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M8662

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Matthew D Dean et al.
Evolution; international journal of organic evolution, 63(1), 20-28 (2008-08-30)
Barriers to gene flow can arise at any stage in the reproductive sequence. Most studies of reproductive isolation focus on premating or postzygotic phenotypes, leaving the importance of differences in fertilization rate overlooked. Two closely related species of house mice...
Irena Kukavica-Ibrulj et al.
Journal of bacteriology, 190(8), 2804-2813 (2007-12-18)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa chronic lung infections are the major cause of morbidity and mortality in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. The P. aeruginosa strains PAO1 and PA14 were compared with the Liverpool epidemic strain LESB58 to assess in vivo growth, infection kinetics...
Keke Shao et al.
PloS one, 6(9), e24910-e24910 (2011-09-29)
Aptamers are short RNA or DNA oligonucleotides which can bind with different targets. Typically, they are selected from a large number of random DNA sequence libraries. The main strategy to obtain aptamers is systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment...
Leen Vandaele et al.
Veterinary research, 42, 14-14 (2011-02-15)
Bluetongue virus serotype 8 (BTV-8), which caused an epidemic in ruminants in central Western Europe in 2006 and 2007, seems to differ from other bluetongue serotypes in that it can spread transplacentally and has been associated with an increased incidence...
Carla Danussi et al.
Molecular and cellular biology, 28(12), 4026-4039 (2008-04-16)
Lymphatic-vasculature function critically depends on extracellular matrix (ECM) and on its connections with lymphatic endothelial cells (LECs). However, the composition and the architecture of ECM have not been fully taken into consideration in studying the biology and the pathology of...
Eugene Y Kim et al.
Clinical immunology (Orlando, Fla.), 127(1), 98-106 (2008-02-16)
The pathogenesis of T cell-mediated diseases like rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has typically been explained in the context of the Th1-Th2 paradigm: the initiation/propagation by pro-inflammatory cytokines, and downregulation by Th2 cytokines. However, in our study based on the adjuvant-induced arthritis...
Emma M Roberts et al.
The Journal of endocrinology, 202(3), 453-462 (2009-07-07)
The apelinergic system, comprised of apelin and its G protein-coupled receptor (APJ; APLNR as given in MGI Database), is expressed within key regions of the central nervous system associated with arginine vasopressin (AVP) synthesis and release as well as in...
Nicole C Grieder et al.
PloS one, 3(9), e3241-e3241 (2008-09-20)
There is increasing evidence that tissue-specific modifications of basic cellular functions play an important role in development and disease. To identify the functions of COPI coatomer-mediated membrane trafficking in Drosophila development, we were aiming to create loss-of-function mutations in the...
Guangming Wu et al.
PLoS biology, 9(7), e1001099-e1001099 (2011-07-19)
Using the murine model of tyrosinemia type 1 (fumarylacetoacetate hydrolase [FAH] deficiency; FAH⁻/⁻ mice) as a paradigm for orphan disorders, such as hereditary metabolic liver diseases, we evaluated fibroblast-derived FAH⁻/⁻-induced pluripotent stem cells (iPS cells) as targets for gene correction...
Hartmut Kaiser et al.
Plant physiology, 143(2), 1068-1077 (2006-12-13)
The response of stomata to a reduction of air humidity is composed of a hydropassive opening followed by active closure. Whereas the mechanisms behind the hydropassive opening are largely understood, the location and physiological basis of the sensing mechanisms leading...
Lynda K McGinnis et al.
Developmental biology, 327(2), 280-287 (2009-01-03)
Oocyte maturation invokes complex signaling pathways to achieve cytoplasmic and nuclear competencies for fertilization and development. The Src-family kinases FYN, YES and SRC are expressed in mammalian oocytes but their function during oocyte maturation remains an open question. Using chemical...
Angela Rouyar et al.
PloS one, 6(10), e26443-e26443 (2011-10-27)
In nature the aerial trace of pheromone used by male moths to find a female appears as a train of discontinuous pulses separated by gaps among a complex odorant background constituted of plant volatiles. We investigated the effect of such...
Benjamin Grau et al.
Purinergic signalling, 4(4), 357-364 (2008-09-09)
The formation of appropriate connections between neurons and their specific targets is an essential step during development and repair of the nervous system. Growth cones are located at the leading edges of the growing neurites and respond to environmental cues...
Takeshi Itabashi et al.
Nature methods, 6(2), 167-172 (2009-01-20)
Accurate chromosome segregation during meiosis depends on the assembly of a microtubule-based spindle of proper shape and size. Current models for spindle-size control focus on reaction diffusion-based chemical regulation and balance in activities of motor proteins. Although several molecular perturbations...
Marie-Laure Volvert et al.
BMC pharmacology, 8, 10-10 (2008-06-14)
Lipid-soluble thiamine precursors have a much higher bioavailability than genuine thiamine and therefore are more suitable for therapeutic purposes. Benfotiamine (S-benzoylthiamine O-monophosphate), an amphiphilic S-acyl thiamine derivative, prevents the progression of diabetic complications, probably by increasing tissue levels of thiamine...
Xuchu Ma et al.
Dalton transactions (Cambridge, England : 2003), (46)(46), 10250-10255 (2009-11-19)
Na(4)Si(4) and Na(4)Ge(4) are ideal chemical precursors for inorganic clathrate structures, clusters, and nanocrystals. The monoclinic Zintl phases, Na(4)Si(4) and Na(4)Ge(4), contain isolated homo-tetrahedranide [Si(4)](4-) and [Ge(4)](4-) clusters surrounded by alkali metal cations. In this study, a simple scalable route...
Tomoko Watanabe et al.
BMC cell biology, 11, 38-38 (2010-06-08)
Lipid droplets (LD) are organelles with an important role in normal metabolism and disease. The lipid content of embryos has a major impact on viability and development. LD in Drosophila embryos and cultured cell lines have been shown to move...
Shai Kaplan et al.
Molecular cell, 29(6), 786-792 (2008-04-01)
Cells respond to signals by regulating gene expression. The relation between the level of input signals and the transcription rate of the gene is called the gene's input function. Because most genes are regulated by more than one signal, the...
Petra Kellers et al.
Acta crystallographica. Section F, Structural biology and crystallization communications, 64(Pt 8), 719-722 (2008-08-06)
The membrane-bound [NiFe] hydrogenase is a unique metalloprotein that is able to catalyze the reversible oxidation of hydrogen to protons and electrons during a complex reaction cycle. The [NiFe] hydrogenase was isolated from the photosynthetic purple sulfur bacterium Allochromatium vinosum...
Catherine Rouby et al.
International journal of otolaryngology, 2011, 203805-203805 (2011-11-03)
The LCOT is a self-administered test designed to assess olfactory deficits. Altogether, 525 subjects contributed to the validation. Elderly participants were well represented in this sample. In a validation study (study 1), 407 healthy and 17 anosmic volunteers between 15...
Elisabetta Sabini et al.
Journal of molecular biology, 378(3), 607-621 (2008-04-02)
Deoxycytidine kinase (dCK) is an essential nucleoside kinase critical for the production of nucleotide precursors for DNA synthesis. This enzyme catalyzes the initial conversion of the nucleosides deoxyadenosine (dA), deoxyguanosine (dG), and deoxycytidine (dC) into their monophosphate forms, with subsequent...
Keith E Herold et al.
Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.), 504, 441-458 (2009-01-23)
A prototype handheld, compact, rapid thermocycler was developed for multiplex analysis of nucleic acids in an inexpensive, portable configuration. Instead of the commonly used Peltier heating/cooling element, electric thin-film resistive heater and a miniature fan enable rapid heating and cooling...
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