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Lian Shan et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 864(1-2), 22-28 (2008-02-12)
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a class of lipids that play multiple biological functions. Several reports show that they are potential biomarkers for diagnosing ovarian cancer. Therefore, it is necessary to accurately quantify their levels in biological samples. Here we report
Yunzhou Dong et al.
Mediators of inflammation, 2017, 2754756-2754756 (2017-03-30)
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), a naturally occurring bioactive phospholipid, activates G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), leading to regulation of diverse cellular events including cell survival and apoptosis. Despite extensive studies of the signaling pathways that mediate LPA-regulated cell growth and survival, the
Mohamad Navab et al.
Journal of lipid research, 56(4), 871-887 (2015-02-04)
We previously reported that i) a Western diet increased levels of unsaturated lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) in small intestine and plasma of LDL receptor null (LDLR(-/-)) mice, and ii) supplementing standard mouse chow with unsaturated (but not saturated) LPA produced dyslipidemia
Haruka Yamada et al.
The FEBS journal (2019-11-14)
Tracking the localization and dynamics of the intracellular bioactive lipid phosphatidic acid (PA) is important for understanding diverse biological phenomena. Although several PA sensors have been developed, better ones are still needed for comprehensive PA detection in cells. We recently
Ildiko Van Rhijn et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 113(2), 380-385 (2015-12-02)
In contrast with the common detection of T cells that recognize MHC, CD1a, CD1c, or CD1d proteins, CD1b autoreactive T cells have been difficult to isolate in humans. Here we report the development of polyvalent complexes of CD1b proteins and
Nathaniel A Sowa et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 30(31), 10282-10293 (2010-08-06)
Prostatic acid phosphatase (PAP) is expressed in nociceptive dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons, functions as an ectonucleotidase, and generates adenosine extracellularly. Here, we found that PAP inhibits noxious thermal sensitivity and sensitization that is associated with chronic pain through sustained
Hyunsook Kim et al.
Neuroscience letters, 603, 19-24 (2015-07-21)
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a simple and minor phospholipid, but serves as a lipid-derived neurotransmitter via activation of G protein-coupled LPA receptors. Astrocytes abundantly express LPA receptors and contain gliotransmitters that modulate astrocyte-neuron interactions. Gintonin is a novel ginseng-derived G
Byung-Hwan Lee et al.
Neuroscience letters, 612, 256-260 (2015-12-27)
Ginseng has a long history of use as a tonic for restoration of vigor. One example of ginseng-derived tonic effect is that it can improve physical stamina under conditions of stress. However, the active ingredient and the underlying molecular mechanism
Junliang Wan et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 67(46), 12953-12961 (2019-10-23)
Most common sphingolipids are comprised of "typical" sphingoid bases (sphinganine, sphingosine, and structurally related compounds) and are produced via the condensation of l-serine with a fatty acyl-CoA by serine palmitoyltransferase. Some organisms, including mammals, also produce "atypical" sphingoid bases that
Vishal Kumar Gupta et al.
Apoptosis : an international journal on programmed cell death, 25(1-2), 135-150 (2019-12-24)
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a bioactive lipid, which plays an indispensable role in various physiological and pathological processes. Moreover, an elevated level of LPA has been observed in malignancies of different origins and implicated in their progression via modulation of
Synthesis of sphingosine analogues: stereoselective synthesis of 3-deoxysphingosine and cis-isomers.
T Kawate et al.
Chemical & pharmaceutical bulletin, 45(12), 2116-2118 (1998-01-20)
Terina N Martinez et al.
Molecular neurodegeneration, 7, 45-45 (2012-09-15)
Dopaminergic (DA) neurons in the ventral midbrain selectively degenerate in Parkinson's disease (PD) in part because their oxidative environment in the substantia nigra (SN) may render them vulnerable to neuroinflammatory stimuli. Chronic inhibition of soluble Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF) with
Sung-Hee Hwang et al.
Neuroscience letters, 584, 356-361 (2014-12-03)
Gintonin is a novel ginseng-derived G protein-coupled lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) receptor ligand. Gintonin elicits an intracellular calcium concentration [Ca(2+)]i transient via activation of LPA receptors and regulates calcium-dependent ion channels and receptors. [Ca(2+)]i elevation by neurotransmitters or depolarization is usually
Jesica R Williams et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 284(25), 17304-17319 (2009-04-16)
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a ligand for LPA(1-3) of the endothelial differentiation gene family G-protein-coupled receptors, and LPA(4-8) is related to the purinergic family G-protein-coupled receptor. Because the structure-activity relationship (SAR) of GPR92/LPA(5) is limited and whether LPA is its
Chia-Chi C Key et al.
Journal of lipid research, 61(7), 1075-1086 (2020-05-21)
The glycerol phosphate pathway produces more than 90% of the liver triacylglycerol (TAG). LysoPA, an intermediate in this pathway, is produced by glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase. Glycerophosphodiester phosphodiesterase domain containing 3 (GDPD3), whose gene was recently cloned, contains lysophospholipase D activity, which
Dorota Boruszewska et al.
Reproductive biology and endocrinology : RB&E, 13, 44-44 (2015-05-20)
In the cow, lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) acts as an auto-/paracrine factor, through its receptors LPAR1-4, on oocytes and cumulus cells during in vitro maturation (IVM). The aim of the present work was to determine the effect of LPA during IVM
Susumu Antoku et al.
Developmental cell, 51(5), 602-616 (2019-12-04)
Mutations in the lamin A/C gene (LMNA) cause cardiomyopathy and also disrupt nuclear positioning in fibroblasts. LMNA mutations causing cardiomyopathy elevate ERK1/2 activity in the heart, and inhibition of the ERK1/2 kinase activity ameliorates pathology, but the downstream effectors remain
Ethan Sagher et al.
Cancer cell international, 14, 75-75 (2014-10-18)
The small molecule NSC676914A was previously identified as an NF-κB inhibitor in TPA-stimulated HEK293 cells (Mol Can Ther 8:571-581, 2009). We hypothesized that this effect would also be seen in ovarian cancer cells, and serve as its mechanism of cytotoxicity.
Olaposi I Omotuyi et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 13343-13343 (2015-08-14)
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) receptor 1 (LPA1) is a member of the G protein-coupled receptors mediating the biological response to LPA species. Lack of detailed mechanism underlying LPA/LPA1 interaction has hampered the development of specific antagonists. Here, novel N-terminal Lys39 has
Elsa Pflimlin et al.
Cell metabolism, 28(2), 217-227 (2018-06-26)
Fatty acid esters of hydroxylated fatty acids (FAHFAs) were discovered as a novel class of endogenous mammalian lipids whose profound effects on metabolism have been shown. In the current study, in vitro and in vivo the metabolic effects of two of these
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