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Jiabei Liang et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 7985-7985 (2015-01-24)
Ginseng, which is the root of Panax ginseng (Araliaceae), has been used in Oriental medicine as a stimulant and dietary supplement for more than 7,000 years. Older ginseng plants are substantially more medically potent, but ginseng age can be simulated
Anbin Zhang et al.
Transplant international : official journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation, 27(10), 1077-1085 (2014-05-09)
Ischemia reperfusion (IR) injury is a major issue in cardiac transplantation and inflammatory processes play a major role in myocardial IR injury. Necrostatin-1 (Nec-1) is a small molecule capable of inhibiting RIP1 kinase activity and attenuates inflammation-mediated tissue injury. In
Mohammad Behbahani et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1308, 25-31 (2013-08-21)
A simple, rapid, and efficient method, based on surfactant assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (SA-DLLME), followed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) has been developed for simultaneous preconcentration and trace detection of zonisamide and carbamazepine in biological samples. A conventional cationic
Eduardo Augusto Brosco Famá et al.
Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry, 437, 155-160 (2014-08-02)
Preeclampsia is a multisystem disorder whose etiology remains unclear. It is already known that circulation of soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1) is directly involved in pre-eclampsia development. However, the molecular mechanisms involved with sFlt-1 shedding are still unidentified. We identified
Katelyn T Gause et al.
ACS nano, 9(3), 2433-2444 (2015-02-26)
The development of subunit antigen delivery formulations has become an important research endeavor, especially in cases where a whole cell vaccine approach has significant biosafety issues. Particle-based systems have shown particular efficacy due to their inherent immunogenicity. In some cases
Tanmay Bera et al.
ACS applied materials & interfaces, 7(26), 14528-14535 (2015-06-16)
We report that liquid crystal elastomers (LCEs), often portrayed as artificial muscles, serve as scaffolds for skeletal muscle cell. A simultaneous microemulsion photopolymerization and cross-linking results in nematic LCE microspheres 10-30 μm in diameter that when conjoined form a LCE
Yongbiao Hao et al.
Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine : eCAM, 2014, 569587-569587 (2014-08-15)
Xilei san (XLS), a herbal preparation widely used in China for erosive and ulcerative diseases, has been shown to be effective in ulcerative colitis (UC). The present experiments were conducted to assess its efficacy and determine its mechanism of action
Hussaini Syed Sha Qhattal et al.
ACS nano, 8(6), 5423-5440 (2014-05-09)
Hyaluronan-grafted liposomes (HA-liposomes) preferentially target CD44-overexpressing tumor cells in vitro via receptor-mediated endocytosis. We investigated the pharmacokinetics and biodistribution of HA-liposomes with various sizes of HA (MW 5-8, 50-60, and 175-350 kDa) in mice. Incorporation of negatively charged HA on
Ali Akbar Asgharinezhad et al.
Analytica chimica acta, 844, 80-89 (2014-08-31)
In this study, diverse types of Fe3O4 nanocomposites modified by polyaniline, polypyrrole, and aniline-pyrrole copolymer were synthesized through chemical oxidative polymerization process for dispersive-μ-solid phase extraction (D-μ-SPE) in the presence of various dopants. The results showed that the nanocomposite modified
Jiyun Song et al.
ACS applied materials & interfaces, 7(33), 18460-18466 (2015-08-05)
We report a unique nanostructured electron-selective interlayer comprising of In-doped ZnO (ZnO:In) and vertically aligned CdSe tetrapods (TPs) for inverted polymer:fullerene bulkheterojunction (BHJ) solar cells. With dimension-controlled CdSe TPs, the direct inorganic electron transport pathway is provided, resulting in the
Mohammad Yahya Hanafi-Bojd et al.
European journal of pharmaceutics and biopharmaceutics : official journal of Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Pharmazeutische Verfahrenstechnik e.V, 89, 248-258 (2014-12-17)
Recent studies with inorganic nanoparticles modified with functional groups have demonstrated improvement in drug delivery into cancer cells. In the present study, we prepared, characterized, and evaluated mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) as carriers for epirubicin hydrochloride (EPI) in order to
Yi Liu et al.
BMC plant biology, 15, 160-160 (2015-06-26)
The flavan-3-ols catechin and epicatechin, and their polymerized oligomers, the proanthocyanidins (PAs, also called condensed tannins), accumulate to levels of up to 15 % of the total weight of dry seeds of Theobroma cacao L. These compounds have been associated with
Jae-Min Ha et al.
Soft matter, 11(29), 5821-5827 (2015-06-11)
We have investigated the distributions of individually isolated and hydrophilically functionalized single-walled carbon nanotubes (p-SWNTs) in the Pluronic L121-water system at the reverse hexagonal phase using small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and contrast-matched small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) measurements. As the p-SWNT-L121-water
Cui Li et al.
Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 55(10), 6886-6900 (2014-10-10)
To determine if IL-17 regulates Mer tyrosine kinase-positive (MerTK+) cells in Pseudomonas aeruginosa keratitis. Interleukin 17 was tested in normal and infected cornea of susceptible C57BL/6 and resistant BALB/c mice. The latter were treated with recombinant mouse (rm) IL-17; both
Jiao Deng et al.
Plant & cell physiology, 56(8), 1546-1555 (2015-05-29)
Lotus is a vital aquatic ornamental plant with different flower colors. To explore the flower coloration mechanism in lotus, the constituents and contents of pigments in two lotus cultivars with red and white flowers were analyzed. Although flavones and flavonols
Natássia Albuquerque Ribeiro et al.
Inflammation research : official journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et al.], 63(7), 569-580 (2014-03-19)
Marine algae are abundant sources of sulfated polysaccharides with various biological activities. Consequently, their biomolecules are of great of commercial interest. In this study, we investigated the potential antinociceptive activity of a sulfated polysaccharide obtained from the green seaweed Caulerpa
Michelle A Nguyen et al.
ACS applied materials & interfaces, 7(24), 13238-13250 (2015-05-27)
We report a synthetic approach to form octahedral Cu2O microcrystals with a tunable edge length and demonstrate their use as catalysts for the photodegradation of aromatic organic compounds. In this particular study, the effects of the Cu(2+) and reductant concentrations
Laila Abdel-Fattah et al.
Spectrochimica acta. Part A, Molecular and biomolecular spectroscopy, 136 Pt B, 178-184 (2014-10-16)
In this study, a simple and sensitive spectrophotometric method was developed for determination of Losartan potassium (LST K), an angiotensin-II receptor (type AT1) antagonist, in presence of cationic surfactant cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB). The physicochemical interaction of LST K with CTAB
Hong-Min Meng et al.
Analytical chemistry, 86(24), 12321-12326 (2014-11-18)
Glutathione (GSH) serves vital cellular biological functions, and its abnormal levels are associated with many diseases. To better understand its physiological and pathological functions, efficient methods for monitoring of GSH in living systems are desired. Although quite a few small
Alberto Schanaider et al.
Clinical and experimental medicine, 15(3), 311-320 (2014-06-18)
Acute pancreatitis (AP) is an inflammatory disorder that can affect adjacent and/or remote organs. Some evidence indicates that the production of reactive oxygen species is able to induce AP. Protein carbonyl (PC) derivatives, which can also be generated through oxidative
A T Nasr et al.
Physics in medicine and biology, 60(12), 4665-4683 (2015-05-29)
Radiochromic leuco crystal violet (LCV) micelle gel dosimeters are promising three-dimensional radiation dosimeters because of their spatial stability and suitability for optical readout. The effects of surfactant type and surfactant concentration on dose sensitivity of LCV micelle gels are tested
Abdel-Azeem M El-Sharjawy et al.
Analytical biochemistry, 492, 1-7 (2015-08-19)
This work presents a cloud-point extraction process using the micelle-mediated extraction method for simultaneous preconcentration and determination of Sb(III) and Sb(V) species in biological and environmental samples as a prior preconcentration step to their spectrophotometric determination. The analytical system is
S A Gârea et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 491(1-2), 299-309 (2015-05-30)
This study proposed a new inorganic host for drug encapsulation. Porous clay heterostructure (PCH), synthesized using modified montmorillonite with hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide, was used as host material and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) as guest drug. Drug encapsulation within PCH in different conditions (soaking
Vitaly A Khanadeev et al.
Nanotechnology, 25(40), 405602-405602 (2014-09-13)
High-quality colloidal crystals (CCs) are important for use in photonic research and as templates for large-scale plasmonic SERS substrates. We investigated how variations in temperature, colloid concentration, and dip-drawing parameters (rate, incubation time, etc) affect the structure of 2D CCs
Investigation of the Orientation of C T A
Karaca S, et al.
Journal of Chemistry, 2013 (2012)
Cheryl A Whistler et al.
Journal of clinical microbiology, 53(6), 1864-1872 (2015-04-03)
Vibrio parahaemolyticus sequence type 36 (ST36) strains that are native to the Pacific Ocean have recently caused multistate outbreaks of gastroenteritis linked to shellfish harvested from the Atlantic Ocean. Whole-genome comparisons of 295 genomes of V. parahaemolyticus, including several traced
Hiroaki Sakai et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 16780-16780 (2015-12-01)
Second-generation sequencers (SGS) have been game-changing, achieving cost-effective whole genome sequencing in many non-model organisms. However, a large portion of the genomes still remains unassembled. We reconstructed azuki bean (Vigna angularis) genome using single molecule real-time (SMRT) sequencing technology and
Ying Wang et al.
The Analyst, 140(22), 7578-7585 (2015-10-13)
The developed method for monitoring GST, an important drug metabolic enzyme, could greatly facilitate researches on relative biological fields. In this work, we have developed a SERS technique to monitor the absorbance behaviour of 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) and its glutathione-S-transferase (GST)-accelerated
Su-Ee Lau et al.
BMC plant biology, 15, 194-194 (2015-08-12)
The R2R3-MYB genes regulate pigmentation and morphogenesis of flowers, including flower and cell shape, and therefore have importance in the development of new varieties of orchids. However, new variety development is limited by the long breeding time required in orchids.
Howard R Lasker et al.
PeerJ, 3, e1019-e1019 (2015-07-15)
Patterns of dispersal and connectivity of the Caribbean gorgonian Antillogorgia elisabethae in The Bahamas were assessed in both adults and recently settled recruits from 13 sites using microsatellite loci. Adult populations along the Little Bahama Bank (LBB) exhibited a clear
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