Showing 1-30 of 235 results for "E-056"
Annika Thorsell et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 33(24), 10132-10142 (2013-06-14)
The Neuropeptide S receptor, a Gs/Gq-coupled GPCR expressed in brain regions involved in mediating drug reward, has recently emerged as a candidate therapeutic target in addictive disorders. Here, we describe the in vitro and in vivo pharmacology of a novel...
José L Báez-Escudero et al.
Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 63(18), 1892-1901 (2014-02-25)
This study sought to determine whether ethanol infusion in the vein of Marshall (VOM) can ablate intrinsic cardiac nerves (ICN). ICN cluster around the left atrial epicardium and are implicated in the genesis of atrial fibrillation (AF). Patients undergoing catheter...
Thiago M Pais et al.
PLoS genetics, 9(6), e1003548-e1003548 (2013-06-12)
The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is able to accumulate ≥17% ethanol (v/v) by fermentation in the absence of cell proliferation. The genetic basis of this unique capacity is unknown. Up to now, all research has focused on tolerance of yeast cell...
Peng Chen et al.
Gastroenterology, 148(1), 203-214 (2014-09-23)
Alcoholic liver disease is a leading cause of mortality. Chronic alcohol consumption is accompanied by intestinal dysbiosis, and development of alcoholic liver disease requires gut-derived bacterial products. However, little is known about how alterations to the microbiome contribute to pathogenesis...
Mingzhu Li et al.
Toxicology letters, 228(2), 67-74 (2014-04-29)
Salvianolic acid B (SalB) is isolated from the traditional Chinese medical herb salvia miltiorrhiza. It has many biological and pharmaceutical activities. This study aimed to investigate the effect of SalB on acute ethanol-induced hepatic injury in rats and to explore...
M Uemura et al.
Gastroenterology, 118(6), 1140-1148 (2000-06-02)
Leukotrienes are proinflammatory mediators. Ethanol inhibits the catabolism of both cysteinyl leukotrienes (leukotriene E(4) [LTE(4)] and N-acetyl-LTE(4)) and leukotriene B(4) (LTB(4)) in hepatocytes. We examined the metabolic derangement of leukotriene inactivation by ethanol in humans in vivo. LTE(4), N-acetyl-LTE(4), LTB(4)...
U Allenstein et al.
Soft matter, 11(25), 5053-5059 (2015-06-02)
Cells require adhesion to survive, proliferate and migrate, as well as for wound healing and many other functions. The strength of contractile cell forces on an underlying surface is a highly relevant quantity to measure the affinity of cells to...
S Soda et al.
Water science and technology : a journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research, 67(11), 2637-2644 (2013-06-12)
A co-beneficial system using constructed wetlands (CWs) planted with aquatic plants is proposed for bioethanol production and nutrient removal from wastewater. The potential for bioethanol production from aquatic plant biomass was experimentally evaluated. Water hyacinth and water lettuce were selected...
Ermete Antolini
ChemSusChem, 6(6), 966-973 (2013-05-08)
In view of their possible use as anode materials in acid direct ethanol fuel cells, the electrocatalytic activity of Pt-Ru and Pt-Ru-M catalysts for ethanol oxidation has been investigated. This minireview examines the effects of the structural characteristics of Pt-Ru...
A Nyéki et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Biomedical sciences and applications, 755(1-2), 73-84 (2001-06-08)
Urinary metabolic ratios of caffeine are used in humans to assess the enzymatic activities of cytochrome P450 isoenzyme 1A2 (CYP1A2), xanthine oxidase (XO) and for phenotyping individuals for the bimodal N-acetyltransferase 2 (NAT2), all of them involved in the activation...
William Chan et al.
The Canadian journal of cardiology, 30(8), 912-919 (2014-07-30)
Myocardial contrast echocardiography during angiography is critical in identifying appropriate septal perforator(s) for alcohol septal ablation (ASA) in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy. We evaluated whether there were other angiographic and/or echocardiographic markers that might identify patients who are anatomically...
R Paniagua et al.
Nephron, 69(2), 147-150 (1995-01-01)
Patients with chronic renal failure often have low plasma zinc (Zn) levels. Some factors that may account for abnormal Zn metabolism in these patients are low dietary Zn intake, a specific Zn transport defect, or absence of intestinal Zn ligand....
C L Marvig et al.
International journal of food microbiology, 192, 51-57 (2014-10-13)
The most notorious spoilage organism of sweet intermediate moisture foods (IMFs) is Zygosaccharomyces rouxii, which can grow at low water activity, low pH and in the presence of organic acids. Together with an increased consumer demand for preservative free and...
Jorge Montanari et al.
Journal of cosmetic science, 64(6), 469-481 (2014-01-09)
With the aim of improving the antioxidant activity of polyphenols from blueberries (Vaccinium myrtillus) on skin targets after topical application, ethanolic extracts from three blueberry varieties (named Millenia, O'Neal, and Blue Crisp) were loaded into ultradeformable liposomes. These nanocarriers are...
Moe Moe Aye et al.
International journal of cancer, 112(5), 738-746 (2004-09-24)
Ethanol is a tumor promoter and may promote metastasis of breast cancer. However, the underlying cellular/molecular mechanisms remain unknown. Overexpression and high activity of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) are frequently associated with metastatic breast cancers and serve as a prognostic indicator...
[Alcoholism and baclofen: a strange French affair].
Jean-Yves Nau
Revue medicale suisse, 9(390), 1286-1287 (2013-07-05)
Cynthia Stretch et al.
The Journal of nutrition, 142(1), 14-21 (2011-12-14)
Urine and plasma metabolites originate from endogenous metabolic pathways in different organs and exogenous sources (diet). Urine and plasma were obtained from advanced cancer patients and investigated to determine if variations in lean and fat mass, dietary intake, and energy...
Hong Shen et al.
Experimental and molecular pathology, 97(3), 338-344 (2014-09-15)
Inflammation has been suggested as a mechanism underlying the development of alcoholic hepatitis (AH). The activation of the complement system plays an important role in inflammation. Although it has been shown that ethanol-induced activation of the complement system contributes to...
Manuel Quirós et al.
International journal of food microbiology, 181, 85-91 (2014-05-17)
Respiration of sugars by non-Saccharomyces yeasts has been recently proposed for lowering alcohol levels in wine. Development of industrial fermentation processes based on such an approach requires, amongst other steps, the identification of yeast strains which are able to grow...
Arthur S Brecher et al.
Alcohol (Fayetteville, N.Y.), 26(1), 49-53 (2002-04-18)
The effect of low concentrations of acetaldehyde on activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) and prothrombin time (PT) of Accuclot coagulation plasmas was monitored over a prolonged time to mimic effects observed in alcoholism. A prolongation of the APTT from 31.9...
Johan O Westman et al.
Applied and environmental microbiology, 80(22), 6908-6918 (2014-08-31)
Yeast has long been considered the microorganism of choice for second-generation bioethanol production due to its fermentative capacity and ethanol tolerance. However, tolerance toward inhibitors derived from lignocellulosic materials is still an issue. Flocculating yeast strains often perform relatively well...
O D Ianieva et al.
TSitologiia i genetika, 47(6), 43-50 (2014-01-21)
The search for lactose-fermenting yeast strains has been conducted among 162 strains isolated from various plants and 28 yeast strains isolated from cheese. Four yeast strains have been shown to ferment lactose. They have been identified as Candida kefyr. Specific...
N Deschuyffeleer et al.
International journal of food microbiology, 192, 77-85 (2014-10-16)
High sugar products (sugar content > 50%) are generally considered to be stable against all forms of microbial spoilage during a prolonged shelf life of several months. However, one specific subgroup of micro-organisms, the xerophilic moulds, can develop quite fast...
Shunhei Yamashina et al.
Nihon Arukoru Yakubutsu Igakkai zasshi = Japanese journal of alcohol studies & drug dependence, 38(5), 415-424 (2003-12-03)
Gut-derived endotoxin plays an important role in alcoholic liver injury. Intestinal sterilization with antibiotics (polymyxin B and neomycin) or inactivation of Kupffer cells with gadolinium chloride can prevent early alcohol-induced liver injury in the Tsukamoto-French model. Although short-term administration of...
Alcohol inhalation.
Bernard Le Foll et al.
CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association journal = journal de l'Association medicale canadienne, 186(10), E399-E399 (2014-04-24)
Sergey Zakharov et al.
Clinical toxicology (Philadelphia, Pa.), 52(10), 1013-1024 (2014-10-28)
Methanol poisonings occur frequently globally, but reports of larger outbreaks where complete clinical and laboratory data are reported remain scarce. The objective of the present study was to report the data from the mass methanol poisoning in the Czech Republic...
S Meshitsuka et al.
Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry, 312(1-2), 25-30 (2001-10-03)
Endogenous ethanol was observed by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy in the course of screening for cerebrospinal fluid of the patients with cervical myelopathy. Ethanol was detected in 10 out of 20 patients. It seems likely that the presence of endogenous...
Deming Wang et al.
Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery : official journal of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons, 72(2), 346-351 (2013-10-22)
Ethanol has been used for embolization of arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) for 3 decades. Cardiovascular collapse (CVC), although a rare complication, has been reported and occurs immediately to a few hours after ethanol embolization. The present report describes a case of...
Li Xin Su et al.
The Chinese journal of dental research : the official journal of the Scientific Section of the Chinese Stomatological Association (CSA), 17(2), 85-89 (2014-12-23)
Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are congenital vascular malformations (CVMs) resulting from birth defects of the vasculature. It is rarely seen, only accounting for 1.5% of all vascular anomalies, and 50% of the lesions are located in the oral and maxillofacial region....
G D Friedman et al.
Hypertension (Dallas, Tex. : 1979), 4(5 Pt 2), III143-III150 (1982-09-01)
In many studies of diverse populations it has been found that persons drinking relatively large amounts of alcohol tend to have higher blood pressures. In the Kaiser-Permanente study of about 87,000 persons, this alcohol-blood pressure association was not attributable to...

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