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Xiaojing Xia et al.
Journal of cellular physiology, 234(10), 18970-18984 (2019-03-28)
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) are both historically important therapeutic agents and important source of new drugs. Halofuginone (HF), a small molecule alkaloid derived from febrifugine, has been shown to exert strong antiproliferative effects that differ markedly among various cell lines....
Yanhong Shi et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 17651-17651 (2015-12-03)
The current therapy on allergic inflammation is unsatisfactory. Probiotics improve the immunity in the body. This study aims to test a hypothesis that administration with Clostridium butyricum (C. butyricum) enforces the effect of specific immunotherapy (SIT) on intestinal allergic inflammation....
Robert O'Brien et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 290(31), 19287-19306 (2015-05-31)
The cascade of events that lead to cognitive decline, motor deficits, and psychiatric symptoms in patients with Huntington disease (HD) is triggered by a polyglutamine expansion in the N-terminal region of the huntingtin (HTT) protein. A significant mechanism in HD...
Fabrizio Carta et al.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters, 21(8), 2521-2526 (2011-03-16)
The inhibition of the β-carbonic anhydrases (CAs, EC from the pathogenic fungi Cryptococcus neoformans (Can2) and Candida albicans (Nce103) with a series of 25 branched aliphatic and aromatic carboxylates has been investigated. Human isoforms hCA I and II were...
Bin Liu et al.
PloS one, 9(8), e106184-e106184 (2014-08-30)
Hepatic ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury is an unavoidable consequence of major liver surgery, especially in liver transplantation with bowel congestion, during which endotoxemia is often evident. The inflammatory response aggravated by endotoxin after I/R contributes to liver dysfunction and failure. The...
Bo Sun et al.
The British journal of nutrition, 122(4), 400-410 (2019-06-18)
Oxidative stress is closely related to metabolic disorders, which can lead to various diseases. Nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a central regulator of oxidative stress. Sodium butyrate (NaB) has been shown to alleviate oxidative stress and insulin resistance...
Ashaq H Najar et al.
Stem cell research, 34, 101370-101370 (2019-01-04)
The current prevalence of diagnosable dementia in India is 1% of people over 60 years (~3.7 million people), but is estimated to increase significantly, as ~15% world's aged population (>65 years) would be resident here by 2020 (Shah et al., 2016). While...
Marisa Granato et al.
Viruses, 11(1) (2018-12-28)
Previous studies have indicated that cytotoxic treatments may induce or not activate viral lytic cycle activation in cancer cells latently infected by Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV). To investigate the molecular mechanisms responsible for such an effect, we compared two cytotoxic...
Bingxin Chu et al.
Veterinary research, 51(1), 99-99 (2020-08-08)
Probiotics as an effective and safe strategy for controlling Salmonella infection are much sought after, while autophagy is a central issue in eliminating intracellular pathogens of intestinal epithelial cells. In this study, an animal model of colitis has been developed...
Kai Liu et al.
PloS one, 9(8), e105309-e105309 (2014-08-30)
Induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells from somatic cells have great potential for regenerative medicine. The efficiency in generation of iPS cells has been significantly improved in recent years. However, the generation of high-quality iPS cells remains of high interest. Consistently...
Somprasong Saenglee et al.
Pharmacological reports : PR, 68(6), 1102-1110 (2016-09-03)
Epigenetic histone modifications are considered as a promising avenue for cancer preventive and therapeutic strategies. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antiproliferative and histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitory activity of selected peanut phenolics, including p-coumaric acid, ferulic acid...
Satoshi Ikema et al.
Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association, 83, 229-236 (2015-07-03)
Okadaic acid is known as a diarrheal shellfish poison. It is thought that there is no specific target organ for okadaic acid after it has been absorbed into the body. However, the details of its pharmacokinetics are still unknown. In...
Sean L Hammond et al.
Neuroscience letters, 607, 83-89 (2015-09-19)
Degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in Parkinson's disease (PD) is associated with decreased expression of the orphan nuclear receptor Nurr1 (NR4A2), which is critical for both homeostasis and development of dopamine (DA) neurons. The synthetic, phytochemical-based compound, 1,1-bis (3'-indolyl)-1-(p-chlorophenyl) methane (C-DIM12)...
Chandrima Gain et al.
PLoS pathogens, 16(2), e1008105-e1008105 (2020-02-25)
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) nuclear oncoprotein EBNA3C is essential for B-cell transformation and development of several B-cell lymphomas particularly those are generated in an immuno-compromised background. EBNA3C recruits ubiquitin-proteasome machinery for deregulating multiple cellular oncoproteins and tumor suppressor proteins. Although EBNA3C...
Kalliopi Moustaka et al.
Nutrients, 11(3) (2019-03-15)
Τhe effect of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, an omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid) upon the proliferation of EoL-1 (Eosinophilic leukemia) cell line was assessed, while additional cellular events during the antiproliferative action were recorded. DHA inhibited EoL-1 cells growth dose-dependently by inducing...
Danielle S Stolzenberg et al.
Endocrinology, 155(9), 3674-3683 (2014-06-17)
In many species, including mice, maternal responsiveness is experience-dependent and permanent, lasting for long periods (months to years). We have shown that after brief exposures to pups, virgin female mice continue to respond maternally toward pups for at least one...
Kazuhiro Takuma et al.
Pharmacology, biochemistry, and behavior, 126, 43-49 (2014-09-23)
We recently showed that prenatal exposure to valproic acid (VPA) in mice causes autism-like behavioral abnormalities, including social interaction deficits, anxiety-like behavior and spatial learning disability, in male offspring. In the present study, we examined the effect of prenatal VPA...
Enrichment of histones from patient samples for mass spectrometry-based analysis of post-translational modifications.
Noberini, et al.
Methods, 184, 19-28 (2020)
Weiming Wang et al.
PloS one, 9(12), e115987-e115987 (2014-12-30)
CCR5, a coreceptor for HIV-1 entry, is a major target for drug and genetic intervention against HIV-1. Genetic intervention strategies have knocked down CCR5 expression levels by shRNA or disrupted the CCR5 gene using zinc finger nucleases (ZFN) or Transcription...
Jingjing Cao et al.
Journal of virology, 89(5), 2777-2791 (2014-12-30)
Microtubule transport of circovirus from the periphery of the cell to the nucleus is essential for viral replication in early infection. How the microtubule is recruited to the viral cargo remains unclear. In this study, we observed that circovirus trafficking...
Rossella Farra et al.
Biochimie, 112, 85-95 (2015-03-10)
The modest efficacy of available therapies for Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) indicates the need to develop novel therapeutic approaches. For the proteasome inhibitor Bortezomib (BZB), potentially attractive for HCC treatment, the mechanism of action is largely unknown. The BZB effect on...
Jialin Jia et al.
International immunopharmacology, 78, 106004-106004 (2019-11-30)
Butyrate has multiple protective effects in inflammation-related intestinal diseases. Previous studies have found that butyrate could inhibit inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis. Inflammation is a pivotal inducement in the degeneration progress of the intervertebral disc. The anti-inflammatory treatment has an apparent...
Dan Huang et al.
Applied microbiology and biotechnology, 99(3), 1399-1413 (2014-12-10)
Lysine acetylation is a dynamic, reversible posttranslational modification that is known to play an important role in regulating the activity of many key enzymes in bacteria. Acetylproteome studies have been performed on some bacteria. However, until now, there have been...
Jose C Paz et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(48), 17116-17121 (2014-11-19)
In the fasted state, increases in catecholamine signaling promote adipocyte function via the protein kinase A-mediated phosphorylation of cyclic AMP response element binding protein (CREB). CREB activity is further up-regulated in obesity, despite reductions in catecholamine signaling, where it contributes...
Ting Wu et al.
Antiviral research, 107, 95-101 (2014-05-14)
Herpesviruses require several cellular proteins for their lytic DNA replication including topoisomerase II (Topo II). Thus, Topo II could be an effective drug target against herpesviral infection. In this study, we examined several Topo II catalytic inhibitors for their potentials...
Maria K Magnusson et al.
Inflammation, 43(2), 507-517 (2019-12-05)
Altered gut microbiota composition and reduced levels of short-chain fatty acids, such as butyrate, have been identified as key components of ulcerative colitis (UC). We aimed to determine and compare effects of butyrate on the intestinal immune profile of UC...
K Cao et al.
Oncogene, 34(49), 5960-5970 (2015-03-10)
The poor efficacy of the in vivo anti-tumor immune response has been partially attributed to ineffective T-cell responses mounted against the tumor. Fas-FasL-dependent activation-induced cell death (AICD) of T cells is believed to be a major contributor to compromised anti-tumor...
Huan Gong et al.
Oncotarget, 6(18), 15882-15890 (2015-05-30)
The risk of developing neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) increases dramatically with age. Understanding the underlying mechanisms of brain aging is crucial for developing preventative and/or therapeutic approaches for age-associated neurological diseases. Recently, it has been suggested that...
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