Showing 1-30 of 57662 results for "environmental"
Fadri Gottschalk et al.
Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987), 181, 287-300 (2013-07-17)
Scientific consensus predicts that the worldwide use of engineered nanomaterials (ENM) leads to their release into the environment. We reviewed the available literature concerning environmental concentrations of six ENMs (TiO2, ZnO, Ag, fullerenes, CNT and CeO2) in surface waters, wastewater...
Klara Kukowski et al.
Chemosphere, 184, 261-268 (2017-06-11)
Determining the fate of preservatives in commercial wood products is essential to minimize their losses and improve protective impregnation techniques. The fate of triazole fungicides in ponderosa pine wood was investigated in both outdoor and controlled-environment experiments using a representative...
Zhi Guo et al.
Chemosphere, 171, 318-323 (2016-12-28)
Increasing amounts of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are expected to enter the ecosystems where their toxicity in the environment is proposed. In this study, we exploited the effect of environmental anions on AgNP toxicity. AgNP were mixed with various environmental anions...
Judy S LaKind et al.
Environment international, 73, 195-207 (2014-08-20)
The quality of exposure assessment is a major determinant of the overall quality of any environmental epidemiology study. The use of biomonitoring as a tool for assessing exposure to ubiquitous chemicals with short physiologic half-lives began relatively recently. These chemicals...
Joanna Jurewicz et al.
Systems biology in reproductive medicine, 61(1), 37-43 (2014-11-08)
The present study was designed to investigate whether environmental exposure to pyrethroids was associated with sperm DNA damage. Between January 2008 and April 2011 286 men under 45 years of age with a normal sperm concentration of 15-300 10(6)/ml [WHO 2010]...
Pham Thi Thuy et al.
Environmental monitoring and assessment, 192(4), 252-252 (2020-03-31)
While the contribution of industrial parks to the socio-economic aspect has been widely acknowledged over the past two decades in Vietnam, the problem of environmental pollution due to the wastes generated from industrial parks, especially wastewater, has still been an...
Akin Cayir et al.
Environmental research, 175, 228-234 (2019-05-31)
The epitranscriptome comprises more than 100 forms of RNA modifications. Of these, N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is the most abundantform of RNA methylation, with roles in modulating mRNA transcript processing and regulation. The aims of the study weretoexamine changes inm6A RNA methylation...
Margaret Carey et al.
Applied ergonomics, 78, 97-109 (2019-05-03)
The aim of this research was to study the relationship between user sustainable design attitudes versus behaviour, and to develop and test environmental personas as design tools. Current approaches towards environmentally sustainable design are primarily focused on capturing the environmentally...
Xiaomei Su et al.
Toxins, 7(8), 3224-3244 (2015-08-22)
Excessive anthropogenically-caused nutrient loading from both external and internal sources has promoted the growth of cyanobacteria in Lake Taihu from 2005 to 2014, suggesting increased production and release of cyanotoxins. In order to explain the spatial distribution and temporal variation...
Josephine Al-Alam et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1621, 461006-461006 (2020-03-12)
This paper reports an optimized multiresidue extraction strategy based on the Quick, Easy, Cheap, Effective, Rugged, and Safe (QuEChERS) extraction procedure and on solid-phase microextraction (SPME) for the simultaneous screening of 120 pesticides, 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and 22 polychlorinated...
Jolanta Kumirska et al.
The Science of the total environment, 508, 498-505 (2014-12-19)
Pharmaceuticals are continually being released into the environment. Because of their physical and chemical properties, many of them or their bioactive metabolites can accumulate in sediments, sludge and soils, and induce adverse effects in terrestrial organisms. However, due to the...
Farshad Darvishi et al.
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 165, 278-283 (2018-09-12)
Laccases are used in decolorization and biodegradation of synthetic dyes, bioremediation of industrial wastewaters and delignification of lignocellulosic compounds. The aims of the present study were the optimization of a recombinant laccase production in Yarrowia lipolytica yeast using sucrose as...
Jun Wang et al.
Chemosphere, 132, 166-171 (2015-04-10)
The susceptibility of vitellogenin (Vtg) to degradation is a major problem affecting the robustness of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for goldfish (Carassius auratus) Vtg. In this study, a phospholipoglycoprotein with molecular mass of ∼420kDa was purified from goldfish egg extracts...
Anne Bado-Nilles et al.
Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987), 184, 9-17 (2013-09-10)
The use of a biochemical multi-biomarker approach proved insufficient to obtain clear information about ecosystem health. The fish immune system is considered as an attractive non-specific marker for environmental biomonitoring which has direct implications in individual fitness and population growth....
Gustavo F de Sousa Viana et al.
Toxicology letters, 231(2), 169-178 (2014-07-06)
Manganese (Mn), an essential element to humans, in excess can cause neurotoxic damage. So far, Mn exposure assessment has no ideal biomarker. This study aims to investigate the association between Mn exposure, using noninvasive biomarkers, and neuropsychological effects in environmentally...
Jeremy R Gauthier et al.
Environmental toxicology and chemistry, 39(10), 1918-1928 (2020-07-18)
Saflufenacil when applied to a field is susceptible to transport, degradation, and transformation. We used a laboratory-based approach to model the fate of saflufenacil in the environment, the results of which are compared directly with those observed in a field...
Weiwei Li et al.
Talanta, 151, 42-50 (2016-03-08)
Pyrethroid insecticides are used extensively in agriculture, and they, as well as their environmental degradates, may remain as residues on foods such as fruits and vegetables. Since pyrethroid degradates can be identical to the urinary markers used in human biomonitoring...
A Louvado et al.
Journal of applied microbiology, 127(1), 134-149 (2019-03-26)
To evaluate the interactive effects of oil contamination and chemical dispersant application on bacterial composition and sediment remediation of an estuarine port environment. A multifactorial controlled microcosm experiment was set up using sediment cores retrieved from an estuarine port area...
Qian Li et al.
Epigenetics, 10(9), 793-802 (2015-08-08)
The placenta is the principal regulator of the in utero environment, and disruptions to this environment can result in adverse offspring health outcomes. To better characterize the impact of in utero perturbations, we assessed the influence of known environmental pollutants...
Wen Yang et al.
The Science of the total environment, 708, 135112-135112 (2019-12-04)
The relationships of aquatic macrophytes and 14 environmental factors of the Baiyangdian Lake in spring, summer and autumn were investigated by Pearson correlation analysis and redundancy analysis (RDA) method. The pollutant concentrations in water and sediment were at high level...
Rebecca K Moos et al.
International journal of hygiene and environmental health, 217(8), 845-853 (2014-07-11)
We developed a fast, selective and sensitive on-line LC/LC-MS/MS method for the simultaneous determination of nine parabens and seven environmental phenols in urine. Parabens are widely used as antimicrobial preservatives. Bisphenol A, triclosan, triclocarban, 2-phenylphenol, and benzophenones are used inter...
Zhonghua Wang et al.
Journal of proteome research, 14(6), 2583-2593 (2015-05-21)
The toxicities of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) have been extensively explored due to their carcinogenic and mutagenic potency; however, little is known about the metabolic responses to chronic environmental PAH exposure among the general population. In the present study, 566...
Emmanouil-Nikolaos Papadakis et al.
The Science of the total environment, 536, 793-802 (2015-08-09)
A study was undertaken for the evaluation of the pesticide pollution caused by the agricultural activities in the basin of Lake Vistonis, Greece during the years 2010-2012. Water samples were collected from Lake Vistonis, four major rivers and various small...
Cláudia Ribeiro et al.
Critical reviews in analytical chemistry, 44(2), 142-185 (2014-11-14)
Environmental samples include a wide variety of complex matrices, with low concentrations of analytes and presence of several interferences. Sample preparation is a critical step and the main source of uncertainties in the analysis of environmental samples, and it is...
Larissa H Torres et al.
Archives of toxicology, 89(11), 2051-2058 (2014-09-04)
Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) is associated with high morbidity and mortality, mainly in children. However, few studies focus on the brain development effects of ETS exposure. Myelination mainly occurs in the early years of life in humans and the first...
Na Zhang et al.
International journal of environmental research and public health, 17(10) (2020-05-21)
Green development is an important way to meet the challenges of ecological and environmental protection and economic growth, as well as an inevitable choice to realize China's sustainable development in the new era. The Chinese economic system is such that...
Jill E Kucab et al.
Cell, 177(4), 821-836 (2019-04-16)
Whole-genome-sequencing (WGS) of human tumors has revealed distinct mutation patterns that hint at the causative origins of cancer. We examined mutational signatures in 324 WGS human-induced pluripotent stem cells exposed to 79 known or suspected environmental carcinogens. Forty-one yielded characteristic...
Guosheng Chen et al.
Chemosphere, 138, 584-591 (2015-07-27)
As emerging contaminants, synthetic musks (SMs) cause worldwide concern due to their bioaccumulation in biota. However, the environmental fates of SMs in biota are poorly understood. Here, for the first time, the uptake and elimination behaviors, as well as the...
Myriam Fillion et al.
Environment international, 71, 63-73 (2014-06-29)
Blood lead levels (BLLs) were measured in the adult Inuit population of Nunavut, Northern Canada, during the Inuit Health Survey (IHS) in 2007-2008. Approximately 10% of the adult participants had BLL over the Health Canada's guidance of 100μg/L. 1) To...
Yuri Perepliotchikov et al.
Journal of virological methods, 260, 62-69 (2018-07-14)
Environmental surveillance (EnvS)2 is an important tool for monitoring the presence of poliovirus in endemic and poliovirus free regions. Unlike acute flaccid paralysis (AFP)3 surveillance, EnvS can monitor large populations using small numbers of samples and detect the introduction of...

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