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Mitsuhiro Tsujiwaki et al.
Medical molecular morphology, 48(1), 33-43 (2014-04-17)
The liver comprises hepatocytes and non-parenchymal cells such as bile duct epithelial cells. Claudin-4 and -7 are not expressed in hepatocytes under physiological conditions. It was reported that claudin-7 increased in human pulmonary fibroses. We therefore investigated claudin-4 and -7...
Jane Ru Choi et al.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 448(2), 218-224 (2014-05-03)
Adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) have been found adapted to a specific niche with low oxygen tension (hypoxia) in the body. As an important component of this niche, oxygen tension has been known to play a critical role in the maintenance...
Aprepitant versus dexamethasone to prevent delayed emesis after chemotherapy.
Terry L Ng et al.
Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology, 32(20), 2184-2185 (2014-06-11)
Ying Wei et al.
Journal of ethnopharmacology, 164, 368-377 (2015-01-28)
Bu-Shen-Yi-Qi formulae (BSYQF) are frequently used in the treatment of chronic inflammatory diseases in the respiratory system in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). However, the regulatory effect of BSYQF on T helper 17 (Th17) and regulatory T (Treg) cells in murine...
T Maślanka et al.
Polish journal of veterinary sciences, 16(2), 219-222 (2013-08-27)
Recently, we found that dexamethasone caused a depletion of CD25- CD4+ T cells, but it increased the number of CD25highCD4+ and CD25lowCD4+ T cells. We also determined meloxicam-induced increase in the number of CD25highCD4+ T cells. In view of this...
Pimchanok Pimton et al.
Stem cells and development, 24(5), 663-676 (2014-09-17)
We investigated the effects of hypoxia on spontaneous (SP)- and activin A (AA)-induced definitive endoderm (DE) differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs) and their subsequent differentiation into distal pulmonary epithelial cells. SP differentiation for 6 days of mESCs toward...
Xiu-Jun Liu et al.
PloS one, 9(12), e115790-e115790 (2014-12-23)
The tumor microenvironment plays a crucial role during tumor development. Integrated combination of drugs that target tumor microenvironment is a promising approach to anticancer therapy. Here, we report a multifunctional combination of low-cytotoxic drugs composed of dipyridamole, bestatin and dexamethasone...
Maike Ter Wolbeek et al.
Brain, behavior, and immunity, 45, 128-138 (2014-12-03)
Neonatal glucocorticoid (GC) treatment is used to prevent bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in prematurely born babies. In the 1990s, treatment regimens with relatively high doses of dexamethasone (DEX) were common. As an alternative, hydrocortisone (HC) was used. Earlier, we compared long-term...
Kota Ohashi et al.
[Rinsho ketsueki] The Japanese journal of clinical hematology, 54(7), 670-674 (2013-08-06)
We report a 53-year-old male with POEMS (polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal gammopathy, and skin changes) syndrome who relapsed after autologous peripheral stem cell transplantation (ASCT), but responded extremely well to lenalidomide (LEN) plus low dose dexamethasone (Ld) therapy. The patient...
Justin L Eddy et al.
Cellular immunology, 290(1), 120-130 (2014-07-01)
Although glucocorticoids are well known for their capacity to suppress the immune response, glucocorticoids can also promote immune responsiveness. It was the purpose of this investigation to evaluate the molecular basis for this apparent dichotomous immunologic effect. Glucocorticoid treatment of...
Matteo Centola et al.
Tissue engineering. Part C, Methods, 21(4), 394-403 (2014-09-17)
Enzymatic isolation of chondrocytes from a cartilage biopsy is the first step to establish in vitro models of chondrogenesis or to generate cell-based grafts for cartilage repair. Such process is based on manually operated procedures and typically results in yields...
D Rendina et al.
Minerva endocrinologica, 38(2), 211-215 (2013-06-05)
Multiple symmetric lipomatosis (MSL, OMIM 151800), is a rare disease characterised by the growth of uncapsulated masses of abnormal adipose tissue around the neck, shoulders or other parts of the trunk and typically associated with high ethanol intake. We describe...
Lotfi Benboubker et al.
The New England journal of medicine, 371(10), 906-917 (2014-09-04)
The combination melphalan-prednisone-thalidomide (MPT) is considered a standard therapy for patients with myeloma who are ineligible for stem-cell transplantation. However, emerging data on the use of lenalidomide and low-dose dexamethasone warrant a prospective comparison of the two approaches. We randomly...
Mary M Cranmer-Byng et al.
Applied physiology, nutrition, and metabolism = Physiologie appliquee, nutrition et metabolisme, 40(2), 142-154 (2015-02-03)
Long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5n-3, EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (22:6n-3, DHA), have known anti-inflammatory effects, including the modulation of adipose tissue-derived inflammatory mediators (i.e., adipokines) implicated in obesity-related pathologies, such as insulin resistance. Less is known...
Jing Gong et al.
Xi bao yu fen zi mian yi xue za zhi = Chinese journal of cellular and molecular immunology, 29(6), 561-564 (2013-06-12)
To observe the expressions of IL-21 and its receptor (IL-21R) in the lungs of chronic asthmatic mice, and investigate the effects of dexamethasone (Dex) on their expressions. Thirty-three specific pathogen free (SPF) BALB/c female mice were randomly divided into control...
Jayasingh Chellammal Hanish Singh et al.
Pharmaceutical biology, 53(5), 630-636 (2014-12-05)
Vanillic acid (VA), a flavoring agent used in food and drug products, obtained naturally from the plant Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels (Apiaceae), used in the traditional Chinese medicine. It is reported to possess strong antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and neuroprotective effects. However...
Kai Sun et al.
Scientific reports, 4, 6494-6494 (2014-09-30)
Cell-based therapies (CBTs) are considered the effective approaches to treat liver failure. However, which cell type is the most suitable source of CBTs for acute liver failure (ALF) or chronic liver failure (CLF) remains unclear. To investigate this, mature hepatocytes...
Srinivas Rao Chennamaneni et al.
Pharmaceutical research, 31(11), 3179-3190 (2014-06-21)
To advance therapy for the treatment of concurrent uveitis and post-cataract surgical inflammation; we evaluated pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of Bioerodible Dexamethasone Implant (BDI) containing 0.3 mg of dexamethasone (DXM) in Concanavalin A (Con A) induced uveitis followed by phacoemulsification in...
Christina Maria Anna Pia Schuh et al.
Cytotherapy, 16(12), 1666-1678 (2014-09-02)
Adipose-derived progenitor/stem cells (ASCs) are discussed as a promising candidate for various tissue engineering approaches. However, its applicability for the clinic is still difficult due to intra- and inter-donor heterogeneity and limited life span in vitro, influencing differentiation capacity as...
Anne Laure Gamblin et al.
Acta biomaterialia, 10(12), 5139-5147 (2014-09-10)
The pathologies of the skeleton have a significant socioeconomic impact on our population. Although therapies have improved the treatment of osteosarcoma and osteoporosis, their efficacy still remains limited. In this context, we developed a miniaturized 3-D culture model of bone...
Cara E Toscan et al.
Journal of biomolecular screening, 19(10), 1391-1401 (2014-08-12)
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common pediatric malignancy. Glucocorticoids (e.g., dexamethasone) form a critical component of chemotherapy regimens for pediatric ALL, and the initial response to glucocorticoid therapy is a major prognostic factor, where resistance is predictive of...
Eun Hyoung Shim et al.
International journal of clinical and experimental pathology, 8(1), 458-465 (2015-03-11)
Jea-Ma-Chung-Sim-Youn-Ja-Tang (JCST), one of herbal formulae, is modified prescription base on Chung-Sim-Youn-Ja-Tang (CST) which treats cerebrovascular disease for the Tae-Eum-In (TE). This study was designed to determine the anti-inflammatory and anti-adipogenesis effect of CST and JCST in vitro. CST and...
Françoise I Bussière et al.
PloS one, 10(2), e0116509-e0116509 (2015-02-18)
E. tenella infection is associated with a severe intestinal disease leading to high economic losses in poultry industry. Mitogen activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are implicated in early response to infection and are divided in three pathways: p38, extracellular signal-regulated protein...
Nayera H K El Sherif et al.
Journal of pediatric hematology/oncology, 36(7), 518-523 (2014-08-12)
Endothelial dysfunction has been reported in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). The aim of this study is to assess Von Willebrand Factor antigen (VWF antigen) and Factor VIII (FVIII) in newly diagnosed ALL patients, in relation to peripheral blast...
Yu-Hua Chao et al.
PloS one, 9(10), e110338-e110338 (2014-10-23)
Sepsis remains an important cause of death worldwide, and vigorous immune responses during sepsis could be beneficial for bacterial clearance but at the price of collateral damage to self tissues. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been found to modulate the...
Stephen H Poor et al.
Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 55(10), 6525-6534 (2014-09-11)
We attempted to reproduce published studies that evaluated whether the following factors influence choroidal neovascularization (CNV) induced by laser photocoagulation in murine retinas: small interfering RNA (siRNA), cobra venom factor, complement factors C3 and C5, and complement receptor C5aR. In...
Clinically relevant genetic advances in endocrinology.
Angela Rogers et al.
Clinical medicine (London, England), 13(3), 299-305 (2013-06-14)
Chao H Yang et al.
JAMA dermatology, 150(4), 426-428 (2014-02-21)
Cryoglobulins are cold-precipitating immunoglobulins that occur secondary to lymphoproliferative disorders, chronic viral infections, and autoimmune disorders. The treatment of cryoglobulinemia should target the underlying disorder; however, such an approach may be difficult, and therapeutic options remain limited for type I...
Ji-Feng Xu et al.
PloS one, 9(12), e114627-e114627 (2014-12-17)
The physiological role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in osteoblast differentiation remains elusive. Exosomal miRNAs isolated from human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) culture were profiled using miRNA arrays containing probes for 894 human matured miRNAs. Seventy-nine miRNAs (∼8.84%) could be...
Anja Baumann et al.
Molecular immunology, 64(1), 76-81 (2014-12-04)
Symptoms of allergic attacks frequently exhibit diurnal variations. Accordingly, we could recently demonstrate that mast cells and eosinophils - known as major effector cells of allergic diseases - showed an intact circadian clock. Here, we analyzed the role of the...
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