Showing 1-30 of 4422 results for "agriculture"
Ying Zhang et al.
The Science of the total environment, 506-507, 118-125 (2014-12-03)
The current study investigates the existence of 15 phthalate esters (PAEs) in surface soils (27 samples) collected from 9 different facility agriculture sites in the black soil region of northeast China, during the process of agricultural production (comprising only three...
Kristi J Warren et al.
Respiratory research, 20(1), 51-51 (2019-03-09)
Agriculture exposures are associated with reducing the risk of allergy and asthma in early life; yet, repeated exposures later in life are associated with chronic bronchitis and obstructive pulmonary diseases. The objective of this study was to investigate the airway...
Mathilde Boulanger et al.
International archives of occupational and environmental health, 90(2), 169-178 (2016-11-07)
Literature on agricultural activities and bladder cancer risk is scarce. However, farmers can be subjected to carcinogenic exposure (e.g. arsenic, previously used as a pesticide in France). This study aimed at assessing the role of a large range of agricultural...
Kelly L Smalling et al.
The Science of the total environment, 502, 80-90 (2014-09-23)
Habitat loss and exposure to pesticides are likely primary factors contributing to amphibian decline in agricultural landscapes. Conservation efforts have attempted to restore wetlands lost through landscape modifications to reduce contaminant loads in surface waters and providing quality habitat to...
William J Parton et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112(34), E4681-E4688 (2015-08-05)
The Great Plains region of the United States is an agricultural production center for the global market and, as such, an important source of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This article uses historical agricultural census data and ecosystem models to estimate...
Adnan Hossain Khan et al.
Journal of environmental management, 196, 26-35 (2017-03-12)
The adsorption and leaching characteristics of two commonly used benzalkonium chlorides (BACs), benzyl dimethyl dodecyl ammonium chloride (BDDA) and benzyl dimethyl tetradecyl ammonium chloride (BDTA) using three agricultural soils with varied proportions of silt, sand, clay, and organic matter were...
Luis Gabriel Forero et al.
Chemosphere, 188, 130-138 (2017-09-08)
Atmospheric emissions of neonicotinoid seed treatment insecticides as particulate matter in field crops occur mainly for two reasons: 1) due to abraded dust of treated seed generated during planting using vacuum planters, and 2) as a result of disturbances (tillage...
Zhen Shi et al.
International journal of environmental research and public health, 17(13) (2020-07-09)
As one of the largest agricultural countries in the world, China has always paid close attention to the sustainable development of agricultural production efficiency. However, with global climate change, extreme weather has become an exogenous factor that cannot be ignored...
Precious N Egbuikwem et al.
Environmental technology, 41(25), 3338-3353 (2019-05-01)
The unrestricted discharge of domestic and industrial wastewaters along with agricultural runoff water into the environment as mixed-wastewater pose serious threat to freshwater resources in many countries. Mixed-wastewater pollution is a common phenomenon in the developing countries as the technologies...
Jonathan N Hofmann et al.
Environmental health perspectives, 117(9), 1402-1408 (2009-09-15)
Animal studies have demonstrated that low paraoxonase-1 (PON1) status (i.e., low catalytic efficiency and/or low plasma PON1 activity) is associated with neurotoxic effects after exposure to several organophosphate (OP) insecticides. However, few human studies have investigated associations between PON1 status...
O Thomas et al.
Chemosphere, 107, 115-120 (2014-05-31)
A strong non linear relationship between nitrate and organic matter (assessed by dissolved organic carbon, DOC) has been recently demonstrated by Taylor and Townsend (2010), namely for freshwaters. In this context, our study explores this relation from the behavior of...
Asa Bradman et al.
International journal of environmental research and public health, 8(4), 1061-1083 (2011-06-23)
Organophosphorus (OP) pesticides are used in agriculture and several are registered for home use. As young children age they may experience different pesticide exposures due to varying diet, behavior, and other factors. We measured six OP dialkylphosphate (DAP) metabolites (three...
José A Núñez-Gastélum et al.
Environmental science and pollution research international, 26(36), 36401-36409 (2019-11-14)
The Juarez Valley is an important agricultural region in northern Mexico, conveniently organized into three modules (I to III). For decades, their soils have been exposed to organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and also have been irrigated with wastewaters, which may contain...
Jesús M Marín-Benito et al.
The Science of the total environment, 476-477, 611-621 (2014-02-06)
Dissipation kinetics of pesticides belonging to three chemical groups (linuron, diazinon and myclobutanil) was studied in an unamended agricultural soil and in this soil amended with three organic residues: sewage sludge (SS), grape marc (GM) and spent mushroom substrate (SMS)....
Ying-Heng Fei et al.
Chemosphere, 236, 124841-124841 (2019-09-24)
Hydrochars derived from municipal sewage sludge was analyzed for its feasibility for value-added recycling. Results of carbon content and elemental composition suggested that the hydrochars might not be comparable with pyrochars regarding to the carbon sequestration, long-term stability and fuel...
Ana Allende et al.
International journal of food microbiology, 257, 238-246 (2017-07-12)
A quantitative microbial contamination model of Escherichia coli during primary production of baby spinach was developed. The model included only systematic contamination routes (e.g. soil and irrigation water) and it was used to evaluate the potential impact of weather conditions...
Lili Niu et al.
Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987), 195, 16-23 (2014-09-10)
The extensive utilization of phthalate-containing products has lead to ubiquitous contamination of phthalate esters (PAEs) in various matrices. However, comprehensive knowledge of their pollution in Chinese farmland and associated risks is still limited. In this study, 15 PAEs were determined...
Lili Niu et al.
Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987), 219, 315-322 (2016-11-05)
Organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) with different usage states, such as currently, historically or never used, may show different behaviors and potential risks in the environment. It is essential to identify their distribution patterns and fates and to assess their associated health...
Zhiyuan Yao et al.
Journal of hazardous materials, 296, 30-36 (2015-04-26)
Five organic fertilizers (vermicompost, pig manure, chicken manure, peat and oil residue) were applied to agricultural soils to study their effects on the survival of Escherichia coli O157:H7 (E. coli O157:H7). Results showed that E. coli O157:H7 survival changed greatly...
D M Oliver
Letters in applied microbiology, 59(1), 86-92 (2014-03-20)
The aim of this study was to determine concentrations of culturable faecal indicator organisms (FIOs) in freshly excreted dairy faeces and assess seasonal, within-herd and year-on-year variability in counts. Such values are essential in order to provide input parameters and...
J A McGarvey et al.
Journal of applied microbiology, 119(2), 529-538 (2015-05-15)
To compare the bacterial populations on organically and conventionally grown almond drupes before and after hull split. We constructed 16S rRNA gene libraries, containing approx. 3000 sequences each, from the bacteria from organically and conventionally grown drupes before and after...
Jiang Liu et al.
Environmental science and pollution research international, 26(23), 23873-23885 (2019-06-21)
Agricultural watersheds are a crucial contributor of terrestrial dissolved organic matter (DOM) for the adjacent aquatic environment. Recently, ecological engineering of the buffer zone such as a rice-paddy field was established to reduce the export of nutrients and contaminants from...
Elizabeth C Sternhagen et al.
Applied and environmental microbiology, 86(11) (2020-03-30)
The structure and function of fungal communities in the coffee rhizosphere are influenced by crop environment. Because coffee can be grown along a management continuum from conventional application of pesticides and fertilizers in full sun to organic management in a...
Y Zhang et al.
Chemosphere, 174, 628-637 (2017-02-16)
Non-steroidal, anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are widely used pharmaceutical products with analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects that are consistently detected in municipal wastewater systems and in municipal biosolids. Land application of biosolids and irrigation with reclaimed wastewater introduces these compounds into agricultural...
Federico Ernst et al.
The Science of the total environment, 631-632, 169-179 (2018-03-11)
Environmental sustainability of South American rainfed agroecosystems is of current concern. In this work, we evaluate the occurrence of multiple pesticide residues in muscle tissue of wild fish species from two large rivers in South America (Uruguay and Negro Rivers)....
Lizhi Li et al.
International journal of biological macromolecules, 134, 146-155 (2019-05-12)
An experiment was conducted to determine the effects of recombinant cellobiohydrolase on the hydrolysis and in vitro rumen microbial fermentation of agricultural straws including rice straw, wheat straw, and corn straw. The cellobiohydrolase from Lentinula edodes (LeCel7A) was produced in...
Ines Petric et al.
Environmental science and pollution research international, 23(5), 4320-4333 (2015-11-01)
The action mode of sulfonylurea herbicides is the inhibition of the acetohydroxyacid synthase (AHAS) required for the biosynthesis of amino acids valine and isoleucine in plants. However, this enzyme is also present in a range of non-targeted organisms, among which...
Charlotte L King et al.
American journal of physical anthropology, 158(1), 141-150 (2015-06-30)
The nature of the agricultural transition in Southeast Asia has been a topic of some debate for archaeologists over the past decades. A prominent model, known as the two-layer hypothesis, states that indigenous hunter-gatherers were subsumed by the expansion of...
Agnieszka Tomczyk et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 21(16) (2020-08-23)
Copper (Cu) and silver (Ag) occur naturally in the environment but have toxic effects on organisms at elevated concentrations. This paper discussed the removal of Cu and Ag from aqueous solutions using biochars obtained at different pyrolysis temperatures. Three biomass...
Yanxin Yu et al.
Analytica chimica acta, 1055, 44-55 (2019-02-21)
Chemical isotope labelling in combination with high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (CIL-HPLC-MS/MS) is a powerful method for quantitative profiling of targeted molecules. In the current work, we successfully developed a novel CIL-HPLC-MS/MS method for quantitative profiling of residual organophosphorus thioester...

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