Search Within
Applied Filters:
Showing 1-30 of 39 results for "


" within Papers
Chien-Tai Hong et al.
Cells, 9(3) (2020-03-21)
Background: Insulin resistance (IR), considered a hallmark of diabetes at the cellular level, is implicated in pre-diabetes, results in type 2 diabetes, and negatively affects mitochondrial function. Diabetes is increasingly associated with enhanced risk of developing Parkinson's disease (PD); however...
Johan E Karlsson et al.
Drug metabolism and disposition: the biological fate of chemicals, 38(4), 705-714 (2010-01-15)
Membrane-bound transporter proteins play an important role in the efflux of drugs from cells and can significantly influence the pharmacokinetics of drug molecules. This study describes the production of large amounts of high-activity transporter membrane vesicles from human embryonic kidney...
Genomic maps of long noncoding RNA occupancy reveal principles of RNA-chromatin interactions.
Chu, C., et al.
Molecular Cell (2011)
Yong N Li et al.
The Journal of comparative neurology, 516(5), 442-453 (2009-08-06)
Horizontal cells (HCs) are involved in establishing the center-surround receptive field organization of photoreceptor and bipolar cells. In many species, HCs respond differentially to colors and may play a role in color vision. An earlier study from our laboratory suggested...
Campylobacter jejuni in penguins, Antarctica.
Petra Griekspoor et al.
Emerging infectious diseases, 15(5), 847-848 (2009-05-01)
Predrag Serbedzija et al.
Brain research, 1303, 179-194 (2009-09-29)
The aim of this study was to identify factors that regulate the bulk of adult brain mass, and test the hypothesis that concomitantly reduced insulin and insulin-like growth factor (IGF) levels are pathogenic for brain atrophy associated with impaired learning...
R Alvarez et al.
Journal of virology, 82(1), 471-486 (2007-10-19)
Understanding why human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) preferentially infects some CD4(+) CD45RO(+) memory T cells has implications for antiviral immunity and pathogenesis. We report that differential expression of a novel secreted factor, ps20, previously implicated in tissue remodeling, may underlie why...
Imran Tarique et al.
Aging, 12(10), 8987-8999 (2020-05-18)
The epididymis plays a significant role as a quality control organ for long-term sperm storage, maturation, and fertilizing ability and perform filtration function to eliminate abnormal or residual spermatozoa by phagocytosis. However, the role of autophagy in spermiophagy during sperm...
S Vaddiraju et al.
Biosensors & bioelectronics, 24(6), 1557-1562 (2008-10-01)
The performance of an implantable glucose sensor is strongly dependent on the ability of their outer membrane to govern the diffusion of the various participating species. In this contribution, using a series of layer-by-layer (LBL) assembled outer membranes, the role...
J Jason Hoth et al.
Shock (Augusta, Ga.), 31(4), 376-381 (2008-07-31)
Blunt chest trauma resulting in pulmonary contusion with an accompanying acute inflammatory response is a common but poorly understood injury. We previously demonstrated that toll-like receptor 2 (TLR-2) participates in the inflammatory response to lung injury. We hypothesized that the...
Patricia A Trimmer et al.
Molecular neurodegeneration, 4, 26-26 (2009-06-19)
It has been hypothesized that reduced axonal transport contributes to the degeneration of neuronal processes in Parkinson's disease (PD). Mitochondria supply the adenosine triphosphate (ATP) needed to support axonal transport and contribute to many other cellular functions essential for the...
Mano Sivaganesan et al.
BMC bioinformatics, 9, 120-120 (2008-02-27)
In real-time quantitative PCR studies using absolute plasmid DNA standards, a calibration curve is developed to estimate an unknown DNA concentration. However, potential differences in the amplification performance of plasmid DNA compared to genomic DNA standards are often ignored in...
Silvia Sandini et al.
BMC microbiology, 11, 106-106 (2011-05-18)
The MP65 gene of Candida albicans (orf19.1779) encodes a putative β-glucanase mannoprotein of 65 kDa, which plays a main role in a host-fungus relationship, morphogenesis and pathogenicity. In this study, we performed an extensive analysis of a mp65Δ mutant to...
Orin C Shanks et al.
Applied and environmental microbiology, 75(17), 5507-5513 (2009-07-14)
Assessment of health risk and fecal bacterial loads associated with human fecal pollution requires reliable host-specific analytical methods and a rapid quantification approach. We report the development of quantitative PCR assays for quantification of two recently described human-specific genetic markers...
Marlena Zielinska et al.
International journal of nanomedicine, 6, 3163-3172 (2012-01-13)
It was hypothesized that heparan sulfate (HS) as an essential compound for myogenesis and nanoparticles of gold (nano-Au) as highly reactive compounds can affect muscle development as a consequence of molecular regulation of muscle cell formation, and that these effects...
Jennifer L S Sporty et al.
Analytical chemistry, 82(15), 6593-6600 (2010-07-14)
A novel method for extracting butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE) from serum as a means of identifying and measuring nerve agent adducts to human BuChE is presented here. Antibutyrylcholinesterase monoclonal antibodies were conjugated to protein-G ferromagnetic particles and mixed with 500 microL serum...
Jingchuan Wu et al.
Journal of neurochemistry, 153(6), 710-726 (2020-01-18)
The level of microRNA-9-5p (miRNA-9-5p) in brain tissues is significantly changed after traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, the effect of miRNA-9-5p for brain function in TBI has not been elucidated. In this study, a controlled cortical impact model was used...
Aditi Saini et al.
Acta biomaterialia, 31, 71-79 (2015-12-15)
(RADA)4 peptides are promising biomaterials due to their high degree of hydration (<99.5% (w/v)), programmability at the molecular level, and their subsequent potential to respond to external stimuli. Interestingly, these peptides have also demonstrated the ability to cause rapid (∼15s)...
Robert G Hawley et al.
Current protocols in stem cell biology, Chapter 1, Unit 1F-Unit 1F (2008-12-17)
The ability to generate genetically engineered cell lines is of great experimental value. They provide a renewable source of material that may be suitable for biochemical analyses, chromatin immunoprecipitation assays, structure-function studies, gene function assignment, and transcription factor target gene...
Mark E Warchol et al.
Developmental neurobiology, 69(2-3), 191-202 (2009-01-09)
The paired-domain transcription factor Pax2 is involved in many facets of inner ear development, but relatively little is known about the expression or function of Pax2 in the mature ear. In this study, we have used immunohistochemical methods to characterize...
Weikai Zhang et al.
International journal of nanomedicine, 6, 535-546 (2011-04-07)
Gene therapy is a potentially effective therapeutic modality for treating sensorineural hearing loss. Nonviral gene delivery vectors are expected to become extremely safe and convenient, and nanoparticles are the most promising types of vectors. However, infrequent nuclear localization in the...
Konrad Franke et al.
Translational oncology, 2(4), 310-320 (2009-12-04)
Nodal spread is the single most important prognostic factor of survival in gastric cancer patients. In this study, genes that were upregulated in the lymph node metastases of gastric cancer were identified and may serve as putative novel therapeutic target....
Shahani Noor et al.
Brain, behavior, and immunity, 61, 80-95 (2016-12-25)
A growing body of evidence indicates that prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) may predispose individuals to secondary medical disabilities later in life. Animal models of PAE reveal neuroimmune sequelae such as elevated brain astrocyte and microglial activation with corresponding region-specific changes...
Aleksandra Glogowska et al.
Neoplasia (New York, N.Y.), 10(10), 1120-1130 (2008-09-25)
The intracellular domains of the membrane-anchoring regions of some precursors of epidermal growth factor (EGF) family members have intrinsic biologic activities. We have determined the role of the human proEGF cytoplasmic domain (proEGFcyt) as part of the proEGF transmembrane-anchored region...
Junmin Fu et al.
Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & pharmacotherapie, 126, 110084-110084 (2020-03-15)
Sepsis is a main reason for death in intensive care units, inflammation is closely related to sepsis. Anti-inflammation plays an important role in treating of sepsis. ZT01 is a triptolide derivative with strong anti-inflammatory activity and low toxicity. The purpose...
Sahar M Greish et al.
International journal of physiology, pathophysiology and pharmacology, 12(5), 134-146 (2020-11-24)
Hypertension can be induced by inhibiting nitric oxide synthesis with L-NAME, which also has a role in oxidative stress. Curcumin has strong antioxidant property. Our aim was to examine the possible preventive role of curcumin on renal dysfunction secondary to...
Yaroslav Dubrovskii et al.
Talanta, 197, 374-382 (2019-02-18)
Organophosphates' toxic effect causes covalent binding to serine-198 in the active site of human plasma butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) with loss of enzymatic function (covalent inhibition). Mass spectrometric detection of modified FGESAGAAS peptide at the active site is a powerful exposure biomarker...
Naomi J Logsdon et al.
PloS one, 6(11), e28127-e28127 (2011-12-02)
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) expresses a viral ortholog (CMVIL-10) of human cellular interleukin-10 (cIL-10). Despite only ∼26% amino acid sequence identity, CMVIL-10 exhibits comparable immunosuppressive activity with cIL-10, attenuates HCMV antiviral immune responses, and contributes to lifelong persistence within infected hosts....
Ana Carolina Vieira et al.
PloS one, 6(2), e17411-e17411 (2011-03-03)
Endogenous electric fields and currents occur naturally at wounds and are a strong signal guiding cell migration into the wound to promote healing. Many cells involved in wound healing respond to small physiological electric fields in vitro. It has long...
Fabio Morandi et al.
Stem cells (Dayton, Ohio), 26(5), 1275-1287 (2008-02-23)
Human mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) are immunosuppressive and poorly immunogenic but may act as antigen-presenting cells (APC) for CD4(+) T-cell responses; here we have investigated their ability to serve as APC for in vitro CD8(+) T-cell responses. MSC pulsed with...
Page 1 of 2
Page 1 of 2