Cell engineering has been used to improve animal cells' central carbon metabolism. Due to the central carbon metabolism's inefficiency and limiting input of carbons into the TCA cycle, key reactions belonging to these pathways have been targeted to improve cultures'...
The Journal of biological chemistry, 281(8), 5042-5049 (2005-12-16)
The interaction between integrin lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1) and its ligand intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) is critical in immunological and inflammatory reactions but, like other adhesive interactions, is of low affinity. Here, multiple rational design methods were used to engineer...
Of the five immunoglobulin isotypes, immunoglobulin G (IgG) is most abundant in human serum. The four subclasses, IgG1, IgG2, IgG3, and IgG4, which are highly conserved, differ in their constant region, particularly in their hinges and upper CH2 domains. These...
Glycan modulation and sulfoengineering of anti-HIV-1 monoclonal antibody PG9 in plants.
Loos, et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 112, 12675-12680 (2021)
Complement activation, cell surface-receptor binding, blocking activity, and possibly placental transfer are among the biologically important functional differences that have been detected between the four human IgG subclasses by use of polyclonal antisera. In 1985, a IUIS/WHO panel of immunologists...
A revised nomenclature for allergy: an EAACI position statement from the EAACI nomenclature task force
Johansson SGO, et al.
Allergy, 56(9), 813-824 (2001)
Structure and function of immunoglobulins.
Schroeder Jr H W and Cavacini L
The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 125(2), S41-S52 (2010)
The alpha(4)beta(1) integrin VLA-4 (very-late activation antigen-4) and the lineage-specific CD4 and CD8 receptors have been proposed as putative co-stimulatory receptors on T cells. To assess the relative contribution of signaling through the TCR, CD28 and these accessory molecules, we...
Rational design of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) variants for antagonizing integrin lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1-dependent adhesion
Song G, et al.
The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 281(8), 5042-5049 (2006)
Protein engineering, design & selection : PEDS, 30(9), 685-696 (2017-10-06)
Targeting two unique antigens with a single bispecific antibody is an attractive approach with potential broad therapeutic applicability. However, the production of heterodimeric bispecific antibodies (bsAbs) presents a challenge, requiring the co-expression and accurate pairing of two distinct heavy and...
We are a leading supplier to the global Life Science industry with solutions and services for research, biotechnology development and production, and pharmaceutical drug therapy development and production.