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Léanie Kleynhans et al.
PloS one, 6(9), e24639-e24639 (2011-09-21)
Most individuals latently infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.tb) contain the infection by a balance of effector and regulatory immune responses. This balance can be influenced by steroid hormones such as glucocorticoids. The widely used contraceptive medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) possesses glucocorticoid
Rokeya Tasneen et al.
Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 52(10), 3664-3668 (2008-08-13)
PA-824 is in phase II clinical testing to treat tuberculosis. At a dose of 100 mg/kg of body weight, it has demonstrated bactericidal activity during the initial and continuation phases of treatment in a murine model of tuberculosis. In a
Yun Xia et al.
Cell, 175(4), 1059-1073 (2018-10-03)
Motivated by the clinical observation that interruption of the mevalonate pathway stimulates immune responses, we hypothesized that this pathway may function as a druggable target for vaccine adjuvant discovery. We found that lipophilic statin drugs and rationally designed bisphosphonates that
Rafaela C Sartore et al.
PloS one, 6(6), e20667-e20667 (2011-06-16)
The existence of loss and gain of chromosomes, known as aneuploidy, has been previously described within the central nervous system. During development, at least one-third of neural progenitor cells (NPCs) are aneuploid. Notably, aneuploid NPCs may survive and functionally integrate
Maurizio Bettiga et al.
Biotechnology for biofuels, 1(1), 16-16 (2008-10-25)
Ethanolic fermentation of lignocellulosic biomass is a sustainable option for the production of bioethanol. This process would greatly benefit from recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains also able to ferment, besides the hexose sugar fraction, the pentose sugars, arabinose and xylose. Different
Ice Cream, 86-86 (2003)
Maren E Buck et al.
Biomacromolecules, 10(6), 1564-1574 (2009-05-15)
We report an approach to the design of reactive polymer films that can be functionalized post-fabrication to either prevent or promote the attachment and growth of cells. Our approach is based on the reactive layer-by-layer assembly of covalently crosslinked thin
Nayef Mazloum et al.
Biochemistry, 50(8), 1329-1335 (2011-01-18)
Bacterial DNA can be damaged by reactive nitrogen and oxygen intermediates (RNI and ROI) generated by host immunity, as well as by antibiotics that trigger bacterial production of ROI. Thus a pathogen's ability to repair its DNA may be important
Syed A Sattar et al.
PloS one, 6(2), e17340-e17340 (2011-03-11)
Human noroviruses (HuNoV), a major cause of acute gastroenteritis worldwide, cannot be readily cultured in the lab. Therefore, a feline calicivirus (FCV) is often used as its surrogate to, among other things, test alcohol-based handrubs (ABHR). The more recent laboratory
Ali Naderi et al.
Breast cancer research : BCR, 13(2), R36-R36 (2011-04-05)
Estrogen receptor-negative (ER-) breast cancer is a heterogeneous disease with limited therapeutic options. The molecular apocrine subtype constitutes 50% of ER-tumors and is characterized by overexpression of steroid response genes including androgen receptor (AR). We have recently identified a positive
Martin L Cross et al.
Clinical and vaccine immunology : CVI, 16(9), 1378-1380 (2009-07-03)
Cultures of Mycobacterium bovis BCG, comprising predominantly single-cell bacilli, were prepared in broth without animal-derived reagents. When formulated into a vegetable-derived lipid matrix, the vaccine was stable in vitro and was immunogenic in vivo upon feeding it to mice. This
Qun Wang et al.
Brain research, 1285, 188-195 (2009-06-17)
The group IIA secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA(2)-IIA) has been studied extensively because of its involvement in inflammatory processes. Up-regulation of this enzyme has been shown in a number of neurodegenerative diseases including cerebral ischemia and Alzheimer's disease. PX-18 is a
Jagdishbhai L Italia et al.
PloS one, 6(10), e25744-e25744 (2011-10-15)
Despite advances in the treatment, the morbidity and mortality rate associated with invasive aspergillosis remains unacceptably high (70-90%) in immunocompromised patients. Amphotericin B (AMB), a polyene antibiotic with broad spectrum antifungal activity appears to be a choice of treatment but
Cristina Marcos-Arias et al.
BMC complementary and alternative medicine, 11, 119-119 (2011-11-29)
Candida-associated denture stomatitis is a frequent infectious disease. Treatment of this oral condition is difficult because failures and recurrences are common. The aim of this study was to test the in vitro antifungal activity of pure constituents of essentials oils.
Dayna M Brichta-Harhay et al.
Applied and environmental microbiology, 74(20), 6289-6297 (2008-08-30)
The hide and carcass hygiene of cull cattle at slaughter in four geographically distant regions of the United States was examined from July 2005 to April 2006 by measuring the aerobic plate counts (APC) and the prevalences and loads of
Sergio M Borghi et al.
Frontiers in immunology, 11, 539086-539086 (2021-02-13)
The neglected tropical infirmity Chagas disease (CD) presents high mortality. Its etiological agent T. cruzi is transmitted by infected hematophagous insects. Symptoms of the acute phase of the infection include fever, fatigue, body aches, and headache, making diagnosis difficult as
Thierry Christophe et al.
PLoS pathogens, 5(10), e1000645-e1000645 (2009-10-31)
A critical feature of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the causative agent of human tuberculosis (TB), is its ability to survive and multiply within macrophages, making these host cells an ideal niche for persisting microbes. Killing the intracellular tubercle bacilli is a key
Wei-Ju Chung et al.
Journal of biological physics, 43(4), 511-524 (2017-09-10)
DNA samples are commonly frozen for storage. However, freezing can compromise the integrity of DNA molecules. Considering the wide applications of DNA molecules in nanotechnology, changes to DNA integrity at the molecular level may cause undesirable outcomes. However, the effects
Hau-Ren Chen et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 12(11), 8245-8258 (2011-12-17)
The separation of mercury ions from artificially contaminated water by the foam fractionation process using a biosurfactant (surfactin) and chemical surfactants (SDS and Tween-80) was investigated in this study. Parameters such as surfactant and mercury concentration, pH, foam volume, and
Fats in Food Technology (2014)
Deepak Almeida et al.
Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 53(10), 4178-4184 (2009-07-22)
To investigate the antagonism between isoniazid (INH) and rifampin (rifampicin) (RIF)-pyrazinamide (PZA) combination observed in Mycobacterium tuberculosis-infected mice, extensive pharmacokinetic studies of INH were performed and followed by experiments to assess the impact of increasing doses of INH on the
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