Showing 1-30 of 51 results for "B3795"
E Hermel et al.
Cell death and differentiation, 11(4), 424-438 (2004-01-10)
Huntington's disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant progressive neurodegenerative disorder resulting in selective neuronal loss and dysfunction in the striatum and cortex. The molecular pathways leading to the selectivity of neuronal cell death in HD are poorly understood. Proteolytic processing...
Nicole Noren Hooten et al.
Mediators of inflammation, 2015, 516783-516783 (2015-07-15)
Since high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) is predictive of cardiovascular events, it is important to examine the relationship between hsCRP and other inflammatory and oxidative stress markers linked to cardiovascular disease (CVD) etiology. Previously, we reported that hsCRP induces the...
Reiko Yamagishi et al.
Molecular vision, 20, 1796-1805 (2015-01-17)
Astaxanthin is a type of carotenoid known to have strong antioxidant effects. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether astaxanthin confers a neuroprotective effect against glutamate stress, oxidative stress, and hypoxia-induced apoptotic or necrotic cell death in primary...
Qiong Chen et al.
PloS one, 9(5), e97403-e97403 (2014-05-21)
Song control nuclei have distinct sexual differences and thus are an ideal model to address how brain areas are sexually differentiated. Through a combination of histological analysis and electrical lesions, we first identified the ventricle site for HVC progenitor cells....
Antón Alvarez et al.
Journal of Alzheimer's disease : JAD, 42(4), 1347-1355 (2014-07-16)
Reduced brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) signaling is considered as a pathogenic event in early Alzheimer's disease (AD), but the influence of apathy and apolipoprotein E ε4 allele (APOE4) on serum BDNF values was not previously investigated in AD. We evaluated...
Érika Cosset et al.
Biomaterials, 53, 296-308 (2015-04-22)
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is the most common cause of congenital infection of the central nervous system (CNS). To overcome the limited access to human neural tissue and stringent species specificity of HCMV, we used engineered neural tissues to: (i) provide...
Chih-Yang Lin et al.
Biochemical pharmacology, 91(4), 522-533 (2014-08-26)
Chondrosarcomas are a type of primary malignant bone cancer, with a potent capacity for local invasion and distant metastasis. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is commonly upregulated during neurogenesis. The aim of the present study was to examine the mechanism involved...
Tian Yang et al.
Molecular and cellular neurosciences, 88, 342-352 (2018-03-20)
CaBP1 is a Ca2+ binding protein that is widely expressed in neurons in the brain, retina, and cochlea. In heterologous expression systems, CaBP1 interacts with and regulates voltage-gated Cav Ca2+ channels but whether this is the case in neurons is...
Bo Tian et al.
Nature cell biology, 11(2), 211-218 (2009-01-20)
The phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase-like kinase ATM (ataxia-telangiectasia mutated) has a central role in coordinating DNA damage responses, including cell-cycle checkpoint control, DNA repair and apoptosis. Mutations of ATM cause a spectrum of defects ranging from neurodegeneration to cancer predisposition. However, the mechanism...
K P Das et al.
Neuroscience, 103(3), 739-761 (2001-03-29)
The present studies were undertaken to characterize the regional and temporal patterns of neurotrophin messenger RNA and protein levels for beta-nerve growth factor, brain-derived neurotrophic factor and neurotrophin-3 in the developing CNS. We have examined the levels of these neurotrophin...
Jian Xin et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 34(21), 7302-7313 (2014-05-23)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and its receptor, tropomyosin-related kinase receptor B (TrkB), play a critical role in memory extinction. However, the detailed role of BDNF in memory extinction on the basis of neural circuit has not been fully understood. Here...
Kelli G Sharp et al.
Experimental neurology, 257, 186-204 (2014-04-22)
As part of the NIH "Facilities of Research Excellence-Spinal Cord Injury" project to support independent replication, we repeated key parts of a study reporting robust engraftment of neural stem cells (NSCs) treated with growth factors after complete spinal cord transection...
Laura Calvo et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 35(18), 7190-7202 (2015-05-08)
The development of the nervous system is a temporally and spatially coordinated process that relies on the proper regulation of the genes involved. Neurotrophins and their receptors are directly responsible for the survival and differentiation of sensory and sympathetic neurons;...
Nuno Jorge Lamas et al.
PloS one, 9(10), e110324-e110324 (2014-10-23)
Human motor neurons derived from embryonic and induced pluripotent stem cells (hESCs and hiPSCs) are a potentially important tool for studying motor neuron survival and pathological cell death. However, their basic survival requirements remain poorly characterized. Here, we sought to...
Makoto Aihara et al.
Molecular vision, 20, 606-615 (2014-05-16)
To investigate the effect of hyperbaric pressure on purified retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) and the additive effect of hyperbaric pressure on glutamate-induced RGC death. An RGC primary culture from 8-day-old Wistar rats was prepared and cultured in a hyperbaric chamber....
G Liu et al.
Molecular neurobiology, 50(2), 673-684 (2014-03-29)
There are currently no known treatment options that actually halt or permanently reverse the pathology evident in any neurodegenerative condition. Arguably, one of the most promising avenues for creating viable neuronal treatments could involve the combined use of cell replacement...
Lisa Oliver et al.
PloS one, 6(5), e19820-e19820 (2011-05-19)
Adult mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can be maintained over extended periods of time before activation and differentiation. Little is known about the programs that sustain the survival of these cells. Undifferentiated adult human MSCs (hMSCs) did not undergo apoptosis in...
Fiorella Carla Grandi et al.
Frontiers in molecular neuroscience, 13, 83-83 (2020-06-12)
In the mature cochlea, each inner hair cell (IHC) is innervated by multiple spiral ganglion neurons of type I (SGNI). SGNIs are morphologically and electro-physiologically diverse. Also, they differ in their susceptibility to noise insult. However, the molecular underpinnings of...
The nerve growth factor family−neurotrophins.
Barde, Y.A. et al.
Guidebook to Cytokines and Their Receptors, 140-143 (1994)
Kosuke Otani et al.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 467(4), 683-689 (2015-10-27)
Tyrosine receptor kinaseB (TrkB) is a high affinity receptor for brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). TrkB isoforms involve full length TrkB (TrkB FL) and truncated TrkB type1 (TrkB T1) and type 2 (TrkB T2) in rats. The aim of present study...
Caged neuron MEA: a system for long-term investigation of cultured neural network connectivity.
Erickson, J., et al.
Journal of Neuroscience Methods, 175 (2008)
Alexander V Kulikov et al.
Pharmacology, biochemistry, and behavior, 122, 266-272 (2014-05-02)
Hereditary catalepsy in mice is accompanied with volume reduction of some brain structures and high vulnerability to inflammatory agents. Here an association between hereditary catalepsy and spatial learning deficit in the Morris water maze (MWM) in adult mouse males of...
Daisuke Shimojo et al.
Molecular brain, 8(1), 79-79 (2015-12-03)
Human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) are being applied in regenerative medicine and for the in vitro modeling of human intractable disorders. In particular, neural cells derived from disease-specific human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) established from patients with neurological disorders...
Edyta Paczkowska et al.
Acta neurobiologiae experimentalis, 75(2), 172-191 (2015-08-04)
Umbilical cord blood (UCB)-derived stem/progenitor cells (SPCs) have demonstrated the potential to improve neurologic function in different experimental models. SPCs can survive after transplantation in the neural microenvironment and indu ce neuroprotection, endogenous neurogenesis by secreting a broad repertoire of...
Paulina Borkowska et al.
European journal of pharmaceutical sciences : official journal of the European Federation for Pharmaceutical Sciences, 73, 81-87 (2015-04-07)
Bone marrow is a valuable source of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) that can be used in regenerative medicine. MSCs are able to differentiate into cells from all three germ layers under specific conditions. The aim of the current work was...
Baptiste Riffault et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 34(40), 13516-13534 (2014-10-03)
GABA is the canonical inhibitory neurotransmitter in the CNS. This inhibitory action is largely mediated by GABA type A receptors (GABAARs). Among the many factors controlling GABAergic transmission, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) appears to play a major role in regulating...
M Czarnecka et al.
Oncogene, 34(24), 3131-3143 (2014-08-19)
Neuroblastoma (NB) is a pediatric tumor of neural crest origin with heterogeneous phenotypes. Although low-stage tumors carry a favorable prognosis, >50% of high-risk NB relapses after treatment with a fatal outcome. Thus developing therapies targeting refractory NB remains an unsolved...
Lisa Oliver et al.
Stem cells and development, 21(15), 2779-2788 (2012-04-24)
Autophagy plays an important role in homeostasis, development, and disease, functioning both as a survival and cell death pathway. However, despite its importance in cell physiology, there is little information about the role of autophagy in stem cells and, in...
Hao-Yun Zhang et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1843(12), 2967-2975 (2014-09-23)
Iron accumulation is observed in the substantia nigra of patients with Parkinson's disease. However, it is unknown whether neurotrophic factors, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) participate in the modulation of neuronal iron metabolism. Here...
Nicola Kuczewski et al.
The European journal of neuroscience, 32(8), 1239-1244 (2010-10-01)
During the last decade, a major role has emerged for brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the translation of intrinsic or sensory-driven synaptic activities into the neuronal network plasticity that sculpts neural circuits. BDNF is released from dendrites and axons in...

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