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Colin P Churchward et al.
The Journal of pharmacy and pharmacology, 67(3), 364-371 (2014-12-17)
Mycoplasma mycoides subspecies capri is one of the causative agents of contagious agalactia in goats. The disease is characterised by mastitis, pneumonia, arthritis, keratitis and in acute cases septicaemia. No vaccine is currently available that has been demonstrated to prevent
Carville G Bevans et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1830(8), 4202-4210 (2013-04-27)
Warfarin directly inhibits vitamin K 2,3-epoxide reductase (VKOR) enzymes. Since the early 1970s, warfarin inhibition of vitamin K 2,3-epoxide reductase complex subunit 1 (VKORC1), an essential enzyme for proper function of blood coagulation in higher vertebrates, has been studied using
A A Vorster et al.
Clinical genetics, 87(5), 492-495 (2014-04-29)
Spondyloepimetaphyseal dysplasia with joint laxity (SEMD-JL), type 1 is an autosomal recessive disorder which has been identified in more than 30 affected children in the Afrikaans-speaking community of South Africa. Sequencing of B3GALT6 revealed a specific mutation, c.235A > G, in homozygous
Falk Kunkel et al.
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 20(11), 20805-20822 (2015-11-28)
DNA methyltransferases (MTases) catalyze the transfer of the activated methyl group of the cofactor S-adenosyl-l-methionine (AdoMet or SAM) to the exocyclic amino groups of adenine or cytosine or the C5 ring atom of cytosine within specific DNA sequences. The DNA
Vania Figueroa et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1828(3), 1169-1179 (2012-12-25)
Connexin hemichannel (Cx HC) opening is involved in physiological and pathological processes, allowing the cellular release of autocrine/paracrine signaling molecules. Linoleic acid (LA) is known to modulate the functional state of connexin46 (Cx46) HCs. However, the molecular mechanism involved in
Alessio Grimaldi et al.
Communications biology, 3(1), 85-85 (2020-02-27)
Here, we developed an unbiased, functional target-discovery platform to identify immunogenic proteins from primary non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells that had been induced to apoptosis by cisplatin (CDDP) treatment in vitro, as compared with their live counterparts. Among the
Kuang Shen et al.
Cell, 179(6), 1319-1329 (2019-11-11)
mTORC1 controls anabolic and catabolic processes in response to nutrients through the Rag GTPase heterodimer, which is regulated by multiple upstream protein complexes. One such regulator, FLCN-FNIP2, is a GTPase activating protein (GAP) for RagC/D, but despite its important role
Micheline Guillotte et al.
PloS one, 10(7), e0134292-e0134292 (2015-07-30)
Adhesion of Plasmodium falciparum-infected red blood cells (iRBC) to human erythrocytes (i.e. rosetting) is associated with severe malaria. Rosetting results from interactions between a subset of variant PfEMP1 (Plasmodium falciparum erythrocyte membrane protein 1) adhesins and specific erythrocyte receptors. Interfering
Carl M Sellgren et al.
Nature neuroscience, 22(3), 374-385 (2019-02-06)
Synapse density is reduced in postmortem cortical tissue from schizophrenia patients, which is suggestive of increased synapse elimination. Using a reprogrammed in vitro model of microglia-mediated synapse engulfment, we demonstrate increased synapse elimination in patient-derived neural cultures and isolated synaptosomes.
Kathy Saraiva-Pava et al.
World journal of gastroenterology, 21(21), 6526-6542 (2015-06-16)
To establish a cellular model correctly mimicking the gastric epithelium to overcome the limitation in the study of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection. Aiming to overcome this limitation, clones of the heterogenic cancer-derived NCI-N87 cell line were isolated, by stably-transducing
Xueqian Liu et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 288(10), 7230-7240 (2013-01-25)
In Pichia pastoris, the peroxisomal targeting signal 2 (PTS2)-dependent peroxisomal matrix protein import pathway requires the receptor, Pex7, and its co-receptor Pex20. A conserved lysine (Lys(19)) near the N terminus of Pex20 is required for its polyubiquitination and proteasomal degradation
Maria Gschwandtner et al.
The Journal of investigative dermatology, 134(8), 2192-2201 (2014-04-04)
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), an important part of the innate immune system, are crucial for defense against invading microorganisms. Whereas AMPs have been extensively studied in adult skin, little is known about the impact of AMPs in the developing human skin.
Je-Hung Kuo et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 288(19), 13522-13533 (2013-03-29)
CXCL4L1 is a highly potent anti-angiogenic and anti-tumor chemokine, and its structural information is unknown. CXCL4L1 x-ray structure is determined, and it reveals a previously unrecognized chemokine structure adopting a novel C-terminal helix conformation. The alternative helix conformation enhances the
Qi Yin et al.
Journal of biomedical nanotechnology, 11(10), 1764-1775 (2015-10-28)
The clinical success of anthracyclines-containing chemotherapy for breast cancer is mainly restricted by cardiac damage and the development of multidrug resistance (MDR). For efficient reversal of drug resistance, doxorubicin (DOX) loaded multifunctional bioreducible micelles were constructed from a new amphiphilic
Pablo N Surkin et al.
Alcoholism, clinical and experimental research, 38(7), 2001-2007 (2014-06-17)
The aim of this study was to assess the effects of chronic alcohol consumption on periodontitis development in rats. Periodontal disease was experimentally induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 2 mg/ml) injections into the gingival tissue around first upper and lower molar's
Xiuxiu Liu et al.
Experimental cell research, 395(2), 112234-112234 (2020-08-22)
Skeletal muscle preservation is a dynamic process that involves constant repair and regeneration. However, the regenerative capacity of muscle cells declines in hyperglycemia. This study aimed to explore the molecular mechanisms underlying this glucotoxicity during myoblast differentiation. C2C12 cells were exposed
Haidy Metwally et al.
Analytical chemistry, 87(4), 2434-2442 (2015-01-17)
Protein analyses by electrospray ionization (ESI) mass spectrometry can suffer from interferences caused by nonvolatile salts. The mechanistic basis of this effect remains to be fully investigated. In the current work we explore the behavior of proteins under native and
Vlastimil Tichý et al.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 433(4), 445-449 (2013-03-19)
Cysteine oxidation and covalent modification of redox sensitive transcription factors including p53 are known, among others, as important events in cell response to oxidative stress. All p53 family proteins p53, p63 and p73 act as stress-responsive transcription factors. Oxidation of
Nigam Kumar et al.
Protein science : a publication of the Protein Society, 22(3), 327-346 (2013-01-15)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) play crucial roles in physiology and pathology. In this report, we use NMR spectroscopy and mass spectrometry (MS) to demonstrate that proteins (galectin-1, ubiquitin, RNase, cytochrome c, myoglobin, and lysozyme) under reducing conditions with dithiothreitol (DTT)
Geunho Maeng et al.
Reproduction (Cambridge, England), 159(5), 539-547 (2020-01-29)
Blind enucleation is used in porcine somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) to remove the metaphase II (MII) spindle from the oocyte. Deviation of the MII spindle location, however, leads to incomplete enucleation (IE). Here, we report that the rate of
Nadia Bernardi et al.
Journal of dairy science, 98(12), 8405-8413 (2015-10-12)
The aim of the study was to investigate the possibility to differentiate the 4 most important species in Italian dairy industry (cow, buffalo, sheep, and goat), applying a bottom-up proteomic approach to assess the milk species involved in cheese production.
Michaela Herrmann et al.
European biophysics journal : EBJ, 44(7), 503-512 (2015-05-29)
Bilayer mechanical properties are not only of crucial importance to the mechanism of action of mechanosensation in lipid membranes but also affect preparative laboratory tasks such as membrane-protein refolding. We report this for coupled refolding and bilayer insertion of outer membrane
Fusao Takusagawa
The Journal of biological chemistry, 288(14), 10166-10175 (2013-02-22)
An x-ray study indicated that microsomal prostaglandin E synthase type 2 (mPGES2) is a heme-bound protein and catalyzes prostaglandin (PG) H2 degradation, but not PGE2 formation (Yamada, T., and Takusagawa, F. (2007) Biochemistry 46, 8414-8424). In response to the x-ray
Matthias Vogel et al.
Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry, 26(9), 1617-1625 (2015-07-01)
The development of a new class of erythropoietin mimetic agents (EMA) for treating anemic conditions has been initiated with the discovery of oligopeptides capable of dimerizing the erythropoietin (EPO) receptor and thus stimulating erythropoiesis. The most promising amino acid sequences
Arminja N Kettenbach et al.
Journal of proteomics, 114, 48-60 (2014-12-03)
The study of cellular signaling remains a significant challenge for translational and clinical research. In particular, robust and accurate methods for quantitative phosphoproteomics in tissues and tumors represent significant hurdles for such efforts. In the present work, we design, implement
Aurore Flandrin et al.
Journal of mass spectrometry : JMS, 50(12), 1358-1366 (2015-12-05)
Ascorbate is as a potent antioxidant in vivo protecting the organism against oxidative stress. In this process, ascorbate is oxidized in two steps to dehydroascorbate (DHA), which if not efficiently reduced back to ascorbate decomposes irreversibly to a complex mixture
Dan Wan et al.
Toxicological sciences : an official journal of the Society of Toxicology, 147(2), 326-338 (2015-07-05)
Chronic exposure to trichothecenes is known to disturb insulin-like growth factor 1 and signaling of insulin and leptin hormones and causes considerable growth retardation in animals. However, limited information was available on mechanisms underlying trichothecene-induced growth retardation. In this study
Giulia Allavena et al.
Fertility and sterility, 103(5), 1244-1251 (2015-03-17)
To evaluate the occurrence of the autophagic process in ovarian endometriomas compared with eutopic endometrium of affected women and with normal endometrium of healthy women. Biochemical and molecular study in tissue extracts. University cellular pathology laboratory and university hospital. Patients
Jonathan M Berman et al.
American journal of physiology. Cell physiology, 304(7), C604-C613 (2013-01-25)
Electrophysiological techniques make use of Ag/AgCl electrodes that are in direct contact with cells or bath. In the bath, electrodes are exposed to numerous experimental conditions and chemical reagents that can modify electrode voltage. We examined voltage offsets created in
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