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Cheng-Hang Lan et al.
Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987), 193, 156-164 (2014-07-16)
High-technology industries have grown continuously in Taiwan and elsewhere in the world. Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) comprise the highest percentage of emissions in these industries. The objectives of this study were to identify VOC sources and to apportion their contributions
Wararat Sriprapat et al.
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 102, 147-151 (2014-02-18)
Air borne uptake of toluene and ethylbenzene by twelve plant species was examined. Of the twelve plant species examined, the highest toluene removal was found in Sansevieria trifasciata, while the ethylbenzene removal from air was with Chlorophytum comosum. Toluene and
T Tunsaringkarn et al.
The international journal of occupational and environmental medicine, 3(3), 117-125 (2012-10-02)
Gasoline station workers are exposed to volatile organic compounds such as benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene (BTEX). To determine the level of exposure to BTEX compounds among gasoline station workers and measure the roadside concentrations of these compounds in the
Yanli Zhang et al.
Journal of environmental sciences (China), 24(1), 131-141 (2012-07-13)
Air samples were collected simultaneously at platform, mezzanine and outdoor in five typical stations of subway system in Shanghai, China using stainless steel canisters and analyzed by gas chromatography-mass selective detector (GC-MSD) after cryogenic preconcentration. Benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylenes
Hongyan Bai et al.
Se pu = Chinese journal of chromatography, 30(5), 474-479 (2012-09-01)
A method for the simultaneous determination of 13 benzene series (BTEX) in seawater using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry with static headspace extraction (HS-GC/MS) was developed. To carefully characterize the performance of this method, several factors affecting parameters were studied in detail
João Carlos Fraga da Rosa et al.
Environmental monitoring and assessment, 185(7), 5883-5890 (2012-11-10)
The gas station attendants are exposed daily to chemical agents that compose gasoline, such as BTEX (benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene), and the exposure to these agents can cause a variety of effects on the human health. Among the various
Rogers Ribeiro et al.
Biodegradation, 24(2), 269-278 (2012-08-23)
Because benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes (BTEX) and ethanol are important contaminants present in Brazilian gasoline, it is essential to develop technology that can be used in the bioremediation of gasoline-contaminated aquifers. This paper evaluates the performance of a horizontal-flow
Vlasta Svecova et al.
Journal of exposure science & environmental epidemiology, 22(5), 455-460 (2012-06-07)
Personal exposures to volatile organic compounds (VOCs) were measured in the three industrial cities in the Czech Republic, Ostrava, Karvina and Havirov, while the city of Prague served as a control in a large-scale molecular epidemiological study identifying the impacts
Yujie Zhang et al.
Journal of environmental sciences (China), 24(1), 124-130 (2012-07-13)
The atmospheric concentrations of carbonyls and BTEX (benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, m,p-xylene and o-xylene) were measured simultaneously at a same sampling site in Beijing from September 2008 to August 2010. The average concentrations of the total measured carbonyls during autumn, winter
Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz, 55(9), 1192-1200 (2012-09-01)
The German Working Group on Indoor Guidelines of the Federal Environment Agency and the States' Health Authorities is issuing indoor air guide values to protect public health. No human studies are available for health evaluation of ethylbenzene in indoor air.
Lili Zhang et al.
Chemosphere, 90(4), 1340-1347 (2012-09-11)
A new strain Mycobacterium cosmeticum byf-4 able to simultaneously degrade benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and o-xylene (BTE(o-)X) compounds has been isolated and identified previously in our laboratory. We further report here the extent of degradation of every BTE(o-)X component, and unravel
Abby A Li et al.
Neurotoxicology, 31(3), 247-258 (2010-02-23)
The potential for neurotoxicological and immunotoxicological effects of ethylbenzene was studied in young adult Crl:CD(SD) rats following 90-day oral (neurotoxicity) or 28-day inhalation (immunotoxicity) exposures. In the neurotoxicity study, ethylbenzene was administered orally via gavage twice daily at 0, 25
Murthy Kasi et al.
Biodegradation, 24(2), 279-293 (2012-08-16)
A comprehensive study on the effects of different carbon sources during the bacterial enrichment on the removal performances of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes (BTEX) compounds when present as a mixture was conducted. Batch BTEX removal kinetic experiments were performed
Jie Ma et al.
Current opinion in biotechnology, 24(3), 457-466 (2012-09-29)
Fuel releases that impact groundwater are a common occurrence, and the growing use of ethanol as a transportation biofuel is increasing the likelihood of encountering ethanol in such releases. Microorganisms play a critical role in the fate of ethanol-blended fuel
Carla G A da Silva et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1260, 81-87 (2012-09-12)
Endcapped stationary phases were prepared after thermal immobilization of poly(methyloctadecylsiloxane) (PMODS) onto zirconized and titanized silica supports. These new stationary phases have lower densities of residual hydroxyl groups, according to infrared spectroscopy and 29Si CP-MAS NMR and as shown by
Yacine Kerchich et al.
Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association (1995), 62(12), 1370-1379 (2013-02-01)
The study presents the levels of air pollution by aromatic organic compounds BTEX (benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, o-, m-, and p-xylenes) in the city of Algiers. The sampling was carried out using Radiello passive sampler. Three sampling campaigns were carried out
Adrián Flores Orozco et al.
Journal of contaminant hydrology, 136-137, 131-144 (2012-07-13)
Broadband spectral induced polarization (SIP) measurements were conducted at a former hydrogenation plant in Zeitz (NE Germany) to investigate the potential of SIP imaging to delineate areas with different BTEX (benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene) concentrations. Conductivity images reveal a
Daniel Knack et al.
Applied and environmental microbiology, 78(18), 6475-6482 (2012-07-10)
Ethylbenzene dehydrogenase (EbDH) catalyzes the initial step in anaerobic degradation of ethylbenzene in denitrifying bacteria, namely, the oxygen-independent hydroxylation of ethylbenzene to (S)-1-phenylethanol. In our study we investigate the kinetic properties of 46 substrate analogs acting as substrates or inhibitors
Dânia Elisa Christofoletti Mazzeo et al.
Chemosphere, 90(3), 1030-1036 (2012-09-18)
The BTEX (benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene) mixture is an environmental pollutant that has a high potential to contaminate water resources, especially groundwater. The bioremediation process by microorganisms has often been used as a tool for removing BTEX from contaminated
Xuefeng Li et al.
Environmental science and pollution research international, 20(2), 957-966 (2013-01-29)
Aquatic ecosystems are vulnerable to the exposure with petrochemicals such as toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene (o-, m-, and p-xylene) (TEX) and their adverse effects. Considering the widespread use, occurrence, and high toxicity of TEX, the aim of this work was
E Jindrová et al.
Folia microbiologica, 47(2), 83-93 (2002-06-13)
Several aerobic metabolic pathways for the degradation of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene (BTEX), which are provided by two enzymic systems (dioxygenases and monooxygenases), have been identified. The monooxygenase attacks methyl or ethyl substituents of the aromatic ring, which are
Jordan Wilson et al.
International journal of phytoremediation, 15(3), 257-267 (2013-03-16)
Numerous studies have demonstrated trees' ability to extract and translocate moderately hydrophobic contaminants, and sampling trees for compounds such as BTEX can help delineate plumes in the field. However, when BTEX is detected in the groundwater, detection in nearby trees
Ann Kambhu et al.
Chemosphere, 89(6), 656-664 (2012-07-11)
The development of slow-release chemical oxidants for sub-surface remediation is a relatively new technology. Our objective was to develop slow-release persulfate-paraffin candles to treat BTEX-contaminated groundwater. Laboratory-scale candles were prepared by heating and mixing Na(2)S(2)O(8) with paraffin in a 2.25
W Tang et al.
Toxicology, 144(1-3), 39-50 (2000-04-27)
In the present studies, human exposure to styrene and to ethylbenzene (EB) is assessed on the basis of literature data. Total styrene and total EB exposure result from inhalation and from food intake. Styrene and EB inhaled represent the greatest
Andreia Neves Fernandes et al.
Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology, 92(4), 455-459 (2014-02-18)
This study examined surface water samples for the presence of the monoaromatic hydrocarbons benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene. Water samples were collected from the sub-basin of the Tegas River and the Marrecas Stream microbasin located in the metropolitan region of
Leigh Henderson et al.
Mutation research, 635(2-3), 81-89 (2007-05-08)
Ethylbenzene is an important industrial chemical that has recently been classified as a possible human carcinogen (IARC class 2B). It induces tumours in rats and mice, but neither the relevance of these tumours to humans nor their mechanism of induction
Hassan Karimi-Maleh et al.
Biosensors & bioelectronics, 48, 270-275 (2013-05-28)
A carbon paste electrode (CPE) modified with (9, 10-dihydro-9, 10-ethanoanthracene-11, 12-dicarboximido)-4-ethylbenzene-1, 2-diol (DEDE) and NiO/CNTs nanocomposite was used for the sensitive voltammetric determination of cysteamine (CA), nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) and folic acid (FA) for the first time. The synthesized
Jian Wang et al.
Spectrochimica acta. Part A, Molecular and biomolecular spectroscopy, 107, 1-7 (2013-02-19)
In this work, the structures and normal vibrations of p-difluorobenzene and ethylbenzene in the first excited state have been studied using resonant two-photon ionization spectrum and ab initio quantum chemical calculations. A vibronic spectrum of p-difluorobenzene has been reinvestigated in
Minghui Fan et al.
Bioresource technology, 143, 59-67 (2013-06-20)
Transformation of lignin to ethylbenzene can provide an important bulk raw material for the petrochemical industry. This work explored the production of ethylbenzene from lignin through the directional catalytic depolymerization of lignin into the aromatic monomers followed by the selective
Ch Vlachokostas et al.
Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987), 177, 125-134 (2013-03-19)
Emission from road traffic has become the most important source of local air pollution in numerous European cities. Epidemiological research community has established consistent associations between traffic-related substances and various health outcomes. Nevertheless, the vast majority of urban areas are
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