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Li Zhang et al.
PloS one, 10(2), e112716-e112716 (2015-02-19)
Apert syndrome (AS) is a type of autosomal dominant disease characterized by premature fusion of the cranial sutures, severe syndactyly, and other abnormalities in internal organs. Approximately 70% of AS cases are caused by a single mutation, S252W, in fibroblast
Leonor C Costa et al.
Environmental science and pollution research international, 22(23), 18574-18589 (2015-09-24)
This study aimed to assess the mechanisms of innate immune function responses to silica-coated iron oxide nanoparticle functionalized with dithiocarbamate groups (IONP) exposure alone and its associated mercury (Hg) in European eel (Anguilla anguilla L.) phagocytes isolated from peritoneum (P-phagocytes)
Viktor Kis et al.
PloS one, 10(7), e0131250-e0131250 (2015-07-07)
Lipid droplets (LDs) are common organelles of the majority of eukaryotic cell types. Their biological significance has been extensively studied in mammalian liver cells and white adipose tissue. Although the central nervous system contains the highest relative amount and the
Valentina Cianfanelli et al.
Nature cell biology, 17(1), 20-30 (2014-12-02)
Inhibition of a main regulator of cell metabolism, the protein kinase mTOR, induces autophagy and inhibits cell proliferation. However, the molecular pathways involved in the cross-talk between these two mTOR-dependent cell processes are largely unknown. Here we show that the
Yoshimitsu Kuwabara et al.
The Journal of endocrinology, 224(1), 49-59 (2014-10-30)
Osteopontin (OPN), a secreted glycoprotein, has multiple physiological functions. This study investigated the regulation and roles of OPN in the mouse ovary during the periovulatory stages. Immature female mice were treated with pregnant mare serum gonadotropin (PMSG) and human chorionic
Ming-Yuan Tsai et al.
Developmental neurobiology, 75(9), 908-926 (2014-12-23)
Krüppel-like factor 8 (Klf8) is a zinc-finger transcription factor implicated in cell proliferation, and cancer cell survival and invasion; however, little is known about its role in normal embryonic development. Here, we show that Klf8 is required for normal cerebellar
Sara J Tallaksen-Greene et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 34(47), 15658-15668 (2014-11-21)
The common neurodegenerative syndromes exhibit age-related incidence, and many Mendelian neurodegenerative diseases exhibit age-related penetrance. Mutations slowing aging retard age related pathologies. To assess whether delayed aging retards the effects of a mutant allele causing a Huntington's disease (HD)-like syndrome
Masanari Takamiya et al.
PloS one, 10(2), e0117645-e0117645 (2015-02-19)
The cornea is a central component of the camera eye of vertebrates and even slight corneal disturbances severely affect vision. The transcription factor PAX6 is required for normal eye development, namely the proper separation of the lens from the developing
Osamu Sakai et al.
Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 56(1), 538-543 (2015-01-13)
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the role of glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPx4) in conjunctival epithelial cells. An immortalized human conjunctival epithelial cell line was used. Cells were transfected with catalase, GPx1, GPx4, SOD1, SOD2, or control
Kenji Fukushima et al.
Nature communications, 6, 6450-6450 (2015-03-17)
Complex morphology is an evolutionary outcome of phenotypic diversification. In some carnivorous plants, the ancestral planar leaf has been modified to form a pitcher shape. However, how leaf development was altered during evolution remains unknown. Here we show that the
Kayoko Katayama et al.
Nihon eiseigaku zasshi. Japanese journal of hygiene, 66(3), 573-581 (2011-06-28)
In this study, we investigated the relationships of neutrophil functions with lifestyle factors (namely, subjective stress, exercise habits, smoking habits, alcohol-drinking habits, and self-perceived status health) and health behavior in the Chinese urban elderly. We performed a health survey of
Mieko Kato et al.
Journal of immunological methods, 417, 45-51 (2014-12-17)
To generate high-titer monoclonal antibodies, strong immuno-stimulation must be used for eliciting an intense cellular immune response. Here, we report that antigen-specific antibody production was potentiated by Peptide-25 derived from Ag85B of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and that the production of antigen-specific
John P Sundberg et al.
Experimental and molecular pathology, 97(3), 525-528 (2014-12-03)
Alopecia areata (AA), a cell mediated autoimmune disease, is the second most common form of hair loss in humans. While the autoimmune disease is responsible for the underlying pathogenesis, the alopecia phenotype is ultimately due to hair shaft fragility and
K J Taylor et al.
Parasite immunology, 37(1), 23-31 (2014-11-08)
Translationally controlled tumour protein (TCTP) may play an important role in the establishment or maintenance of parasitemia in a malarial infection. In this study, the potential of TCTP as a malaria vaccine was investigated in two trials. In the initial
L Monin et al.
Mucosal immunology, 8(5), 1099-1109 (2015-01-30)
Tuberculosis (TB) vaccine development has focused largely on targeting T helper type 1 (Th1) cells. However, despite inducing Th1 cells, the recombinant TB vaccine MVA85A failed to enhance protection against TB disease in humans. In recent years, Th17 cells have
Xin Qi et al.
General and comparative endocrinology, 221, 267-277 (2014-12-03)
Neurokinin B (NKB) is a member of the tackykinin (TAC) family known to play a critical role in the neuroendocrine regulation of reproduction in mammals. However, its biological functions in teleosts are less clear. The aim of this study was
Shih-Yeh Lin et al.
Vaccine, 33(44), 5966-5973 (2015-05-06)
Enterovirus 71 (EV71) causes the outbreaks of hand-foot-and-mouth disease and results in deaths of hundreds of young children. EV71 virus-like particles (VLPs) are empty capsids consisting of viral structural proteins and can elicit potent immune responses, thus holding promise as
Noriko Uesugi et al.
Pathology international, 65(11), 575-584 (2015-08-21)
We have developed a new virtual microscopy method, with two- and three-dimensional (2D, 3D) synchronization, that enables visualization of the human renal microvasculature. The method was used to evaluate 120-150 serially cut sections of paraffin-embedded human renal tissue from nephrectomized
Niranjan A Panat et al.
Food chemistry, 194, 32-45 (2015-10-17)
Troxerutin (TRX) is a flavonoid present in tea, coffee, cereal grains, various fruits and vegetables have been reported to exhibit radioprotective, antithrombotic, nephro and hepato-protective effects. A systematic study was undertaken to evaluate its free radical scavenging ability and anti-apoptotic
Agnieszka Bazylko et al.
Journal of photochemistry and photobiology. B, Biology, 149, 189-195 (2015-06-21)
Galinsoga species are used in folk medicine as anti-inflammatory agents and accelerators for wound healing. They also have reported antioxidant activity. We examined aqueous and ethanolic extracts derived from the Galinsoga herb as potential photoprotectors, as the role of reactive
Sigridur Jonsdottir et al.
Veterinary immunology and immunopathology, 166(1-2), 8-21 (2015-05-26)
Insect bite hypersensitivity (IBH) is an allergic dermatitis of horses caused by bites of midges (Culicoides spp.). IgE-mediated reactions are often involved in the pathogenesis of this disease. IBH does not occur in Iceland due to the absence of Culicoides
Maho Sumiyoshi et al.
Phytomedicine : international journal of phytotherapy and phytopharmacology, 22(7-8), 759-767 (2015-07-05)
Tumor growth and metastasis have been closely associated with the M2 macrophage-induced activation of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs). The antitumor and antimetastatic actions of xanthangelol and 4-hydroxyderricin on the role of M2 macrophages in the TAMs of highly metastatic osteosarcoma LM8-bearing
Yonghong Zhang et al.
Vaccine, 33(30), 3480-3487 (2015-06-10)
Our previous study showed that IL-2 and IL-7 could mutually enhance the immunogenicity of canine parvovirus VP2 DNA vaccine, although the underlying mechanism remained unknown. Here, we used the OVA gene as a DNA vaccine in a mouse model to
Yanmang Cui et al.
Chemico-biological interactions, 220, 75-83 (2014-06-29)
The study was to characterize the polyphenolic composition, antioxidant properties, and hepatoprotective effects of a polyphenols-enriched extract (HMTP) from Huangshan Maofeng green tea. HPLC analysis showed that three predominantly polyphenolic compounds present in HMTP were epigallocatechin (271.2 μg/mg extract), rutin
Robert Reinhardt et al.
The EMBO journal, 34(11), 1572-1588 (2015-04-25)
Transcriptional networks defining stemness in adult neural stem cells (NSCs) are largely unknown. We used the proximal cis-regulatory element (pCRE) of the retina-specific homeobox gene 2 (rx2) to address such a network. Lineage analysis in the fish retina identified rx2
Takashi Kasukabe et al.
International journal of oncology, 46(2), 841-848 (2014-11-19)
Arsenic trioxide (ATO) is an approved treatment for acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). It has also shown potential for treatment of multiple myeloma and various solid tumors including breast cancer. The requirement of high, toxic concentrations for the induction of apoptosis
Hubert Sytykiewicz et al.
PloS one, 9(11), e111863-e111863 (2014-11-05)
The purpose of this report was to evaluate the expression patterns of selected glutathione transferase genes (gst1, gst18, gst23 and gst24) in the tissues of two maize (Zea mays L.) varieties (relatively resistant Ambrozja and susceptible Tasty Sweet) that were
Mathieu Quesnel-Vallières et al.
Genes & development, 29(7), 746-759 (2015-04-04)
Alternative splicing (AS) generates vast transcriptomic complexity in the vertebrate nervous system. However, the extent to which trans-acting splicing regulators and their target AS regulatory networks contribute to nervous system development is not well understood. To address these questions, we
Bao-qiu Li et al.
Experimental biology and medicine (Maywood, N.J.), 239(10), 1366-1379 (2014-05-30)
Manganese (III) 5, 10, 15, 20-tetrakis [3-(2-(2-methoxy)-ethoxy) ethoxy] phenyl porphyrin chloride, designated HSJ-0017, is a novel antioxidant enzyme mimic. The aim of the present study was to investigate the enzyme-mimic activity and the therapeutic potential of HSJ-0017 in free radical-related
Supriya Ravichandran et al.
Nanoscale, 7(47), 20042-20054 (2015-11-17)
The increasing use of nanoparticles (NPs) in technological applications and in commercial products has escalated environmental health and safety concerns. The detection of NPs in the environment and in biological systems is challenged by limitations associated with commonly used analytical
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