been
Heejin Lim et al.
Biomedical microdevices, 17(4), 70-70 (2015-06-27)
Applications of microfluidic devices fabricated in poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) have been limited to water-based analysis rather than nonpolar solvent based chemistry due to a PDMS swelling problem that occurs by the absorption of the solvents. The absorption and swelling causes PDMS
Gisela A Umbuzeiro et al.
Environmental and molecular mutagenesis, 55(6), 510-517 (2014-03-01)
The Salmonella/microsome assay is the most used assay for the evaluation of air particulate matter (PM) mutagenicity and a positive correlation between strain TA98 responses and benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) levels in PM has been found. However, it seems that the major
Jinghan Tian et al.
The Analyst, 140(15), 5301-5307 (2015-06-16)
A core-shell structured molecularly imprinted polymer on upconverting nanoparticles (UCNPs@MIP) was synthesized for the fluorescence (FL) sensing of sulfamethazine (SMZ). Hexagonal UCNPs were synthesized by the solvothermal method, then coated with a thin silica shell and modified with vinyl groups.
Tamilselvan Mohan et al.
Biomacromolecules, 16(8), 2403-2411 (2015-07-23)
In this contribution, a hydrophobically modified polysaccharide derivative is synthesized in an eco-friendly solvent water by conjugation of benzylamine with the backbone of the biopolymer. Owing to the presence of aromatic moieties, the resulting water-soluble polysaccharide derivative self-assembles spontaneously and
N D G Chau et al.
Environmental science and pollution research international, 22(12), 9042-9058 (2015-01-13)
Pollution of drinking water sources with agrochemicals is often a major threat to human and ecosystem health in some river deltas, where agricultural production must meet the requirements of national food security or export aspirations. This study was performed to
Sophia Schmitt et al.
ACS nano, 9(4), 4219-4226 (2015-03-25)
The controlled synthesis of hierarchically functionalized core/multishell particles is highly desirable for applications in medicine, catalysis, and separation. Here, we describe the synthesis of hierarchically structured metal-organic framework multishells around magnetic core particles (magMOFs) via layer-by-layer (LbL) synthesis. The LbL
Marco Rivetti et al.
Soft matter, 11(48), 9247-9253 (2015-10-21)
The relaxation dynamics of the contact angle between a viscous liquid and a smooth substrate is studied at the nanoscale. Through atomic force microscopy measurements of polystyrene nanostripes we simultaneously monitor both the temporal evolution of the liquid-air interface and
Simona Matrella et al.
Macromolecular bioscience, 15(7), 927-940 (2015-03-18)
Intrinsic antimicrobial thermoplastic A(BC)n copolymers (n = 1, 2, 4), where A was poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG), BC was a random chain of methylmethacrylate (MMA), and alkyl-aminoethyl methacrylate (AAEMA), were synthesized and the antimicrobial activity and hemolyticity were evaluated on plaques obtained by
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