Search Within
Applied Filters:
Showing 1-30 of 247 results for "


" within Papers
Dan-dan Song et al.
American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology, 306(9), G788-G795 (2014-03-15)
Communication between neurons and glia in the dorsal root ganglia (DRG) and the central nervous system is critical for nociception. Both glial activation and proinflammatory cytokine induction underlie this communication. We investigated whether satellite glial cell (SGC) and tumor necrosis
R A Towner et al.
Neurogastroenterology and motility : the official journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society, 27(11), 1571-1579 (2015-08-26)
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) consists of two chronic remitting-relapsing inflammatory disorders in the colon referred to as ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease (CD). Inflammatory bowel disease affects about 1.4 million Americans. 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced colitis is a widely used
Rithwik Ramachandran et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110(18), 7476-7481 (2013-04-19)
Transient Receptor Potential Melastatin-8 (TRPM8), a recently identified member of the transient receptor potential (TRP) family of ion channels, is activated by mild cooling and by chemical compounds such as the supercooling agent, icilin. Since cooling, possibly involving TRPM8 stimulation
Bei-Lei Xu et al.
Journal of ethnopharmacology, 162, 253-260 (2015-01-06)
Gegenqinlian Decoction (GQD) has been used as a folk remedy for gastrointestinal diseases in China over thousands of years. It has significant treatment efficacy for patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We analyzed and showed that the active components alignment
Aihua Qian et al.
Molecular pain, 9, 15-15 (2013-03-30)
Visceral pain is common symptom involved in many gastrointestinal disorders such as inflammatory bowel disease. The underlying molecular mechanisms remain elusive. We investigated the molecular mechanisms and the role for voltage gated calcium channel (VGCC) in the pathogenesis in a
Wen Liu et al.
International immunopharmacology, 20(2), 337-345 (2014-04-08)
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic, relapsing and remitting condition of inflammation involves overproduction of pro-inflammatory cytokines and excessive functions of inflammatory cells. However, current treatments for IBD may have potential adverse effects including steroid dependence, infections and lymphoma.
Vanessa Pecini da Cunha et al.
Scientific reports, 10(1), 20123-20123 (2020-11-20)
Intestinal fibrosis associated with Crohn's disease (CD), which a common and serious complication of inflammatory bowel diseases. In this context, heat shock proteins (HSPs) might serve as an alternative treatment because these antigens play important roles in the regulation of
Soohwan Yum et al.
Fitoterapia, 103, 55-62 (2015-03-24)
We investigated a potential molecular target for anti-colitic effects of esculetin, 6,7-dihydroxycoumarin. Esculetin administered rectally effectively ameliorated TNBS-induced rat colitis and attenuated the expression of pro-inflammatory mediators in the inflamed colon. In human colon carcinoma HCT116 cells, esculetin induced hypoxia-inducible
Sara Bersani et al.
European journal of pharmaceutics and biopharmaceutics : official journal of Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Pharmazeutische Verfahrenstechnik e.V, 88(3), 670-682 (2014-08-27)
Novel, acid-sensitive liposomes that respond to physiopathological pH for tumour targeting applications were obtained by surface decoration with 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)] (mPEG-DSPE) and stearoyl-poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(methacryloyl sulfadimethoxine) copolymer (stearoyl-PEG-polySDM). The pH-sensitive stearoyl-PEG-polySDM copolymer contained an average of seven methacryloyl sulfadimethoxines per molecule
Alice B Nongonierma et al.
Journal of the science of food and agriculture, 97(4), 1093-1101 (2016-06-09)
Hydrolysis parameters affecting the release of dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV) inhibitory and antioxidant peptides from milk proteins have not been extensively studied. Therefore, a multifactorial (i.e. pH, temperature and hydrolysis time) composite design was used to optimise the release of
Yuan Gao et al.
Journal of cellular physiology, 234(7), 10625-10639 (2018-11-15)
LL202, a newly synthesized flavonoid derivative, has been confirmed to inhibit the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway and activation protein-1 activation in monocytes; however, the anti-inflammatory mechanism has not been clearly studied. Uncontrolled overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) has involved
Ancy D Nalli et al.
The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics, 350(1), 89-98 (2014-04-29)
Recent studies have identified AMP-activated kinase (AMPK) as a target of Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent kinase kinase (CaMKKβ) and a negative regulator of myosin light-chain (MLC) kinase (MLCK). The present study examined whether a change in expression or activity of AMPK is responsible
Aitor Sánchez-Ferrero et al.
Biomaterials, 68, 42-53 (2015-08-13)
Bone tissue engineering demands alternatives overcoming the limitations of traditional approaches in the context of a constantly aging global population. In the present study, elastin-like recombinamers hydrogels were produced by means of carbodiimide-catalyzed crosslinking with citric acid, a molecule suggested
Yuting Guan et al.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 195(1), 339-346 (2015-05-31)
The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway integrates environmental cues to regulate cell growth and survival through various mechanisms. However, how mTORC1 responds to acute inflammatory signals to regulate bowel regeneration is still obscure. In this study, we investigated
Joanne C Masterson et al.
Gut, 64(8), 1236-1247 (2014-09-12)
Eosinophils reside in the colonic mucosa and increase significantly during disease. Although a number of studies have suggested that eosinophils contribute to the pathogenesis of GI inflammation, the expanding scope of eosinophil-mediated activities indicate that they also regulate local immune
Kuldeep Singh et al.
International journal of biological macromolecules, 54, 186-196 (2012-12-29)
The present study was aimed to exploit the antibacterial/antifungal and film coating potential of Chitosan-EDTA (CH-EDTA) conjugate in combination with mesalamine (anti-inflammatory agent) for the early recovery from TNBS induced coilitis. The results suggested CH:EDTA (1:1) spray coated mesalamine tablets
Chun-Wen Wang et al.
The international journal of biochemistry & cell biology, 64, 239-251 (2015-05-06)
The sodium/glucose cotransporter 1 (SGLT1) is responsible for glucose uptake in intestinal epithelial cells. Its expression is decreased in individuals with intestinal inflammatory disorders and is correlated with the pathogenesis of disease. The aim of this study was to understand
Łukasz Sęczyk et al.
Food chemistry, 194, 637-642 (2015-10-17)
This paper presents a study on the effect of carob flour addition from 1% to 5% (w/w) on phenolics content, antioxidant activity, nutritional quality, and sensory attributes of wheat pasta. An increase of about 2-folds, 18-folds and 3-folds in phenolics
Iram Shahzadi et al.
Molecular pharmaceutics, 17(8), 3129-3139 (2020-07-01)
This study hypothesized that long carbon chain cationic arginine (Arg) esters can be considered as toxicologically harmless preservatives. Arg-esters with C18 and C24 carbon chains, namely, arginine-oleate (Arg-OL) and arginine-decyltetradecanoate (Arg-DT), were synthesized. Structures were confirmed by FT-IR, 1H NMR
A Stančić et al.
Neurogastroenterology and motility : the official journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society, 27(10), 1432-1445 (2015-08-01)
G protein-coupled receptor 55 (GPR55) is a lysophospholipid receptor responsive to certain cannabinoids. The role of GPR55 in inflammatory processes of the gut is largely unknown. Using the recently characterized GPR55 inhibitor CID16020046, we determined the role of GPR55 in experimental
James N Arnold et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 280(32), 29080-29087 (2005-06-16)
The glycoprotein IgM is the major antibody produced in the primary immune response to antigens, circulating in the serum both as a pentamer and a hexamer. Pentameric IgM has a single J chain, which is absent in the hexamer. The
Mi Lan Kang et al.
Biomaterials, 35(37), 9984-9994 (2014-09-23)
We developed an intra-articular (IA) drug delivery system to treat osteoarthritis (OA) that consisted of kartogenin conjugated chitosan (CHI-KGN). Kartogenin, which promotes the selective differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) into chondrocytes, was conjugated with low-molecular-weight chitosan (LMWCS) and medium-molecular-weight
Jordanna S Master et al.
The Journal of nutrition, 145(5), 876-883 (2015-03-27)
Low birth weight is associated with increased risk of adult cardiovascular and metabolic disease development, with recent studies highlighting transmission to subsequent generations via both maternal and paternal lines. However, the timing of parent-specific programming of disease risk to the
Shin Kashima et al.
Translational research : the journal of laboratory and clinical medicine, 166(2), 163-175 (2015-03-15)
Inflammatory bowel disease frequently causes intestinal obstruction because of extensive fibrosis. This study investigated whether polyphosphate (poly P), an active molecule derived from Lactobacillus brevis, could improve the fibrosis in a model of chronic colitis. In this study, dextran sodium
Irene Crespo et al.
PloS one, 7(11), e50407-e50407 (2012-12-05)
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and apoptotic cell death play an important role in the pathogenesis and perpetuation of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We aimed to explore the potential of glutamine to reduce ER stress and apoptosis in a rat model
Jenny Castro et al.
Journal of Crohn's & colitis, 9(11), 1004-1015 (2015-07-30)
Physalis peruviana [cape gooseberry] is highly appreciated for its commercial value. The Colombian ecotype is in great demand in the international market, particularly for the unique morphological characteristics of the calyx, which has extended use as a traditional herbal remedy
André Luiz dos Reis Barbosa et al.
Inflammation research : official journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et al.], 63(12), 969-977 (2014-10-08)
The aim of this study was to investigate the possible involvement of the NO/cGMP/PKG/KATP+ pathway, cannabinoids and opioids in remote antinociception associated with 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulph onic acid (TNBS)-induced colitis. TNBS-induced colitis was induced by intracolonic administration of 20 mg of
M Engevik et al.
Beneficial microbes, 12(6), 583-599 (2021-09-23)
The serotonin transporter (SERT) readily takes up serotonin (5-HT), thereby regulating the availability of 5-HT within the intestine. In the absence of SERT, 5-HT remains in the interstitial space and has the potential to aberrantly activate the many 5-HT receptors
Cécile Piroird et al.
Toxicology in vitro : an international journal published in association with BIBRA, 29(5), 901-916 (2015-03-31)
The U-SENS™ assay, formerly known as MUSST (Myeloid U937 Skin Sensitization Test), is an in vitro method to assess skin sensitization. Dendritic cell activation following exposure to sensitizers was modelled in the U937 human myeloid cell line by measuring the
Hany H Arab et al.
PloS one, 9(5), e97193-e97193 (2014-05-17)
Accumulating evidence has indicated the implication of angiotensin II in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) via its proinflammatory features. Telmisartan (TLM) is an angiotensin II receptor antagonist with marked anti-inflammatory and antioxidant actions that mediated its cardio-, reno-
Page 1 of 9
Page 1 of 9