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Eunice Molinar-Toribio et al.
PloS one, 9(8), e104637-e104637 (2014-08-15)
SHROB rats have been suggested as a model for metabolic syndrome (MetS) as a situation prior to the onset of CVD or type-2 diabetes, but information on descriptive biochemical parameters for this model is limited. Here, we extensively evaluate parameters
Natasha A Andrade et al.
Journal of hazardous materials, 282, 68-74 (2014-10-06)
In the US, land application of biosolids has been utilized in government-regulated programs to recycle valuable nutrients and organic carbon that would otherwise be incinerated or buried in landfills. While many benefits have been reported, there are concerns that these
Jiao Zhao et al.
Angewandte Chemie (International ed. in English), 53(44), 11808-11812 (2014-09-12)
Porous films of p-type CuInS2, prepared by sulfurization of electrodeposited metals, are surface-modified with thin layers of CdS and TiO2. This specific porous electrode evolved H2 from photoelectrochemical water reduction under simulated sunlight. Modification with thin n-type CdS and TiO2
Katerina Naumoska et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1381, 229-238 (2015-01-20)
Three TLC methods were used for an initial screening of some common plant triterpenoids and phytosterols in cuticular wax extracts of different vegetables (zucchini, eggplant, tomato, red pepper, mangold, spinach, lettuce, white-colored radicchio di Castelfranco, raddichio Leonardo, white cabbage, red
Ashaben Patel et al.
Journal of microencapsulation, 31(6), 542-550 (2014-04-05)
IgG-Fab fragment, a model antibody protein was hydrophobically modified by a novel approach of ion-pairing complexation. Three different sulphated ion-pairing agents were utilised including sodium dodecyl sulphate, taurocholic acid and dextran sulphate (DS). The formations of hydrophobic ion-pairing (HIP) complexes
Cai-Hua Jia et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 63(47), 10280-10286 (2015-10-23)
Caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) and 4-vinylcatechol (4-VC) were prepared for studying their antioxidative activities in emulsion. Oil-in-water emulsions of stripped soybean oil containing 200 ppm of CAPE, 4-VC, or α-tocopherol were stored at 40 °C in the dark for
N Okaniwa et al.
Free radical research, 49(1), 35-44 (2014-10-21)
We reported that deficiency of the eNOS protein exacerbates colitis induced by dextran sodium sulfate (DSS-induced colitis). However, the role of eNOS in colitis remains controversial. Therefore, we studied how over-expression of eNOS affected this inflammatory condition, using vascular endothelial
Shan Yu et al.
Cell research, 25(12), 1352-1367 (2015-11-28)
Biofilms are surface-associated communities of microorganism embedded in extracellular matrix. Exopolysaccharide is a critical component in the extracellular matrix that maintains biofilm architecture and protects resident biofilm bacteria from antimicrobials and host immune attack. However, self-produced factors that target the
Camille Aubry et al.
Microbial cell factories, 14, 176-176 (2015-11-08)
Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) is a cytokine known to mature dendritics cells, lower pro-inflammatory IL-12 secretion, induce differentiation of anti-inflammatory FoxP3+ regulatory T cells (Treg). Moreover, Crohn's disease patients have shown a reduction of intestinal TSLP expression. To understand the
Angela A Peverly et al.
Environmental science & technology, 48(19), 11154-11160 (2014-09-12)
The Michigan Chemical (also known as Velsicol Chemical) plant located in St. Louis, Michigan operated from 1936-1978. During this time, the plant manufactured polybrominated biphenyls (PBBs), hexabromobenzene (HBB), 1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis(4-chlorophenyl) ethane (DDT), and tris(2,3-dibromopropyl) phosphate (TDBPP), among other products. Due to
Nrupa Borkar et al.
European journal of pharmaceutics and biopharmaceutics : official journal of Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Pharmazeutische Verfahrenstechnik e.V, 89, 216-223 (2014-12-17)
Apomorphine, a subcutaneously administered drug for Parkinson's disease with short half-life requires frequent administration leading to patient non-compliance. This study aimed at synthesising and purifying lipophilic diesters of apomorphine, and investigating their in vitro degradation in biorelevant media before and
Mehdi Hajmohammadi et al.
Drug design, development and therapy, 9, 217-239 (2015-01-08)
In recent years, many experiments have been conducted for the production and evaluation of anticancer glycoconjugated vaccines in developed countries and many achievements have been accomplished with Globo H derivatives. In the current experiment, a new chemically designed triplicate version
Annemieke Strijkstra et al.
Applied and environmental microbiology, 80(24), 7592-7603 (2014-09-28)
The betaproteobacteria "Aromatoleum aromaticum" pCyN1 and "Thauera" sp. strain pCyN2 anaerobically degrade the plant-derived aromatic hydrocarbon p-cymene (4-isopropyltoluene) under nitrate-reducing conditions. Metabolite analysis of p-cymene-adapted "A. aromaticum" pCyN1 cells demonstrated the specific formation of 4-isopropylbenzyl alcohol and 4-isopropylbenzaldehyde, whereas with
Luis Alejandro Pérez López et al.
Pakistan journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 28(5 Suppl), 1911-1915 (2015-11-04)
The dengue virus is transmitted by Aedes aegypti. Several plants are used to control this mosquito. In the present study the chemical composition of the essential oils of Ruta chalepensis, Zanthoxylum fagara and Thymus vulgaris were analyzed, and their activities
Leigh Ann Feuerbacher et al.
Microbes and infection, 16(5), 429-433 (2014-03-13)
The Escherichia coli NleH1 and NleH2 virulence proteins differentially regulate host transcription of innate immunity genes. The mouse pathogen Citrobacter rodentium encodes one NleH protein, which functions equivalently to E. coli NleH1. We examined the impact of host genetics and
Leena M O Sahlström et al.
Environmental science & technology, 48(13), 7584-7592 (2014-06-14)
Tri-decabrominated diphenyl ethers and 21 other flame retardants were determined in matched serum samples from 24 Swedish mothers (Uppsala county) and their toddlers (11-15 months of age). The median concentrations of individual polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) ranged from 0.036 to
Yared Merdassa et al.
Journal of AOAC International, 98(1), 192-200 (2015-04-11)
A rapid, efficient, and simple one-step ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE) method was developed for the analysis of seven fungicides (cymoxanil, metalaxyl, mandipropamid, folpet, chlorothalonil, kresoxim-methyl, and famoxadone) in horticultural soils. Analytes in the samples were determined by HPLC with variable wavelength
Wenjie Guo et al.
International immunopharmacology, 24(2), 232-238 (2014-12-20)
In the present study, the effect of asiatic acid, a natural triterpenoid compound, on murine experimental colitis induced by dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) and its possible mechanism were examined in vivo and vitro. Oral administration of asiatic acid dose-dependently attenuated
T Hosoya et al.
Neurogastroenterology and motility : the official journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society, 26(8), 1112-1121 (2014-05-17)
Transient receptor potential channel melastatin 8 (TRPM8) is activated by cold temperatures and cooling agents (menthol and icilin). Recent studies showed TRPM8 is expressed in visceral organs and peripheral sensory pathways. However, the role of TRPM8 in visceral hyperalgesia is
Javed Iqbal et al.
Toxicology mechanisms and methods, 24(8), 544-551 (2014-07-26)
Advancement in the field of analytical food-chemistry has explored various experimental techniques for aflatoxins (AFs) quantification. The present study was aimed to compare four different techniques; thin-layer chromatography (TLC), high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and enzyme-linked
Yiming Li et al.
Analytical chemistry, 86(14), 6850-6857 (2014-06-18)
We describe the characterization of degradation products responsible for color change in near UV-visible light-irradiated and heat-stressed monoclonal antibody (mAb) drug product in liquid formulation. The treated samples were characterized using reversed-phase HPLC and size-exclusion HPLC with absorption spectroscopy. Both
Rebecca L Scalzo et al.
FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, 28(6), 2705-2714 (2014-03-07)
Improved endurance exercise performance in adult humans after sprint interval training (SIT) has been attributed to mitochondrial biogenesis. However, muscle protein synthesis (MPS) and mitochondrial biogenesis during SIT have not been measured, nor have sex-specific differences. We hypothesized that males
Ivan Tancevski et al.
EMBO molecular medicine, 6(6), 810-820 (2014-04-24)
Bacterial sepsis results in high mortality rates, and new therapeutics to control infection are urgently needed. Here, we investigate the therapeutic potential of fibrates in the treatment of bacterial sepsis and examine their effects on innate immunity. Fibrates significantly improved
Kazuya Murata et al.
Journal of natural medicines, 68(3), 498-504 (2014-03-08)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Morinda citrifolia fruit on blood fluidity. M. citrifolia fruit extract (MCF-ext) was investigated for its influence on blood aggregation and fibrinolysis. MCF-ext inhibited polybrene-induced erythrocyte aggregation and thrombin activity.
Hee-Young Kim et al.
Journal of medicinal food, 17(8), 833-841 (2014-07-17)
The chemopreventive effects of different types and quantities of kimchi prepared with different subingredients, including commercial kimchi (CK), standardized kimchi (SK), cancer-preventive kimchi (CPK), and anticancer kimchi (ACK), on colorectal carcinogenesis in mice were evaluated. The development of colon cancer
Angela Rodayan et al.
The Science of the total environment, 487, 731-739 (2014-04-15)
In this study the levels of 19 drugs of abuse were estimated throughout a wastewater treatment plant using polar organic chemical integrative samplers (POCIS), 24h composite samples and grab samples. Overall removal efficiencies and removals in between each treatment unit
Kathleen Machiels et al.
Gut, 63(8), 1275-1283 (2013-09-12)
Bacteria play an important role in the onset and perpetuation of intestinal inflammation in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Unlike in Crohn's disease (CD), in which dysbiosis has been better characterised, in ulcerative colitis (UC), only small cohorts have been studied
Julia Kanterman et al.
Cancer research, 74(21), 6022-6035 (2014-09-12)
Colorectal cancer is associated with chronic inflammation and immunosuppression mediated by myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC). Although chemotherapy reduces tumor burden at early stages, it tends to have limited effect on a progressive disease, possibly due to adverse effects on the
Taisuke Sakanaka et al.
Journal of gastroenterology and hepatology, 30 Suppl 1, 60-65 (2015-04-02)
Luminal nutrients stimulate enteroendocrine L cells to release gut hormones, including intestinotrophic glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2). Because L cells express the bile acid receptor TGR5 and dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPPIV) rapidly degrades GLPs, we hypothesized that luminal TGR5 activation may attenuate intestinal
Alireza Khataee et al.
Environmental science and pollution research international, 21(14), 8543-8554 (2014-04-12)
In this paper, degradation of a mixture of three azo dyes was studied by the photo-assisted electrochemical process using an O₂-diffusion cathode containing carbon nanotubes and boron-doped diamond (BDD) anode. The concentration of three textile dyes (C.I. Acid Orange 8
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