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Amanda Alba et al.
Journal of midwifery & women's health, 57(5), 509-514 (2012-08-23)
Antepartum lead screening typically involves identification of current environmental or occupational risk and pica habits. However, for foreign-born women who have immigrated to the United States, distant exposure years prior may be a more significant factor contributing to elevated lead
Mohammad Nemati Varnosfaderany et al.
Marine pollution bulletin, 87(1-2), 152-163 (2014-08-19)
In this study, 75 samples of two (210)Pb-dated cores from the southwest of the Caspian Sea were analysed for 30 compounds of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). The TPAH29 flux of the last six centuries ranged from 16.3 to 177.3 and
María D Esteban-Vasallo et al.
Environmental health perspectives, 120(10), 1369-1377 (2012-05-18)
Placental tissue may furnish information on the exposure of both mother and fetus. Mercury (Hg), cadmium (Cd), and lead (Pb) are toxicants of interest in pregnancy because they are associated with alterations in child development. The aim of this study
Muhammad Bilal Shakoor et al.
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 109, 38-47 (2014-08-29)
Phytoextraction is an environmentally friendly and a cost-effective strategy for remediation of heavy metal contaminated soils. However, lower bioavailability of some of the metals in polluted environments e.g. lead (Pb) is a major constraint of phytoextraction process that could be
Ana Carolina Bertin de Almeida Lopes et al.
Journal of toxicology and environmental health. Part A, 78(2), 92-108 (2014-11-27)
In Brazil there is no systematic evaluation to access blood lead levels (BLL) in the general population and few studies with adults have been published. The aim of this study was to examine the socioeconomic, environmental, and lifestyle determinants of
Srinivasan Malar et al.
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 108, 249-257 (2014-08-12)
The present study was aimed at evaluating phytotoxicity of various concentrations of lead nitrate (0, 100, 200, 400, 600, 800 and 1000mgL(-1)) in Sesbania grandiflora. The seedling growth was significantly affected (46%) at 1000mgL(-1) lead (Pb) treatment. Accumulation of Pb
Jun An et al.
Toxicology letters, 229(1), 158-166 (2014-06-25)
miRNAs have been found to contribute to normal brain functions, nervous system diseases, as well as neurotoxicities induced by external agents. However, whether they are involved in lead-induced neurotoxicities is still not clear. To identify that, a lead-induced chronic neurotoxicity
Laura S Sherman et al.
The Science of the total environment, 502, 362-374 (2014-09-30)
The anthropogenic emission and subsequent deposition of heavy metals including mercury (Hg) and lead (Pb) present human health and environmental concerns. Although it is known that local and regional sources of these metals contribute to deposition in the Great Lakes
Lead in teeth can tell their origin.
Journal of the California Dental Association, 42(10), 678-678 (2014-10-28)
Ritam Chowdhury et al.
Environmental research, 132, 100-104 (2014-04-29)
There is evidence that adult lead exposure increases cancer risk. IARC has classified lead as a 'probable' carcinogen, primarily based on stomach and lung cancer associations. We studied mortality among men in a lead surveillance program in 11 states,. categorized
Michael H Stevens et al.
The Laryngoscope, 123(11), 2854-2858 (2013-05-21)
To reexamine the cause of Beethoven's hearing loss because of significant recent articles. Medical and musical literature online, in print, and personal communication. Relevant literature review. Evidence of otosclerosis is lacking because close gross examination of Beethoven's middle ears at
Larissa Check et al.
Reviews on environmental health, 28(2-3), 85-96 (2013-11-07)
Persistent, bioaccumulative, and toxic (PBT) chemicals are a class of chemicals that resist degradation and persist in the environment for extensive periods. As a result of their persistence, when these chemicals are consumed, they bioaccumulate in the fat tissues, bones
Blair Schoene et al.
Science (New York, N.Y.), 347(6218), 182-184 (2014-12-17)
The Chicxulub asteroid impact (Mexico) and the eruption of the massive Deccan volcanic province (India) are two proposed causes of the end-Cretaceous mass extinction, which includes the demise of nonavian dinosaurs. Despite widespread acceptance of the impact hypothesis, the lack
Donald Smith et al.
Journal of medical toxicology : official journal of the American College of Medical Toxicology, 9(4), 326-338 (2013-10-12)
This presentation summarizes several of the rodent and non-human studies that we have conducted to help inform the efficacy and clinical utility of succimer (meso-2,3-dimercaptosuccincinic acid) chelation treatment. We address the following questions: (1) What is the extent of body
Mark Patrick Taylor et al.
Environment international, 70, 113-117 (2014-06-14)
Globally, childhood blood lead levels have fallen precipitously in developed countries since the 1970s following action by international bodies such as the WHO and Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) of the United Nations. These reductions have been affected by the
Pimluck Kijjanapanich et al.
Environmental technology, 35(13-16), 1989-1996 (2014-06-25)
Construction and demolition debris (CDD) is a product of construction, renovation or demolition activities. It has a high gypsum content (52.4% of total gypsum), concentrated in the CDD sand (CDDS) fraction. To comply with the posed limit of the maximum
Michelle L Rogers et al.
American journal of public health, 104(8), e119-e124 (2014-06-13)
We examined the effects of changes in Rhode Island's Lead Hazard Mitigation Law in 2005 on children's blood lead levels. We used 2005 to 2009 data from Rhode Island's Lead Elimination Surveillance System; city tax assessor records in Central Falls
Chamani P M Marasinghe Wadige et al.
Aquatic toxicology (Amsterdam, Netherlands), 149, 83-93 (2014-03-01)
Lead entering aquatic ecosystems adsorbs to sediments and has the potential to cause adverse effects on the health of benthic organisms. To evaluate the freshwater bivalve Hyridella australis as a bioindicator for sediment toxicity, their exposure-dose and response to lead
Catherine Beaucham et al.
MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report, 63(16), 347-351 (2014-04-25)
Indoor firing ranges are a source of lead exposure and elevated blood lead levels (BLLs) among employees, their families, and customers, despite public health outreach efforts and comprehensive guidelines for controlling occupational lead exposure. There are approximately 16,000-18,000 indoor firing
Qinglin Chen et al.
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 102, 93-99 (2014-03-04)
The experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of single and combined pollution from different concentrations of atrazine (field rate, FR, 2.0 mg kg(-1) and 5 times FR, 10 mg kg(-1)) and lead (Pb) (300 mg kg(-1) and 600 mg
D K Gupta et al.
Environmental science and pollution research international, 20(4), 2150-2161 (2013-01-23)
Lead (Pb) is naturally occurring element whose distribution in the environment occurs because of its extensive use in paints, petrol, explosives, sludge, and industrial wastes. In plants, Pb uptake and translocation occurs, causing toxic effects resulting in decrease of biomass
Evert Nieboer et al.
Environmental science. Processes & impacts, 15(10), 1824-1829 (2013-08-24)
Lead as a toxic environmental metal has been an issue of concern for 30-40 years. Even though the exposures experienced by the general public have been significantly reduced, so have the acceptable blood lead concentrations assessed to safeguard health (specifically
Louise J Kristensen et al.
Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987), 190, 159-165 (2014-04-26)
This study identifies natural and industrial lead remobilized in ash deposits from three bushfires in relatively pristine areas of Australia in 2011 using lead isotopic compositions ((208)Pb/(207)Pb; (206)Pb/(207)Pb). Lead concentrations in the ash ranged from 1 to 36 mg/kg, bracketing the
Reply: Cognitive declines after deep brain stimulation are likely to be attributable to more than caudate penetration and lead location.
Karsten Witt et al.
Brain : a journal of neurology, 137(Pt 5), e275-e275 (2014-02-20)
Jaehong Shim et al.
Environmental technology, 35(17-20), 2589-2596 (2014-08-26)
A bacterial strain (JH 70-4) exhibiting plant growth promoting characteristics (indoleacetic acid production and 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate deaminase activity), as well as heavy metal(loid) (HM) tolerance and Pb precipitation, was isolated from HM-contaminated soil at an abandoned mine site. The bacterium was
Zuzana Derflerová Brázdová et al.
Central European journal of public health, 22(4), 273-276 (2015-01-28)
Heavy metals with their potential haematotoxic effect can contribute to the risks of anaemia in children in the Central Asian Republics (CAR), where burden and exposure to these metals is still not sufficiently known and reported. Cross-sectional study was performed
Min-Yi Huang et al.
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 104, 310-316 (2014-04-15)
Lead (Pb) is a common heavy metal in the natural environment, but its concentration has been increasing alongside widespread industrial and agricultural development in China. The dark-spotted frog Pelophylax (formerly Rana) nigromaculata (Anura: Ranidae) is distributed across East Asia and
Mauro Giammarino et al.
Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology, 93(4), 410-416 (2014-08-26)
This study aims to examine the possible presence of lead and cadmium in the liver and kidneys of hooded crows (Corvus cornix). Liver and kidneys of hooded crow carcasses were collected in Province of Cuneo (Piedmont, Italy) in order to
Saira Tasmin et al.
Environmental research, 136, 318-323 (2014-12-03)
Lead has long been recognized as a harmful environmental pollutant. People in developing countries like Bangladesh still have a higher risk of lead exposure. Previous research has suggested that the delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase (ALAD) genotype can modify lead toxicity and
Shaoxin Huang et al.
Toxicology letters, 226(3), 277-284 (2014-03-07)
Since lead accumulation is toxic to cells, its excretion is crucial for organisms to survive the toxicity. In this study, mouse testis sertoli (TM4) and Mrp1 lower-expression TM4-sh cells were used to explore the lead accumulation characteristics, and the role
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