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Hiroshige Sano et al.
Bone, 74, 134-139 (2015-01-28)
Bone is a highly dynamic organ in which several cell types function cooperatively. Among these, osteocytes have recently emerged as an important regulator of bone homeostasis, although their mechanism of regulation is unclear. Here, intravital bone imaging by two-photon excitation...
Rui Huang et al.
Bioresource technology, 200, 738-743 (2015-11-13)
The polarities of the cytoplasm and reactants were measured through dielectric spectroscopy, contact angle test, NMR, and FTIR to investigate the mechanisms underlying acid-catalyzed lipid transesterification in wet microalgal cells subjected to microwave irradiation. Organics with apolar functional groups in...
Zhong-Hua Yang et al.
Chirality, 27(12), 929-935 (2015-09-26)
The behavior and mechanisms of the enantioselective degradation of beta-cypermethrin were studied in soil. The four isomers were degraded at different rates, and the enantiomer fractions of alpha-cypermethrin and theta-cypermethrin exceeded 0.5. Moreover, 3-phenoxybenzoic acid, phenol, and protocatechuic acid were...
Jian-Guo Wu et al.
Journal of ethnopharmacology, 154(1), 198-205 (2014-04-15)
Leaves of Toona sinensis (A. Juss.) Roem. (TSL), a popular vegetable in China, have anti-inflammatory, antidoting, and worm-killing effects and are used in folk medicine for the treatment of enteritis, dysentery, carbuncles, boils, and especially abdominal tumors. Our aim was...
Pierina Visciano et al.
Journal of food protection, 78(9), 1719-1728 (2015-09-01)
Concentrations of pollutants with regulatory limits were determined in specimens of Chamelea gallina, a species of clam collected along the Abruzzi coastal region of the central Adriatic Sea. Nine sampling sites were selected to evaluate the distribution of contaminants in...
Nicolò Dossi et al.
Electrophoresis, 36(16), 1830-1836 (2015-04-22)
We propose here simple electrochemical cells assembled with electrodes pencil drawn on paper for conducting one-spot tests enabling olive oil to be easily distinguished from other vegetable oils. They consist of small circular pads of hydrophilic paper defined by hydrophobic...
Matthias Onghena et al.
Food additives & contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, analysis, control, exposure & risk assessment, 31(12), 2090-2102 (2014-11-20)
In 2011, the European Union prohibited the production of polycarbonate (PC) baby bottles due to the toxic effects of the PC monomer bisphenol-A. Therefore, baby bottles made of alternative materials, e.g. polypropylene (PP) or polyethersulphone (PES), are currently marketed. The...
Sung-Tong Chin et al.
Food chemistry, 185, 355-361 (2015-05-09)
Component coelution in chromatographic analysis complicates identification and attribution of individual odour-active volatile molecules in complex multi-component samples. An integrated system incorporating comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (GC × GC) and multidimensional gas chromatography (MDGC), with flame ionisation, olfactometry and mass...
Bomi Kang et al.
Journal of toxicology and environmental health. Part A, 77(22-24), 1359-1371 (2014-10-25)
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) content and a risk assessment from consumption of Korean edible oils were investigated. Liquid-liquid extraction and gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy were used to measure eight PAH in edible oils commonly consumed in Korea. The total average PAH...
E E Chinaeke et al.
Drug delivery, 22(5), 652-665 (2014-02-01)
CONTEXTS: Artemisinins and its derivatives are considered the basis in the treatment of Plasmodium falciparum malaria due to their high potency and rapid action. However, they have short half life, low solubility, and poor oral bioavailability, hence the need to...
Lauy Al-Anati et al.
Chemico-biological interactions, 219, 159-167 (2014-06-24)
TCDD, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) coexist in the environment. However, there are few studies on combined effects of these compounds. We have studied the effect of TCDD, PCB153 and estradiol on p53 signaling induced by PAHs....
Hannelore Rücker et al.
Organic & biomolecular chemistry, 13(10), 3040-3047 (2015-01-27)
Inflammatory signaling pathways orchestrate the cellular response to infection and injury. These pathways are known to be modulated by compounds that alkylate cysteinyl thiols. One class of phytochemicals with strong thiol alkylating activity is the chalcones. In this study we...
Ledicia Rey-Salgueiro et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 990, 158-163 (2015-04-16)
Biochemical response stressors results in an increase of adrenocortical activity. Before knowing the corticosteroid levels in saliva in a stressful situation, baselines salivary levels should be established. A method for simultaneous determination of five corticosteroids was developed, validated and applied...
John Suberu et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 117, 522-531 (2015-10-18)
An improved liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) protocol for rapid analysis of co-metabolites of A. annua in raw extracts was developed and extensively characterized. The new method was used to analyse metabolic profiles of 13 varieties of A. annua from...
Adnan Amin et al.
Pakistan journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 26(2), 251-254 (2013-03-05)
This work aimed to evaluate the inhibitory effects of Olea ferruginea crude leaves extract that are commonly used as remedy to cure infections in the tribal (Khyber Agency) areas of Pakistan against some of bacterial and fungal pathogens. The crude...
Rgia A Othman et al.
The Journal of pediatrics, 166(1), 125-131 (2014-12-03)
To assess if ezetimibe (EZE), a sterol-absorption inhibitor, improves platelet (PLT) count and size relative to its effect on plasma plant sterol (PS) in patients with sitosterolemia (STSL). Patients with STSL (5 males, 3 females, 16-56 years of age) receiving...
Daoyi Guo et al.
Applied microbiology and biotechnology, 99(18), 7805-7812 (2015-07-25)
Microbial production of biodiesel from renewable feedstock has attracted intensive attention. Biodiesel is known to be produced from short-chain alcohols and fatty acyl-CoAs through the expression of wax ester synthase/fatty acyl-CoA: diacylglycerol acyltransferase that catalyzes the esterification of short-chain alcohols...
Jingjing Jin et al.
Journal of experimental botany, 66(13), 3959-3975 (2015-05-10)
The pleasant fragrance of ylang ylang varieties (Cananga odorata) is mainly due to volatile organic compounds (VOCs) produced by the flowers. Floral scents are a key factor in plant-insect interactions and are vital for successful pollination. C. odorata var. fruticosa...
Lorena Claumarchirant et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 63(32), 7245-7251 (2015-08-06)
Sterol contents in infant formulas (IFs) from the European market were determined, and their intakes by infants between 0 and 6 months were evaluated. Total animal sterols (mg/100 mL) ranged from 1.71 to 5.46, cholesterol being the main animal sterol...
Wenjiao Wang et al.
Plant & cell physiology, 56(7), 1339-1354 (2015-05-30)
Cuticular waxes play an important part in protecting plant aerial organs from biotic and abiotic stresses. In previous studies, the biosynthetic pathway of cuticular waxes and relative functional genes has been researched and understood; however, little is known in cucumber...
Siegrid De Baere et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 407(15), 4351-4362 (2014-11-20)
Corticosterone (CORT) is the dominant plasma glucocorticoid in birds. There has been increasing interest in the function of CORT in avian egg yolk and in the potential to use CORT concentrations in eggs to quantify stress and to assess the...
Eagleson M.
Concise Encyclopedia Chemistry, 492-492 (1994)
Ryan Sestric et al.
Bioresource technology, 164, 41-46 (2014-05-20)
Growth and TAG production by Yarrowia lipolytica were compared for cells cultured in nitrogen-complete medium containing waste glycerol derived from biodiesel production, as well as pure glycerol, dextrose, or canola oil as the carbon sources. Growth and TAG production were...
Edward C Bell et al.
Journal of chromatographic science, 52(9), 1065-1070 (2013-10-31)
A rapid, selective and sensitive ultra-performance liquid chromatography method has been developed for the detection and quantification of tocopherols and retinol in human plasma. Alpha-tocopherol, gamma-tocopherol and retinol are assayed using fluorescence detection. Excitation/emission wavelengths are 295/330 nm and 325/470...
Brian D Fitz et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1392, 82-90 (2015-03-31)
Low thermal mass gas chromatography (LTM-GC) was evaluated for rapid, high peak capacity separations with three injection methods: liquid, headspace solid phase micro-extraction (HS-SPME), and direct vapor. An Agilent LTM equipped with a short microbore capillary column was operated at...
Roland D Kersten et al.
ACS chemical biology, 10(11), 2501-2511 (2015-09-18)
Terpenes are ubiquitous natural chemicals with diverse biological functions spanning all three domains of life. In specialized metabolism, the active sites of terpene synthases (TPSs) evolve in shape and reactivity to direct the biosynthesis of a myriad of chemotypes for...
Shinichi Takaichi et al.
Biotechnology letters, 37(10), 2027-2031 (2015-06-13)
Neurosporene is a carotene and an intermediate in the synthesis of lycopene from phytoene. Its content in carotenogenic organisms is very low; hence, the complete assignments of its spectroscopic data, including NMR, are insufficient. A purple bacterium of Rhodobacter sphaeroides...
Rujin Gong et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1363, 242-249 (2014-07-23)
The separation of guaifenesin enantiomers by both simulated moving bed (SMB) process and Varicol process was investigated experimentally and theoretically, where the columns were packed with cellulose tris 3,5-dimethylphenylcarbamate (Chiralcel OD) stationary phase and a mixture of n-hexane and ethanol...
Surmita Paul et al.
Journal of environmental quality, 44(4), 1201-1209 (2015-10-06)
A field investigation was conducted at three dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT)-contaminated areas in Point Pelee National Park (PPNP), Leamington, ON. cultivar Howden and three native grass species, (Michx.) Nash (little bluestem), L. (switchgrass), and (Torr.) A. Gray (sand dropseed) were grown at...
Xing-ru Tao et al.
European journal of pharmaceutical sciences : official journal of the European Federation for Pharmaceutical Sciences, 76, 238-244 (2015-05-16)
Cyclosporine is an immunosuppressant drug used to prevent allograft rejection. It is metabolized by CYP3A4 and CYP3A5, has a narrow therapeutic index, and variable pharmacokinetics. Here, we investigated whether CYP3A5∗3 and CYP3A4∗18B polymorphisms contribute to inter-individual pharmacokinetic variability in healthy...
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