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Huilin Wang et al.
Life sciences, 256, 117992-117992 (2020-06-23)
C1q/tumor necrosis factor-related protein-1 (CTRP1) is a newly identified adiponectin paralog that modulates metabolism and inflammation. However, the cerebral function of CTRP1 remains unknown. This study aimed to determine its role and mechanism in cerebral ischemia and reperfusion injury. Serum...
Charlotte M Mousset et al.
Cancer immunology, immunotherapy : CII, 69(11), 2259-2273 (2020-06-07)
AKT-inhibition is a promising approach to improve T cell therapies; however, its effect on CD4+ T cells is insufficiently explored. Previously, we and others showed that AKT-inhibition during ex vivo CD8+ T cell expansion facilitates the generation of polyfunctional T...
Yu-Wen Huang et al.
Aging, 12(10), 9475-9488 (2020-05-20)
Chondrosarcomas are well known for their resistance to chemotherapeutic agents, including cisplatin, which is commonly used in chondrosarcomas. Amphiregulin (AR), a ligand of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), plays an important role in drug resistance. We therefore sought to determine...
Saliha Azébi et al.
The EMBO journal, 38(12) (2019-05-10)
Several autoimmune diseases including multiple sclerosis (MS) cause increased transcription of endogenous retroviruses (HERVs) normally repressed by heterochromatin. In parallel, HERV-derived sequences were reported to drive gene expression. Here, we have examined a possible link between promoter and enhancer divergent...
Brad Larson et al.
Assay and drug development technologies, 7(6), 573-584 (2010-01-12)
Kinases continue to be one of the most important targets in today's drug discovery efforts. Following the identification of lead compounds through screening efforts, it is important to profile these leads against other kinases within that family, as well as...
Yanmei Qi et al.
Scientific reports, 10(1), 12685-12685 (2020-07-31)
The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is an embryonic program frequently reactivated during cancer progression and is implicated in cancer invasion and metastasis. Cancer cells can also acquire stem cell properties to self-renew and give rise to new tumors through the EMT....
Z Lu et al.
Cell death and differentiation, 21(8), 1275-1289 (2014-04-29)
The process of autophagy has been described in detail at the molecular level in normal cells, but less is known of its regulation in cancer cells. Aplasia Ras homolog member I (ARHI; DIRAS3) is an imprinted tumor suppressor gene that...
Zhijian Zhao et al.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters, 15(4), 905-909 (2005-02-03)
This letter describes the discovery of a novel series of dual Akt1/Akt2 kinase inhibitors, based on a 2,3,5-trisubstituted pyridine scaffold. Compounds from this series, which contain a 5-tetrazolyl moiety, exhibit more potent inhibition of Akt2 than Akt1.
X Zhang et al.
Leukemia research, 21(9), 849-856 (1997-12-11)
AKT1 is the human homolog of the v-akt oncogene. AKT1 has two distinct protein domains, one serine/threonine kinase domain and one pleckstrin homology (PH) domain. We studied the expression and activity of AKT1 in hematopoietic cell lines. The expression of...
Jenny Sandström et al.
Archives of toxicology, 93(6), 1649-1664 (2019-04-18)
Brain susceptibility to a neurotoxic insult may be increased in a compromised health status, such as metabolic syndrome. Both metabolic syndrome and exposure to trimethyltin (TMT) are known to promote neurodegeneration. In combination the two factors may elicit additive or...
Simone Chiola et al.
Cerebral cortex (New York, N.Y. : 1991), 29(3), 1006-1019 (2018-02-01)
The architecture of neocortical projection neurons is subject of a complex gene control. Here we demonstrated that Foxg1, a transcription factor gene which patterns the early rostral brain and sets the pace of telencephalic neuronogenesis, specifically stimulates dendrite elongation. This...
Elizabeth Leal-Orta et al.
Journal of cell communication and signaling, 13(2), 235-244 (2018-10-27)
In breast cancer cells, the linoleic acid (LA), an ω-6 essential polyunsaturated fatty acid, induces a variety of biological processes, including migration and invasion. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are structures released by normal and malignant cells into extracellular space, and their...
Weiqun Mao et al.
Cancer, 125(8), 1267-1280 (2019-01-09)
Re-expression of the imprinted tumor suppressor gene DIRAS family GTPase 3 (DIRAS3) (aplysia ras homology member I [ARHI]) induces autophagy and tumor dormancy in ovarian cancer xenografts, but drives autophagic cancer cell death in cell culture. The current study explored...
Yuan Gui et al.
Cell death discovery, 6, 40-40 (2020-06-13)
Our previous study demonstrated that the mammalian target of rapamycin complex 2 (mTORC2) signaling alleviates renal inflammation and protects against cisplatin-induced AKI. However, the underlying mechanisms for mTORC2 in regulating renal inflammation in AKI remain to be determined. In this...
Cleofas Marcial-Medina et al.
Endocrine connections (2019-02-06)
Free fatty acids (FFAs) are an energy source, and induce activation of signal transduction pathways that mediate several biological processes. In breast cancer cells, oleic acid (OA) induces proliferation, matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) secretion, migration and invasion. However, the signal transduction...
Vanessa Desplat et al.
Journal of enzyme inhibition and medicinal chemistry, 25(2), 204-215 (2010-03-13)
Attenuation of protein kinases by selective inhibitors is an extremely active field of activity in anticancer drug development. Therefore, Akt, a serine/threonine protein kinase, also known as protein kinase B (PKB), represents an attractive potential target for therapeutic intervention. Recent...
Bo Hu et al.
Journal of Cancer, 10(17), 3914-3925 (2019-08-17)
Sorafenib, a multikinase inhibitor, is a new standard treatment for patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, resistance to this regimen is frequently observed in clinical practice, and the molecular basis of this resistance remains largely unknown. Herein, the antitumor...
Benling Xu et al.
Cancer cell international, 19, 322-322 (2019-12-13)
Autologous tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (Tils) immunotherapy is a promising treatment in patients with advanced hepatocellular cancer. Although Tils treatment has shown great promise, their persistence and the efficacy after adoptive-transfer are insufficient and remain a challenge. Studies have demonstrated that IL-15...
Subhash Ajmani et al.
Journal of molecular graphics & modelling, 28(7), 683-694 (2010-02-16)
Protein kinase B (PKB, also known as Akt) belongs to the AGC subfamily of the protein kinase superfamily. Akt1 has been reported as a central player in regulation of metabolism, cell survival, motility, transcription and cell-cycle progression, among the signalling...
Joyce Y Buikhuisen et al.
Cancers, 13(4) (2021-03-07)
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a heterogeneous disease that can currently be subdivided into four distinct consensus molecular subtypes (CMS) based on gene expression profiling. The CMS4 subtype is marked by high expression of mesenchymal genes and is associated with a...
Chen Chen et al.
International immunopharmacology, 85, 106577-106577 (2020-05-24)
Chemokine-like factor 1 (CKLF1) is a chemokine increased significantly in ischemic brain poststroke. It shows chemotaxis effects on various immune cells, but the mechanisms of CKLF1 migrating neutrophils are poorly understood. Recent studies have provided evidence that CC chemokine receptor...
Shijie Li et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 107(8), 3441-3446 (2010-02-06)
The livers of insulin-resistant, diabetic mice manifest selective insulin resistance, suggesting a bifurcation in the insulin signaling pathway: Insulin loses its ability to block glucose production (i.e., it fails to suppress PEPCK and other genes of gluconeogenesis), yet it retains...
Angélica M Amanso et al.
PloS one, 6(1), e14591-e14591 (2011-02-08)
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress has pathophysiological relevance in vascular diseases and merges with proteasome function. Proteasome inhibition induces cell stress and may have therapeutic implications. However, whether proteasome inhibition potentiates ER stress-induced apoptosis and the possible mechanisms involved in this...
Shaomin Peng et al.
Experimental eye research, 151, 179-189 (2016-09-07)
Mutations of claudin-19 cause severe ocular deficits that are not easily reconciled with its role in regulating the outer blood retinal barrier. ARPE-19 is a widely used culture model of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). ARPE-19 is unique among epithelial...
Akt inhibitor MK2206 prevents influenza pH1N1 virus infection in vitro.
Denisova OV, Soderholm S, Virtanen S, et al.
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 58(7), 3689-3696 (2014)
Jing Zhao et al.
Free radical biology & medicine, 130, 557-567 (2018-11-26)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)/tropomyosin-related receptor kinase B (TrkB) pathway has been revealed as a novel therapeutic target for several neurological diseases. Recently, small-molecule TrkB agonist 7,8-dihydroxyflavone (7,8-DHF) has received considerable attention as a novel potential candidate for the treatment of...
Yong Joo Park et al.
Inhalation toxicology, 31(4), 161-166 (2019-06-11)
Abstracts Objective: The major active ingredient of humidifier disinfectant, polyhexamethylene guanidine-phosphate (PHMG-P), caused hundreds of deaths with pulmonary fibrosis. However, structurally similar guanidine-based disinfectants are still in use in various fields. Moreover, as they are precursors of excellent antimicrobial compounds...
Savita Lochab et al.
eLife, 9 (2020-04-01)
(Mtb) produces inflections in the host signaling networks to create a favorable milieu for survival. The virulent Mtb strain, Rv caused double strand breaks (DSBs), whereas the non-virulent Ra strain triggered single-stranded DNA generation. The effectors secreted by SecA2 pathway...
Luigi Maddaluno et al.
EMBO molecular medicine, 12(9), e11793-e11793 (2020-07-29)
Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) play key roles in the pathogenesis of different human diseases, but the cross-talk between FGFs and other cytokines remains largely unexplored. We identified an unexpected antagonistic effect of FGFs on the interferon (IFN) signaling pathway. Genetic...
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