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María Teresa Sánchez-Fito et al.
Biopreservation and biobanking, 13(4), 287-295 (2015-08-19)
It has been known for decades that many cytokines, such as IL-2, IL-6, and IL-12, bind to heparin. Even though some enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) use antibody-recognizing epitopes not affected by this binding, ELISA manufacturers often warn that heparinized plasma
Xiao Tang et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 11958-11958 (2015-07-08)
LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 nanorods wrapped with graphene nanosheets have been prepared and investigated as high energy and high power cathode material for lithium-ion batteries. The structural characterization by X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy indicates the LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 nanorods prepared
Jian Liu et al.
Chemical communications (Cambridge, England), 47(47), 12578-12591 (2011-08-25)
Yolk/shell or 'rattle-typed' nanomaterials with nanoparticle cores inside hollow shells are interesting among the complex hollow nanostructures. Yolk/shell nanoparticles (YSNs) are promising functional nanomaterials for a variety of applications such as catalysis, delivery, lithium-ion batteries and biosensors due to their
Xiangbo Meng et al.
Advanced materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.), 24(27), 3589-3615 (2012-06-16)
Lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) are used widely in today's consumer electronics and offer great potential for hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), plug-in HEVs, pure EVs, and also in smart grids as future energy-storage devices. However, many challenges must be addressed before these
Benjamin J Bergner et al.
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 136(42), 15054-15064 (2014-09-26)
Nonaqueous Li-O2 batteries are an intensively studied future energy storage technology because of their high theoretical energy density. However, a number of barriers prevent a practical application, and one of the major challenges is the reduction of the high charge
P Callens et al.
Tijdschrift voor psychiatrie, 54(5), 453-462 (2012-05-17)
The first case-study of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) linked to the use of lithium appeared in 1978. Since then several new case-studies have been published sporadically. A recurrent problem for therapists seems to be whether to continue or discontinue treatment
Zhi Yang Tam et al.
The journals of gerontology. Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences, 69(7), 810-820 (2014-01-09)
Aging has been associated with the accumulation of damages in molecules and organelles in cells, particularly mitochondria. The rate of damage accumulation is closely tied to the turnover of the affected cellular components. Perturbing mitochondrial turnover has been shown to
Jiehua Liu et al.
Advanced materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.), 24(30), 4097-4111 (2012-04-17)
Two dimensional nanoarchitectures are of great interest in lithium storage for energy-storage devices, in particular lithium-ion batteries, due to its shortened paths for fast lithium ion diffusion and large exposed surface offering more lithium-insertion channels. Their competitive lithium-storage features provide
P Sienaert et al.
Journal of affective disorders, 146(1), 15-33 (2012-09-05)
Throughout the past decades, several methods have been developed to achieve therapeutic lithium blood levels as quick and safe as possible. The present study will systematically review the methods developed and studied for lithium dose estimation or level prediction at
Bin Liu et al.
ChemSusChem, 8(21), 3697-3703 (2015-10-13)
The development of highly efficient catalysts is critical for the practical application of lithium-oxygen (Li-O2) batteries. Nanosheet-assembled ZnCo2O4 (ZCO) microspheres and thin films grown in situ on single-walled carbon nanotube (ZCO/SWCNT) composites as high-performance air electrode materials for Li-O2 batteries are
Hideki Kandori et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1847(1), 134-141 (2014-08-12)
V-ATPase is an ATP-driven rotary motor that vectorially transports ions. Together with F-ATPase, a homologous protein, several models on the ion transport have been proposed, but their molecular mechanisms are yet unknown. V-ATPase from Enterococcus hirae forms a large supramolecular
Jong Guk Kim et al.
ChemSusChem, 8(10), 1752-1760 (2015-04-25)
A hybrid composite system of MnCo2 O4 nanowires (MCO NWs) anchored on reduced graphene oxide (RGO) nanosheets was prepared as the bifunctional catalyst of a Li-O2 battery cathode. The catalysts can be obtained from the hybridization of one-dimensional MCO NWs
Chiara Ghezzi et al.
American journal of physiology. Cell physiology, 306(9), C864-C870 (2014-02-28)
Sodium glucose cotransporters (SGLTs) mediate the translocation of carbohydrates across the brush border membrane of different organs such as intestine, kidney, and brain. The human SGLT5 (hSGLT5), in particular, is localized in the kidney were it is responsible for mannose
Bellamkonda K Kishore et al.
American journal of physiology. Renal physiology, 304(9), F1139-F1149 (2013-02-15)
By virtue of its unique interactions with kidney cells, lithium became an important research tool in renal physiology and pathophysiology. Investigators have uncovered the intricate relationships of lithium with the vasopressin and aldosterone systems, and the membrane channels or transporters
Frank Y Fan et al.
Advanced materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.), 27(35), 5203-5209 (2015-08-11)
The kinetics of Li2 S electrodeposition onto carbon in lithium-sulfur batteries are characterized. Electrodeposition is found to be dominated by a 2D nucleation and growth process with rate constants that depend strongly on the electrolyte solvent. Nucleation is found to
Birte Jache et al.
Angewandte Chemie (International ed. in English), 53(38), 10169-10173 (2014-07-25)
Although being the standard anode material in lithium-ion batteries (LIBs), graphite so far is considered to fail application in sodium-ion batteries (NIBs) because the Na-C system lacks suitable binary intercalation compounds. Here we show that this limitation can be circumvented
Zhirui Niu et al.
Chemosphere, 109, 92-98 (2014-05-31)
Release of Co and Li from spent lithium ion batteries (LIBs) by bioleaching has attracted growing attentions. However, the pulp density was only 1% or lower, meaning that a huge quantity of media was required for bioleaching. In this work
Mohamed Aklalouch et al.
ChemSusChem, 8(20), 3465-3471 (2015-09-19)
By comparing carbon electrodes with varying porosity in Li-O2 cells, we show that the effect of electrolyte stirring at a given current density can result in a change from 2D to 3D growth of discharged deposits. The change of morphology
I Geeraerts et al.
Tijdschrift voor psychiatrie, 55(10), 761-771 (2013-10-30)
When lithium is administered, the clinician needs to know when the lithium in the patient’s blood has reached a therapeutic level. At the initiation of treatment the level is usually achieved gradually through the application of the titration method. In
Rao N Malempati
The Journal of nervous and mental disease, 203(1), 58-64 (2014-12-24)
The symptomatic course of bipolar disorder (BPD) is chronic and dominated by depression. As recurrence rates are high, maintenance therapy is required. Although efficacious, mood stabilizers may be hampered by poor adherence, and second-generation antipsychotic medications may be associated with
Tetsuo Ohnishi et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 289(15), 10785-10796 (2014-02-21)
myo-Inositol is an essential biomolecule that is synthesized by myo-inositol monophosphatase (IMPase) from inositol monophosphate species. The enzymatic activity of IMPase is inhibited by lithium, a drug used for the treatment of mood swings seen in bipolar disorder. Therefore, myo-inositol
Variant GADL1 and response to lithium in bipolar I disorder.
Rebecca Birnbaum et al.
The New England journal of medicine, 370(19), 1855-1856 (2014-05-09)
Cary M Hayner et al.
Annual review of chemical and biomolecular engineering, 3, 445-471 (2012-04-25)
The lithium-ion battery is the most promising battery candidate to power battery-electric vehicles. For these vehicles to be competitive with those powered by conventional internal combustion engines, significant improvements in battery performance are needed, especially in the energy density and
Tatiana V Vygodina et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1837(7), 1188-1195 (2014-03-13)
Cytochrome c oxidase from bovine heart binds Ca(2+) reversibly at a specific Cation Binding Site located near the outer face of the mitochondrial membrane. Ca(2+) shifts the absorption spectrum of heme a, which allowed earlier the determination of the kinetic
Zhenzhong Zhu et al.
The FEBS journal, 281(23), 5371-5389 (2014-09-30)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent cells that have been widely used in cell based transplantation therapy. The use of MSCs requires in vitro expansion in order to fulfill their regenerative capacity. Therefore the proliferative ability of MSCs is one of
S J Edwards et al.
Health technology assessment (Winchester, England), 17(54), 1-190 (2013-11-29)
Patients with treatment-resistant depression (TRD) are those with major depressive disorder that has not responded adequately to treatment. The causes of depression are not fully understood, although there is evidence to suggest that depression is a complex interaction among biological
Matthew T McDowell et al.
Advanced materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.), 25(36), 4966-4985 (2013-09-17)
Alloying anodes such as silicon are promising electrode materials for next-generation high energy density lithium-ion batteries because of their ability to reversibly incorporate a high concentration of Li atoms. However, alloying anodes usually exhibit a short cycle life due to
M Helen et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 12146-12146 (2015-07-16)
Lithium-sulphur batteries have generated tremendous research interest due to their high theoretical energy density and potential cost-effectiveness. The commercial realization of Li-S batteries is still hampered by reduced cycle life associated with the formation of electrolyte soluble higher-order polysulphide (Li2Sx
Rasmus W Licht
CNS neuroscience & therapeutics, 18(3), 219-226 (2011-11-11)
Still after more than 50 years, lithium is a major treatment of bipolar disorder, even though it has not been promoted by the pharmaceutical industry over the last decades. In recent years the evidence base on lithium for bipolar disorder
Markus H Hillert et al.
Journal of neurochemistry, 131(1), 42-52 (2014-06-10)
The lithium-pilocarpine model is a rat model of epilepsy that mimics status epilepticus in humans. Here, we report changes of acetylcholine (ACh) release in the hippocampus before, during and after status epilepticus as monitored by microdialysis in unanesthetized rats. Administration
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