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Mitchell Cheung et al.
Current cancer drug targets, 13(3), 234-244 (2013-01-10)
AKT/PKB (Protein Kinase B) are central proteins mediating signals from receptor tyrosine kinases and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase. AKT kinases are involved in a number of important cellular processes including cell proliferation and survival, cell size in response to nutrient availability, tumor
Qiong-Qiong Lv et al.
Biological & pharmaceutical bulletin, 37(6), 987-995 (2014-04-01)
Depression and related mood disorders are among the world's greatest public health problems. Previous studies have demonstrated that astilbin (AST) has broad pharmacological functions which may modulate numerous pathways, such as antioxidant, scavenging free radicals, anti-inflammatory and so on, similarly
A I Velghe et al.
Oncogene, 33(20), 2568-2576 (2013-06-12)
Activating mutations in the platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) receptor alpha (PDGFRA) have been described in patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumors or myeloid malignancies associated with hypereosinophilia. These patients respond well to imatinib mesylate, raising the question as to whether patients
Hua-Yu Zhu et al.
PloS one, 9(5), e97114-e97114 (2014-05-13)
As an important oncogenic miRNA, microRNA-21 (miR-21) is associated with various malignant diseases. However, the precise biological function of miR-21 and its molecular mechanism in hypertrophic scar fibroblast cells has not been fully elucidated. Quantitative Real-Time PCR (qRT-PCR) analysis revealed
Xiaoyun Tang et al.
Journal of lipid research, 55(11), 2389-2400 (2014-09-12)
Lipid phosphate phosphatase-1 (LPP1) degrades lysophosphatidate (LPA) and attenuates receptor-mediated signaling. LPP1 expression is low in many cancer cells and tumors compared with normal tissues. It was hypothesized from studies with cultured cells that increasing LPP1 activity would decrease tumor
S M Yun et al.
Oncogene, 33(46), 5341-5347 (2013-11-28)
Fusion genes act as potent oncogenes, resulting from chromosomal rearrangements or abnormal transcription in many human cancers. Although multiple gastric cancer genomes have been sequenced, the driving recurrent gene fusions have not been well characterized. Here, we used paired-end transcriptome
Wenru Su et al.
Biochemical pharmacology, 91(3), 359-368 (2014-08-17)
Allergic diseases, which affect up to 20-30% of the world population, are still therapeutic challenge for allergists. Tetracyclines, which belong to an antibiotic drug family that possesses a striking variety of non-antibiotic properties, have been successfully applied to a wide
Young-Rak Cho et al.
Oncology reports, 32(4), 1531-1536 (2014-08-12)
Broussonetia kazinoki (BK) has been used as a traditional medicine to improve vision, as well as for inflammatory and infectious diseases. In the present study, we investigated the effects and molecular mechanism of the ethanolic extract of BK on cell
X Chen et al.
Neoplasma, 61(5), 514-522 (2014-07-18)
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third common cancer and most of the chemotherapies of CRC currently used often suffer limited efficacy and large side effects. Targeted small-molecule by anti-tumor drugs are thought a promising strategy for improving the efficacy and reducing
Mariëtte E G Kranendonk et al.
Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.), 22(10), 2216-2223 (2014-07-22)
Insulin resistance (IR) is a key mechanism in obesity-induced cardiovascular disease. To unravel mechanisms whereby human adipose tissue (AT) contributes to systemic IR, the effect of human AT-extracellular vesicles (EVs) on insulin signaling in liver and muscle cells was determined.
Nagham Asp et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1843(9), 1987-1996 (2014-04-22)
The ErbB3 receptor is an important regulator of cell growth and carcinogenesis. Among breast cancer patients, up to 50-70% have ErbB3 overexpression and 20-30% show overexpressed or amplified ErbB2. ErbB3 has also been implicated in the development of resistance to
Phani K Patibandla et al.
Analytical chemistry, 86(21), 10948-10954 (2014-10-04)
Type 2 diabetes significantly elevates the risk of cardiovascular disease. This can be largely attributed to the adverse effects of hyperglycemic conditions on normal endothelial cell (EC) function. ECs in both large and small vessels are influenced by hyperglycemic conditions
Xuemei Chen et al.
Experimental neurology, 261, 267-277 (2014-07-30)
Yonkenafil is a novel phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitor. Here we evaluated the effect of yonkenafil on ischemic injury and its possible mechanism of action. Male Sprague-Dawley rats underwent middle cerebral artery occlusion, followed by intraperitoneal or intravenous treatment with
Chun Guang Di et al.
Neuroreport, 25(10), 782-787 (2014-06-12)
Nestin knockout leads to embryonic lethality and self-renewal deficiency in neural stem cells (NSCs). However, how nestin maintains self-renewal remains uncertain. Here, we used the dosage effect of nestin in heterozygous mice (Nes+/-) to study self-renewal of NSCs. With existing
Sireesha V Garimella et al.
Breast cancer research : BCR, 16(2), R41-R41 (2014-04-22)
Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) binds to its receptors, TRAIL-receptor 1 (TRAIL-R1) and TRAIL-receptor 2 (TRAIL-R2), leading to apoptosis by activation of caspase-8 and the downstream executioner caspases, caspase-3 and caspase-7 (caspase-3/7). Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cell lines with
Sena F Sezen et al.
The journal of sexual medicine, 11(9), 2164-2171 (2014-06-13)
The pathogenesis of diabetic erectile dysfunction (ED) includes neuropathy, but the molecular basis for neurogenic ED is incompletely understood. The RhoA/ROCK pathway has been implicated in diabetic neuropathy and in ED, but its role in diabetic neurogenic ED is not
Makoto Kurano et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1841(9), 1217-1226 (2014-05-13)
High-density lipoprotein (HDL) has been proposed to enhance β-cell functions. Clinical studies have suggested that apolipoprotein M (apoM), which rides mainly on HDL, is involved in diabetes; however, the underlying mechanism has not yet been elucidated. Recently, apoM was shown
J Hun Hah et al.
Head & neck, 36(11), 1547-1554 (2013-10-15)
The purpose of this study was to identify mechanisms of innate resistance to an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor, erlotinib, in a panel of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) cell lines. Specifically, we analyzed the
Mi-So Yoon et al.
Natural product communications, 9(11), 1619-1622 (2014-12-24)
Artemisia montana Pampan (Compositae) (AMP) contains various compounds, including phenolic acids, alkaloids, and essential oil. It has been widely used in oriental medicine due to a variety of biological effects. However, the biological activity of the essential oil from AMP
Qi-Quan Huang et al.
Arthritis & rheumatology (Hoboken, N.J.), 66(1), 68-77 (2014-01-17)
A nonapoptotic role of Fas signaling has been implicated in the regulation of inflammation and innate immunity. This study was undertaken to elucidate the contribution of Fas signaling in macrophages to the development of arthritis. K/BxN serum-transfer arthritis was induced
Anja K Bosserhoff et al.
Molecular carcinogenesis, 53(8), 635-647 (2013-04-30)
An understanding of signaling pathways is a basic requirement for the treatment of melanoma. Currently, kinases are at the center of melanoma therapies. According to our research, additional alternative molecules are equally important for development of melanoma. In this regard
Eva Placheta et al.
Neuroscience letters, 582, 81-86 (2014-09-16)
Accumulating evidence suggests that neuregulin, a potent Schwann cell mitogen, and its receptor, ErbB2, have an important role in regulating peripheral nerve regeneration. We hypothesized that Herceptin (Trastuzumab), a monoclonal antibody that binds ErbB2, would disrupt ErbB2 signaling, allowing us
Shangfeng Zhao et al.
Neurological research, 36(5), 483-490 (2014-03-29)
Protein kinase B (PKB/Akt), which is phosphorylated and activated by upstream activators, exerts critical neuroprotective effects by phosphorylating downstream targets after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Studies on the regulation of Akt will be crucial for our understanding of neuronal survival.
Zhaorui Sun et al.
International journal of oncology, 45(3), 1123-1132 (2014-07-06)
Intestinal trefoil factor (ITF, also named as trefoil factor 3, TFF3) is a member of the TFF-domain peptide family, which plays an essential role in the regulation of cell survival, cell migration and maintains mucosal epithelial integrity in the gastrointestinal
Cecilia Nigro et al.
Diabetologia, 57(7), 1485-1494 (2014-04-25)
Insulin exerts a direct action on vascular cells, thereby affecting the outcome and progression of diabetic vascular complications. However, the mechanism through which insulin signalling is impaired in the endothelium of diabetic individuals remains unclear. In this work, we have
Xinli Huang et al.
International journal of clinical and experimental pathology, 7(8), 4755-4764 (2014-09-10)
Human liver ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) is a common and major clinical problem complicating liver surgery and transplantation. The pathogenesis underlying IRI is complex, involving a series of signaling mediators and mechanisms. This study aimed to investigate the effects of Magnesium
Ahmed Menaouar et al.
International journal of cardiology, 175(1), 38-49 (2014-05-24)
Oxytocin (OT) and functional OT receptor (OTR) are expressed in the heart and are involved in blood pressure regulation and cardioprotection. Cardiac OTR signaling is associated with atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and nitric oxide (NO) release. During the synthesis of
Jianzhong Li et al.
Kidney international, 86(1), 86-102 (2014-01-24)
The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) plays a critical role for cell growth and survival in many cell types. While substantial progress has been made in understanding the abnormal activation of mTORC1 in the pathogenesis of kidney disease, little is
Xing-Ran Jiang et al.
Cancer letters, 353(1), 78-86 (2014-07-22)
Human riboflavin transporter 2 (RFT2, also termed as SLC52A3) was recently identified as a susceptibility gene to esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), however, its expression and biologic function has remained unclear in ESCC. In this study, we demonstrated that RFT2
Zuoren Yu et al.
Oncotarget, 5(4), 1083-1090 (2014-03-25)
The serine threonine kinase Akt1 has been implicated in the control of cellular metabolism, survival and growth. Herein, disruption of the ubiquitously expressed member of the Akt family of genes, Akt1, in the mouse, demonstrates a requirement for Akt1 in
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