Showing 1-30 of 1036 results for "

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Thilak K Mudalige et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1420, 92-97 (2015-10-13)
Engineered nanoparticles are available in large numbers of commercial products claiming various health benefits. Nanoparticle absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion, and toxicity in a biological system are dependent on particle size, thus the determination of size and size distribution is essential...
Clara Esteban-Jurado et al.
Genetics in medicine : official journal of the American College of Medical Genetics, 17(2), 131-142 (2014-07-25)
Colorectal cancer is an important cause of mortality in the developed world. Hereditary forms are due to germ-line mutations in APC, MUTYH, and the mismatch repair genes, but many cases present familial aggregation but an unknown inherited cause. The hypothesis...
Zhiguo Zhang et al.
Journal of molecular and cellular cardiology, 77, 42-52 (2014-10-01)
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)-induced cardiomyopathy is associated with cardiac oxidative stress, inflammation, and remodeling. Sulforaphane (SFN), an isothiocyanate naturally presenting in widely consumed vegetables, particularly broccoli, plays an important role in cardiac protection from diabetes. We investigated the effect...
Jose M Lobez et al.
ACS nano, 8(5), 4954-4960 (2014-04-02)
Thin films of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are fabricated from solution using a one-step directed assembly strategy. Very high surface selectivity and exceptionally high CNT densities can be observed in small features with complex shapes. This directed assembly technique makes use...
Mohamed Dawoud
Drug development and industrial pharmacy, 41(1), 156-162 (2013-10-30)
Due to their small particle size, colloidal fat emulsions are suitable for intravenous administration. In order to obtain information on their potential in vivo performance, it is important to find a simple and effective in vitro assay to evaluate the...
Kenneth M DeSart et al.
Journal of vascular surgery, 62(5), 1296-1302 (2014-06-24)
Although clinical studies have identified that a single nucleotide polymorphism in the p27(kip1) gene is associated with success or failure after vein bypass grafting, the underlying mechanisms for this difference are not well defined. Using a high-throughput approach in a...
D K Dastur et al.
The British journal of nutrition, 36(2), 143-159 (1976-09-01)
1. The B-vitamin status of fifty-nine patients, mainly from the lower socio-economic classes in Bombay, with a history of chronic malnutrition, and of alcoholism of 1-5-20 years' duration, was studied before and during treatment, and in relation to their clinical...
Masashi Kamikawa et al.
Acta histochemica et cytochemica, 47(2), 35-43 (2014-09-16)
We previously demonstrated that macrophages exhibit endoplasmic reticulum fragmentation under cholesterol-rich conditions, which results in the generation of acyl-coenzyme A: cholesterol acyltransferase 1 (ACAT1)-associated late endosomes/lysosomes (ACAT1-LE). ACAT1-LE efficiently esterify free cholesterol in loco, even with abnormal egress of free...
Hong Sun et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 16(10), 24574-24587 (2015-10-27)
Accumulating evidence shows that activity of the pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2) isoform is closely related to tumorigenesis. In this study, we investigated the relationship between PKM2 expression, tumor invasion, and the prognosis of patients with lung adenocarcinoma. We retrospectively analyzed...
Paul R S Baker et al.
Journal of lipid research, 55(11), 2432-2442 (2014-09-17)
Phospholipids serve as central structural components in cellular membranes and as potent mediators in numerous signaling pathways. There are six main classes of naturally occurring phospholipids distinguished by their distinct polar head groups that contain many unique molecular species with...
R Bowcutt et al.
Mucosal immunology, 7(5), 1094-1105 (2014-01-23)
The ability of the colon to generate an immune response to pathogens, such as the model pathogen Trichuris muris, is a fundamental and critical defense mechanism. Resistance to T. muris infection is associated with the rapid recruitment of dendritic cells...
Yanbo Wei et al.
The Analyst, 140(4), 1298-1305 (2015-01-09)
A very uniform 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid (DHB) layer was for the first time constructed and used as a matrix for matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (MALDI-FTICR MS) for quickly exploring the changes in lipids within...
Frady G Adly et al.
Chirality, 26(11), 764-774 (2014-07-22)
A new series of dirhodium(II) tetracarboxylate was derived from N-1,2-naphthaloyl-(S)-amino acid ligands. In terms of enantioselectivity, Rh2 (S-1,2-NTTL)4 () derived from N-1,2-naphthaloyl-(S)-tert-leucine, was the best-performing catalyst among the new series in the enantioselective synthesis of cyclopropylphosphonate derivatives (up to >99%...
Shradha Basi-Chipalu et al.
Applied and environmental microbiology, 81(10), 3419-3429 (2015-03-15)
Lantibiotics are ribosomally synthesized antimicrobial peptides with substantial posttranslational modifications. They are characterized by the unique amino acids lanthionine and methyllanthionine, which are introduced by dehydration of Ser/Thr residues and linkage of the resulting dehydrated amino acids with Cys residues....
Jason Spina et al.
Veterinary surgery : VS, 43(6), 750-760 (2014-03-13)
To determine the in vitro effects of differing growth factor treatments on the fibrochondrogenic potential of fibroblast-like synoviocytes from cruciate ligament deficient femorotibial joints of dogs. In vitro study. Synoviocytes from dogs (n = 8) with naturally occurring cruciate ligament insufficiency. Synoviocytes...
Jody C Ullery et al.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 458(2), 411-417 (2015-02-11)
Previous work demonstrated significant changes in cellular membranes following exposure of cells to nanosecond pulsed electric fields (nsPEF), including nanoporation and increases in intracellular calcium concentration. While it is known that nsPEF exposure can cause cell death, how cells repair...
Farhahna Allie et al.
BMC genomics, 15, 1006-1006 (2014-11-22)
Cassava mosaic disease is caused by several distinct geminivirus species, including South African cassava mosaic virus-[South Africa:99] (SACMV). To date, there is limited gene regulation information on viral stress responses in cassava, and global transcriptome profiling in SACMV-infected cassava represents...
Mauricio Garrido et al.
Journal of endodontics, 41(4), 464-469 (2015-03-10)
C-reactive protein (CRP) is the prototype component of acute-phase proteins induced ultimately by interleukin (IL)-6 in the liver, but it is unknown whether periradicular tissues locally express CRP. The present study aimed to identify whether CRP messenger RNA synthesis occurs...
Xavier Rovira et al.
ChemMedChem, 9(12), 2685-2698 (2014-09-10)
The active conformation of a family of metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 4 (mGlu4 ) positive allosteric modulators (PAMs) with the cyclohexane 1,2-dicarboxylic scaffold present in cis-2-(3,5-dichlorophenylcarbamoyl)cyclohexanecarboxylic acid (VU0155041) was investigated by testing structurally similar six-membered ring compounds that have a...
Nor Saadah Mohd Yusof et al.
Chemphyschem : a European journal of chemical physics and physical chemistry, 16(4), 775-781 (2015-01-20)
The sonochemical synthesis of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) with different shapes and size distributions by using high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) operating at 463 kHz is reported. GNP formation proceeds through the reduction of Au(3+) to Au(0) by radicals generated by acoustic...
Anja Hortemo Høie et al.
Mutagenesis, 30(5), 643-649 (2015-04-24)
Furfuryl alcohol (FFA) is present in many heat-treated foods as a result of its formation via dehydration of pentoses. It is also used legally as a flavouring agent. In an inhalation study conducted in the National Toxicology Program, FFA showed...
Mathieu Riffault et al.
Pharmaceutical research, 32(12), 3886-3898 (2015-07-03)
Despite the promising applications of PLGA based particles, studies examining the fate and consequences of these particles after intra-articular administration in the joint are scanty. This study was carried out to evaluate the neutrality of the unloaded delivery system on...
Ewoud Reilman et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 16679-16679 (2015-11-14)
A large proportion of hospital-related infections are acquired and spread due to the direct contacts between patients and healthcare workers. Accordingly, proper infection prevention measures, and especially hand hygiene, are key to limit the spread of infections in nosocomial settings....
Ana García-Sacristán et al.
Nucleic acids research, 43(1), 565-580 (2014-12-17)
The 5' untranslated region of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genomic RNA contains an internal ribosome entry site (IRES) element, composed of domains II-IV, which is required for cap-independent translation initiation. Little information on the 3D structure of the whole functional...
Ritwika Ray et al.
Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany), 20(47), 15618-15624 (2014-10-07)
The present article describes novel oxidative protocols for direct esterification of alcohols. The protocols involve successful demonstrations of both "cross" and "self" esterification of a wide variety of alcohols. The cross-esterification proceeds under a simple transition-metal-free condition, containing catalytic amounts...
Hyeong-Geug Kim et al.
World journal of gastroenterology, 20(42), 15703-15714 (2014-11-18)
To evaluate protective effects of Chunggan extract (CGX), a traditional herbal formula, under 4 wk of alcohol consumption-induced liver injury. Male Sprague-Dawley Rats were orally administered 30% ethanol daily for 4 wk with or without CGX. The pharmaceutical properties were...
Kiranj K Chaudagar et al.
Clinical and experimental hypertension (New York, N.Y. : 1993), 36(8), 557-566 (2014-02-05)
Telmisartan possesses endothelial protective effects due to angiotensin II type 1 receptor antagonist, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) agonist and antioxidant action. Therefore, our objective was to study effect of telmisartan on angiogenic responsiveness of coronary endothelial cells (cECs) of...
Punitha Vasanthan et al.
Journal of cellular and molecular medicine, 19(3), 566-580 (2014-12-06)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that regulate translation of mRNA into protein and play a crucial role for almost all biological activities. However, the identification of miRNAs from mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), especially from dental pulp, is poorly understood....
Claudia Dietze et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 407(29), 8735-8743 (2015-09-24)
A fast and straightforward method to prototype microfluidic chip systems for dead-volume-free hyphenation to electrospray-ionisation mass spectrometry is presented. The developed approach based on liquid-phase lithography provides an inexpensive and reliable access to microfluidic chips for MS coupling which can...
Jeanette N McClintick et al.
Pharmacology, biochemistry, and behavior, 129, 87-96 (2014-12-30)
Alcohol binge-drinking during adolescence is a serious public health concern with long-term consequences. We used RNA sequencing to assess the effects of excessive adolescent ethanol binge-drinking on gene expression in the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) of alcohol preferring (P) rats....