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Nicholas Kwiatkowski et al.
Nature, 511(7511), 616-620 (2014-07-22)
Tumour oncogenes include transcription factors that co-opt the general transcriptional machinery to sustain the oncogenic state, but direct pharmacological inhibition of transcription factors has so far proven difficult. However, the transcriptional machinery contains various enzymatic cofactors that can be targeted
Alexandra Colin et al.
Current biology : CB, 28(16), 2647-2656 (2018-08-14)
Coordination between actin filaments and microtubules is critical to complete important steps during cell division. For instance, cytoplasmic actin filament dynamics play an active role in the off-center positioning of the spindle during metaphase I in mouse oocytes [1-3] or
Yipin Wu et al.
American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology, 309(7), R747-R756 (2015-08-01)
Inwardly rectifying potassium channels play essential roles in renal physiology across phyla. Barium-sensitive K(+) conductances are found on the basolateral membrane of a variety of insect Malpighian (renal) tubules, including Drosophila melanogaster. We found that barium decreases the lumen-positive transepithelial
Peng Ye et al.
Molecular and cellular biology, 34(18), 3421-3434 (2014-07-09)
The ubiquitin-proteasome pathway degrades ubiquitinated proteins to remove damaged or misfolded protein and thus plays an important role in the maintenance of many important cellular processes. Because the pathway is also crucial for tumor cell growth and survival, proteasome inhibition
Joseph Verdi et al.
Cell host & microbe, 28(1), 79-88 (2020-05-18)
Trypanosomiasis is a devastating neglected tropical disease affecting livestock and humans. Humans are susceptible to two Trypanosoma brucei subspecies but protected from other trypanosomes by circulating high-density lipoprotein (HDL) complexes called trypanosome lytic factors (TLFs) 1 and 2. TLFs contain
Valery Kh Akparov et al.
The FEBS journal, 282(7), 1214-1224 (2015-01-27)
The crystal structures of carboxypeptidase T (CpT) complexes with phenylalanine and arginine substrate analogs - benzylsuccinic acid and (2-guanidinoethylmercapto)succinic acid - were determined by the molecular replacement method at resolutions of 1.57 Å and 1.62 Å to clarify the broad
Joanna Czarnecka et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 822(1-2), 85-90 (2005-07-05)
New method of qualitative and quantitative analysis of nucleotides in human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), based on the combination of extraction of purines and pyrimidines to the solid phase (SPE) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), was proposed. Use of SPE and
S Peter et al.
Journal of physiology and pharmacology : an official journal of the Polish Physiological Society, 66(3), 449-462 (2015-06-19)
After parturition, uterine bacterial infections lead to inflammatory processes such as subclinical/clinical endometritis with high prevalence in dairy cows. Endometrial epithelial cells participate in this immune response with the production of pro-inflammatory factors. The objective of the present study was
Tiago Sousa et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 103(10), 3171-3175 (2014-08-06)
Azo-bonded prodrugs of 5-aminosalicylic acid (mesalazine)-sulfasalazine, balsalazide, and olsalazine, which are used in the treatment of ulcerative colitis, rely on colonic bacteria to cleave the azo bond and liberate the active drug in the large intestine. The aim of this
Rebecca E Tweedell et al.
Nature protocols, 15(10), 3284-3333 (2020-09-09)
Inflammasomes are multimeric heterogeneous mega-Dalton protein complexes that play key roles in the host innate immune response to infection and sterile insults. Assembly of the inflammasome complex following infection or injury begins with the oligomerization of the upstream inflammasome-forming sensor
Angela Fülbier et al.
Stem cell research & therapy, 5(5), 113-113 (2014-10-11)
Adipose-derived stroma cells (ASCs) are attractive cells for cell-based gene therapy but are generally difficult to transfect. Nucleofection has proven to be an efficient method for transfection of primary cells. Therefore, we used this technique to transfect ASCs with a
Biochemistry: Oxidation controls the DUB step.
Michael J Clague
Nature, 497(7447), 49-50 (2013-05-03)
Borna Ghosh et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 288(24), 17420-17431 (2013-05-04)
General anesthetics exert many of their CNS actions by binding to and modulating membrane-embedded pentameric ligand-gated ion channels (pLGICs). The structural mechanisms underlying how anesthetics modulate pLGIC function remain largely unknown. GLIC, a prokaryotic pLGIC homologue, is inhibited by general
Jason S McLellan et al.
Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6158), 592-598 (2013-11-02)
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the leading cause of hospitalization for children under 5 years of age. We sought to engineer a viral antigen that provides greater protection than currently available vaccines and focused on antigenic site Ø, a metastable
L Zhang et al.
Neurogastroenterology and motility : the official journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society, 27(9), 1274-1281 (2015-06-20)
The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the synthesis of endogenous hydrogen sulfide (H2 S) was altered in achalasia patients and to determine the effects of H2 S on esophageal motility. (1) Tissue samples in lower esophageal
Marc Y Fink et al.
Current protocols in microbiology, 57(1), e102-e102 (2020-06-10)
Giardia lamblia is a protozoan parasite that is found ubiquitously throughout the world and is a major contributor to diarrheal disease. Giardia exhibits a biphasic lifestyle existing as either a dormant cyst or a vegetative trophozoite. Infections are typically initiated
Nitric oxide quenches the fire in heart mitochondria.
Paul T Schumacker
Nature medicine, 19(6), 666-667 (2013-06-08)
Pravin Kesarwani et al.
Cancer research, 74(21), 6036-6047 (2014-08-29)
Ex vivo-expanded CD8(+) T cells used for adoptive immunotherapy generally acquire an effector memory-like phenotype (TEM cells). With regard to therapeutic applications, two undesired features of this phenotype in vivo are limited persistence and reduced antitumor efficacy, relative to CD8(+)
Rebecca Lamb et al.
Oncotarget, 6(7), 4585-4601 (2015-02-12)
We have used an unbiased proteomic profiling strategy to identify new potential therapeutic targets in tumor-initiating cells (TICs), a.k.a., cancer stem cells (CSCs). Towards this end, the proteomes of mammospheres from two breast cancer cell lines were directly compared to
[Targeted effect profile - proven effectiveness].
MMW Fortschritte der Medizin, 155(5), 70-71 (2013-05-10)
Patrycja Kurowska et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 21(24) (2020-12-12)
Oocyte maturation is a critical stage in embryo production and female reproduction. The aims of this study were to determine: (i) the mRNA and protein expression of vaspin and its receptor 78-kDa glucose-regulated (GRP78) in porcine cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) by
Anna Wonnerth et al.
Metabolism: clinical and experimental, 63(5), 647-653 (2014-03-19)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a key cytokine in inflammatory diseases. It exerts its biological function via binding to a homodimer of its signal transducer glycoprotein 130 (gp130). Soluble gp130 (sgp130) is the natural inhibitor of IL-6 trans-signalling. The aim of this
Pedro L Martinez-Espinosa et al.
eLife, 4 (2015-11-13)
Two mammalian genes, Kcnt1 and Kcnt2, encode pore-forming subunits of Na(+)-dependent K(+) (KNa) channels. Progress in understanding KNa channels has been hampered by the absence of specific tools and methods for rigorous KNa identification in native cells. Here, we report
Pelin Onsekizoglu Bagci et al.
Journal of food science, 80(9), N2071-N2078 (2015-08-05)
Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) were synthesized at room temperature following a simple, rapid, and green route using fresh-squeezed apple juice as a reducing reagent. The optimal AuNPs, based on the particle color, stability, and color change suitable for colorimetric detection of
Amy I Yu et al.
Cell reports, 31(1), 107471-107471 (2020-04-09)
There is increasing evidence that gut microbiome perturbations, also known as dysbiosis, can influence colorectal cancer development. To understand the mechanisms by which the gut microbiome modulates cancer susceptibility, we examine two wild-type mouse colonies with distinct gut microbial communities
Daniel Tamarit et al.
Genome biology and evolution, 7(6), 1455-1473 (2015-05-09)
Lactobacillus kunkeei is the most abundant bacterial species in the honey crop and food products of honeybees. The 16 S rRNA genes of strains isolated from different bee species are nearly identical in sequence and therefore inadequate as markers for
Cytoskeletal and synaptic polarity of LWamide-like+ ganglion neurons in the sea anemone Nematostella vectensis.
Stone, et al.
The Journal of Experimental Biology, 223 (2021)
Matthias Fellner et al.
Analytical biochemistry, 459, 56-60 (2014-05-27)
A fast and easy method for enzyme activity assays using the chromogenic Ellman reagent, 5,5'-dithiobis(2-nitrobenzoic acid), was developed. The method was used to measure the activity of the nonheme mono-iron enzyme cysteine dioxygenase. Quantifying the depletion of the substrate, cysteine
Alan Tseng et al.
Cartilage, 5(4), 241-251 (2015-06-13)
Our goal was to engineer cartilage in vivo using auricular chondrocytes that underwent clinically relevant expansion and using methodologies that could be easily translated into health care practice. Sheep and human chondrocytes were isolated from auricular cartilage biopsies and expanded
Luc A Cynober
Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.), 18(9), 761-766 (2002-09-26)
The plasma concentration of an amino acid (AA) is the result of its rates of appearance (Ra) in and disappearance (Rd) from plasma. As for most nutrients, AA Ra and Rd are tightly regulated and at the postabsorptive state Ra
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