Showing 1-30 of 1393 results for "D6750"
Sébastien M Labbé et al.
FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, 29(5), 2046-2058 (2015-02-15)
The present study was designed to investigate the effects of cold on brown adipose tissue (BAT) energy substrate utilization in vivo using the positron emission tomography tracers [(18)F]fluorodeoxyglucose (glucose uptake), 14(R,S)-[(18)F]fluoro-6-thia-heptadecanoic acid [nonesterified fatty acid (NEFA) uptake], and [(11)C]acetate (oxidative...
Liwei Dong et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 16(7), 14655-14668 (2015-07-02)
Echinacoside is a natural compound with potent reactive oxygen species (ROS)-scavenging and anti-oxidative bioactivities, which protect cells from oxidative damages. As cancer cells are often under intense oxidative stress, we therefore tested if Echinacoside treatment would promote cancer development. Surprisingly...
Joseph P Salisbury et al.
BMC genomics, 16, 166-166 (2015-04-17)
The brown ghost knifefish (Apteronotus leptorhynchus) is a weakly electric teleost fish of particular interest as a versatile model system for a variety of research areas in neuroscience and biology. The comprehensive information available on the neurophysiology and neuroanatomy of...
Andrew J Washkowitz et al.
Development (Cambridge, England), 142(1), 31-40 (2014-12-18)
The maintenance and control of pluripotency is of great interest in stem cell biology. The dual specificity T-box/basic-helix-loop-helix-zipper transcription factor Mga is expressed in the pluripotent cells of the inner cell mass (ICM) and epiblast of the peri-implantation mouse embryo...
Julia Beretov et al.
PloS one, 10(11), e0141876-e0141876 (2015-11-07)
Breast cancer is a complex heterogeneous disease and is a leading cause of death in women. Early diagnosis and monitoring progression of breast cancer are important for improving prognosis. The aim of this study was to identify protein biomarkers in...
Miruna S Stan et al.
Chemico-biological interactions, 220, 102-115 (2014-07-06)
Si/SiO2 quantum dots (QDs) are novel particles with unique physicochemical properties that promote them as potential candidates for biomedical applications. Although their interaction with human cells has been poorly investigated, oxidative stress appears to be the main factor involved in...
Kitti B Kovács et al.
Thrombosis research, 135(4), 718-726 (2015-01-27)
Protein C (PC) is a major anticoagulant and numerous distinct mutations in its coding gene result in quantitative or qualitative PC deficiency with high thrombosis risk. Homozygous or compound heterozygous PC deficiency usually leads to life-threatening thrombosis in neonates. The...
F Caiazza et al.
British journal of cancer, 112(12), 1895-1903 (2015-05-27)
Identification and validation of a targeted therapy for triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), that is, breast cancers negative for oestrogen receptors, progesterone receptors and HER2 amplification, is currently one of the most urgent problems in breast cancer treatment. EGFR is one...
Denise Ferrera et al.
Neurobiology of aging, 35(11), 2444-2457 (2014-06-29)
In Alzheimer's disease (AD), amyloid-β (Aβ) deposits accumulate in the brain parenchyma and contain fibrils of aggregated heterogeneous Aβ peptides. In addition to fibrils, Aβ aggregates into stable soluble species (termed Aβ oligomers), which are increasingly viewed as the key...
Q Xia et al.
Cell death & disease, 6, e1702-e1702 (2015-03-27)
Neuroinflammation is a striking hallmark of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and other neurodegenerative disorders. Previous studies have shown the contribution of glial cells such as astrocytes in TDP-43-linked ALS. However, the role of microglia in TDP-43-mediated motor neuron degeneration remains...
Daniel P Morris et al.
PloS one, 10(8), e0134442-e0134442 (2015-08-06)
In mammals, increasing evidence supports mechanisms of co-transcriptional gene regulation and the generality of genetic control subsequent to RNA polymerase II (Pol II) recruitment. In this report, we use Pol II Chromatin Immunoprecipitation to investigate relationships between the mechanistic events...
C Quoilin et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1837(10), 1790-1800 (2014-07-16)
To investigate the role of oxidative stress and/or mitochondrial impairment in the occurrence of acute kidney injury (AKI) during sepsis, we developed a sepsis-induced in vitro model using proximal tubular epithelial cells exposed to a bacterial endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide, LPS). This...
Chao Sun et al.
PloS one, 9(10), e108839-e108839 (2014-10-07)
Inhibitors of the catalytic activity of the 20S proteasome are cytotoxic to tumor cells and are currently in clinical use for treatment of multiple myeloma, whilst the deubiquitinase activity associated with the 19S regulatory subunit of the proteasome is also...
Jacob Kjell et al.
Cell stem cell, 26(2), 277-293 (2020-02-08)
The mammalian brain contains few niches for neural stem cells (NSCs) capable of generating new neurons, whereas other regions are primarily gliogenic. Here we leverage the spatial separation of the sub-ependymal zone NSC niche and the olfactory bulb, the region...
Raees Habib et al.
Oncology reports, 34(2), 859-867 (2015-06-06)
It has been well documented that survivin has multiple functions including cytoprotection, inhibition of cell death, and cell cycle regulation, particularly at the mitotic stage of the cell cycle, all of which favor cancer survival. Its expression in normal tissue...
Michael Kuncewitch et al.
Shock (Augusta, Ga.), 43(3), 268-275 (2014-12-17)
Renal ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury (IRI) after shock states or transplantation causes tissue damage and delayed graft function, respectively. The Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway plays a critical role in nephrogenesis. We therefore hypothesized that pharmacological activation of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling by the...
Guodong Wang et al.
Gene, 571(1), 65-70 (2015-06-28)
Insulin-like growth factor binding protein 7 (IGFBP7) binds IGFs with a low affinity, but in contrast, recognizes insulin with a high affinity. Many studies show that IGFBP7 involves several cellular processes of vertebrates and functions as a tumor suppressor gene...
Matthew D Giangola et al.
The Journal of surgical research, 199(2), 572-579 (2015-07-18)
Renal injury caused by ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) often occurs after shock or transplantation. Growth arrest-specific protein 6 (Gas6) is a secreted protein that binds to the TAM-Tyro3, Axl, Mer-family tyrosine kinase receptors, which modulate the inflammatory response and activate cell survival...
Gurunath Surampalli et al.
Drug development and industrial pharmacy, 41(7), 1057-1065 (2014-06-12)
The aim of this study was to corroborate the effects of naringin, a P-glycoprotein inhibitor, on the intestinal absorption and pharmacokinetics of candesartan (CDS) from candesartan cilexetil (CAN) solid dispersions using in-situ rat models. Intestinal transport and absorption studies were...
Yu Di et al.
Drug design, development and therapy, 9, 2463-2473 (2015-05-23)
CCN1 (also called Cyr 61) is an extracellular matrix signaling molecule that has been implicated in neovascularization through its interactions with several endothelial integrin receptors. The roles of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in angiogenesis are well described. The aim...
Mona Basha et al.
Journal of liposome research, 23(3), 203-210 (2013-04-24)
The objective of this study was to develop an efficient ocular nanovesicular carrier providing a controlled delivery of Clotrimazole (CLT); a water insoluble antifungal drug. The nanovesicular carriers were formulated using Span 60 with one of the following edge activators...
Zishu Wang et al.
Molecular medicine reports, 11(4), 2578-2584 (2014-12-18)
G protein‑coupled receptor 137 (GPR137) is an integral membrane protein, which belongs to the GPR137 family of cell surface mediators of signal transduction. GPF137 was recently identified; however, its role in human disease onset has remained to be elucidated. GPR137...
Akiko Furuta et al.
The American journal of pathology, 185(6), 1713-1723 (2015-05-23)
Lysosome-associated membrane protein-2 (LAMP-2) is the gene responsible for Danon disease, which is characterized by cardiomyopathy, autophagic vacuolar myopathy, and variable mental retardation. To elucidate the function of LAMP-2 in the central nervous system, we investigated the neuropathological changes in...
Aya Muramatsu et al.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 463(4), 999-1005 (2015-06-15)
Girdin is an actin-binding protein that has multiple functions in postnatal neural development and cancer progression. We previously showed that Girdin is a regulator of migration for neuroblasts born from neural stem cells in the subventricular zone (SVZ) and the...
Judith Müller et al.
Nature communications, 5, 5712-5712 (2014-12-17)
Increased expression of the Microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) contributes to melanoma progression and resistance to BRAF pathway inhibition. Here we show that the lack of MITF is associated with more severe resistance to a range of inhibitors, while its presence...
Liqiong Gui et al.
American journal of physiology. Lung cellular and molecular physiology, 308(2), L221-L228 (2014-11-25)
Cellular therapy via direct intratracheal delivery has gained interest as a novel therapeutic strategy for treating various pulmonary diseases including cystic fibrosis lung disease. However, concerns such as insufficient cell engraftment in lungs and lack of large animal model data...
Rune Troelsgaard Pedersen et al.
The Journal of cell biology, 210(4), 565-582 (2015-08-19)
Genome integrity is critically dependent on timely DNA replication and accurate chromosome segregation. Replication stress delays replication into G2/M, which in turn impairs proper chromosome segregation and inflicts DNA damage on the daughter cells. Here we show that TopBP1 forms...
Chris R Evelyn et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 290(20), 12879-12898 (2015-04-01)
The Ras family small GTPases regulate multiple cellular processes, including cell growth, survival, movement, and gene expression, and are intimately involved in cancer pathogenesis. Activation of these small GTPases is catalyzed by a special class of enzymes, termed guanine nucleotide...
Longxiao Wei et al.
Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology, 65(4), 357-363 (2015-04-09)
Cardiac hypertrophy is a primary pathological change associated with cardiovascular diseases. Dysregulated microRNAs are frequent in cardiovascular diseases and contribute to cardiac hypertrophy by regulating a series of targeted genes. In this study, a rat model of cardiac hypertrophy was...
Junhua Geng et al.
Journal of molecular neuroscience : MN, 55(1), 251-259 (2014-05-03)
The identification of tau fragments generated by proteolysis in the neurons of AD patients and in neurofibrillary tangles encourages research on the toxicity of truncated tau. However, the detailed mechanism underlying the proteolysis-induced toxicity of tau is not clear and...

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