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860493p

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Terina N Martinez et al.
Molecular neurodegeneration, 7, 45-45 (2012-09-15)
Dopaminergic (DA) neurons in the ventral midbrain selectively degenerate in Parkinson's disease (PD) in part because their oxidative environment in the substantia nigra (SN) may render them vulnerable to neuroinflammatory stimuli. Chronic inhibition of soluble Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF) with...
Sarah T Pruett et al.
Journal of lipid research, 49(8), 1621-1639 (2008-05-24)
"Sphingosin" was first described by J. L. W. Thudichum in 1884 and structurally characterized as 2S,3R,4E-2-aminooctadec-4-ene-1,3-diol in 1947 by Herb Carter, who also proposed the designation of "lipides derived from sphingosine as sphingolipides." This category of amino alcohols is now...
Loss of Neurological Disease HSAN-I-Associated Gene SPTLC2 Impairs CD8+ T Cell Responses to Infection by Inhibiting T Cell Metabolic Fitness
Wu J, et al.
Immunity, 50(5), 1218-1231 (2019)
Nicholas C Zitomer et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 284(8), 4786-4795 (2008-12-20)
Fumonisin B(1) (FB(1)) is a mycotoxin that inhibits ceramide synthases (CerS) and causes kidney and liver toxicity and other disease. Inhibition of CerS by FB(1) increases sphinganine (Sa), Sa 1-phosphate, and a previously unidentified metabolite. Analysis of the latter by...
Noemi Jiménez-Rojo et al.
Biophysical journal, 107(12), 2850-2859 (2014-12-18)
Ceramides and dihydroceramides are N-acyl derivatives of sphingosine and sphinganine, respectively, which are the major sphingoid-base backbones of mammals. Recent studies have found that mammals, like certain other organisms, also produce 1-deoxy-(dihydro)ceramides (1-deoxyDHCers) that contain sphingoid bases lacking the 1-hydroxyl-...
Mirthe Muilwijk et al.
BMJ open diabetes research & care, 8(1) (2020-05-08)
People of South Asian origin are at high risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D), but the underpinning mechanisms are not fully understood. We determined ethnic differences in acylcarnitine, amino acid and sphingolipid concentrations and determined the associations with T2D. Associations...
Anke Penno et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 285(15), 11178-11187 (2010-01-26)
HSAN1 is an inherited neuropathy found to be associated with several missense mutations in the SPTLC1 subunit of serine palmitoyltransferase (SPT). SPT catalyzes the condensation of serine and palmitoyl-CoA, the initial step in the de novo synthesis of sphingolipids. Here...
Ceramide sphingolipid signaling mediates Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF)-dependent toxicity via caspase signaling in dopaminergic neurons
Martinez TN, et al.
Mol. Neurodegener., 7(1), 45-45 (2012)
M F Dohrn et al.
European journal of neurology, 22(5), 806-814 (2015-01-28)
Diabetic distal sensorimotor polyneuropathy (DSPN) is a frequent, disabling complication of diabetes mellitus. There is increasing evidence that sphingolipids play a role in insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Whether neurotoxic 1-deoxy-sphingolipids are elevated in DSPN patients' plasma and...
Elucidating the chemical structure of native 1-deoxysphingosine
Steiner R, et al.
Journal of Lipid Research, 57(7), 1194-1203 (2016)
Deoxysphingolipids, novel biomarkers for type 2 diabetes, are cytotoxic for insulin-producing cells
Zuellig RA, et al.
Diabetes, 63(4), 1326-1339 (2014)
Irina Alecu et al.
Journal of lipid research, 58(1), 60-71 (2016-11-23)
The 1-deoxysphingolipids (1-deoxySLs) are atypical sphingolipids (SLs) that are formed when serine palmitoyltransferase condenses palmitoyl-CoA with alanine instead of serine during SL synthesis. The 1-deoxySLs are toxic to neurons and pancreatic β-cells. Pathologically elevated 1-deoxySLs cause the inherited neuropathy, hereditary...