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P4504

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Romchat Chutoprapat et al.
The Journal of pharmacy and pharmacology, 66(7), 943-953 (2014-04-05)
To investigate the influence of the hydrophilic polymer, polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) on the ex-vivo permeability of the poorly water-soluble photosensitizer, chlorin e6 (Ce6) using the chick chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) model. The CAM was removed from the fertilized chicken egg at embryo
C Gröer et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 100, 393-401 (2014-09-15)
Cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes and UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGT) are major determinants in the pharmacokinetics of most drugs on the market. To investigate their impact on intestinal and hepatic drug metabolism, we developed and validated quantification methods for nine CYP (CYP1A2, CYP2B6
Jinping Cao et al.
Food chemistry, 173, 855-863 (2014-12-04)
The physicochemical characteristics of four cherry species (Prunus avium, Prunus cerasus, Prunus pseudocerasus and Prunus tomentosa) were evaluated. Inter-species variability was greater than intra-species differences. Glucose and fructose were the main sugars, and malic acid was the main organic acid
Gopa Dhar et al.
Biochemistry, 54(4), 1132-1143 (2015-01-08)
Curcumin, derived from rhizomes of the Curcuma longa plant, is known to possess a wide range of medicinal properties. We have examined the interaction of curcumin with actin and determined their binding and thermodynamic parameters using isothermal titration calorimetry. Curcumin
Anna Sankiewicz et al.
Analytical biochemistry, 469, 4-11 (2014-10-15)
We have developed a new method for highly selective determination of the ubiquitin carboxyl-terminal hydrolase L1 (UCH-L1) concentration using a surface plasmon resonance imaging (SPRI) technique and two different biosensors. UCH-L1 was captured from a solution by immobilized specific rabbit
Athar N Malik et al.
Nature neuroscience, 17(10), 1330-1339 (2014-09-10)
Experience-dependent gene transcription is required for nervous system development and function. However, the DNA regulatory elements that control this program of gene expression are not well defined. Here we characterize the enhancers that function across the genome to mediate activity-dependent
Michelle Hui-Hsin Lee et al.
PloS one, 9(6), e99947-e99947 (2014-06-14)
Perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT)-derived factors have been proposed to play an important role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Caveolin-1 (Cav-1), occupying the calcium/calmodulin binding site of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) and then inhibiting nitric oxide (NO) production, is also involved
Kyung Min Jeong et al.
Archives of pharmacal research, 38(12), 2143-2152 (2015-11-05)
Deep eutectic solvents (DESs) were investigated as tunable, environmentally benign, yet superior extraction media to enhance the extraction of anthocyanins from grape skin, which is usually discarded as waste. Ten DESs containing choline chloride as hydrogen bond acceptor combined with
Elenaz Naderkhani et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 103(2), 661-668 (2014-01-08)
The antiviral drug acyclovir (ACV) suffers from poor solubility both in lipophilic and hydrophilic environment, leading to low and highly variable bioavailability. To overcome these limitations, this study aimed at designing mucoadhesive ACV-containing liposomes to improve its permeability. Liposomes were
Rebecca M Corrigan et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110(22), 9084-9089 (2013-05-15)
Nucleotide signaling molecules are important messengers in key pathways that allow cellular responses to changing environments. Canonical secondary signaling molecules act through specific receptor proteins by direct binding to alter their activity. Cyclic diadenosine monophosphate (c-di-AMP) is an essential signaling
Kyung-Hwa Baek et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 17642-17642 (2015-12-04)
The ATPase activities of Hsp70 and Hsc70 are known to be responsible for regulation of various biological processes. However, little is known about the roles of Hsp70 and Hsc70 in modulation of immune responses to antigens. In the present study
J Grosdidier et al.
Chirurgie; memoires de l'Academie de chirurgie, 115(3), 163-169 (1989-01-01)
The enteric coated KCl tablet formulation generates complications that affect selectively the small intestine. A novel 1 g KCl tablet preparation proved to be accountable for the development of a specific type of intestinal disease. 11 cases of stenotic ulcers
Sandra S Wise et al.
Toxicology and applied pharmacology, 279(2), 113-118 (2014-06-22)
Sea turtles are a charismatic and ancient ocean species and can serve as key indicators for ocean ecosystems, including coral reefs and sea grass beds as well as coastal beaches. Genotoxicity studies in the species are absent, limiting our understanding
Henrik Kempe et al.
Pharmaceutical research, 32(2), 375-388 (2014-08-12)
To develop and evaluate molecularly imprinted nanocarriers for sustained release of erythromycin in physiological buffer media. Erythromycin-imprinted poly(methacrylic acid-co-trimethylolpropane trimethacrylate) nanocarriers and corresponding control nanocarriers were prepared by free-radical precipitation polymerization. The nanocarriers were characterized by transmission electron microscopy, dynamic
Gayatri K Joshi et al.
ACS nano, 9(11), 11075-11089 (2015-10-08)
MicroRNAs are short noncoding RNAs consisting of 18-25 nucleotides that target specific mRNA moieties for translational repression or degradation, thereby modulating numerous biological processes. Although microRNAs have the ability to behave like oncogenes or tumor suppressors in a cell-autonomous manner
An environmentally benign synthesis of isoxazolines and isoxazoles mediated by potassium chloride in water.
Han L, et al.
Tetrahedron Letters, 55(14), 2308-2311 (2014)
Jafar Nikbakht et al.
Pharmacological reports : PR, 67(6), 1061-1067 (2015-10-21)
Bleomycin (BLM), a chemotherapeutic agent is indicated in the management of some types of cancers. This drug produces a dose-dependent pulmonary fibrosis (PF) in most patients as well as experimental animals through oxidative injury. This study aimed to investigate the
Hanne Sørup Tastesen et al.
Amino acids, 46(7), 1659-1671 (2014-03-25)
High-protein diets induce alterations in metabolism that may prevent diet-induced obesity. However, little is known as to whether different protein sources consumed at normal levels may affect diet-induced obesity and associated co-morbidities. We fed obesity-prone male C57BL/6J mice high-fat, high-sucrose
Emma L Feeney et al.
Chemosensory perception, 7(3-4), 147-157 (2014-12-09)
The sense of taste is often referred to as a 'nutritional gatekeeper', thought to have evolved to indicate energy sources and prevent ingestion of potential toxins. Fungiform papillae are structures on the anterior tongue in which taste buds are situated.
Srinivasa M Sammeta et al.
Pharmaceutical development and technology, 20(2), 169-175 (2013-11-14)
The main objective of the present study was to develop formulations of noscapine hydrochloride hydrate with enhanced solubility and bioavailability using co-solvent- and cyclodextrin-based approaches. Different combinations of co-solvents, which were selected on the basis of high-throughput solubility screening, were
Sung-Ho Paek et al.
The Analyst, 139(15), 3781-3789 (2014-06-10)
A label-free immunosensing method based on the conformational change of calcium-binding protein (CBP) depending on analyte concentration was explored for semi-continuous analysis of free Ca(2+). Glucose-galactose-binding protein as a CBP and produced as a recombinant protein by Escherichia coli was
Janani Swaminathan et al.
Journal of liposome research, 24(4), 297-303 (2014-04-09)
The intent of this work was to assess the impact of lyophilization on the encapsulation of salmon calcitonin (sCT) into liposomes. Four different liposomal formulations were investigated, i.e. DPPC:Chol:DSPE-PEG(2000) (75:20:5 and 65:30:5) and DPPC:Chol (80:20 and 66.7:33.3). Lipid films were
Nebojsa Perisic et al.
Meat science, 95(3), 576-585 (2013-06-26)
In this investigation, the effect of NaCl, KCl and MgSO4 on bovine meat was studied, where the salts were used in standard marinades in 5.5% concentration. The effect of salts on secondary structure of the myofibrillar proteins, protein-water interactions, WHC
Lu Liu et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 103(7), 1979-1986 (2014-05-17)
We studied the effects of pH and solution additives on freezing-induced perturbations in the tertiary structure of a monoclonal antibody (mAb) by intrinsic tryptophan fluorescence spectroscopy. In general, freezing caused perturbations in the tertiary structure of the mAb, which were
Matthew J Kan et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 35(15), 5969-5982 (2015-04-17)
The pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a critical unsolved question; and although recent studies have demonstrated a strong association between altered brain immune responses and disease progression, the mechanistic cause of neuronal dysfunction and death is unknown. We have
Carlos Duarte-Guevara et al.
Analytical chemistry, 86(16), 8359-8367 (2014-07-30)
The adaptation of semiconductor technologies for biological applications may lead to a new era of inexpensive, sensitive, and portable diagnostics. At the core of these developing technologies is the ion-sensitive field-effect transistor (ISFET), a biochemical to electrical transducer with seamless
Kyung-Hee Song et al.
International journal of radiation biology, 91(10), 795-803 (2015-07-03)
In contrast to high-dose therapeutic irradiation, definitive research detailing the physiological effects of low-dose irradiation is limited. Notably, the immunological response elicited after low-dose irradiation remains controversial. Female C57BL/6 mice were whole- body-irradiated with a single or three daily fractions
Nóra Krajcs et al.
Journal of molecular neuroscience : MN, 57(4), 492-500 (2015-07-04)
In this study, we investigate the potentiating effect of PACAP27 on cholinergic neuromuscular transmission in the recently discovered flexor muscles of the land snail, Helix pomatia. Using immunohistochemistry, we show that PACAP and PAC1 receptors are present in nerve fibers
Dongwook Lee et al.
Fish physiology and biochemistry, 41(6), 1569-1576 (2015-08-05)
This study was conducted to identify embryonic stem cell (ESC) activities of a long-term cultured embryonic cell line previously derived from blastula-stage Oryzias dancena embryos. Five sub-cell lines were established from the embryonic cell line via clonal expansion of single
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