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Imran Ali et al.
Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.), 970, 127-135 (2013-01-04)
Immobilized polysaccharide chiral stationary phases (CSPs) are a new development in chiral chromatography with increasing importance for the resolution of racemic compounds. These CSPs can be used with solvents traditionally applied for the classical coated polysaccharide CSPs as well as...
Shuangshuang Ding et al.
Environmental science and pollution research international, 22(21), 17171-17181 (2015-07-04)
The objectives of this work are to track the contamination levels, distribution characteristics, and sources of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in atmospheric particulate matter (APM) of Northern China and to provide more comprehensive and fundamental data for...
Hye Min Park et al.
PloS one, 9(10), e109479-e109479 (2014-10-03)
Although many studies have been performed on the effects of ultraviolet (UV) radiation on the skin, only a limited number of reports have investigated these effects on non-skin tissue. This study aimed to describe the metabolite changes in the liver...
S Z M Rizvi et al.
Journal of economic entomology, 108(4), 1646-1654 (2015-10-16)
Epiphyas postvittana (Walker) (light-brown apple moth) is a polyphagous herbivore of economic significance, which also feeds on Vitis vinifera L. The E. postvittana-V. vinifera interacting system also involves the participation of the fungus Botrytis cinerea Persoon ex Fries. We have...
Broadband dielectric response of dichloromethane.
Hunger J, et al.
Chemical Physics Letters, 471(1), 85-91 (2009)
Bao-Dong Cai et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 1004, 23-29 (2015-10-07)
In the current study, a novel method for high-throughput and sensitive determination of 12 phytohormones in plants was developed by using sequential solvent induced phase transition extraction (SIPTE) coupled with ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS). In sequential SIPTE, 0.1%...
Shogo Mori et al.
Marine drugs, 13(10), 6274-6290 (2015-10-17)
A new bioactive macrolactone, nuiapolide (1) was identified from a marine cyanobacterium collected off the coast of Niihau, near Lehua Rock. The natural product exhibits anti-chemotactic activity at concentrations as low as 1.3 μM against Jurkat cells, cancerous T lymphocytes...
Juan L Paris et al.
ACS nano, 9(11), 11023-11033 (2015-10-13)
A new ultrasound-responsive system based on mesoporous silica nanoparticles was developed for biomedical applications, grafting a copolymer on their surface that acts as gatekeeper of the pores. The nanoparticles can be loaded with a cargo at low temperature (4 °C)...
Arnau Vidal et al.
Food chemistry, 178, 276-286 (2015-02-24)
The stability of deoxynivalenol (DON), deoxynivalenol-3-glucoside (DON-3-glucoside), 3-acetyldeoxynivalenol (3-ADON), 15-acetyldeoxynivalenol (15-ADON), de-epoxy-deoxynivalenol (DOM-1) and ochratoxin A (OTA) during thermal processing has been studied. Baking temperature, time and initial mycotoxin concentration in the raw materials were assayed as factors. An improved...
Lindsay A Hughes et al.
Acta biomaterialia, 13, 111-120 (2014-12-03)
Vocal fold lamina propria extracellular matrix (ECM) is highly aligned and when injured, becomes disorganized with loss of the tissue's critical biomechanical properties. This study examines the effects of electrospun fiber scaffold architecture and elastin-like polypeptide (ELP4) coating on human...
L Pelligand et al.
BMC veterinary research, 11, 296-296 (2015-12-05)
The role of cyclooxygenase(COX)-1 and COX-2 in the saluretic and renin-angiotensin responses to loop diuretics in the cat is unknown. We propose in vivo characterisation of isoform roles in a furosemide model by administering non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) with differing...
Hanh Thuy Nguyen et al.
Archives of pharmacal research, 38(5), 716-724 (2014-06-28)
Artesunate (ART)-a well-known anti-malarial agent is also known to have potential anti-proliferative activities but its instability, poor aqueous solubility, and lack of relevant studies have limited its application as an effective anti-cancer drug. To overcome these problems, ART was loaded...
Mohammad B Hossain et al.
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 20(5), 8560-8573 (2015-05-20)
A higher yield of glycoalkaloids was recovered from potato peels using pressurized liquid extraction (1.92 mg/g dried potato peels) compared to conventional solid-liquid extraction (0.981 mg/g dried potato peels). Response surface methodology deduced the optimal temperature and extracting solvent (methanol)...
Lihong Gao et al.
Journal of separation science, 38(13), 2193-2200 (2015-04-16)
A simple and sensitive method for the determination of organophosphate esters in water samples by mixed-mode liquid chromatography with electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry coupled with solid-phase extraction is developed. Using seven alkyl phosphates, three chlorinated alkyl phosphates, and four...
J Philip Karl et al.
The American journal of clinical nutrition, 102(1), 84-93 (2015-05-29)
Emerging evidence supports novel roles for vitamin K in cardiometabolic health, some of which may be unique to the bacterially synthesized vitamin K forms known as menaquinones. However, factors influencing menaquinone biosynthesis by the gut microbiota and associations with cardiometabolic...
Hui Yu et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 469(1), 17-22 (2014-04-23)
A novel core/sheath fiber preparation method, which included the processes of blend electrospinning to produce the core fiber and UV-induced graft polymerization to fabricate the outer polymeric shell, was presented to provide designated fibers with different shell thicknesses. A hydrophilic...
Sharon Rose A Macedo et al.
Pharmacology, 95(1-2), 78-86 (2015-01-31)
To evaluate antileishmanial activity of crotamine, a toxin isolated from Crotalus durissus terrificus, in solution form and encapsulated in biodegradable microparticles in vitro. Particles were analyzed on-chip by surface plasmon resonance and characterized by testing their diameters, zeta potential and...
Kun Zhang et al.
Environmental science & technology, 49(14), 8907-8913 (2015-06-23)
In this study, the octanol-water distribution ratios (DOW, that is, apparent KOW at pH 8.4) of 2114 organic species in oil sands process-affected water were estimated by partitioning to polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) coated stir bars and analysis by ultrahigh resolution orbitrap...
Marek Janko et al.
Biomacromolecules, 16(7), 2179-2187 (2015-06-24)
The properties of paper sheets can be tuned by adjusting the surface or bulk chemistry using functional polymers that are applied during (online) or after (offline) papermaking processes. In particular, polymers are widely used to enhance the mechanical strength of...
Bin Zheng et al.
European journal of pharmaceutical sciences : official journal of the European Federation for Pharmaceutical Sciences, 77, 254-264 (2015-06-28)
Proliposomes containing a bile salt were developed to improve the oral bioavailability of Ginkgo biloba extract (GbE). GbE loaded proliposomes (P-GbE) were successfully prepared by spray drying method. The formulation was optimized using the response surface methodology. FE-SEM, DSC, and...
Elina Jääskeläinen et al.
Applied and environmental microbiology, 81(6), 1902-1908 (2014-12-31)
Leuconostoc gelidum subsp. gasicomitatum is a common spoilage bacterium in meat products packaged under oxygen-containing modified atmospheres. Buttery off-odors related to diacetyl/acetoin formation are frequently associated with the spoilage of these products. A whole-genome microarray study, together with gas chromatography...
Belén Infanzón et al.
Biochimie, 104, 108-116 (2014-06-15)
Strain Paenibacillus barcinonensis BP-23, previously isolated from Ebro's river delta (Spain), bears a complex hydrolytic system showing the presence of at least two enzymes with activity on lipidic substrates. EstA, a cell-bound B-type carboxylesterase from the strain was previously isolated...
Ilona Olędzka et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 102, 45-53 (2014-09-23)
The purpose of this work is the evaluation of the nutritional status of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), based on the level of vitamin C in urine and vitamins A and E in serum, using the fast, selective and fully...
Clare L Casteel et al.
Plant physiology, 169(1), 209-218 (2015-06-21)
Plants employ diverse responses mediated by phytohormones to defend themselves against pathogens and herbivores. Adapted pathogens and herbivores often manipulate these responses to their benefit. Previously, we demonstrated that Turnip mosaic virus (TuMV) infection suppresses callose deposition, an important plant...
Ádám Tölgyesi et al.
Food additives & contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, analysis, control, exposure & risk assessment, 32(9), 1512-1522 (2015-07-28)
Alternaria toxins and citrinin are mycotoxins produced by fungi growing on different raw materials and agricultural commodities. Maximum levels of these toxins in foods are currently under consideration by the European Commission as a risk management measure. In this study...
Silvia Minardi et al.
Small (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany), 10(19), 3943-3953 (2014-05-29)
The ideal scaffold for regenerative medicine should concurrently mimic the structure of the original tissue from the nano- up to the macroscale and recapitulate the biochemical composition of the extracellular matrix (ECM) in space and time. In this study, a...
P Fernández et al.
Journal of applied toxicology : JAT, 35(4), 418-425 (2014-08-06)
Opioids and cocaine are widely used at present, both for recreational purposes and as drugs of abuse. This raises the need to develop new analytical methods specifically designed for the simultaneous detection of several drugs of abuse in biological samples....
K Kosalková et al.
Applied microbiology and biotechnology, 99(18), 7601-7612 (2015-05-23)
The production of mycotoxins and other secondary metabolites in Penicillium roqueforti is of great interest because of its long history of use in blue-veined cheese manufacture. In this article, we report the cloning and characterization of the roquefortine gene cluster...
Todd Jensen et al.
Biomaterials, 57, 133-141 (2015-04-29)
A tissue-engineered esophagus offers an alternative for the treatment of pediatric patients suffering from severe esophageal malformations, caustic injury, and cancer. Additionally, adult patients suffering from carcinoma or trauma would benefit. Donor rat esophageal tissue was physically and enzymatically digested...
Tsong-Long Hwang et al.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry, 23(5), 1123-1134 (2015-02-05)
Proteinase 3 (Pr3), and human neutrophil elastase (HNE) are two major neutrophilic serine proteases (NsPs) expressed in neutrophil azurophil granules. Emerging data suggest that excessive release of proteases mediates tissue damage, and therefore prolonged neutrophil accumulation has an important role...
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