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Replacement therapy in Addison?s disease
Lovaas K and Husebye ES
Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy (2003)
Russell E Lewis et al.
Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 58(11), 6767-6772 (2014-09-04)
We used two established neutropenic murine models of pulmonary aspergillosis and mucormycosis to explore the association between the posaconazole area under the concentration-time curve (AUC)-to-MIC ratio (AUC/MIC) and treatment outcome. Posaconazole serum pharmacokinetics were verified in infected mice to ensure
Mark J Lee et al.
PLoS pathogens, 11(10), e1005187-e1005187 (2015-10-23)
Of the over 250 Aspergillus species, Aspergillus fumigatus accounts for up to 80% of invasive human infections. A. fumigatus produces galactosaminogalactan (GAG), an exopolysaccharide composed of galactose and N-acetyl-galactosamine (GalNAc) that mediates adherence and is required for full virulence. Less
Lisa K Ryan et al.
Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 58(7), 3820-3827 (2014-04-23)
There is a strong need for new broadly active antifungal agents for the treatment of oral candidiasis that not only are active against many species of Candida, including drug-resistant strains, but also evade microbial countermeasures which may lead to resistance.
B Ekman et al.
Hormone and metabolic research = Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung = Hormones et metabolisme, 42(13), 961-966 (2010-10-07)
Our aim was to investigate the usefulness of circulating levels of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and also salivary cortisol to monitor cortisone substitution in patients with Addison's disease. 13 patients with primary adrenal insufficiency (8 women and 5 men, age 44
Jong Suk Lee et al.
PloS one, 10(2), e0118552-e0118552 (2015-02-26)
Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn (Nymphaeaceae) has long been used as a traditional herb in Chinese, Japanese, Indian, and Korean medicinal practices since prehistoric times and flourishes today as the primary form of medicine. This study reports for the first time the
Benoit Briard et al.
Nature microbiology, 4(2), 316-327 (2018-12-05)
Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis causes substantial mortality in immunocompromised individuals. Recognition of Aspergillus fumigatus by the host immune system leads to activation of the inflammasome, which provides protection against infection. However, regulation of inflammasome activation at the molecular level is poorly
Treatment of acute multiorgan dysfunction occurring in congenital adrenal hyperplasia.
Bing Han et al.
Endocrine, 43(2), 462-463 (2012-09-25)
C Lipowsky et al.
Praxis, 97(2), 77-81 (2008-02-29)
We report on a 19-year-old woman with polyglandular autoimmune syndrome type II (APS II). She was diagnosed with addison's disease and hypothyroidism due to chronic autoimmune thyroiditis. Her mother had celiac disease and her brohter had diabetes mellitus typ 1.
Ricardo P P Moreira et al.
Clinics (Sao Paulo, Brazil), 66(8), 1361-1366 (2011-09-15)
21-hydroxylase deficiency is an autosomal recessive disorder that causes glucocorticoid deficiency and increased androgen production. Treatment is based on glucocorticoid replacement; however, interindividual variability in the glucocorticoid dose required to achieve adequate hormonal control has been observed. The present study
Philipp S Schmalhorst et al.
Eukaryotic cell, 7(8), 1268-1277 (2008-06-17)
The filamentous fungus Aspergillus fumigatus is responsible for a lethal disease called invasive aspergillosis that affects immunocompromised patients. This disease, like other human fungal diseases, is generally treated by compounds targeting the primary fungal cell membrane sterol. Recently, glucan synthesis
D M Dixon et al.
Infection and immunity, 57(5), 1452-1456 (1989-05-01)
We report on a model of primary pulmonary aspergillosis occurring after intranasal instillation of concentrated suspensions of conidia of Aspergillus fumigatus in immunocompromised mice. Unconcentrated suspensions of inoculum contained ca. 2 x 10(7) conidia per ml (1x). These suspensions were
L Barbetta et al.
Journal of endocrinological investigation, 28(7), 632-637 (2005-10-13)
Since the optimal glucocorticoid replacement needs to avoid over and under treatment, the adequacy of different daily cortisone acetate (CA) doses was assessed in 34 patients with primary and central hypoadrenalism. The conventional twice CA 37.5 mg/day dose was administered
Benoit Briard et al.
Nature, 588(7839), 688-692 (2020-12-04)
Inflammasomes are important sentinels of innate immune defence that are activated in response to diverse stimuli, including pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs)1. Activation of the inflammasome provides host defence against aspergillosis2,3, which is a major health concern for patients who are
Gareth G Lavery et al.
Endocrinology, 153(7), 3236-3248 (2012-05-05)
Glucocorticoids (GC) are implicated in the development of metabolic syndrome, and patients with GC excess share many clinical features, such as central obesity and glucose intolerance. In patients with obesity or type 2 diabetes, systemic GC concentrations seem to be
Rohitashw Kumar et al.
Infection and immunity, 83(7), 2614-2626 (2015-04-15)
Candida albicans, a commensal fungus of the oral microbiome, causes oral candidiasis in humans with localized or systemic immune deficiencies. Secreted aspartic proteinases (Saps) are a family of 10 related proteases and are virulence factors due to their proteolytic activity
F Pecori Giraldi et al.
Journal of endocrinological investigation, 28(9), 831-833 (2005-12-24)
Isolated ACTH deficiency is a rare disorder often presenting with long-standing aspecific symptoms combined with unusual clinical presentations. We here describe a patient in whom pericardial effusion was part of the dinical presentation and fully resolved on steroid at replacement
Si Ming Man et al.
Scientific reports, 7, 45126-45126 (2017-03-28)
Caspase-1, also known as interleukin-1β (IL-1β)-converting enzyme (ICE), regulates antimicrobial host defense, tissue repair, tumorigenesis, metabolism and membrane biogenesis. On activation within an inflammasome complex, caspase-1 induces pyroptosis and converts pro-IL-1β and pro-IL-18 into their biologically active forms. "ICE-/-" or
Chi-Hung Wu et al.
Electrophoresis, 28(20), 3691-3696 (2007-09-26)
A novel microemulsion based on a mixture of diethyl L-tartrate (DET) and SDS was developed for the microemulsion EKC (MEEKC) determination of structurally related steroids. The system consisted of 0.5% w/w DET, 1.7% w/w SDS, 1.2% w/w 1-butanol, 89.6% w/w
Walter J Miller et al.
Journal of translational medicine, 2(1), 4-4 (2004-02-03)
Reliable quantitative evaluation of molecular pathways is critical for both drug discovery and treatment monitoring. We have modified the CAM assay to quantitatively measure vascular density, endothelial proliferation, and changes in protein expression in response to anti-angiogenic and pro-angiogenic agents.
Silvia Slesiona et al.
The Journal of infectious diseases, 205(8), 1268-1277 (2012-03-23)
Aspergillus terreus is emerging as a causative agent of life-threatening invasive aspergillosis. Prognosis for affected patients is often worse than for A. fumigatus infections. To study A. terreus-mediated disease, we developed 3 infection models. In embryonated hen's eggs and leucopenic
Large pituitary hyperplasia in severe primary hypothyroidism.
E Passeri et al.
The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism, 96(1), 22-23 (2011-01-07)
Ana Gil-Bona et al.
Journal of proteomics, 127(Pt B), 340-351 (2015-06-19)
The ability to switch from yeast to hyphal growth is essential for virulence in Candida albicans. The cell surface is the initial point of contact between the fungus and the host. In this work, a free-gel proteomic strategy based on
K Mai et al.
Clinical endocrinology, 63(4), 442-449 (2005-09-27)
Free fatty acids (FFAs) induce hepatic insulin resistance and enhance hepatic gluconeogenesis. Glucocorticoids (GCs) also stimulate hepatic gluconeogenesis. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the FFA-induced hepatic insulin resistance is mediated by increased activity of hepatic 11beta-hydroxysteroid
A Stomby et al.
International journal of obesity (2005), 39(5), 814-819 (2014-10-29)
Tissue-specific glucocorticoid metabolism is altered in obesity, and may increase cardiovascular risk. This dysregulation is normalized by short-term calorie restriction and weight loss, an effect that varies with dietary macronutrient composition. However, tissue-specific glucocorticoid metabolism has not been studied during
K Løvås et al.
Journal of endocrinological investigation, 29(8), 727-731 (2006-10-13)
No ideal parameter is available for assessment of the glucocorticoid replacement therapy in Addison's disease. Serum cortisol day-curves can be used to monitor the therapy, but this technique is cumbersome and expensive. We evaluated the potential for saliva cortisol measurement
Tania Tomaselli et al.
European journal of gastroenterology & hepatology, 24(11), 1344-1347 (2012-08-02)
In liver cirrhosis, hepatoadrenal syndrome has been described recently as a progressive impairment in the adrenocortical reserve, with deficient production or action of glucocorticoids resulting in adrenal insufficiency. Data on the treatment of this syndrome are scarce. We report a
C Kristo et al.
Journal of endocrinological investigation, 31(5), 400-405 (2008-06-19)
Cardiovascular disease has been reported to be more common in patients with endogenous Cushing's syndrome (CS) compared to the normal population. In addition to altered lipid profile, inflammation seems to play an important pathogenic role in atherogenesis, but the role
Christine Henry et al.
mBio, 10(1) (2019-02-14)
Fungal cell wall mannans are complex carbohydrate polysaccharides with different structures in yeasts and molds. In contrast to yeasts, their biosynthetic pathway has been poorly investigated in filamentous fungi. In Aspergillus fumigatus, the major mannan structure is a galactomannan that
Norma V Solis et al.
Nature protocols, 7(4), 637-642 (2012-03-10)
Oropharyngeal candidiasis is a frequent cause of morbidity in patients with defects in cell-mediated immunity or saliva production. Animal models of this infection are important for studying disease pathogenesis and evaluating vaccines and antifungal therapies. Here we describe a simple
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