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721956

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Manuel Liebeke et al.
Nature communications, 6, 7869-7869 (2015-08-05)
All higher plants produce polyphenols, for defence against above-ground herbivory. These polyphenols also influence the soil micro- and macro-fauna that break down plant leaf litter. Polyphenols therefore indirectly affect the fluxes of soil nutrients and, ultimately, carbon turnover and ecosystem
Kim De Nolf et al.
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 137(7), 2495-2505 (2015-01-30)
We investigate the relation between the chain length of ligands used and the size of the nanocrystals formed in the hot injection synthesis. With two different CdSe nanocrystal syntheses, we consistently find that longer chain carboxylic acids result in smaller
Josep Anton Mir-Tutusaus et al.
The Science of the total environment, 500-501, 235-242 (2014-09-15)
Use of agrochemicals is a worldwide practice that exerts an important effect on the environment; therefore the search of approaches for the elimination of such pollutants should be encouraged. The degradation of the insecticides imiprothrin (IP) and cypermethrin (CP), the
Kazuo Hotta et al.
Anticancer research, 35(9), 4681-4689 (2015-08-09)
We investigated whether hepatic multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (ABCC2) is involved in the hepatobiliary excretion of regorafenib, a novel multi-kinase inhibitor, using Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats and Eisai hyperbilirubinemic rats (EHBR) lacking the efflux transporter ABCC2. The involvement of organic anion-transporting
Ayokunle O Ademosun et al.
Journal of basic and clinical physiology and pharmacology, 26(5), 471-477 (2015-06-02)
Citrus peels are consumed in the form of infusions, candy or wine, based on their well-documented nutritional and medicinal properties. This study sought to investigate the effect of some citrus peels' [grapefruit (Citrus paradisii), orange (Citrus sinensis) and shaddock (Citrus
Nurcan Değirmencioğlu et al.
Food chemistry, 194, 587-594 (2015-10-17)
In this study, the changes in phenolic composition, total phenolic content, and antioxidant capacity of tarhanas supplemented with oat flour (OF) at the levels of 20-100% (w/w) after three drying treatments (sun-, oven-, and microwave drying) were investigated. A total
Yukiko Naito et al.
The British journal of nutrition, 114(5), 734-745 (2015-08-04)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the administration of oral arachidonic acid (AA) in rats with or without dextran sulphate sodium (DSS)-induced inflammatory bowel disease. Male Wistar rats were administered AA at 0, 5, 35
Vinay Kumar Banka et al.
Nuclear medicine and biology, 42(3), 317-322 (2014-12-30)
A lipiodol solution of (188)Re-4-hexadecyl-2,2,9,9-tetramethyl-4,7-diaza-1,10-decanedithiol (HTDD) has been successfully developed for liver cancer therapy; however, its preparation requires a multi-step synthesis and it is characterized by a low labeling yield. We synthesized a new compound, 4-hexadecyl-4,7-diaza-1,10-decanedithioacetate (AHDD), without gem dimethyl
J L Barr et al.
British journal of pharmacology, 172(22), 5414-5424 (2015-09-17)
Ceftriaxone is a β-lactam antibiotic and glutamate transporter activator that reduces the reinforcing effects of psychostimulants. Ceftriaxone also reduces locomotor activation following acute psychostimulant exposure, suggesting that alterations in dopamine transmission in the nucleus accumbens contribute to its mechanism of
Zhijie Chen et al.
Food chemistry, 194, 608-618 (2015-10-17)
Canaryseed is an important cereal crop in western Canada. The changes of the total phenolic content (TPC), antioxidant activities, phenolic acid profiles (free and bound) of canaryseed during germination were investigated in the present study. The growth properties also were
Hideaki Matsuo et al.
Pain, 155(9), 1888-1901 (2014-07-11)
Although transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is widely used for the treatment of neuropathic pain, its effectiveness and mechanism of action in reducing neuropathic pain remain uncertain. We investigated the effects of early TENS (starting from the day after surgery)
Harald Jungnickel et al.
Environmental science & technology, 48(17), 10423-10431 (2014-08-06)
The search for model bioassay systems indicating activation of different toxicological signaling pathways is one of the paramount goals of modern toxicology. Especially coexposure scenarios need to be investigated with respect to synergistic and interdependent effects for the activation of
Elias Ranjbari et al.
Talanta, 139, 216-225 (2015-04-18)
An exact, rapid and efficient method for the extraction of rhodamine B (RB) and rhodamine 6G (RG) as well as their determination in three different matrices was developed using magnetic stirring assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (MSA-DLLME) and HPLC-Vis. 1-Octanol and
Xiao-Cui Qian et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 105, 64-73 (2014-12-30)
Rhizoma coptidis (R.C.), a widely used traditional Chinese medicine, has been used for centuries in the treatment of hypertension, inflammation, dysentery and liver diseases, etc. Wine-processing is a specialized technology by sautéing crude herbal medicine using Chinese rice wine. This
Susanna Tse et al.
Drug metabolism and disposition: the biological fate of chemicals, 42(12), 2023-2032 (2014-09-14)
Cerlapirdine (SAM-531, PF-05212365) is a selective, potent, full antagonist of the 5-hydroxytryptamine 6 (5-HT6) receptor. Cerlapirdine and other 5-HT6 receptor antagonists have been in clinical development for the symptomatic treatment of Alzheimer's disease. A human absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion
Francesca Borrelli et al.
Carcinogenesis, 35(12), 2787-2797 (2014-10-02)
Cannabigerol (CBG) is a safe non-psychotropic Cannabis-derived cannabinoid (CB), which interacts with specific targets involved in carcinogenesis. Specifically, CBG potently blocks transient receptor potential (TRP) M8 (TRPM8), activates TRPA1, TRPV1 and TRPV2 channels, blocks 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1A (5-HT1A) receptors and
Andrea Šlampová et al.
Analytica chimica acta, 887, 92-100 (2015-09-01)
Electrolysis is omnipresent in all electrochemical processes including electromembrane extraction (EME). The effects of electrolysis on quantitative aspects of EME were comprehensively evaluated for a set of acidic (substituted phenols) and basic (basic drugs) analytes. EMEs were carried out across
Su Su et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 104, 38-46 (2014-12-03)
Isobavachalcone (IBC) is a prenylated chalcone and belongs to the class of flavonoids, which is an active component isolated from Psoralea corylifolia L. IBC showed a range of significant pharmacological activities, including antibacterial, anticancer, anti-reverse transcriptase and antioxidant actions. In
Tõiv Haljasorg et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 62(23), 5259-5268 (2014-05-23)
A wide range of anthropogenic pollutants that possess serious environmental and health risks are known. One type of these harmful substances that have become a focus of interest during the past decade are perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs), which are extensively used
Fenglin Gu et al.
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 20(10), 18422-18436 (2015-10-17)
Colonizing Bacillus in vanilla (Vanilla planifolia Andrews) beans is involved in glucovanillin hydrolysis and vanillin formation during conventional curing. The flavor profiles of vanilla beans under Bacillus-assisted curing were analyzed through gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, electronic nose, and quantitative sensory analysis.
Ye Zhao et al.
BMC cell biology, 15, 40-40 (2014-12-01)
Endothelial-mesenchymal transition (EndoMT) has been shown to be a major source of myofibroblasts, contributing to kidney fibrosis. However, in vitro study of endothelial cells often relies on culture of isolated primary endothelial cells due to the unavailability of endothelial cell
Valentina Trotta et al.
Drug development and industrial pharmacy, 40(9), 1233-1239 (2013-07-11)
Essential requirements for the efficacy of sunscreen agents are optimal UV absorption, high photostability and resistance against water removal. Aim of this study was to investigate the effect of encapsulation in lipid microparticles (LMs) on the overall performance of the
Amir Mahboubi et al.
Plant physiology, 168(2), 478-489 (2015-05-02)
Wood of trees is formed from carbon assimilated in the photosynthetic tissues. Determining the temporal dynamics of carbon assimilation, subsequent transport into developing wood, and incorporation to cell walls would further our understanding of wood formation in particular and tree
Chuping Luo et al.
Applied and environmental microbiology, 81(1), 422-431 (2014-11-02)
Bacillus cyclic lipopeptides (LPs) have been well studied for their phytopathogen-antagonistic activities. Recently, research has shown that these LPs also contribute to the phenotypic features of Bacillus strains, such as hemolytic activity, swarming motility, biofilm formation, and colony morphology. Bacillus
Rania A H Ishak et al.
Journal of microencapsulation, 31(7), 674-684 (2014-06-26)
To study the effect of poly(d,l-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) microparticles (MPs) preparation techniques on particle physical characterization with special emphasis on burst drug release. A basic drug clozapine was used in combination with acid-terminated PLGA. Two approaches for MP preparation were
M Grégoire et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 971, 1-9 (2014-09-28)
A liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry assay requiring a 100μL aliquot of human plasma for simultaneous determination of rilpivirine, a second generation non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors of HIV and dolutegravir, a novel integrase stand transfer inhibitors of HIV concentrations has been
Pin-Chun Lin et al.
Molecular plant-microbe interactions : MPMI, 28(6), 711-726 (2015-01-28)
The glutamic acid at position 100 (E(100)) in the capsid protein (CP) of Odontoglossum ringspot virus (ORSV) plays an important role in long-distance viral movement in Nicotiana benthamiana. The ORSV(E100A) mutant, which has a glutamic acid to alanine substitution, shows
Cristiane Effting et al.
Therapeutic drug monitoring, 37(1), 66-70 (2015-01-15)
Busulfan is an alkylating agent used for conditioning patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation with a narrow therapeutic range and highly variable pharmacokinetics. High concentrations induce toxicity, especially hepatic veno-occlusive disease, also referred to as sinusoidal obstruction syndrome. This study
Daniel G Beach et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 407(28), 8397-8409 (2015-09-24)
The neurotoxin β-N-methylamino-L-alanine (BMAA) has been reported in cyanobacteria and shellfish, raising concerns about widespread human exposure. However, inconsistent results for BMAA analysis have led to controversy. Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) is the most appropriate method for analysis of
Thomas Piofczyk et al.
Plant physiology and biochemistry : PPB, 93, 34-43 (2015-02-07)
UV radiation is a ubiquitous component of solar radiation that affects plant growth and development. Here we studied growth related traits of 345 Arabidopsis thaliana accessions in response to UV radiation stress. We analyzed the genetic basis of this natural
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