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Junfeng Niu et al.
Chemosphere, 92(11), 1571-1577 (2013-05-22)
Electrochemical degradation of pentachlorophenol (PCP) in aqueous solution was investigated over Ti/SnO2-Sb electrodes prepared by sol-gel method. X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and electrochemical measurements were used to characterize the physicochemical properties of the electrodes. The electrochemical degradation...
Ana R Ribeiro et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1418, 140-149 (2015-10-04)
The fate and removal of organic micropollutants in the environment is a demanding issue evidenced by the recent European policy. This work presents an analytical method for the trace quantification of 37 micropollutants including Priority Substances (Directive 2013/39/EU), substances of...
Wasma Alhusainy et al.
Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association, 74, 28-34 (2014-09-15)
The alkenylbenzene methyleugenol occurs naturally in a variety of spices and herbs, including basil, and their essential oils. At high dose levels methyleugenol induces hepatocarcinogenicity in rodents following bioactivation to 1'-sulfooxymethyleugenol which forms DNA adducts. This study investigated whether the...
Junfeng Niu et al.
Journal of hazardous materials, 246-247, 119-125 (2013-01-09)
Horseradish peroxidase (HRP) is successfully in situ encapsulated into the poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA)/PEO-PPO-PEO (F108) electrospun fibrous membranes (EFMs) by emulsion electrospinning. The adsorption and degradation of pentachlorophenol (PCP) by HRP-EFMs are investigated. The experimental results show that the sorption kinetic of...
Ondrej Uhlik et al.
Chemosphere, 113, 141-145 (2014-07-30)
Pesticides are a class of xenobiotics intentionally released into the environment. Hexachlorobenzene (HCB) was used as a fungicide from 1945, leaving behind many contaminated sites. Very few studies have examined the biodegradation of HCB or the fate of HCB-derived carbon....
Kei Toda et al.
Journal of hazardous materials, 278, 426-432 (2014-07-06)
Rapid decomposition of wastewater contaminants using sulfurized limonite (S-limonite) was investigated. Limonite is used for desulfurization of biogases, and S-limonite is obtained from desulfurization plants as solid waste. In this work, the profitable use of S-limonite in water treatment was...
Zhiling Li et al.
Environmental science & technology, 47(3), 1534-1541 (2012-12-21)
A simple anaerobic upflow column system (15 cm long, 5 cm inner diameter) for complete pentachlorophenol (PCP) mineralization has been established using a microbial consortium requiring only lactate as the external nutrient. With lactate as an electron donor, PCP was...
H J Roberts
The Journal of the Florida Medical Association, 77(2), 86-90 (1990-02-01)
Aplastic anemia, pure red cell aplasia, leukemia, lymphoma and other hematologic disorders have followed exposure to products containing the pesticide pentachlorophenol (PCP). Information in a 25-year compilation of documented case reports is summarized, involving industrial and home exposure and accidental...
Alex T Proudfoot
Toxicological reviews, 22(1), 3-11 (2003-10-29)
Despite being banned in many countries and having its use severely restricted in others, pentachlorophenol (PCP) remains an important pesticide from a toxicological perspective. It is a stable and persistent compound. In humans it is readily absorbed by ingestion and...
IARC monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans, 53, 371-402 (1991-01-01)
P G Jorens et al.
Human & experimental toxicology, 12(6), 479-495 (1993-11-01)
Pentachlorophenol (PCP) was, and still is, one of the most frequently used fungicides and pesticides. Its toxicity is due to interference with oxidative phosphorylation. Acute and chronic poisoning may occur by dermal absorption, inhalation or ingestion. Chronic poisoning occurs mainly...
Daliang Ning et al.
PloS one, 7(9), e45887-e45887 (2012-10-03)
The occurrence of cytochrome P450 and P450-mediated pentachlorophenol oxidation in a white rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium was demonstrated in this study. The carbon monoxide difference spectra indicated induction of P450 (103±13 pmol P450 per mg protein in the microsomal fraction)...
Xuming Wang et al.
Environmental science and pollution research international, 20(4), 2236-2243 (2012-07-24)
Both nitrate and pentachlorophenol (PCP) are familiar pollutants in aqueous environment. This research is focused on the simultaneous removal of nitrate and PCP from simulated contaminated groundwater using a laboratory-scale denitrification reactor packed with corncob as both carbon source and...
Itamar Yadid et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110(24), E2182-E2190 (2013-05-17)
Microbes in contaminated environments often evolve new metabolic pathways for detoxification or degradation of pollutants. In some cases, intermediates in newly evolved pathways are more toxic than the initial compound. The initial step in the degradation of pentachlorophenol by Sphingobium...
P White et al.
Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987), 184, 449-456 (2013-10-15)
Homologue and congener profiles of PCDD/Fs in eels, passive sampler and sediment extracts from the Burrishoole, a rural upland catchment on the western Irish seaboard were compared with potential PCDD sources. ΣPCDD/F levels in eels ranged from 2.9 to 25.9 pg g(-1)...
M Silva et al.
Journal of hazardous materials, 233-234, 79-88 (2012-07-28)
In the present study the authors investigated a set of three new zinc(II) phthalocyanines (zinc(II) tetranitrophthalocyanine (ZnTNPc), zinc(II) tetra(phenyloxy)phthalocyanine (ZnTPhOPc) and the tetraiodide salt of zinc(II)tetra(N,N,N-trimethylaminoethyloxy) phthalocyaninate (ZnTTMAEOPcI)) immobilized into Al-MCM-41 prepared via ship-in-a-bottle methodology. The samples were fully characterized...
Mohammad Reza Hadjmohammadi et al.
Journal of separation science, 35(23), 3375-3380 (2012-11-28)
Optimization of alcoholic-assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction of pentachlorophenol (PCP) and determination of it with high-performance liquid chromatography (UV-Vis detection) was investigated. A Plackett-Burman design and a central composite design were applied to evaluate the alcoholic-assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction procedure. The...
Wenxia Liu et al.
Environmental science and pollution research international, 20(8), 5569-5576 (2013-02-27)
Polychlorinated diphenyl ether (PCDE) has attracted great attention recently as an important type of environmental pollutant. The influence of iron and copper oxides on formation of PCDEs was investigated using laboratory-scale flow reactors under air and under nitrogen at 350...
Yoonsang Cho et al.
Journal of medicinal chemistry, 51(19), 5984-5992 (2008-09-10)
HisG is an ATP-phosphoribosyl transferase (ATPPRTase) that catalyzes the first step in the biosynthetic pathway for histidine. Among the enzymes in this pathway, only HisG represents a potential drug target for tuberculosis. Only a few inhibitors with limited potency for...
Yi Chen et al.
The Science of the total environment, 541, 65-73 (2015-09-24)
Given the widely varying types of aquatic ecosystems and bioavailability of chemicals, it is important to develop site-specific water quality criteria (WQC) to ensure criteria are neither over- nor under-protective. In the study, using pentachlorophenol (PCP) as an example, several...
Mariana Vieira Coronas et al.
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 95, 153-160 (2013-06-25)
The wood treatment process uses substances that generate hazardous compounds that may contaminate environmental compartments. In the present study, an area under influence of a deactivated wood treatment plant was investigated to evaluate past air pollution and to try to...
Patrick W Causey et al.
Journal of medicinal chemistry, 51(9), 2833-2844 (2008-04-17)
A series of mono and diaryl rhenium(I)-carborane derivatives were prepared using microwave heating and screened for their affinity for two isoforms of the estrogen receptor (ER). The rhenacarborane derivative [(RR'C 2B9H9)Re(CO)3](-) (R = p-PhOH, R' = H), which was generated...
M Muñoz et al.
Chemosphere, 110, 129-135 (2014-03-19)
Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDD/F) formation was studied, in vitro, with two different chlorophenol mixtures (group "di+tri" 2,4-dichlorophenol; 2,3,4-, 2,3,5-, and 3,4,5-trichlorophenols and group "tri+tetra+penta" with 2,4,5-trichlorophenol, 2,3,4,6-tetrachlorophenol and pentachlorophenol) and two different lignolytic enzymes, lignin and manganese peroxidase...
Caroline Louis et al.
Environmental research, 136, 441-448 (2014-12-03)
Northern elephant seals (NES) (Mirounga angustirostris) from the Año Nuevo State Reserve (CA, USA) were sampled at 1-, 4-, 7- and 10-week post-weaning. Concentrations of hydroxylated polychlorinated biphenyls (HO-PCBs) and their parent PCBs were measured in the serum of each...
Luise Oemisch et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1370, 17-24 (2014-12-03)
Many studies in pharmacology, toxicology and environmental science require a method for determining the freely dissolved concentration of a target substance. A recently developed tool for this purpose is equilibrium passive sampling with polymeric materials. However, this method has rarely...
Lee Karlsson et al.
American journal of public health, 103(2), 276-277 (2012-12-15)
In 2009, after resident calls regarding an odor, the Vermont Department of Health and state partners responded to 2 scenarios of private drinking water contamination from utility poles treated with pentachlorophenol (PCP), an organochlorine wood preservative used in the United...
Yanjun Fang et al.
Journal of proteomics, 110, 172-182 (2014-08-12)
Pentachlorophenol (PCP) and 2,4,6-trichlorophenol (TCP) are suspected of disrupting the endocrine system and thus affecting human and wildlife reproduction, but the potential common mechanisms and biomarkers of chlorophenols (CPs) in the ovary are not fully elucidated. In the present study...
Glinda S Cooper et al.
Environmental health perspectives, 116(8), 1001-1008 (2008-08-19)
Pentachlorophenol, a fungicide widely used as a wood preservative, was classified in 1999 by the International Agency for Research on Cancer as a possible human carcinogen. We reviewed currently available data to determine the extent to which recent studies assist...
Jiajiang Lin et al.
Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987), 170, 260-267 (2012-07-31)
The potential for dissipation of pentachlorophenol (PCP) was investigated in soils from four different sites in China. These were an umbraqualf (Soil 1), a Plinthudult (Soil 2), a Haplustalf (Soil 3) and an Argiustoll (Soil 4) which were either flooded...
M B Carvalho et al.
Journal of proteomics, 78, 159-171 (2012-11-28)
Pentachlorophenol (PCP) represents a critical concern worldwide due to its toxicity and recalcitrance to degradation. The capacity of Mucor plumbeus to transform PCP into several detoxification metabolites, including tetrachlorohydroquinone and several phase II conjugates, was observed by LC-HRMS. The data...
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