Showing 1-30 of 3463 results for "G2025"
Semih Can Akıncılar et al.
FEBS letters, 589(9), 974-984 (2015-03-10)
Besides its canonical function of catalyzing the formation of telomeric repeats, many groups have recently reported non-canonical functions of hTERT in particular, and telomerase in general. Regulating transcription is the central basis of non-canonical functions of telomerase. However, unlike reverse...
Adrian Gerber et al.
Microbial cell factories, 14, 107-107 (2015-07-29)
Cholesterol, the precursor of all steroid hormones, is the most abundant steroid in vertebrates and exhibits highly hydrophobic properties, rendering it a difficult substrate for aqueous microbial biotransformations. In the present study, we developed a Bacillus megaterium based whole-cell system...
Kui Yang et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 407(17), 5199-5210 (2015-03-31)
Diglycerides play a central role in lipid metabolism and signaling in mammalian cells. Although diacylglycerol molecular species comprise the majority of cellular diglycerides that are commonly measured using a variety of approaches, identification of extremely low abundance vinyl ether diglycerides...
Jennifer C Bailey et al.
Immunology, 143(4), 679-691 (2014-07-06)
CD1d-mediated lipid antigen presentation activates a subset of innate immune lymphocytes called invariant natural killer T (NKT) cells that, by virtue of their potent cytokine production, bridge the innate and adaptive immune systems. Transforming growth factor (TGF-β) is a known...
Masaki Hiramoto et al.
International journal of molecular medicine, 36(1), 222-230 (2015-05-09)
Although recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have been extremely successful, it remains a big challenge to functionally annotate disease‑associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), as the majority of these SNPs are located in non‑coding regions of the genome. In this study...
Sunita Maharjan et al.
Scientific reports, 4, 5896-5896 (2014-08-01)
Dysfunctions of the mitochondria and the ubiquitin-proteasome system, as well as generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), are linked to many aging-related neurodegenerative disorders. However, the order of these events remains unclear. Here, we show that the initial impairment occurs...
Francesco Ballestriero et al.
PloS one, 9(10), e109201-e109201 (2014-10-09)
The purple pigment violacein is well known for its numerous biological activities including antibacterial, antiviral, antiprotozoan, and antitumor effects. In the current study we identify violacein as the antinematode agent produced by the marine bacterium Microbulbifer sp. D250, thereby extending...
Yi-Shuai Zhang et al.
Free radical biology & medicine, 83, 115-128 (2015-02-24)
Nuclear myosin regulates gene transcription and this novel function might be modulated through phosphorylation of the myosin regulatory light chain (p-MLC20). Nonmuscle MLC20 (nmMLC20) is also present in the nuclei of cardiomyocytes and a potential nmMLC20 binding sequence has been...
Ayten Hijazi et al.
FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, 29(12), 4968-4977 (2015-08-19)
Developmental exposure to bisphenol A (BPA) is associated with lung dysfunction and diseases. However, it is unknown if this association has a fetal origin. The present study addressed this important question by examining the effects of BPA on fetal lung...
A Troshchynsky et al.
Genes and immunity, 16(6), 388-398 (2015-06-05)
Human terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (hTdT) is a DNA polymerase that functions to generate diversity in the adaptive immune system. Here, we focus on the function of naturally occurring single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of hTdT to evaluate their role in genetic-generated immune...
Joseph P Salisbury et al.
BMC genomics, 16, 166-166 (2015-04-17)
The brown ghost knifefish (Apteronotus leptorhynchus) is a weakly electric teleost fish of particular interest as a versatile model system for a variety of research areas in neuroscience and biology. The comprehensive information available on the neurophysiology and neuroanatomy of...
Hui-Chen Wang et al.
PloS one, 10(5), e0125903-e0125903 (2015-05-02)
Previously, we demonstrated that progesterone (P4) at physiologic levels (5-500 nM) inhibited proliferation in cultured rat aortic smooth muscle cells (RASMCs) through a P4 receptor (PR)-dependent pathway. We also showed that P4-induced cell cycle arrest in RASMCs occurs when the...
Patrick Osei-Owusu et al.
Infection and immunity, 83(4), 1507-1522 (2015-02-04)
The type III secretion system is employed by many pathogens, including the genera Yersinia, Shigella, Pseudomonas, and Salmonella, to deliver effector proteins into eukaryotic cells. The injectisome needle is formed by the polymerization of a single protein, e.g., YscF (Yersinia...
Shweta Mishra et al.
PloS one, 10(1), e0116611-e0116611 (2015-01-31)
New Delhi metallo β-lactamases are one of the most significant emerging resistance determinants towards carbapenem drugs. Their persistence and adaptability often depends on their genetic environment and linkage. This study reports a unique and novel arrangement of blaNDM-1 gene within...
Wen Qin et al.
Chembiochem : a European journal of chemical biology, 15(18), 2747-2753 (2014-10-30)
Macrolactins (MLNs) have unique structural patterns containing a 24-membered ring lactone and diverse bioactivities. The MLN skeleton is biosynthesized via a trans-acyl transferase (AT) type I polyketide synthase (PKS) pathway, but the tailoring steps are still unknown. Herein, we report...
Jixun Luo et al.
TAG. Theoretical and applied genetics. Theoretische und angewandte Genetik, 128(7), 1407-1419 (2015-04-22)
The distribution of starch synthase I and starch branching enzyme IIb between the starch granule and amyloplast stroma plays an important role in determining endosperm amylose content of cereal grains. Starch synthase IIa (SSIIa) catalyses the polymerisation of intermediate length...
Xiaorui Han et al.
FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, 29(7), 3054-3064 (2015-04-15)
Metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (Malat1) is an example of a functional long noncoding RNA involved in many biologic processes. However, the mechanisms for Malat1 in myogenesis are unclear. Serum response factor (SRF) is a pivotal transcription factor for muscle...
Nguyen H Tran et al.
Chemical Society reviews, 42(24), 9454-9479 (2013-09-18)
Presently there is a glut of glycerol as the by-product of biofuel production and it will grow as production increases. The conundrum is how we can consume this material and convert it into a more useful product. One potential route...
Francesca Fiorini et al.
Nature communications, 6, 7581-7581 (2015-07-04)
RNA helicases are implicated in most cellular RNA-dependent events. In eukaryotes however, only few have been functionally characterized. Upf1 is a RNA helicase essential for nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD). Here, using magnetic tweezers and bulk assays, we observe that human...
D Brouard et al.
Vox sanguinis, 108(2), 197-204 (2014-12-04)
The last two decades have seen major developments in genotyping assays to facilitate the procurement of red blood cell units to alloimmunized patients. To make genotyping faster, simpler and less costly, a nanotechnology approach based on metal/silica fluorescent nanoparticles and...
Xin Zheng et al.
Journal of virology, 89(9), 4786-4797 (2015-01-30)
Angiopoietin-1 (ANGPT-1) is a secreted glycoprotein that was first characterized as a ligand of the Tie2 receptor. In a previous study using microarray analysis, we found that the expression of ANGPT-1 was upregulated in Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV)-infected primary effusion...
Franziska Barthel et al.
Anesthesiology, 121(1), 160-169 (2014-03-07)
Dysfunction of spinal glycinergic neurotransmission is a major pathogenetic factor in neuropathic pain. The synaptic glycine concentration is controlled by the two glycine transporters (GlyT) 1 and 2. GlyT inhibitors act antinociceptive in various animal pain models when applied as...
Hannelore Rücker et al.
Organic & biomolecular chemistry, 13(10), 3040-3047 (2015-01-27)
Inflammatory signaling pathways orchestrate the cellular response to infection and injury. These pathways are known to be modulated by compounds that alkylate cysteinyl thiols. One class of phytochemicals with strong thiol alkylating activity is the chalcones. In this study we...
Catherine E Smith et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 290(35), 21580-21590 (2015-07-15)
Previous studies reported the reconstitution of an Mlh1-Pms1-independent 5' nick-directed mismatch repair (MMR) reaction using Saccharomyces cerevisiae proteins. Here we describe the reconstitution of a mispair-dependent Mlh1-Pms1 endonuclease activation reaction requiring Msh2-Msh6 (or Msh2-Msh3), proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), and...
H Craig Heller et al.
Neurobiology of learning and memory, 116, 162-171 (2014-12-03)
Down syndrome (DS) has an incidence of about 1/700 births, and is therefore the most common cause of cognitive and behavioral impairments in children. Recent studies on mouse models of DS indicate that a number of pharmacotherapies could be beneficial...
Hicham Benabdelkamel et al.
Molecular and cellular endocrinology, 401, 142-154 (2014-12-17)
Overweight (OW) and obese individuals are considered to be graded parts of the scale having increasing weight as a common feature. They may not, however, be part of the same continuum and may differ metabolically. In this study we applied...
Benjamin Philmus et al.
Chembiochem : a European journal of chemical biology, 16(12), 1782-1790 (2015-06-17)
Pseudomonas spp. are prolific producers of natural products from many structural classes. Here we show that the soil bacterium Pseudomonas protegens Pf-5 is capable of producing trace levels of the triazine natural product toxoflavin (1) under microaerobic conditions. We evaluated...
Andrew C Schuerger et al.
Astrobiology, 15(6), 478-491 (2015-06-11)
Between April 2009 and July 2011, the NASA Haughton-Mars Project (HMP) led the Northwest Passage Drive Expedition (NWPDX), a multi-staged long-distance crewed rover traverse along the Northwest Passage in the Arctic. In April 2009, the HMP Okarian rover was driven...
K V Dmitruk et al.
TSitologiia i genetika, 47(6), 3-21 (2014-01-21)
Until recently, the methylotrophic yeast was not considered as a potential producer of biofuels, particularly of ethanol from lignocellulosic hydrolysates. The first work published 10 years ago reveals the ability of thermotolerant methylotrophic yeast Hansenula polymorpha to ferment xylose--one of...
Clara Pereira et al.
Experimental cell research, 333(1), 73-79 (2015-03-03)
Mutations in Parkin, an E3 ubiquitin ligase, are associated to autosomal recessive Parkinson's disease (PD). Parkin has been mainly implicated, along with Pink1, in mitochondrial autophagy in response to stress. In this study, a yeast model was developed to analyse...

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