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Eveline Dischkaln Stolz et al.
The Journal of pharmacy and pharmacology, 66(12), 1774-1785 (2014-08-15)
Investigate the involvement of monoaminergic and glutamatergic systems on the antinociceptive and ataxic effects of uliginosin B, which we have already demonstrated to be a promising molecular scaffold to develop new analgesic drugs. Uliginosin B was obtained from hexane extract
Matthew K Gelber et al.
Lab on a chip, 15(7), 1736-1741 (2015-02-12)
Here we demonstrate a method for creating multilayer or 3D microfluidics by casting a curable resin around a water-soluble, freestanding sacrificial mold. We use a purpose-built 3D printer to pattern self-supporting filaments of the sugar alcohol isomalt, which we then
Masoud Samet et al.
Organic & biomolecular chemistry, 13(7), 2170-2176 (2014-12-24)
Different strategies are employed in designing strong and selective anion receptors but stereoelectronic effects have been largely ignored. In this work, the stereo configuration of a non-interacting ether is found to have a large impact of more than two orders
Marco Parolini et al.
Journal of hazardous materials, 285, 1-10 (2014-12-03)
Synthetic musk compounds (SMCs) are extensively used as fragrances in several personal care products and have been recognized as emerging aquatic pollutants. Among SMCs, galaxolide (HHCB) and tonalide (AHTN) are extensively used and have been measured in aquatic ecosystems worldwide.
Vaibhav Khare et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 470(1-2), 51-62 (2014-05-09)
Gemcitabine, a nucleoside analogue, is used in the treatment of various solid tumors, however, its efficacy is limited by rapid metabolism by cytidine deaminase and fast kidney excretion. In this study, a polymeric conjugate of gemcitabine was prepared by covalent
David G Belair et al.
Biomacromolecules, 15(6), 2038-2048 (2014-04-30)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) activity is highly regulated via sequestering within the ECM and cell-demanded proteolysis to release the sequestered VEGF. Numerous studies have demonstrated that VEGF activity mediates cellular events leading to angiogenesis and capillary formation in vivo.
Akiyoshi Hirata et al.
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 136(32), 11546-11554 (2014-07-19)
A polyamide containing N-methylpyrrole (Py) and N-methylimidazole (Im), designated PIPA, binds with high affinity and specificity to specific nucleotide sequences in the minor groove of double-helical DNA. Based on a recent report of the synthesis of PIPA for telomere visualization
Seyedsina Moeinzadeh et al.
Tissue engineering. Part A, 21(1-2), 134-146 (2014-07-23)
An attractive approach to reduce the undesired side effects of bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) in regenerative medicine is to use osteoinductive peptide sequences derived from BMPs. Although the structure and function of BMPs have been studied extensively, there is limited
Meredith C Schuman et al.
eLife, 4 (2015-04-16)
Plants are at the trophic base of terrestrial ecosystems, and the diversity of plant species in an ecosystem is a principle determinant of community structure. This may arise from diverse functional traits among species. In fact, genetic diversity within species
Yunxia Jiang et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 475(1-2), 475-484 (2014-09-16)
The purpose of this study was to develop a sustained-release drug delivery system based on the injectable PLGA microspheres loaded with andrographolide. The andrographolide loaded PLGA microspheres were prepared by emulsion solvent evaporation method with optimization of formulation using response
Naghmeh Soltani et al.
The Science of the total environment, 505, 712-723 (2014-12-03)
This study investigates trace elements and PAHs content in road dust of Isfahan metropolis, central Iran. The mean concentrations of As, Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb, Sb and Zn are 22.15, 2.14, 182.26, 66.63, 393.33, 6.95 and 707.19 mg kg(-1), respectively.
Daishun Ling et al.
ACS nano, 8(8), 8027-8039 (2014-08-06)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has one of the worst prognoses for survival as it is poorly responsive to both conventional chemotherapy and mechanism-directed therapy. This results from a lack of therapeutic concentration in the tumor tissue coupled with the highly toxic
Robert J Cannon et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 63(7), 1915-1931 (2015-02-03)
Lemons (Citrus limon) are a desirable citrus fruit grown and used globally in a wide range of applications. The main constituents of this sour-tasting fruit have been well quantitated and characterized. However, additional research is still necessary to better understand
Yujie Xia et al.
Pharmaceutical research, 31(11), 3201-3210 (2014-05-17)
Pulsatile delivery of proteins, in which release occurs over a short time after a period of little or no release, is desirable for many applications. This paper investigates the effect of biodegradable polymer shell thickness on pulsatile protein release from
Daniel T Bowers et al.
ACS nano, 8(12), 12080-12091 (2014-11-27)
Oxygenation in tissue scaffolds continues to be a limiting factor in regenerative medicine despite efforts to induce neovascularization or to use oxygen-generating materials. Unfortunately, many established methods to measure oxygen concentration, such as using electrodes, require mechanical disturbance of the
Kai Yu et al.
Environmental technology, 36(5-8), 1008-1015 (2014-10-18)
The polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in crumb tyre rubber were firstly degraded under UV irradiation in the presence of rutile TiO2 and hydrogen peroxide. The effects of light intensity, catalyst amount, oxidant amount, initial pH value, co-solvent content, and reaction
Abubakar Babando Aliyu et al.
Phytochemistry, 111, 163-168 (2014-12-01)
Four eudesmanolide sesquiterpene lactones (1-4) were isolated from the aerial parts of Vernonia blumeoides used in Nigerian ethnomedicine for the treatment of diarrhea and malaria. Compound 1 demonstrated limited but interesting antibacterial activity against Bacillus, Staphylococcus and Streptococcus species. The
Yahao Ren et al.
Environmental health : a global access science source, 13, 83-83 (2014-10-20)
The organic chemicals present in Asian sand dust (ASD) might contribute to the aggravation of lung eosinophila. Therefore, the aggravating effects of the Tar fraction from ASD on ovalbumin (OVA)-induced lung eosinophilia were investigated. The Tar fraction was extracted from
Matthew J Walters et al.
Nature protocols, 2(7), 1825-1830 (2007-07-21)
A procedure for the preparation of optically pure alpha-keto-gamma-hydroxy carboxylic acids through stereospecific aldol addition catalyzed by pyruvate aldolases from the Entner-Doudoroff and the DeLey-Doudoroff glycolytic pathways is described. This highly versatile fragment serves as a precursor for a variety
Seongjin Hong et al.
Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987), 199, 110-118 (2015-02-04)
The major AhR-active PAHs were identified in crude oil and oil-contaminated sediments by use of effect-directed analysis. As part of the study, an enhanced potency balance analysis was conducted by establishing the novel relative potency values of (alkyl)-PAHs from the
Nathalie Bock et al.
European journal of pharmaceutics and biopharmaceutics : official journal of Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Pharmazeutische Verfahrenstechnik e.V, 87(2), 366-377 (2014-03-25)
The fabrication of tailored microparticles for delivery of therapeutics is a challenge relying upon a complex interplay between processing parameters and materials properties. The emerging use of electrospraying allows better tailoring of particle morphologies and sizes than current techniques, critical
Nayara Cristina Perez de Albuquerque et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 109, 192-201 (2015-03-18)
Zopiclone (ZO) is a chiral drug that undergoes extensive metabolism to N-desmethylzopiclone (N-Des-ZO) and zopiclone-N-oxide (N-Ox-ZO). Pharmacological studies have shown (S)-N-Des-ZO metabolite presents anxiolytic activity and a patent for this metabolite was requested for anxiety treatment and related disorders. In
Sridhar Veeraraghavan et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 107, 151-158 (2015-01-17)
Efficacy assessments using a combination of ibrutinib and lenalidomide necessitate the development of an analytical method for determination of both drugs in plasma with precision. A high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method was developed for the simultaneous determination
Maria João Rocha et al.
Archives of environmental contamination and toxicology, 67(3), 389-401 (2014-07-13)
The Lima River is a Spanish–Portuguese water body. Notwithstanding the fact that the river incorporates protected natural areas, levels of endocrine-disrupting compounds (EDCs) within its waters have never been measured; such EDCs include the following: natural and pharmaceutical oestrogens (17β-estradiol
Christ De Rooij et al.
Environmental monitoring and assessment, 97(1-3), 3-22 (2004-09-21)
This risk assessment on dichloromethane was carried out specifically for the marine environment, following methodology given in the EU risk assessment Regulation (1488/94) and Guidance Document of the EU New and Existing Substances Regulation (TGD, 1997). The study consists of
Benjamin Müller et al.
Journal of biomaterials applications, 29(9), 1284-1295 (2014-11-15)
In order to prevent soft tissue down-growth into osseous defect areas, membranes are used when placing bone graft materials. These membranes still show shortcomings in their performance and applications. In the current study, we choose an approach to integrate micro-porous
Che-Fan Huang et al.
Journal of peptide science : an official publication of the European Peptide Society, 21(2), 114-119 (2015-01-06)
Protein oxidation by reactive oxygen species has been associated with aging and neurodegenerative disorders, and histidine is one of the major oxidation targets due to its metal-chelating property and susceptibility to metal-catalyzed oxidation. 2-Oxohistidine, the major product of histidine oxidation
Panagiota Nikolaou et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 102, 25-32 (2014-09-23)
A sensitive and accurate gas chromatography-mass spectrometric method was developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of levetiracetam and lamotrigine in whole blood. A solid-phase extraction (SPE) procedure using HF Bond Elut C18 columns followed by derivatization using N-methyl-N-tert-butyldimethylsilyl-trifluoroacetamide (MTBSTFA)
Joshua O Sestak et al.
The AAPS journal, 16(6), 1185-1193 (2014-09-07)
Presentation of antigen with immune stimulating "signal" has been a cornerstone of vaccine design for decades. Here, the antigen plus immune "signal" of vaccines is modified to produce antigen-specific immunotherapies (antigen-SITs) that can potentially reprogram the immune response toward tolerance
Hyo Jin Kang et al.
Biosensors & bioelectronics, 67, 413-418 (2014-09-15)
Caspase-3 is an apoptotic cysteine protease and its aberrancy is highly implicated to numerous diseases thereby rendering caspase-3 activity as an important disease marker. Most caspase-3 sensors are caspase-3 substrates of which the fluorescence signals are turned on upon catalytic
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