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Showing 1-30 of 108 results for "C5922" within Papers
Natalia Lubina-Dąbrowska et al.
Archivum immunologiae et therapiae experimentalis, 65(4), 325-338 (2017-03-17)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of interferon (IFN)-β1a and IFN-β1b treatment on inflammatory factors and myelin protein levels in the brain cortex of the Lewis rat experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), animal model of multiple sclerosis.
Santra Brenna et al.
Journal of extracellular vesicles, 9(1), 1809065-1809065 (2020-09-19)
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are important means of intercellular communication and a potent tool for regenerative therapy. In ischaemic stroke, transient blockage of a brain artery leads to a lack of glucose and oxygen in the affected brain tissue, provoking neuronal
Shinya Yufune et al.
Scientific reports, 6, 21859-21859 (2016-02-26)
In animal models, neonatal exposure to general anesthetics significantly increased neuronal apoptosis with subsequent behavioral deficits in adulthood. Although the underlying mechanism is largely unknown, involvement of extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERKs) is speculated since ERK phosphorylation is decreased by neonatal
Sergey A Sosunov et al.
Pediatric research, 91(6), 1383-1390 (2021-05-06)
In the developing brain, the death of immature oligodendrocytes (OLs) has been proposed to explain a developmental window for vulnerability to white matter injury (WMI). However, in neonatal mice, chronic sublethal intermittent hypoxia (IH) recapitulates the phenotype of diffuse WMI
Mari Paz Serrano-Regal et al.
Glia, 70(12), 2426-2440 (2022-08-19)
Promoting remyelination is considered as a potential neurorepair strategy to prevent/limit the development of permanent neurological disability in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). To this end, a number of clinical trials are investigating the potential of existing drugs to enhance
Masahiro Otsu et al.
Frontiers in cell and developmental biology, 9, 688283-688283 (2021-09-11)
Embryonic stem cells (ESC) have the potential to generate homogeneous immature cells like stem/progenitor cells, which appear to be difficult to isolate and expand from primary tissue samples. In this study, we developed a simple method to generate homogeneous immature
Patricia Renz et al.
Biomedicines, 10(11) (2022-11-12)
The selection of an appropriate animal model is key to the production of results with optimal relevance to human disease. Particularly in the case of perinatal brain injury, a dearth of affected human neonatal tissue available for research purposes increases
Stephanie Dauth et al.
BMC neuroscience, 12, 74-74 (2011-07-29)
Cathepsin K is a cysteine peptidase known for its importance in osteoclast-mediated bone resorption. Inhibitors of cathepsin K are in clinical trials for treatment of osteoporosis. However, side effects of first generation inhibitors included altered levels of related cathepsins in
Raffaela Cipriani et al.
Journal of neuroinflammation, 14(1), 147-147 (2017-07-26)
FTY720 (fingolimod, Gilenya™) is an oral, blood-brain barrier (BBB)-passing drug approved as immunomodulatory treatment for relapsing-remitting form of the multiple sclerosis (MS). In addition, FTY720 exerts several effects in the central nervous system (CNS), ranging from neuroprotection to reduction of
Marlena Zyśk et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 21(22) (2020-11-18)
The N-acetylaspartate network begins in neurons with N-acetylaspartate production catalyzed by aspartate N-acetyltransferase from acetyl-CoA and aspartate. Clinical studies reported a significant depletion in N-acetylaspartate brain level in type 1 diabetic patients. The main goal of this study was to
Katja A Lüders et al.
Glia, 67(4), 634-649 (2019-01-15)
Proteolipid protein (PLP) is the most abundant integral membrane protein in central nervous system (CNS) myelin. Expression of the Plp-gene in oligodendrocytes is not essential for the biosynthesis of myelin membranes but required to prevent axonal pathology. This raises the
C Zhou et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 21(3), 849-857 (2001-02-07)
We recently cloned a full-length cDNA of the rat ATP-binding cassette transporter 2 (ABC2, or ABCA2) protein, a member of the ABC1 (or ABCA) subfamily (-ABC1/ABCA1 is a causal gene for Tangier disease) and found it to be strongly expressed
Dongchang Xiao et al.
Nature communications, 9(1), 2865-2865 (2018-07-22)
Induced neural stem cells (iNSCs) reprogrammed from somatic cells have great potentials in cell replacement therapies and in vitro modeling of neural diseases. Direct conversion of fibroblasts into iNSCs has been shown to depend on a couple of key neural
Alan Jerusalmi et al.
Molecular therapy : the journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy, 8(6), 886-894 (2003-12-11)
We have initiated studies to determine the feasibility of employing the Semliki Forest virus (SFV) expression system as a central nervous system (CNS) vector. We investigated the effects of infecting Balb/c mice intranasally (i.n.) with recombinant SFV particles expressing the
Sherri S Schultz et al.
Wound repair and regeneration : official publication of the Wound Healing Society [and] the European Tissue Repair Society, 14(2), 224-231 (2006-04-25)
Adult stem cells capable of differentiating into phenotypes from all three dermal layers were isolated from adult rat muscle. Stem cells were obtained by enzymatic digestion, followed by primary culture in Eagle's minimum essential medium +10% preselected horse serum. When
Chau-Fu Cheng et al.
The Journal of comparative neurology, 524(4), 846-873 (2015-08-05)
Subthreshold A-type K(+) currents (ISA s) have been recorded from the somata of nociceptors and spinal lamina II excitatory interneurons, which sense and modulate pain, respectively. Kv4 channels are responsible for the somatodendritic ISA s. Accumulative evidence suggests that neuronal
Ruth Gussenhoven et al.
Journal of neuroinflammation, 15(1), 113-113 (2018-04-21)
Antenatal infection (i.e., chorioamnionitis) is an important risk factor for adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes after preterm birth. Destructive and developmental disturbances of the white matter are hallmarks of preterm brain injury. Understanding the temporal effects of antenatal infection in relation to
Dai-Fei Wu et al.
Journal of neurochemistry, 104(4), 1132-1143 (2007-11-08)
Agonist-induced internalization of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) is an important mechanism for regulating signaling transduction of functional receptors at the plasma membrane. We demonstrate here that both caveolae/lipid-rafts- and clathrin-coated-pits-mediated pathways were involved in agonist-induced endocytosis of the cannabinoid type
Yiyoung Kim et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 22(20) (2021-10-24)
In research on various central nervous system injuries, bazedoxifene acetate (BZA) has shown two main effects: neuroprotection by suppressing the inflammatory response and remyelination by enhancing oligodendrocyte precursor cell differentiation and oligodendrocyte proliferation. We examined the effects of BZA in
Jing-Wei Zhao et al.
The European journal of neuroscience, 29(9), 1853-1869 (2009-05-29)
Brain injury induces gliosis and scar formation; its principal cell types are mainly astrocytes and some oligodendrocytes. The origin of the astrocytes and oligodendrocytes in the scar remains unclear together with the underlying mechanism of their fate choice. We examined
Demetra P Kelenis et al.
Glia, 66(9), 1862-1880 (2018-04-24)
NG2-glia are highly proliferative oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs) that are widely distributed throughout the central nervous system (CNS). During development, NG2-glia predominantly differentiate into oligodendrocytes (OLs) to myelinate axon fibers, but they can also remain as OPCs persisting into the
Tyler A Kokjohn et al.
Journal of neurotrauma, 30(11), 981-997 (2012-12-28)
Dementia pugilistica (DP), a suite of neuropathological and cognitive function declines after chronic traumatic brain injury (TBI), is present in approximately 20% of retired boxers. Epidemiological studies indicate TBI is a risk factor for neurodegenerative disorders including Alzheimer disease (AD)
Shoko Shimizu et al.
Glia, 62(5), 709-724 (2014-02-01)
Recent studies have shown changes in myelin genes and alterations in white matter structure in a wide range of psychiatric disorders. Here we report that DBZ, a central nervous system (CNS)-specific member of the DISC1 interactome, positively regulates the oligodendrocyte
Christina Müller et al.
PloS one, 10(8), e0136900-e0136900 (2015-09-01)
Myelin basic proteins (MBP) are major constituents of the myelin sheath in the central nervous system (CNS) and the peripheral nervous system (PNS). In the CNS Mbp translation occurs locally at the axon-glial contact site in a neuronal activity-dependent manner.
Raquel Bello-Morales et al.
Journal of virology, 92(10) (2018-03-09)
Herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) is a neurotropic pathogen that can infect many types of cells and establishes latent infections in the neurons of sensory ganglia. In some cases, the virus spreads into the central nervous system, causing encephalitis or
Margarita Chumarina et al.
Stem cell research, 19, 17-20 (2017-04-18)
Mouse embryonic stem cell (mESC) lines were derived by crossing heterozygous transgenic (tg) mice expressing green fluorescent protein (GFP) under the control of the rat tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) promoter, with homozygous alpha-synuclein (aSYN) mice expressing human mutant SNCAA53T under the
Nibedita Lenka
Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.), 330, 33-54 (2006-07-19)
The embryonic stem (ES) cells derived from the inner cell mass of the blastula stage embryo bear the complete repertoire of the complex organizational blueprint of an organism. These fascinating cells are bestowed with pluripotent characteristics and can be directed
Annika Bub et al.
Cellular and molecular life sciences : CMLS, 79(6), 329-329 (2022-06-01)
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are lipid bilayer-enclosed structures that represent newly discovered means for cell-to-cell communication as well as promising disease biomarkers and therapeutic tools. Apart from proteins, lipids, and metabolites, EVs can deliver genetic information such as mRNA, eliciting a
Anthony Giampetruzzi et al.
Molecular and cellular neurosciences, 56, 333-341 (2013-07-31)
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is caused by lack of expression of fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP), the product of the Fmr1 gene. In many cases FXS is associated with abnormalities in CNS myelination. Although FMRP is expressed in oligodendrocyte
Katja A Lüders et al.
Glia, 67(4), 634-649 (2019-01-15)
Proteolipid protein (PLP) is the most abundant integral membrane protein in central nervous system (CNS) myelin. Expression of the Plp-gene in oligodendrocytes is not essential for the biosynthesis of myelin membranes but required to prevent axonal pathology. This raises the
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