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Greta A Van Slyke et al.
PLoS pathogens, 11(6), e1005009-e1005009 (2015-06-27)
High rates of error-prone replication result in the rapid accumulation of genetic diversity of RNA viruses. Recent studies suggest that mutation rates are selected for optimal viral fitness and that modest variations in replicase fidelity may be associated with viral
Naozumi Ohnishi et al.
Chemical & pharmaceutical bulletin, 62(6), 538-544 (2014-06-03)
A novel in vitro release test methodology for a liposome formulation was developed using a column-switching high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) system. Doxorubicin (DXR) liposome formulations were used as a model. A DXR liposome formulation was dispersed into a release medium
Roni Yosipovich et al.
Vaccine, 33(3), 472-478 (2014-12-03)
In the first 10-14 days of a chick's life, protection is conferred by maternal antibodies. Further broiler protection is achieved by active vaccination. However, the high level of maternal antibodies interferes with the induction of an effective immune response by
Yan He et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1408, 261-266 (2015-07-22)
This paper describes the use of an anionic ion-pair reagent (IPR) to impove the ultraviolet (UV) detection and hydrophobic retention of polar and UV transparent cations. Anionic IPR added to the mobile phase forms an ion-pair with cations. Formation of
Songjia Guo et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 63(1), 150-159 (2014-12-20)
Nostoc commune has been traditionally used in China as a health food and medicine. The water stress proteins (WSP) of Nostoc commune are the major component of the extracellular matrix. This study purified and identified the water stress proteins (WSP1)
Ryo Nasuno et al.
PloS one, 9(11), e113788-e113788 (2014-11-26)
The budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae possesses various defense mechanisms against environmental stresses that generate reactive oxygen species, leading to growth inhibition or cell death. Our recent study showed a novel antioxidative mechanism mediated by nitric oxide (NO) in yeast cells
Byung-Man Kwak et al.
Food chemistry, 165, 569-574 (2014-07-21)
A rapid and simple sample preparation method for vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) was developed for emulsified dairy products such as milk-based infant formulas. A sample was mixed in a 50 mL centrifuge tube with the same amount of water and isopropyl
Urh Černigoj et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1281, 87-93 (2013-02-13)
To exploit different chromatographic modes for efficient plasmid DNA (pDNA) purification a novel monolithic chromatographic support bearing multimodal histamine (HISA) groups was developed and characterized. Electrostatic charge of HISA groups depends on the pH of the mobile phase, being neutral
Matthew B Lohse et al.
Genetics, 216(2), 409-429 (2020-08-26)
An unusual feature of the opportunistic pathogen Candida albicans is its ability to switch stochastically between two distinct, heritable cell types called white and opaque. Here, we show that only opaque cells, in response to environmental signals, massively upregulate a
Taro Masuda et al.
Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry, 79(1), 74-81 (2014-10-16)
Iron is one of the essential trace elements for humans. In this study, the iron contents in fresh, dried, and toasted nori (Pyropia yezoensis) were analyzed. The mean iron content of fresh, dried, and toasted nori were 19.0, 22.6, and
Adrian Weisz et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1380, 120-129 (2015-01-17)
Three low-level subsidiary color impurities (A, B, and C) often present in batches of the color additive D&C Red No. 33 (R33, Acid Red 33, Colour Index No. 17200) were separated from a portion of R33 by spiral high-speed counter-current
Xin Wang et al.
ACS nano, 8(12), 12151-12166 (2014-12-02)
Chemoresistance is a primary cause of treatment failure in cancer and a common property of tumor-initiating cancer stem cells. Overcoming mechanisms of chemoresistance, particularly in cancer stem cells, can markedly enhance cancer therapy and prevent recurrence and metastasis. This study
Aubérie Parent et al.
Nature communications, 6, 5686-5686 (2015-01-20)
Friedreich's ataxia is a severe neurodegenerative disease caused by the decreased expression of frataxin, a mitochondrial protein that stimulates iron-sulfur (Fe-S) cluster biogenesis. In mammals, the primary steps of Fe-S cluster assembly are performed by the NFS1-ISD11-ISCU complex via the
Małgorzata Anita Bryszewska et al.
Journal of trace elements in medicine and biology : organ of the Society for Minerals and Trace Elements (GMS), 29, 91-98 (2014-12-04)
In this study, we investigate the type and quantity of selenium compounds in fish and marine organisms, using ion-pair reversed phase LC–ICP-MS, developed and applied for the analysis of Atlantic cod, Atlantic salmon, Greenland halibut, Atlantic herring, blue mussel, common
W Michael Dunne et al.
Journal of clinical microbiology, 52(10), 3654-3659 (2014-08-01)
The identification of mycobacteria outside biocontainment facilities requires that the organisms first be rendered inactive. Exposure to 70% ethanol (EtOH) either before or after mechanical disruption was evaluated in order to establish a safe, effective, and rapid inactivation protocol that
Hsueh-Fen Chen et al.
PloS one, 10(6), e0129903-e0129903 (2015-06-19)
Candida albicans is a major human fungal pathogen. One of the important features of C. albicans pathogenicity is the ability to form biofilms on mucosal surfaces and indwelling medical devices. Biofilm formation involves complex processes in C. albicans, including cell
Yohei Y Yamamoto et al.
Journal of molecular biology, 426(14), 2667-2678 (2014-05-27)
Chaperonins are ubiquitous molecular chaperones with the subunit molecular mass of 60kDa. They exist as double-ring oligomers with central cavities. An ATP-dependent conformational change of the cavity induces the folding of an unfolded protein that is captured in the cavity.
Mikrobiolohichnyi zhurnal (Kiev, Ukraine : 1993), 74(6), 16-23 (2013-01-09)
A scheme of isolation and purification of the enzyme with alpha-L-rhamnosidase activity from culture liquid Cryptococcus albidus 1001 has been developed. It included fractionation by ammonium sulfate and chromatography on TSK-gels Toyopearl HW-60, Fractogel TSK DEAE-650-s and Sepharose 6B. The
Yuetsu Tanaka et al.
Retrovirology, 12, 56-56 (2015-07-02)
CD83, a cell surface glycoprotein that is stably expressed on mature dendritic cells, can be transiently induced on other hematopoietic cell lineages upon cell activation. In contrast to the membrane form of CD83, soluble CD83 appears to be immunosuppressive. In
Sonoko Ishino et al.
Biochimie, 118, 264-269 (2015-06-28)
Base deamination is a typical form of DNA damage, and it must be repaired quickly to maintain the genome integrity of living organisms. Endonuclease Q (EndoQ), recently found in the hyperthermophilic archaea, is an enzyme that cleaves the phosphodiester bond
David A Nagel et al.
Environmental toxicology and pharmacology, 38(3), 968-976 (2014-12-03)
Mixtures of pesticides in foodstuffs and the environment are ubiquitous in the developed world and although agents are usually exhaustively tested individually, the toxicological implications of pesticide mixtures are underreported. In this study, the effects of two fungicides, fenhexamid and
Ryoko Satake et al.
Journal of bioscience and bioengineering, 120(5), 498-503 (2015-04-29)
Glucose dehydrogenase (GDH) is of interest for its potential applications in the field of glucose sensors. To improve the performance of glucose sensors, GDH is required to have strict substrate specificity. A novel flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD)-dependent GDH was isolated
Juliana Lucena Schussel et al.
Cancer biomarkers : section A of Disease markers, 15(1), 11-17 (2014-12-20)
DACT genes regulates Wnt as well TGF-β pathway, and were already associated with hepatocellular and lung cancer. Alterations on Wnt/β-catenin were associated with head and neck cancer through β-catenin cytoplasmatic accumulation. The aim of the study was to evaluate DACT1
Jasreen K Sekhon et al.
Bioresource technology, 192, 451-460 (2015-06-17)
Enzyme-assisted aqueous extraction processing (EAEP) is an environmentally-friendly alternative to solvent and mechanical oil extraction methods, and can achieve ∼ 97% oil recovery from soybeans. The present study utilized soy skim (protein rich) and insoluble fiber (IF; carbohydrate rich), both
Amr Y Esmat et al.
Pharmaceutical biology, 53(1), 138-146 (2014-09-23)
The antitumor activity of aloin, the active anthraquinone of Aloe juice, against different murine and human tumors has been reported. In the present study, the impact of repeated aloin treatment at its maximum tolerated dose on serum levels of lipid
Aline Teodoro de Paula et al.
Probiotics and antimicrobial proteins, 6(3-4), 186-197 (2014-06-08)
The production of bacteriocins by Leuconostoc mesenteroides represents an important opportunity for exploration of their potential use for industrial purpose. The antimicrobial compounds produced by L. mesenteroides subsp. mesenteroides SJRP55 strain were characterized and purified. Cell-free supernatant of Leuc. mesenteroides
Thiago S Frauches et al.
Toxicon : official journal of the International Society on Toxinology, 71, 49-56 (2013-06-05)
Neutralizing monoclonal antibodies against three major toxic components of Bothrops atrox venom were produced and tested. The mAbs against phospholipase A2, hemorrhagic metalloprotease, and thrombin-like enzymes were produced in large amounts and purified with caprylic acid followed by ammonium sulfate
Okhil K Nag et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 104(1), 114-123 (2014-11-14)
We report the synthesis of an acyl-anchored superhydrophilic polymer (SHP) for external surface modification of liposome surface. N¹-(2-aminoethyl)-N⁴-hexadecyl-2-tetradecylsuccinamide conjugated with SHP (HDAS-SHP) was synthesized and used for modifying the liposome surface. Unlike polyethylene glycol (PEG)-phospholipids, which are commonly used for
O A Adaramoye et al.
The West Indian medical journal, 63(5), 408-415 (2015-03-18)
To evaluate and compare the antioxidant and acetylcholinestrase (AChE)-inhibitory properties of aerial parts of Strophanthus preussii (leaves, stem and root named as SPL, SPS and SPR, respectively) while catechin served as standard. The antioxidant and AchE-inhibitory properties of the methanol
Neha Singhal et al.
The Biochemical journal, 461(2), 189-203 (2014-08-07)
Malaria parasites must respond to stresses and environmental signals to perpetuate efficiently during their multistage development in diverse environments. To gain insights into the parasite's stress response mechanisms, we investigated a conserved Plasmodium protein, which we have named plasmoDJ1 on
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