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Shuai Zhang et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 407(30), 8971-8977 (2015-10-03)
Reliably detecting nitrofurazone (NFZ) residues in farmed crab and shrimp was previously hindered by lack of appropriately specific analytical methodology. Parent NFZ rapidly breaks down in meat, and the commonly used side-chain metabolite, semicarbazide (SEM), is non-specific as it occurs
Gabriela Morachis-Valdez et al.
Environmental science and pollution research international, 22(12), 9159-9172 (2015-01-15)
Madín Reservoir (MR) is located on the Río Tlalnepantla in Mexico. Previous studies seeking to identify pollutants at this site evidence that MR water contains a considerable metal load as well as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) at concentrations above those
César H Yokomizo et al.
Chemical research in toxicology, 28(6), 1167-1175 (2015-04-29)
The effect of four trichlorotelluro-dypnones, named compounds 1, 2, 3, and 4, on the bioenergetics of isolated rat liver mitochondria (RLM) and cells was investigated. In a dose-dependent manner, the studied organotelluranes promoted Ca(2+)-dependent mitochondrial swelling inhibited by cyclosporine A
Bradley W Davis et al.
Biophysical journal, 109(10), 2182-2194 (2015-11-21)
Subcellular compartmentalization of biomolecules and their reactions is common in biology and provides a general strategy for improving and/or controlling kinetics in metabolic pathways that contain multiple sequential enzymes. Enzymes can be colocalized in multiprotein complexes, on scaffolds or inside
Fabiana Arieti et al.
Nucleic acids research, 42(10), 6742-6752 (2014-04-22)
The Split Ends (SPEN) protein was originally discovered in Drosophila in the late 1990s. Since then, homologous proteins have been identified in eukaryotic species ranging from plants to humans. Every family member contains three predicted RNA recognition motifs (RRMs) in
Xinyi Chia et al.
ACS nano, 9(5), 5164-5179 (2015-04-22)
Layered transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) have been the center of attention in the scientific community due to their properties that can be tapped on for applications in electrochemistry and hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) catalysis. We report on the effect of
Despina Kokona et al.
Experimental eye research, 136, 45-58 (2015-05-20)
Cannabinoids have been suggested to protect retinal ganglion cells in different models of toxicity, but their effects on other retinal neurons are poorly known. We investigated the neuroprotective actions of the endocannabinoid N-arachidonoyl ethanolamine (Anandamide/AEA) and the synthetic cannabinoids R1-Methanandamide
Pradipbhai D Kalariya et al.
Journal of mass spectrometry : JMS, 50(11), 1222-1233 (2015-10-28)
Tinoridine is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug and also has potent radical scavenger and antiperoxidative activity. However, metabolism of tinoridine has not been thoroughly investigated. To identify in vivo metabolites, the drug was administered to Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 5) at a dose
Ou Zhimin et al.
Applied biochemistry and biotechnology, 168(8), 2297-2308 (2012-10-17)
(S) -3-Chloro-1-(2-thienyl)-1-propanol was synthesized by the asymmetric reduction of 3-chloro-1-(2-thienyl)propanone with liquid-core immobilized Candida pseudotropicalis 104. The optimum time was 28 h for the re-cultivation of immobilized cells. The optimum film solvent for the liquid-core capsule was 0.3 % chitosan (M (w)
José Gerardo Carneiro et al.
Basic & clinical pharmacology & toxicology, 115(4), 335-342 (2014-03-29)
Sulphated polysaccharides from marine algae are widely used in biotechnological and pharmaceutical areas. In this study, we evaluated the effects of sulphated polysaccharides from the green marine alga Caulerpa mexicana (Cm-SPs) in nociceptive and inflammatory models in rodents. Cm-SPs (10
P Weightman et al.
Journal of physics. Condensed matter : an Institute of Physics journal, 27(47), 475005-475005 (2015-10-27)
The reflection anisotropy (RAS) profiles of the Au(1 1 0)-(1  ×  1), (1  ×  2) and (1  ×  3) surface structures in electrochemical environments are shown to arise mainly from surface dipole transitions directed along the principal axes of the Au(1 1 0) surface. There are weak contributions to the
Limiao Jiang et al.
Molecular bioSystems, 10(11), 2914-2922 (2014-08-19)
Mequindox is widely used as an antibacterial veterinary drug and a feeding additive for farm animals in China. Although its toxicity has been widely studied, little is known regarding the metabolic effects of subchronic exposure to mequindox, which is vital
Andreas Bornø et al.
Journal of mass spectrometry : JMS, 49(10), 980-988 (2014-10-11)
The present study describes a new liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry method for high-throughput quantification of glucose and glycerol in human plasma using stable isotopically labeled internal standards and is suitable for simultaneous measurements of glucose and glycerol enrichments in
Vincenzo Taresco et al.
The journal of physical chemistry. B, 119(26), 8369-8379 (2015-06-16)
Amphiphilic polyelectrolytes (APEs), exhibiting particular self-association properties in aqueous media, can be used in different industrial applications, including drug delivery systems. Their typical core-shell structure (micelle) depends on the balance of interactions between hydrophobic and ionizable monomer units. In this
Alycia M Palmer et al.
Dalton transactions (Cambridge, England : 2003), 44(8), 3640-3646 (2015-01-06)
The interactions between the 6-mer duplex oligonucleotide d(GTCGAC)2 and the photoactive dirhodium complexes cis-H,H-[Rh2(HNOCCH3)2(L)(CH3CN)4](2+), where L represents bpy (1, 2,2'-bipyridine) and dppz (2, dipyrido[3,2-a:2',3'-c]phenazine), were probed using 2D (1)H-(1)H NOESY NMR spectroscopy. Complex does not interact with the duplex in
H Katanbafzadeh et al.
Andrologia, 47(10), 1093-1097 (2014-12-10)
A cryoprotectant-free method was successfully used for rapid freezing of goat epididymal spermatozoa. Lowering sperm volume may increase the temperature exchange rate and improve the freezing output of spermatozoa. The aim of this study was to compare two different packaging
Jan Kendall De Kruif et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 103(11), 3675-3687 (2014-09-23)
Oral delivery of biologicals is a thriving field in pharmaceutics and the first challenge is to achieve a stable drug product. Interesting is prilling of a drug-containing polymeric solution as microgel into an aqueous hardening bath where crosslinking occurs. However
Lucas M Kangussu et al.
Fundamental & clinical pharmacology, 29(2), 150-163 (2015-01-27)
This study aimed to investigate the modulation of nitric oxide/reactive oxygen species in sodium nitroprusside relaxation in mice aorta. Sodium nitroprusside induced relaxation in endothelium-intact (e+) and endothelium-denuded (e-) aortas with greater potency in e+ than in e-. The nitric
Devavratha H Rao et al.
Phytochemistry, 83, 7-14 (2012-09-11)
Field bean seed contains a Gal/GalNAc lectin (DLL-II) that exhibits associated polyphenol oxidase (PPO) activity and does not bind to its sugar specific affinity matrix. The molecular basis for this lack of binding is not known. The DLL-II gene was
Moinecha Madi et al.
The Journal of membrane biology, 248(5), 903-908 (2015-03-20)
DNA electrotransfer is a successful technic for gene delivery. However, its use in clinical applications is limited since little is known about the mechanisms governing DNA electrotransfer in the complex environment occurring in a tissue. The objectives of this work
Pamela Gamba et al.
PLoS genetics, 11(6), e1005047-e1005047 (2015-06-26)
Gene expression can be highly heterogeneous in isogenic cell populations. An extreme type of heterogeneity is the so-called bistable or bimodal expression, whereby a cell can differentiate into two alternative expression states. Stochastic fluctuations of protein levels, also referred to
Debduti Datta et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 290(35), 21536-21552 (2015-07-24)
Nucleolar GTP-binding protein (NGP-1) is overexpressed in various cancers and proliferating cells, but the functional significance remains unknown. In this study, we show that NGP-1 promotes G1 to S phase transition of cells by enhancing CDK inhibitor p21(Cip-1/Waf1) expression through
Hadi Shafiee et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 9919-9919 (2015-06-06)
We report a biosensing platform for viral load measurement through electrical sensing of viruses on a flexible plastic microchip with printed electrodes. Point-of-care (POC) viral load measurement is of paramount importance with significant impact on a broad range of applications
Leonor C Costa et al.
Environmental science and pollution research international, 22(23), 18574-18589 (2015-09-24)
This study aimed to assess the mechanisms of innate immune function responses to silica-coated iron oxide nanoparticle functionalized with dithiocarbamate groups (IONP) exposure alone and its associated mercury (Hg) in European eel (Anguilla anguilla L.) phagocytes isolated from peritoneum (P-phagocytes)
Mohd Shkir et al.
Spectrochimica acta. Part A, Molecular and biomolecular spectroscopy, 103, 199-204 (2012-12-25)
Good quality single crystals of potassium dihydrogen orthophosphate (KDP) were grown with different doping concentration of Glycine by conventional solution technique in aqueous solution. X-ray diffraction study has been carried out in order to see the effect of dopant on
Luc H Boudreau et al.
Blood, 124(14), 2173-2183 (2014-08-02)
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is a highly potent inflammatory trigger and is reportedly found outside the cells in blood in various pathologies. Platelets are abundant in blood where they promote hemostasis. Although lacking a nucleus, platelets contain functional mitochondria. On activation
Laura Moreno et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 63(47), 10327-10332 (2015-11-11)
The goals were to determine the ivermectin (IVM) plasma pharmacokinetics, tissue and egg residue profiles, and in vitro metabolism in laying hens. Experiments conducted were (1) 8 hens were intravenously treated with IVM and blood samples taken; (2) 88 hens
Nils H Janzen et al.
Bioprocess and biosystems engineering, 38(9), 1685-1692 (2015-05-15)
Optical chemical sensors are the standard for pH monitoring in small-scale bioreactors such as microtiter plates, shaking flasks or other single-use bioreactors. The dynamic pH range of the so far commercially available fluorescent pH sensors applied in small-scale bioreactors is
Farzad Foroutan et al.
ACS nano, 9(2), 1868-1877 (2015-01-28)
Ultrasound imaging is a powerful tool in medicine because of the millisecond temporal resolution and submillimeter spatial resolution of acoustic imaging. However, the current generation of acoustic contrast agents is primarily limited to vascular targets due to their large size.
Sophie Payne et al.
Developmental biology, 405(1), 82-95 (2015-06-24)
CHARGE syndrome is caused by spontaneous loss-of-function mutations to the ATP-dependant chromatin remodeller chromodomain-helicase-DNA-binding protein 7 (CHD7). It is characterised by a distinct pattern of congenital anomalies, including cardiovascular malformations. Disruption to the neural crest lineage has previously been emphasised
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