Showing 1-9 of 9 results for "

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Aranya Bagchi et al.
The Journal of experimental biology, 221(Pt 13) (2018-05-12)
Weddell and elephant seals are deep-diving mammals, which rely on lung collapse to limit nitrogen absorption and prevent decompression injury. Repeated collapse and re-expansion exposes the lungs to multiple stressors, including ischemia-reperfusion, alveolar shear stress and inflammation. There is no...
Robert J van Eijkeren et al.
Frontiers in endocrinology, 11, 479-479 (2020-08-28)
The complex direct and indirect interplay between adipocytes and various adipose tissue (AT)-resident immune cells plays an important role in maintaining local and whole-body insulin sensitivity. Adipocytes can directly interact with and activate AT-resident invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells...
Tamara Zaytouni et al.
Nature communications, 8(1), 242-242 (2017-08-16)
Obesity is an established risk factor for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA). Despite recent identification of metabolic alterations in this lethal malignancy, the metabolic dependencies of obesity-associated PDA remain unknown. Here we show that obesity-driven PDA exhibits accelerated growth and a...
Mar Bosch-Queralt et al.
Nature metabolism, 3(2), 211-227 (2021-02-24)
Proregenerative responses are required for the restoration of nervous-system functionality in demyelinating diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS). Yet, the limiting factors responsible for poor CNS repair are only partially understood. Here, we test the impact of a Western diet...
Semir Beyaz et al.
Nature, 531(7592), 53-58 (2016-03-05)
Little is known about how pro-obesity diets regulate tissue stem and progenitor cell function. Here we show that high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity augments the numbers and function of Lgr5(+) intestinal stem cells of the mammalian intestine. Mechanistically, a HFD induces...
Marc P Hübner et al.
PLoS neglected tropical diseases, 14(7), e0008427-e0008427 (2020-07-07)
A major impediment to eliminate lymphatic filariasis and onchocerciasis is the lack of effective short-course macrofilaricidal drugs or regimens that are proven to be safe for both infections. In this study we tested oxfendazole, an anthelmintic shown to be well...
N Joly-Tonetti et al.
The British journal of dermatology, 179(5), 1115-1126 (2018-06-30)
Melanin is synthesized by melanocytes in the basal layer of the epidermis. When transferred to surrounding keratinocytes melanin is the key ultraviolet radiation-protective biopolymer responsible for skin pigmentation. Most melanin is observable in the proliferative basal layer of the epidermis...
Christoph Malkmus et al.
PLoS neglected tropical diseases, 14(11), e0008503-e0008503 (2020-11-06)
Onchocerciasis also known as river blindness is a neglected tropical disease and the world's second-leading infectious cause of blindness in humans; it is caused by Onchocerca volvulus. Current treatment with ivermectin targets microfilariae and transmission and does not kill the...
Joseph C Reynolds et al.
Nature communications, 12(1), 470-470 (2021-01-22)
Healthy aging can be promoted by enhanced metabolic fitness and physical capacity. Mitochondria are chief metabolic organelles with strong implications in aging that also coordinate broad physiological functions, in part, using peptides that are encoded within their independent genome. However...