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Bin Duan et al.
Tissue engineering. Part C, Methods, 21(8), 795-807 (2015-01-17)
Living tissue-engineered heart valves (TEHV) would be a major benefit for children who require a replacement with the capacity for growth and biological integration. A persistent challenge for TEHV is accessible human cell source(s) that can mimic native valve cell
J Megan Gray et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 35(9), 3879-3892 (2015-03-06)
Corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) is a central integrator in the brain of endocrine and behavioral stress responses, whereas activation of the endocannabinoid CB1 receptor suppresses these responses. Although these systems regulate overlapping functions, few studies have investigated whether these systems interact.
Zak E Hughes et al.
The journal of physical chemistry. B, 117(12), 3362-3375 (2013-03-01)
Polyhydroxylated alcohols and DMSO are common cryosolvents that can damage cell membranes at sufficiently high concentrations. The interaction of representative plant cell membranes composed of mixed 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DOPC)-β-sitosterol bilayers, at a range of compositions, with a variety of cryosolvent molecules
G G Gancevici
Roumanian archives of microbiology and immunology, 52(4), 293-303 (1993-10-01)
A complement-inhibiting formulation with anti-inflammatory activity due to suppression of both the classical and alternative pathways of complement activation is presented for local treatment of muco-cutaneous lesions produced by Herpes simplex virus, types 1 and 2. The drug contains glutaraldehyde
Ning Li et al.
Wei sheng yan jiu = Journal of hygiene research, 32(4), 349-352 (2003-10-11)
Toxicological effect of 3-chloro-1,2-propanediol on rats were studied to provide scientific basis for assessing the effect of Chloropropanols on human health. 170 SD rats were divided randomly into 8 groups and the dose of 0, 0.25, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 4.0
Nicola Parisi et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 493(1-2), 404-411 (2015-08-04)
Hexamidine diisethionate (HEX D) has been used in the personal care industry and in a number of over-the-counter (OTC) drug products as an antimicrobial agent since the 1950's. Recently, the compound has also been investigated for its beneficial effects on
Woan-Ruoh Lee et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 103(11), 3542-3552 (2014-09-05)
Alopecia usually cannot be cured because of the available drug therapy being unsatisfactory. To improve the efficiency of treatment, erbium-yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Er-YAG) laser treatment was conducted to facilitate skin permeation of antialopecia drugs such as minoxidil (MXD), diphencyprone (DPCP), and peptide.
Xiao-Sheng Tian et al.
CNS neuroscience & therapeutics, 21(5), 398-409 (2015-01-23)
This study explored whether surgical stress-induced glucocorticoid receptor (GR) phosphorylation is related to postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) in aged individuals. Inhibition of GR activation could be an effective treatment for POCD. A laparotomy was given to C57/BL6 mice in POCD
J S LaKind et al.
Critical reviews in toxicology, 29(4), 331-365 (1999-08-18)
The purpose of this article is to review and interpret the scientific literature on the mammalian toxicity of ethylene glycol (EG) and propylene glycol (PG), with the goal of comparing the toxicity of the two chemicals. This type of review
Milena K Bulla et al.
Photochemistry and photobiology, 91(3), 558-566 (2015-01-13)
Schinus terebinthifolius is a plant rich in phenolic compounds, which have antioxidant properties and can provide new opportunities for treatment and prevention of diseases mediated by ultraviolet radiation like photoaging and skin cancer. The aim of this study was to
Tomoka Takatani-Nakase et al.
PloS one, 7(10), e47980-e47980 (2012-10-31)
Transcutaneous immunization (TCI) is a novel vaccination strategy, which is expected to have therapeutic applications. However, to develop effective TCI systems, a simple, non-invasive and safe transdermal formulation is required. This study developed a novel TCI system utilizing the co-administration
Yoshiki Seto et al.
The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics, 354(2), 195-202 (2015-05-29)
This study aimed to qualify photosafety screening on the basis of photochemical and pharmacokinetic (PK) data on dermally applied chemicals. Six benzophenone derivatives (BZPs) were selected as model compounds, and in vitro photochemical/phototoxic characterization and dermal cassette-dosing PK study were
Beatriz Clares et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 473(1-2), 591-598 (2014-08-08)
The aim of this study was to develop biocompatible lipid-based nanocarriers for retinyl palmitate (RP) to improve its skin delivery, photostability and biocompatibility, and to avoid undesirable topical side effects. RP loaded nanoemulsions (NEs), liposomes (LPs) and solid lipid nanoparticles
Khaled Mohamed Hosny et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 475(1-2), 191-197 (2014-09-03)
Saquinavir mesylate (SM) is a protease inhibitor with activity against human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and is available in tablet form, which has three major problems. First, the drug undergoes extensive first pass metabolism. Second, the drug has a
Guy Bar-Klein et al.
Epilepsia, 55(12), 1953-1958 (2014-11-08)
Organophosphates (OPs) are commonly used insecticides for agriculture and domestic purposes, but may also serve as nerve agents. Exposure to OPs result in overstimulation of the cholinergic system and lead to status epilepticus (SE), a life-threatening condition that is often
Hua Zhang et al.
Biomaterials, 56, 104-113 (2015-05-03)
Ultrasound molecular imaging has great potential to impact early disease diagnosis, evaluation of disease progression and the development of target-specific therapy. In this paper, two neuropilin-1 (NRP) targeted peptides, CRPPR and ATWLPPR, were conjugated onto the surface of lipid microbubbles
Stephen T Vito et al.
Toxicology and applied pharmacology, 281(2), 185-194 (2014-12-03)
Tetramethylenedisulfotetramine (TETS) is a potent convulsant poison for which there is currently no approved antidote. The convulsant action of TETS is thought to be mediated by inhibition of type A gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor (GABAAR) function. We, therefore, investigated the effects
Y Yoshida
[Hokkaido igaku zasshi] The Hokkaido journal of medical science, 60(2), 183-194 (1985-03-01)
Methionine is a sulfur-containing essential amino acid and there are optic isomers of L- and D-type. It has been known that there are two metabolic pathways in methionine metabolism-the transsulfuration and the transamination. The purposes of the present investigation are
Benjawan Boonkaew et al.
Burns : journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries, 40(8), 1562-1569 (2014-04-29)
A novel burn wound hydrogel dressing has been previously developed which is composed of 2-acrylamido-2-methylpropane sulfonic acid sodium salt with silver nanoparticles (silver AMPS). This study compared the cytotoxicity of this dressing to the commercially available silver products; Acticoat™, PolyMem
Hanan M El-Laithy et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 490(1-2), 146-154 (2015-05-24)
The application of self-nanoemulsified drug delivery system (SNEDDS) to improve bioavailability of diacerein (D) has been hampered by its large dose and limited solubility. This work aimed to prepare diacerein loaded self nanoemulsifying self nanosuspension (D-SNESNS) containing high drug load.
Mutlaq M Al-Subaie et al.
International journal of nanomedicine, 10, 3973-3985 (2015-06-26)
This study aimed to formulate an optimized acyclovir (ACV) nanoemulsion hydrogel in order to provide a solution for the slow, variable, and incomplete oral drug absorption in patient suffering from herpes simplex viral infection. Solubility of ACV in different oils
Hemant K Mishra et al.
Journal of leukocyte biology, 97(3), 447-454 (2014-11-22)
The chemokine receptor CXCR2 is expressed at high levels on circulating neutrophils and is critical for directing their migration to sites of inflammation. CXCR2 surface levels are rapidly modulated by 2 mechanisms-cell internalization and recycling upon ligand binding-and by a
Lynda Uphouse
Behavioural brain research, 282, 95-102 (2015-01-17)
Regularly cycling Fischer female rats were treated with either a low (5mg/kg) or high (5mg/RAT; approximately 30mg/kg) dose of the antiprogestin, RU486, before the morning of proestrus or on the morning of proestrus. The emergence of sexual behavior after treatment
Hae-Kyoung Lim et al.
The aging male : the official journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male, 18(2), 124-132 (2014-08-20)
A substantial proportion of men with prostatic disease have an increased risk of bone loss. In the present study, we investigated the effects of Rubus coreanus Miquel (RCM) extracts on osteoporosis that occurs with N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU)-induced prostatic hyperplasia. The rats
Tausif Zar et al.
Seminars in dialysis, 20(3), 217-219 (2007-06-09)
Propylene glycol is a commonly used solvent for oral, intravenous, and topical pharmaceutical preparations. Although it is considered safe, large intravenous doses given over a short period of time can be toxic. Underlying renal insufficiency and hepatic dysfunction raise risk
Julia S Rihm et al.
Neurobiology of learning and memory, 122, 142-151 (2015-05-03)
Emotional memories are reprocessed during sleep, and it is widely assumed that this reprocessing occurs mainly during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. In support for this notion, vivid emotional dreams occur mainly during REM sleep, and several studies have reported
Monice M Fiume et al.
International journal of toxicology, 31(5 Suppl), 245S-260S (2012-10-25)
Propylene glycol is an aliphatic alcohol that functions as a skin conditioning agent, viscosity decreasing agent, solvent, and fragrance ingredient in cosmetics. Tripropylene glycol functions as a humectant, antioxidant, and emulsion stabilizer. Polypropylene glycols (PPGs), including PPG-3, PPG-7, PPG-9, PPG-12
Haranath Kumar Vaddi et al.
Biological & pharmaceutical bulletin, 26(2), 220-228 (2003-02-11)
In this study, two terpenes with the same functional group; limonene oxide and pinene oxide were used at 5% w/v concentration in 50% v/v ethanol and 100% v/v propylene glycol (PG) to enhance the in vitro permeation of haloperidol (HP)
Dominik Bogen et al.
Oncotarget, 6(34), 35247-35262 (2015-10-27)
Despite advances in multimodal treatment, neuroblastoma (NB) is often fatal for children with high-risk disease and many survivors need to cope with long-term side effects from high-dose chemotherapy and radiation. To identify new therapeutic targets, we performed an siRNA screen
Carla Caddeo et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 443(1-2), 128-136 (2013-01-10)
Diclofenac-loaded phospholipid vesicles, namely conventional liposomes, ethosomes and PEVs (penetration enhancer-containing vesicles) were developed and their efficacy in TPA (phorbol ester) induced skin inflammation was examined. Vesicles were made from a cheap and unpurified mixture of phospholipids and diclofenac sodium;
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