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Margherita Eufemi et al.
Neurochemistry international, 81, 48-56 (2015-01-31)
Microglia are macrophages within the central nervous system playing a central role in neurodegenerative disorders. Although the initial engagement of microglia seems to be neuroprotective, many lines of evidence indicate that its persistent activation contributes to dismantle neuronal activity and
Meagan J Bemer et al.
Biology of blood and marrow transplantation : journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation, 20(10), 1544-1552 (2014-06-14)
Mycophenolic acid, the active metabolite of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), inhibits inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase (IMPDH) activity. IMPDH is the rate-limiting enzyme involved in de novo synthesis of guanosine nucleotides and catalyzes the oxidation of inosine 5'-monophosphate to xanthosine 5'-monophosphate (XMP). We
Joanne A Lasrado et al.
Regulatory toxicology and pharmacology : RTP, 71(2), 213-224 (2014-12-21)
A proprietary dry spearmint extract containing 15.4% rosmarinic acid was assessed in a 90-day study with Sprague-Dawley rats that were gavaged at 0, 422 (low), 844 (mid), or 1948 (high) mg dry spearmint extract/kg bw/day, (equivalent to 0, 65, 130
Leah J Smith et al.
Toxicology and applied pharmacology, 278(3), 259-265 (2014-05-16)
Cobalt exposure is increasing as cobalt demand rises worldwide due to its use in enhancing rechargeable battery efficiency, super-alloys, and magnetic products. Cobalt is considered a possible human carcinogen with the lung being a primary target. However, few studies have
Zong Hong Zhang et al.
PloS one, 9(8), e103207-e103207 (2014-08-15)
Recent advances in next-generation sequencing technology allow high-throughput cDNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) to be widely applied in transcriptomic studies, in particular for detecting differentially expressed genes between groups. Many software packages have been developed for the identification of differentially expressed genes
Kyung-Hwa Baek et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 17642-17642 (2015-12-04)
The ATPase activities of Hsp70 and Hsc70 are known to be responsible for regulation of various biological processes. However, little is known about the roles of Hsp70 and Hsc70 in modulation of immune responses to antigens. In the present study
Kyung Min Jeong et al.
Archives of pharmacal research, 38(12), 2143-2152 (2015-11-05)
Deep eutectic solvents (DESs) were investigated as tunable, environmentally benign, yet superior extraction media to enhance the extraction of anthocyanins from grape skin, which is usually discarded as waste. Ten DESs containing choline chloride as hydrogen bond acceptor combined with
Elenaz Naderkhani et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 103(2), 661-668 (2014-01-08)
The antiviral drug acyclovir (ACV) suffers from poor solubility both in lipophilic and hydrophilic environment, leading to low and highly variable bioavailability. To overcome these limitations, this study aimed at designing mucoadhesive ACV-containing liposomes to improve its permeability. Liposomes were
Rebecca M Corrigan et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110(22), 9084-9089 (2013-05-15)
Nucleotide signaling molecules are important messengers in key pathways that allow cellular responses to changing environments. Canonical secondary signaling molecules act through specific receptor proteins by direct binding to alter their activity. Cyclic diadenosine monophosphate (c-di-AMP) is an essential signaling
J Grosdidier et al.
Chirurgie; memoires de l'Academie de chirurgie, 115(3), 163-169 (1989-01-01)
The enteric coated KCl tablet formulation generates complications that affect selectively the small intestine. A novel 1 g KCl tablet preparation proved to be accountable for the development of a specific type of intestinal disease. 11 cases of stenotic ulcers
Athar N Malik et al.
Nature neuroscience, 17(10), 1330-1339 (2014-09-10)
Experience-dependent gene transcription is required for nervous system development and function. However, the DNA regulatory elements that control this program of gene expression are not well defined. Here we characterize the enhancers that function across the genome to mediate activity-dependent
Lu Liu et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 103(7), 1979-1986 (2014-05-17)
We studied the effects of pH and solution additives on freezing-induced perturbations in the tertiary structure of a monoclonal antibody (mAb) by intrinsic tryptophan fluorescence spectroscopy. In general, freezing caused perturbations in the tertiary structure of the mAb, which were
Nebojsa Perisic et al.
Meat science, 95(3), 576-585 (2013-06-26)
In this investigation, the effect of NaCl, KCl and MgSO4 on bovine meat was studied, where the salts were used in standard marinades in 5.5% concentration. The effect of salts on secondary structure of the myofibrillar proteins, protein-water interactions, WHC
Srinivasa M Sammeta et al.
Pharmaceutical development and technology, 20(2), 169-175 (2013-11-14)
The main objective of the present study was to develop formulations of noscapine hydrochloride hydrate with enhanced solubility and bioavailability using co-solvent- and cyclodextrin-based approaches. Different combinations of co-solvents, which were selected on the basis of high-throughput solubility screening, were
Janani Swaminathan et al.
Journal of liposome research, 24(4), 297-303 (2014-04-09)
The intent of this work was to assess the impact of lyophilization on the encapsulation of salmon calcitonin (sCT) into liposomes. Four different liposomal formulations were investigated, i.e. DPPC:Chol:DSPE-PEG(2000) (75:20:5 and 65:30:5) and DPPC:Chol (80:20 and 66.7:33.3). Lipid films were
Henrik Kempe et al.
Pharmaceutical research, 32(2), 375-388 (2014-08-12)
To develop and evaluate molecularly imprinted nanocarriers for sustained release of erythromycin in physiological buffer media. Erythromycin-imprinted poly(methacrylic acid-co-trimethylolpropane trimethacrylate) nanocarriers and corresponding control nanocarriers were prepared by free-radical precipitation polymerization. The nanocarriers were characterized by transmission electron microscopy, dynamic
Romchat Chutoprapat et al.
The Journal of pharmacy and pharmacology, 66(7), 943-953 (2014-04-05)
To investigate the influence of the hydrophilic polymer, polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) on the ex-vivo permeability of the poorly water-soluble photosensitizer, chlorin e6 (Ce6) using the chick chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) model. The CAM was removed from the fertilized chicken egg at embryo
C Gröer et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 100, 393-401 (2014-09-15)
Cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes and UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGT) are major determinants in the pharmacokinetics of most drugs on the market. To investigate their impact on intestinal and hepatic drug metabolism, we developed and validated quantification methods for nine CYP (CYP1A2, CYP2B6
Jinping Cao et al.
Food chemistry, 173, 855-863 (2014-12-04)
The physicochemical characteristics of four cherry species (Prunus avium, Prunus cerasus, Prunus pseudocerasus and Prunus tomentosa) were evaluated. Inter-species variability was greater than intra-species differences. Glucose and fructose were the main sugars, and malic acid was the main organic acid
Gopa Dhar et al.
Biochemistry, 54(4), 1132-1143 (2015-01-08)
Curcumin, derived from rhizomes of the Curcuma longa plant, is known to possess a wide range of medicinal properties. We have examined the interaction of curcumin with actin and determined their binding and thermodynamic parameters using isothermal titration calorimetry. Curcumin
Michelle Hui-Hsin Lee et al.
PloS one, 9(6), e99947-e99947 (2014-06-14)
Perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT)-derived factors have been proposed to play an important role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Caveolin-1 (Cav-1), occupying the calcium/calmodulin binding site of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) and then inhibiting nitric oxide (NO) production, is also involved
Anna Sankiewicz et al.
Analytical biochemistry, 469, 4-11 (2014-10-15)
We have developed a new method for highly selective determination of the ubiquitin carboxyl-terminal hydrolase L1 (UCH-L1) concentration using a surface plasmon resonance imaging (SPRI) technique and two different biosensors. UCH-L1 was captured from a solution by immobilized specific rabbit
An environmentally benign synthesis of isoxazolines and isoxazoles mediated by potassium chloride in water.
Han L, et al.
Tetrahedron Letters, 55(14), 2308-2311 (2014)
Sandra S Wise et al.
Toxicology and applied pharmacology, 279(2), 113-118 (2014-06-22)
Sea turtles are a charismatic and ancient ocean species and can serve as key indicators for ocean ecosystems, including coral reefs and sea grass beds as well as coastal beaches. Genotoxicity studies in the species are absent, limiting our understanding
Jafar Nikbakht et al.
Pharmacological reports : PR, 67(6), 1061-1067 (2015-10-21)
Bleomycin (BLM), a chemotherapeutic agent is indicated in the management of some types of cancers. This drug produces a dose-dependent pulmonary fibrosis (PF) in most patients as well as experimental animals through oxidative injury. This study aimed to investigate the
Hasan Salman Siddiqi et al.
Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology, 64(2), 151-163 (2014-04-01)
This study was aimed to offer a possible pharmacological basis regarding the remedial utilization of Wrightia tinctoria in hypertension and dyslipidemia in certain South Asian traditional systems of medicine, using in vivo and in vitro assays. The aqueous methanolic extract
Sung-Ho Paek et al.
The Analyst, 139(15), 3781-3789 (2014-06-10)
A label-free immunosensing method based on the conformational change of calcium-binding protein (CBP) depending on analyte concentration was explored for semi-continuous analysis of free Ca(2+). Glucose-galactose-binding protein as a CBP and produced as a recombinant protein by Escherichia coli was
Hannah Ogilvie et al.
Biology, 3(2), 368-382 (2014-06-03)
The muscle wasting and loss of specific force associated with Critical Illness Myopathy (CIM) is, at least in part, due to a preferential loss of the molecular motor protein myosin. This acquired myopathy is common in critically ill immobilized and
Xi Liu et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 98, 463-475 (2014-07-16)
A novel hollow fiber cell fishing procedure with high-performance liquid chromatography (HFCF-HPLC) was developed and used for rapid screening, fishing, and analysis of bioactive compounds from traditional Chinese medicines. Human breast cancer cell MCF7, mouse breast cancer cell MADB106, and
Leah C Jimmerson et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 978-979, 163-172 (2015-01-03)
Ribavirin (RBV) is a nucleoside analog used to treat a variety of DNA and RNA viruses. RBV undergoes intracellular phosphorylation to a mono- (MP), di- (DP), and triphosphate (TP). The phosphorylated forms have been associated with the mechanisms of antiviral
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