Showing 1-30 of 33 results for "


G Sesia et al.
Minerva urologica e nefrologica = The Italian journal of urology and nephrology, 44(3), 217-218 (1992-07-01)
A clinical trial was carried out in 150 patients with lower urinary tract infections in order to compare the efficacy and tolerability of three quinolone drugs (cinoxacin, ciprofloxacin, pefloxacin). The satisfactory therapeutic efficacy of all three drugs is underlined, as...
Ming-Cheng Tai et al.
Journal of ocular pharmacology and therapeutics : the official journal of the Association for Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 19(6), 547-554 (2004-01-22)
To investigate the corneal and scleral permeability of nalidixic acid and synthesized fluoroquinolones and their in vivo pharmacokinetics in rabbits. The corneal and scleral permeability coefficients of ciprofloxacin, norfloxacin, cinoxacin, enoxacin, and ofloxacin were determined in rabbits using high performance...
A Tosto et al.
Minerva urologica e nefrologica = The Italian journal of urology and nephrology, 41(4), 271-273 (1989-10-01)
Forty-three young men from the Italian army underwent urodynamic tests following the diagnosis of enuresis. Of these, 37 were included in an assessment trial to define the rationale for early anti-bacterial therapy following the test. The subjects were subdivided into...
M Ruíz et al.
Journal of inorganic biochemistry, 69(4), 231-239 (1998-07-09)
Several cinoxacin (HCx) complexes with divalent metal ions have been prepared and characterized by spectroscopic techniques. The crystal structure of [Cd2(Cx)4(H2O)2].10H2O has been determined by X-ray diffraction. The complex is triclinic, space group P1 with unit-cell dimensions: a = 10.412(2)...
O Quercia et al.
European annals of allergy and clinical immunology, 35(2), 61-63 (2003-04-04)
Cinoxacin is an oral synthetic antibacterial agent, of the second generation quinolones group, with excellent efficacy in respiratory, intra-abdominal, pelvic, and skin and soft tissue infections. Overall, quinolones are well tolerated drugs, although phototoxicity and photoallergenicity is well demonstrated experimentally....
Franklin Vargas et al.
Journal of photochemistry and photobiology. B, Biology, 92(2), 83-90 (2008-06-20)
We have synthesized two naphthyl ester quinolone derivates and determined their ability to generate reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as (1)O(2), ()OH, H(2)O(2) upon photolysis with UV-A light. The ability of cinoxacin (1) and nalidixic acid (2), and their naphthyl...
Lucija Peterlin-Masic et al.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters, 13(5), 789-794 (2003-03-06)
The design, synthesis and biological activity of non-covalent thrombin inhibitors incorporating 4,5,6,7-tetrahydroindazole, 2-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydroindazole, 4,5,6,7-tetrahydroisoindole, 5,6,7,8-tetrahydroquinazoline and 5,6,7,8-tetrahydroquinazolin-2-amine as novel, partially saturated, heterobicyclic P(1)-arginine side-chain mimetics is described. The binding mode of the most potent candidate in the series co-crystallized with...
D R Guay
Drug intelligence & clinical pharmacy, 16(12), 916-921 (1982-12-01)
Cinoxacin, a synthetic organic acid antibacterial agent, related structurally to nalidixic and oxolinic acid, has been approved for the treatment of initial and recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs) caused by susceptible gram-negative microorganisms. The role of cinoxacin in the treatment...
Kazuaki Arai et al.
The Journal of antimicrobial chemotherapy, 66(3), 494-498 (2010-12-22)
Streptococcus pyogenes causes various diseases in humans. While the prevalence of fluoroquinolone-resistant S. pyogenes isolates has been increasing since 2000 in the USA and Europe, it has remained very low in Japan. We isolated a fluoroquinolone-resistant S. pyogenes strain and...
Henoch-Schönlein purpura induced by fluoroquinolones.
F Drago et al.
The British journal of dermatology, 131(3), 448-448 (1994-09-01)
A Trichilis et al.
European journal of drug metabolism and pharmacokinetics, 25(2), 73-78 (2000-12-09)
Administration of antibiotics is considered an important factor during, or after, operational procedures in the maxillofacial area, in order to avoid post-surgical complications. In the present study, the levels of quinolones in serum and tissues such as the parotid gland...
Igor A Parshikov et al.
FEMS microbiology letters, 214(1), 133-136 (2002-09-03)
The ability of the fungus Beauveria bassiana ATCC 7159 to transform the antibacterial agent cinoxacin was investigated. Cultures in sucrose-peptone broth were dosed with cinoxacin, grown for 20 days, and then extracted with ethyl acetate. Two metabolites were detected and...
Ibeth C Romero et al.
The Journal of parasitology, 91(6), 1474-1479 (2006-03-17)
We have demonstrated that fluoroquinolones, a class of antibacterial agents that act through inhibition of type II DNA topoisomerases, exert selective action against intracellular amastigotes of Leishmania (Viannia) panamensis at concentrations that are achievable in vivo. Drug cytotoxicity assays employing...
Improved susceptibilities to cinoxacin and other antimicrobial agents of some Providencia species re-identified on the basis of fermentation of polyhydric alcohols.
G Cornaglia et al.
Journal of chemotherapy (Florence, Italy), 1(4 Suppl), 29-32 (1989-07-01)
M Di Mauro et al.
Minerva medica, 81(1-2), 69-74 (1990-01-01)
A mass screening of 600 diabetic revealed 240 (190 female and 50 male) with urinary infections. The comparative antibiotic efficacy (elimination) and tolerability of Cinoxacin and Norfloxacin were assessed in the treatment of these patients. The traditional protocol (2 daily...
I Durán Merás et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 787(1-2), 119-127 (1998-01-31)
An HPLC method with ultraviolet and fluorimetric detection has been established for the separation and determination of six quinolonic and cinolonic antibiotics. A Nova-Pak C18 column (150 x 3.9 mm) and a Waters 486 UV and a Waters 470 fluorescence...
I Durán Merás et al.
The Analyst, 125(8), 1471-1476 (2000-09-26)
Nalidixic acid, 7-hydroxymethylnalidixic acid, oxolinic acid, pipemidic acid and cinoxacine form complexes with zinc(II) in the presence of acetate buffer of pH 5.5 and oxolinic acid, pipemidic acid and cinoxacine form complexes with aluminium(III) in the presence of chloroacetate buffer...
U Neugebauer et al.
Spectrochimica acta. Part A, Molecular and biomolecular spectroscopy, 61(7), 1505-1517 (2005-04-12)
Quinolones are important gyrase inhibitors. Even though they are used as active agents in many antibiotics, the detailed mechanism of action on a molecular level is so far not known. It is of greatest interest to shed light on this...
G Fischetti et al.
Minerva urologica e nefrologica = The Italian journal of urology and nephrology, 42(4), 211-213 (1990-10-01)
The paper examines to treatment of 40 cases of urinary infections and compares the efficacy of pipemidic acid, norfloxacin, cinoxacin and ofloxacin. All these compounds demonstrated a good level of therapeutic efficacy, both in terms of management and effectiveness; in...
T S Sisca et al.
Drugs, 25(6), 544-569 (1983-06-01)
Cinoxacin is a urinary antibacterial drug closely related structurally to nalidixic acid. It has a spectrum of in vitro antibacterial activity which qualitatively resembles that of the latter agent, covering most common Gram-negative pathogens, excluding Pseudomonas. In acute or recurrent...
J M Scavone et al.
Pharmacotherapy, 2(5), 266-272 (1982-09-01)
Cinoxacin, a chemotherapeutic agent that inhibits bacterial DNA synthesis, has recently been approved for the treatment of initial and recurrent bacterial urinary tract infections. Although closely related to nalidixic acid, cinoxacin possesses some distinct characteristics: rapid attainment of therapeutic urinary...
Alan R Katritzky et al.
Organic & biomolecular chemistry, 7(11), 2359-2362 (2009-05-23)
Optically pure conjugates of quinolone antibiotics with naturally occurring amino acids are synthesized in 40-98% yields.
Dang Kim Pham et al.
EcoHealth, 12(3), 480-489 (2015-01-07)
Vietnam is an important producer of aquaculture products, and aquatic products are essential to the Vietnamese diet. However, Vietnam also has very little enforced regulation pertaining to antibiotic usage in domestic aquaculture, which raises concerns for antibiotic resistance in pathogenic...
G Mendoza-Díaz et al.
Journal of inorganic biochemistry, 64(3), 207-214 (1996-11-15)
Studies of complexation equilibria of the antibiotic anions nalidixate and cinoxacinate with [Cu(phen)]2+ and [Cu(bipy)]2+ are reported. These studies indicate that the stability of this type of complex is strongly related to the metal environment. A correlation between the stability...
A De Sarro et al.
General pharmacology, 24(6), 1393-1401 (1993-11-01)
1. The effects of some anticonvulsant drugs against seizures induced by a combined treatment with aminophylline and quinolone in genetically epilepsy-prone rat have been investigated. 2. Animals were intraperitoneally pretreated with carbamazepine, diazepam, phenobarbital, CPPene and dizocilpine or saline and...
M Ruiz et al.
Journal of inorganic biochemistry, 59(4), 801-810 (1995-09-01)
The structural and spectroscopic properties of a new copper (II) complex of cinoxacin (HCx) have been investigated. The complex [Cu(Cx)2].2H2O crystallizes in the monoclinic system, space group P2(1)/c. The cell dimensions are: a = 7.998(2), b = 7.622(1), c =...
H S Brand et al.
Clinical and experimental rheumatology, 8(4), 393-395 (1990-07-01)
Explants of immature bovine articular cartilage were exposed to nalidixic acid, pipemidic acid and cinoxacin at one and ten times the human therapeutic plasma level for 7 days. Only nalidixic acid had significant effects on the chondrocyte metabolism. 20 micrograms/ml...
S Jariyawat et al.
The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics, 290(2), 672-677 (1999-07-20)
In the present study, we investigated the interactions between antibiotics, especially beta-lactam antibiotics, and rat renal organic anion transporter 1 (OAT1). [(14)C]p-Aminohippurate (PAH) uptake via OAT1 expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes was inhibited by all of the penicillins and cephalosporins...
Paulina Pávez et al.
Photochemistry and photobiology, 83(3), 511-519 (2006-11-30)
The photophysical behavior of the quinolone antibiotics, oxolinic (OX), cinoxacin (CNX) and pipemidic (PM) acids was studied as a function of pH and solvent properties. The ground state of these compounds exhibits different protonated forms, which also exist in the...
Qiang Xue et al.
Environmental science and pollution research international, 22(21), 16857-16867 (2015-06-25)
An optimized solid-phase extraction (SPE) and ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-electrospray tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) method was developed for the effective analysis of 35 antibiotics including sulfonamides (SAs), quinolones (QLs), tetracyclines (TCs), macrolides (MALs), lincomycin (LIN), and chloramphenicol (CAP). The addition...